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固有效率
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  “固有效率”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The computation example showed that the operation reliability had strong influence on the effectiveness of the weapon system.
     算例表明,操作可靠性对地空导弹武器系统固有效率的实现有较大的影响。
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  相似匹配句对
     enhancing efficiency;
     提高效率;
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     Efficiency of "Eight-Part Essay
     “八股文”的效率
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     (2) Its connatural limitation leads to an inefficient incentive system;
     (2) 固有的内在缺陷导致激励效率不足;
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     INHERENT QUALITY OF THE COMUNIST PARTY MEMBERS
     共产党人的固有品质
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     Mixing inefficient zone is the inherent defect of the forced action mixer, which seriously affects the mixing quality and efficiency.
     搅拌低效区是该类机型的固有缺陷,严重地影响了混凝土的搅拌质量和效率
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  inherent efficiency
These results are consistent with models of energy minimization that posit an inherent efficiency of control and hold that movements are organized to minimize movement time and energy expenditure and maximize mechanical advantages.
      
Photo differential scanning calorimetric data show that the inherent efficiency of MEAB is higher than that of the tetraethyl analogue and is comparable to that of Michler's Ketone.
      
Cold-formed sections are becoming more popular in the construction industry due to their inherent efficiency, and their use will continue to grow.
      
Good applications are buildings with heavy and long hot water demands which can take advantage of the inherent efficiency of the HPWH.
      
In the cross-section of plants, heterogeneity in inherent efficiency leads to heterogeneity in the potential gains from importing.
      
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  intrinsic efficiency
Intrinsic efficiency up to 3.6% has been obtained without the use of an external prepulse circuit.
      
The cell with a thickness of 2.0?μm demonstrated an intrinsic efficiency of 10.7% (aperture 10.1%), an open-circuit voltage of 0.539?V and a short-current density of 25.8?mA/cm2 as independently confirmed by Japan Quality Assurance.
      
The analysis is applied to electron-beam pumped KrF lasers and expressions for saturation intensity, small-signal gain coefficient and intrinsic efficiency in terms of gas composition and pump power per unit volume are given.
      
Intrinsic efficiency and critical power deposition in the e-beam sustained Ar:Xe Laser
      
Experimental investigations on an e-beam sustained near infrared Ar:Xe laser have been carried out to determine the intrinsic efficiency at optimized conditions.
      
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On the basis of abundant information, this paper fully summarizes and analyzes the exploitation of new-type IGCC system and its integrated technology. First of all, the paper analyzes the inherent characteristics of IGCC,such as high efficiency,friendly environment and great potentialities of development,to unveil why IGCC has brilliant prospects and been paid attention.Then,the paper discusses several developing novel IGCC systems,such as IGFC-CC, poly-generation IGCC,IGCC with zero CO_2 emission and IGCC with...

On the basis of abundant information, this paper fully summarizes and analyzes the exploitation of new-type IGCC system and its integrated technology. First of all, the paper analyzes the inherent characteristics of IGCC,such as high efficiency,friendly environment and great potentialities of development,to unveil why IGCC has brilliant prospects and been paid attention.Then,the paper discusses several developing novel IGCC systems,such as IGFC-CC, poly-generation IGCC,IGCC with zero CO_2 emission and IGCC with varied fuels.Besides,the integration principle and characteristics of these novel systems are also introduced.Finally,the paper summarizes primary integrated technologies and their development,such as advanced gas turbine ion-membrane air separation technology etc.

本文基于大量相关研究,全面总结分析了新型IGCC系统的开拓及其集成技术开发与进展。首先分析了IGCC固有的效率高、环保性能优以及最具发展潜力等特点,以揭示其具有的发展前景和受到重视的原因;然后总结介绍了正在发展的燃料电池-IGCC联合循环、IGCC多联产、CO2零排放的IGCC以及燃料多样化的IGCC等新型系统,并扼要论述这些新系统整合机理和特性。还归纳介绍了先进的燃气轮机技术、离子膜制氧技术等集成技术开发与进展。

In order to study the mathematic relationship between changes of the chlorophyll fluorescence parameters of P. tenuiflora seedlings and the fine regulation mechanism of metabolism of cell membrane stability under salt stress, electrolyte leakage rate (EL) using relatively electrical conductivity method and malondialdehyde (MDA) content using the thiobarbituric acid method relating to cell membrane stability were determined as the variable of physiological parameters that could reflect the status of physiological...

