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总厚度     
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  total thickness
     Crack free dense PZT thick films with total thickness of 2.56 μm were successfully prepared by a modified sol-gel method on Pt(111)/Ti/SiO_2/Si(100) substrate.
     采用快速成膜技术在Pt(111)/Ti/SiO2/Si(100)衬底上成功制备了总厚度为2 56μm,结构致密且无裂纹的Pb(Zr0 53,Ti0 47)O3铁电厚膜。
短句来源
     Crack free PZT thick films with the single layer thickness and total thickness of 0.9 μm and 10μm, respectively, were successfully prepared by 0 3 composite method on Pt/Ti/SiO 2/Si substrate.
     采用 0 3复合法 ,在Pt/Ti/SiO2 /Si衬底上成功制备了单层厚度 0 .9μm ,总厚度 10 μm ,并且无裂纹的Pb(Zr0 .53,Ti0 .4 7)O3铁电薄膜。
短句来源
     It shows that the average thickness of the surface layer of crystals,the palisade and cone layer and the eggshell membrane are 20.8,220.8 and 62.5()μm,respectively,which accounting for 6.8%,72.6% and 20.6% of the total thickness of the eggshell.
     结果表明:白冠长尾雉卵壳的表面晶体层、栅栏锥体层和壳膜层的厚度分别为20.8,220.8和62.5μm,分别占卵壳总厚度的6.8%,72.6%和20.6%;
短句来源
     The GaN films have a total thickness of 4 μm with a surface Mg-doped p-type layer, which has a thickness of 0.5 μm.
     GaN膜总厚度为4μm,包括0.5μm掺Mg的p型表面层.
短句来源
     The GaN films have a total thickness of 4μm with a surface Mg-doped p-type layer,which has a thickness of 0.5μm.
     GaN膜总厚度为4μm,表层为0.5μm厚的掺Mg的p型层。
短句来源
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  overall thickness
     The results show that the deformation increases with the(decrease) of the blank overall thickness and the increase of the current density.
     结果表明,在电解磨削过程中,随着复合片总厚度的减小和电流密度的增大,复合片变形量逐渐增大;
短句来源
     Results After injection of NMDA,the overall thickness of retina were reduced(P<0.001),especially in inner retinal layer(P<0.001)compared to controls. Degenerative changes were observed in neural cells of inner nuclear layer and ganglion cells layer by electron microscopy. These damages can be prevented by 25mg/kg taurine effectively.
     结果NMDA使大鼠视网膜总厚度尤其是视网膜内层厚度变薄(P<0.001),超微结构显示内核层及节细胞层神经元发生变性改变,25 mg/kg牛磺酸干预可有效保护视网膜组织结构,削弱NMDA引起的视网膜超微结构损伤。
短句来源
  gross thickness
     It has tri layer structure with gross thickness of 2.10 mm. In the frequency range (8~12.4 GHz), its minimum reflectivity was -42dB, and the frequency width with reflectivity under -10dB was over 90% of the whole frequency range. Additionally, it was environmentally stable and practical promising.
     该涂层为三层结构 ,总厚度为 2 .10mm ,在 8~ 12 .4GHz频率范围内 ,对微波的最小反射率为- 4 2dB ,其中反射率小于 - 10dB的工作频带达 90 %以上 ,且性能稳定 ,有较好的实用前景
短句来源
     According to the geologic conditions and development characteristics of Liaohe oil zone,on the basis of emphatically studies of the effect of permeability,the ratio of net gross thickness and single zone thickness on oil recovery factor and through the single factor analysis,this paper optimizes the recovery factor calculation equation suitable for the stages of steam stimulation and steam drive of different types of heavy oil reservoirs using “the method of function importance evaluation” in the“Value Project”.
     从辽河油区的地质条件和开发特征出发,立足单因素分析,在着重研究渗透率、净总厚度比和单层厚度对原油采收率影响的基础上,利用《价值工程》中的“功能重要度评价法”,优化出不同类型稠油油藏蒸汽吞吐和蒸汽驱开发阶段的采收率计算公式。
短句来源
     In the heavy oil recovery by steam injection, several main reservoir parameters, such as net pay thickness, oil viscosity, oil saturation, permeability variation factor and the ratio of net pay thickness to gross thickness etc. , affect the steam drive results to some extent, respectively. With the help of thermal recovery numerical simulation and regression analysis, the effects of those main reservoir parameters on steam drive are studied in this paper.
     本文利用热采数值模拟手段和回归分析方法研究了油层厚度、原油粘度、含油饱和度、渗透率变异系数、油层净总厚度比和油藏埋深等主要油藏参数对蒸汽驱开发效果的影响,并且得到了蒸汽驱开发采收率与诸油藏参数之间的关系式,作出了它们之间的关系曲线。
短句来源
     Result Those parameters which affecting development result of steam flooding are net thickness of payzone, oil viscosity, oil saturation, reservoir heterogeneity,ratlo of net gross thickness and leservoir depth;
     结果影响蒸汽驱开发效果的油藏参数是油层净厚度、原油粘度、含油饱和度、油层非均质性、净总厚度比及油藏埋深;
短句来源
     According to oil and rock properties of reservoir in Karamay oilfield, this paper studies the effects of some main parameters, including oil saturation, porosity, permeability, net thickness of payzone, reservoir depth, ratio of net gross thickness and oil viscosity, on recovery of the oilfield by steamflooding after water flooding by using numerical simulation method.
     针对新疆克拉玛依油田的特点,运用数值模拟方法,研究了原油组成、含油饱和度、孔隙度、渗透率、厚度、深度、净总厚度比和原油粘度等几个主要油藏参数以及转驱时注采井布置方式对蒸汽驱开发效果的影响。
短句来源
  “总厚度”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The average thickness of the crust is 45.60±11.01 km.
     地壳总厚度为45.60±11.01km.
短句来源
     It was found that the pericap of the kernel of sweet corn was divided into three layers, which were 16.24±1.00μ, 12.80±1.05μ and 10.38±1.67μ in thickness, respectively, and it was 40.63±2.15μ in total, while the pericap of the normal kernel consisted of a single layer which was 39.40±1.10μ in thickness.
     甜型突变体籽粒的种皮分三层,厚度分别为16.24±1.00μ、12.80±1.05μ和10.38±1.67μ. 总厚度为40.63±2.15μ.
短句来源
     The results showed that the leaves of S.davidii were elliptic,with an area 0.144~0.208 cm~2 and a thickness 171.58~195.83 μm.
     结果表明,白刺花叶片面积为0.144~0.208 cm2,叶总厚度为171.58~195.83μm;
短句来源
     Results At the 7th day after MNU treatment, the peripherial retinal thickness was 36 μm in model group, (44 ± 2) fan and (37± 2) fan in high and medium doses of Gin groups, (46 ± 2) fun and (35±2)μm in high and medium doses of Pue groups, respectively.
     结果MNU处理7d后,模型纽周边视网膜总厚度为36μm,Gin组(大剂量和中剂量)和Pue组(大剂量和中剂量)分别为(44±2)μm,(37±2)μm,(46±2)μm,(35±2)μm。
短句来源
     14 d nerve decompression group: the complete retina thickness was 0. 042 ( small RGCs 76. 4% ), and the complete retina thickness were 96. 5μm and RGCs was 15. 5μm.
     14d减压组RGCs体密度为0.042,小细胞占比例为76.4%,视网膜总厚度为96.5μm,节细胞以内层为15.5μm。
短句来源
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  total thickness
The Taiyuan Formation is composed of limestones, aluminous mudstones, siltstones, silty mudstones, sandstones, and mineable coal seams, with a total thickness varying from 44.9 m to 193.48 m.
      