In order to study the mathematic relationship between changes of the chlorophyll fluorescence parameters of P. tenuiflora seedlings and the fine regulation mechanism of metabolism of cell membrane stability under salt stress, electrolyte leakage rate (EL) using relatively electrical conductivity method and malondialdehyde (MDA) content using the thiobarbituric acid method relating to cell membrane stability were determined as the variable of physiological parameters that could reflect the status of physiological system or injury extent by stress, and the fluorescence parameters such as Fv/Fm、Fv/Fo、qP、Fv′/Fm′、ΦPSⅡ、HDR and qNP were also determined by the method of fluorescence induction kinetics with FMS2- facilitative Fluorescence Monitoring System under normal condition and different degrees of NaCl stress (0.4%,0.8%,1.2%,1.6%,2%,2.4%) after 7d. The result showed that MDA content decreased a little under low NaCl stress (less than 1.2%), then increased significantly with increasing of NaCl concentration (more than 1.2%). Among the chlorophyll fluorescence parameters, Fv/Fo、Fv/Fm、Fv′/Fm′ and qP took a similar trend of increasing firstly then decreasing with the increasing of NaCl concentration, but qNP and HDR increased with the increasing of NaCl concentration accordingly. At the same time, ΦPSⅡ increased slightly under low NaCl stress(less than 0.4%), then decreased significantly, finally increased fastly. The result also showed that with increases in MDA content, Fv/Fo、Fv/Fm、qP and Fv′/Fm′ decreased accordingly, however, EL decreased slightly firstly in MDA content(0.9753~1.1901μmol·g~-1FW), then increased significantly with the increasing of MDA content(1.3080~1.8518μmol·g~-1FW), showing the similar trend of qNP and HDR. On the other hand, ΦPSⅡ displayed ascending trend during MDA content (0.9753~1.0953μmol·g~-1FW), then showed descending trend during MDA content (1.1172~1.1901μmol·g~-1FW), finally increased fastly with the increasing of MDA content(1.3080~1.8518μmol·g~-1FW). The change value could visually characterize the extent of injury of physiological system of plant under salt stress, and the quantitative relationship between the MDA content、EL and the chlorophyll fluorescence parameters probably was the reflection that chlorophyll fluorescence parameters were closely related to membrane lipid peroxidation and plasma membrane permeability of the P. tenuiflora seedlings. It could be concluded that membrane lipid peroxidation of P. tenuiflora, which resulted from the augment of active oxygen, could be mainly eliminated by highly active antioxidant enzymes system under low NaCl concentration(less than 1.2%); while the safeguard mechanism of P. tenuiflora could be different from that of other plants under midst NaCl concentration(more than 1.2%), they dissipated surplus light energy mainly via two approaches: one is to increase light energy absorbance by light-harvesting pigment that used in non-photochemical quenching coefficient (qNP) and heat dissipation rate (HDR), the other is to increase actually photochemical efficiency of PSⅡ in the light (ΦPSⅡ), building up pseudo-cyclic photophosphorylation. By these ways does P. tenuiflora protect photosynthetic apparatus from the damage of surplus of light energy, thus reduce membrane-lipid peroxidation.