For the CG + gelatin conjugates, we used the new model with inhomogeneous polymer coating, which is modeled by 10 discrete layers with the total thickness of 16-18 nm and exponential spatial profile of shell refractive index.
      
The detector is composed of alternating layers of nuclear emulsion and lead with a total thickness of 2.95 radiation units for exposure to a 10-GeV electron beam.
      
In each module are 40 iron and scintillator layers of a total thickness of 4.8 interaction lengths.
      
As this criterion, it is proposed to use twice the product of the shield material permeability by the square of the total thickness expressed in terms of the shield radius.
      
更多          
  aggregate thickness
Three flow units with an aggregate thickness of 800 feet can be distinguished on the basis of field, chemical, and petrographic criteria.
      
Two ash beds with similar dispersal patterns and an aggregate thickness of up to 13 cm make up the lowermost group (A).
      
The upper ash beds (group C) consist of one to seven layers, attain an aggregate thickness of ≤35 cm, and vary considerably in thickness and number of beds with respect to distance from vent.
      
The aggregate thickness of haematomas was 34 mm, 36 mm, and 40 mm in age groups of 20-39, 40-59, and over 60 years, respectively.
      
As the aggregate thickness (tens of nanometers) is insufficient to bridge the 2 μm gap under the beams, the aggregates appear to promote beam-substrate adhesion by changing the wetting characteristics of coated surfaces.
      
更多          
  overall thickness
Increase in overall thickness of the ascospore wall occurs mainly in the secondary and tertiary layers, the former becoming fibrous and gelationous, and the latter multilayered, at maturity.
      
Measurements of the dielectric properties were performed by comparing BaTiO3 films and BaTiO3/SrTiO3 multilayers of different numbers of individual layers, but equal overall thickness.
      
The overall thickness of the glial layer is generally 15 to 25 μm, but diminishes to about 5 μm immediately beneath blood vessels.
      
Infusion of angiotensin into seawater-adapted animals increased the overall thickness of glomerular basement membrane by increasing the lamina rara interna and lamina densa.
      
The importance of subsidence would seem to be in accounting for the overall thickness of the resulting carbonate caps of oceanic examples and in contributing to lagoon depth variation among the larger continental entities.
      
更多          
  其他


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(1)最近几年来世界各国(苏联、美国、瑞典、挪威等)其中也包括中国高价的沥青混凝土路面由于道路基层强度不够而大量损坏。基层通常用碎石、大石块、砾石、泥结碎石和各种粘结料(沥青、柏油、水泥、石灰)改善的土壤建造。目前美国、西欧各国和苏联只有在偶而情况下才采用“大石块”基层。现在道路基层的材料主要是碎石、砾石、泥结碎石和稳定土壤。 (2)使用沥青混凝土路面的实践证明,只有在用碎石基层时这种路面的使用期限才能达到18—30年。采用其他柔性类基层时路面会出现大量损坏的现象,因为按混合料最佳级配原则来计设它们并不是适合的。最佳级配原则只有在由砾石、泥结碎石和其他相似材料构成过渡式路面时才是合理的。但是把它应用来建造沥青混凝土路面下的基层是不正确的。沥青混凝土路面的临界挠度比砾石、泥结碎石或稳定土壤等路面小1/2 或3/4。因此对沥青混凝土路面下道路基层材料的要求应该比用于建造过渡式路面时来得高。 (3)莫斯科建筑工程学院城市建设与经营教研组和全苏道路科学研究院进行的研究证明:砾石、泥结碎石和其他相似基层在潮湿时对自己强度的改变敏感性很高,这是因为基层包含细土粒(颗粒小于0.5公厘)之故,即使其数量不大于15%也是如此。...

(1)最近几年来世界各国(苏联、美国、瑞典、挪威等)其中也包括中国高价的沥青混凝土路面由于道路基层强度不够而大量损坏。基层通常用碎石、大石块、砾石、泥结碎石和各种粘结料(沥青、柏油、水泥、石灰)改善的土壤建造。目前美国、西欧各国和苏联只有在偶而情况下才采用“大石块”基层。现在道路基层的材料主要是碎石、砾石、泥结碎石和稳定土壤。 (2)使用沥青混凝土路面的实践证明,只有在用碎石基层时这种路面的使用期限才能达到18—30年。采用其他柔性类基层时路面会出现大量损坏的现象,因为按混合料最佳级配原则来计设它们并不是适合的。最佳级配原则只有在由砾石、泥结碎石和其他相似材料构成过渡式路面时才是合理的。但是把它应用来建造沥青混凝土路面下的基层是不正确的。沥青混凝土路面的临界挠度比砾石、泥结碎石或稳定土壤等路面小1/2 或3/4。因此对沥青混凝土路面下道路基层材料的要求应该比用于建造过渡式路面时来得高。 (3)莫斯科建筑工程学院城市建设与经营教研组和全苏道路科学研究院进行的研究证明:砾石、泥结碎石和其他相似基层在潮湿时对自己强度的改变敏感性很高,这是因为基层包含细土粒(颗粒小于0.5公厘)之故,即使其数量不大于15%也是如此。 (4)野外和实验室试验曾经确定,例如砾石材料的含水量由4%增加到6%(按重量计),则其形变模量将由600公斤/平方公分降低到180,但是在设计沥青混凝土路面时,设计师总采用砾石材料的最大形变模量数值为800,甚至有时E=1000公斤/平方公分,却不管在混合料内细土的含量常常超过20%(按重量计)的事实,并且砾石和其他当地材料一样,其质量是非常不匀一的。我们的试验查明,只有筛过的砾石颗粒大小从60—15公厘时,其形变模量为E=800公斤/平方公分。但是,同样的砾石如果不过筛,又包含小于0.05公厘的颗粒为3%和小于2公厘的颗粒为17—20%,而细土粒在饱和状态下的塑性指数达4的话,则其变形模量仅350—500公斤/平方公分左右,甚至更低。 (5)1948—1956年对苏联各种自然条件下沥青混凝土路面损坏地段进行研究指出,大多数砾石、碎石(采用抗压强度小于500公斤/平方公分的石料)和泥结碎石基层在秋季特别是春季处于极潮湿的情况下,其形变模量不是设计值800—1000公斤/平方公分,而是E≤500公斤/平方公分。 (6)采用强度弱的石料建造沥青混凝土路面下的基层,特别在加强原有次高级路面时,显然是不利的。抗压强度小于500公斤/平方公分的软石料,只有预先用沥青或柏油处理后才能用来建造沥青混凝土路面的基层。 (7)在沥青或柏油处治的土壤基层上铺筑沥青混凝土路面,同样不是有效的。用水泥或石灰加固的当地土壤所建造的基层,此采用沥青或柏油处治的土壤时来得较为坚固。 (8)基层为混凝土甚至其中掺用碎砖的混凝土,则沥青混凝土路面的工作情况很好。 (9)分析提高沥青混凝土路面使用期限方面所积累的经验可得出下列各点结论: A.有适当垫层的混凝土基层应该认为是最完善的一种基层; B.沥青混凝土路面可以敷设在形变模量为E=1000公斤/平方公分(单层式时)和E=800公斤/平方公分(双层式时)的材料所组成的柔性的基层上; B.只有抗压强度超过R=800~1000公斤/平方公尺的石料所造成的基层方能满足上述要求,这种基层可按碎石路、弹石路和大石塊形式敷设。石料强度很小,但不小于R≥400公斤/平方公分时,这种材料只准用于冰冻深度小于0.3—0.4公尺地区的干燥地段上; Γ.沥青混凝土路面不宜铺筑在沥青或柏油处治土壤基层上; π.砾石或泥结碎石材料只应该用于干燥地段的道路基层中,假如其中包含小于5公厘的颗粒不超过20%,小于0.5公厘不大于10%,小于0.074公厘不超过3%,并且在使用石灰岩时材料的强度(根据苏联规定的石料分类)应该是2—3级。在潮湿地方也可使用泥结碎石或不低于2—3级石灰岩或砾石,但其中包含小于5公厘的颗粒要在10%以下,要完全没有小于0.5公厘的颗粒,即实质上使用冲洗过的砾石。如泥结碎石或砾石材料的质量较坏,只有先用各种粘结料改善后才能使用,或者按表1的标准用于道路基层下层。 (10)第(9)项中所规定的建造沥青混凝土路面基层的砾石和泥结碎石材料的标准,和瑞典、美国的道路建筑实践是相结合的。只有这一种质量的砾石,不论其含水量如何(最大含水量可达到按重量计的4—5%),能在10次重复加荷的情况下不呈现“弹簧”状态。 (11)在北京、上海、南京、杭州和中国其他城市内,黑色路面的总厚度多为25—40公分,在这些路面上观察到无数裂缝和损坏,这些显然与道路的基层上层中包含细土粒过多有关。中国设计和建筑路面的专家们,必须参考世界各国用砾石或泥结碎石为基层设计沥青混凝土路面的经验,再根据自己当地的特点来制订砾石或泥结碎石材料的适当的技术规范。

Nuclear envelope (NE) surrounding the periphery of the nucleus of interphase eukaryotic cells, is one of the characteristic biomembrane systems. It has been known that the contour of the nucleus of some malignant cells was not regular, and the perinuclear cisternae as well as the internal dense lamillae was thicker than that of the normal cells. These phenomena, however, are still lacking the quantitative informations.

本文报告通过细胞形态定量分析技术研究小鼠正常肝细胞、腹水型肝癌、实体型和腹水型肉瘤-180及黑色素瘤等恶性细胞核膜超显微结构的结果。可见,肝癌等恶性肿瘤细胞核膜表面积与核体积的比例显著大于对照肝细胞,约增长了40%,定量证实了肿瘤细胞核膜可随不断增殖分裂的需要而增加其核膜表面积。但上述四种实验性肿瘤细胞核膜的总厚度与肝细胞间无显著差异,因此认为肿瘤细胞核周隙之增宽或内纤维层的增厚尚缺乏定量数据的证明。

Nuclear envelope(NE)surrounding the periphery of the nucleus of interphaseeukaryotic cells,is one of the characteristic biomembrane systems.It has been knownthat the contour of the nucleus of some malignant cells was not regular,and theperinuolear eisternae as well as the internal dense lamillae was thicker than that ofthe normal cells.These phenomena,however,are still lacking the quantitativein formations.In this paper,the quantitative differences of the ratio of the surface area of NEto the volume of the nucleus(Sn)between...

Nuclear envelope(NE)surrounding the periphery of the nucleus of interphaseeukaryotic cells,is one of the characteristic biomembrane systems.It has been knownthat the contour of the nucleus of some malignant cells was not regular,and theperinuolear eisternae as well as the internal dense lamillae was thicker than that ofthe normal cells.These phenomena,however,are still lacking the quantitativein formations.In this paper,the quantitative differences of the ratio of the surface area of NEto the volume of the nucleus(Sn)between the normal and tumor cells weredemonstrated by the method of “Cytomorphometric Analysis”.The data indicated thatSn of ascitic hepatoma cells in the 6th day after inoculation was significantly greaterthan that of the normal liver cells by 40%.In other tumors including both the asciticand solid forms of Sarcoma 180 and Melanoma,Sn values were also higher than thatof normal liver cells.While on the 2nd day after inoculation,asoitic hepatoma cellsdid not show the greater value of Sn.It suggested that the increase of transportationalfunction of NE was associated with the proliferative status of the malignant cells.Andit was found that the total thickness of NE had no significant difference betweenthe normal and experimental tumor cells.Vincristine & Homoharritonine have notdemonstrated significant affection in these experiments,though the former inducedslight lowering of Sn and thickness of NE of Sarcoma 180.

本文报告通过细胞形态定量分析技术研究小鼠正常肝细胞、腹水型肝癌、实体型和腹水型肉瘤-180及黑色素瘤等恶性细胞核膜超显微结构的结果。可见,肝癌等恶性肿瘤细胞核膜表面积与核体积的比例显著大于对照肝细胞,约增长了40%,定量证实了肿瘤细胞核膜可随不断增殖分裂的需要而增加其核膜表面积。但上述四种实验性肿瘤细胞核膜的总厚度与肝细胞间无显著差异,因此认为肿瘤细胞核周隙之增宽或内纤维层的增厚尚缺乏定量数据的证明。

 
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