星星草幼苗在不同浓度NaCl胁迫处理7d后,测定了叶绿素荧光参数、MDA含量和叶片电解质外渗率。结果表明,在低浓度NaCl(小于1·2%)胁迫下,星星草幼苗叶绿体MDA含量随胁迫强度的增强而降低,而在高浓度NaCl(1·2%~2·4%)胁迫下则相反。在低浓度NaCl(小于1·2%)胁迫下,Fv/Fm(PSⅡ原初光能转化效率)、Fv/Fo(表PSⅡ潜在活性)、Fv′/Fm′(类囊体能化时PSⅡ固有效率)和qP(荧光光化学淬灭效率)随着胁迫强度的增强而增高,而在高浓度NaCl(1·2%~2·4%)胁迫下则随着胁迫强度的增强而降低;而qNP(荧光非光化学淬灭效率)和HDR(热耗散速率)却随着胁迫强度的增强而增高。ΦPSⅡ(PSⅡ实际光化学效率)在低浓度NaCl(小于0·4%)胁迫下随着胁迫强度增强而升高,在0·4%~1·6%之间迅速下降,大于1·6%时,ΦPSⅡ又迅速升高。Fv/Fm、Fv/Fo、Fv′/Fm′和qP均随着MDA含量的增高而降低,而EL(叶片电解质外渗率)、qNP和HDR在MDA含量较低的范围(0·9753~1·1901μmol·g-1FW)内均减小,在MDA含量较高的范围(1·3080...

星星草幼苗在不同浓度NaCl胁迫处理7d后,测定了叶绿素荧光参数、MDA含量和叶片电解质外渗率。结果表明,在低浓度NaCl(小于1·2%)胁迫下,星星草幼苗叶绿体MDA含量随胁迫强度的增强而降低,而在高浓度NaCl(1·2%~2·4%)胁迫下则相反。在低浓度NaCl(小于1·2%)胁迫下,Fv/Fm(PSⅡ原初光能转化效率)、Fv/Fo(表PSⅡ潜在活性)、Fv′/Fm′(类囊体能化时PSⅡ固有效率)和qP(荧光光化学淬灭效率)随着胁迫强度的增强而增高,而在高浓度NaCl(1·2%~2·4%)胁迫下则随着胁迫强度的增强而降低;而qNP(荧光非光化学淬灭效率)和HDR(热耗散速率)却随着胁迫强度的增强而增高。ΦPSⅡ(PSⅡ实际光化学效率)在低浓度NaCl(小于0·4%)胁迫下随着胁迫强度增强而升高,在0·4%~1·6%之间迅速下降,大于1·6%时,ΦPSⅡ又迅速升高。Fv/Fm、Fv/Fo、Fv′/Fm′和qP均随着MDA含量的增高而降低,而EL(叶片电解质外渗率)、qNP和HDR在MDA含量较低的范围(0·9753~1·1901μmol·g-1FW)内均减小,在MDA含量较高的范围(1·3080~1·8518μmol·g-1FW)内,均迅速增大。ΦPSⅡ在MDA含量较低范围(0·9753~1·0953μmol·g-1FW)内时上升,但变化不大,随着MDA含量的增高(在1·1172~1·1901μmol·g-1FW)范围内迅速降低,但当MDA含量进一步增高时(在1·3080~1·8518μmol·g-1FW)范围内又迅速升高。这些结果表明,星星草幼苗的荧光参数具体的变化规律与盐胁迫强度和幼苗细胞膜的受损伤程度密切相关,即低浓度NaCl胁迫(小于1·2%)下,星星草幼苗由于活性氧的增加而发生膜脂过氧化可能主要通过体内较高活性的保护酶系统来清除,而高浓度NaCl胁迫(大于1·2%)下,星星草幼苗可能具有与其它植物不同的保护机制,即可能主要通过增加qNP(荧光非光化学淬灭效率)、HDR(热耗散速率)耗散过剩的光能和提高ΦPSⅡ增强假循环式光合磷酸化过程,消耗掉多余的能量,以保护光合器官免受过剩光能的损伤,从而减轻膜脂过氧化作用。

The ADC model of Weapon System Effectiveness Industry Advisory Commission for ground-to-air missile weapon system evaluation was extended based on operation reliability in this paper.The training times was determined as the most important factor to influence the operation reliability by binary variance method.The relationship of training times and operation reliability was acquired by nonlinear regression analysis.Thus the effect of quantitative human factor on effectiveness of ground-to-air missile weapon system...

The ADC model of Weapon System Effectiveness Industry Advisory Commission for ground-to-air missile weapon system evaluation was extended based on operation reliability in this paper.The training times was determined as the most important factor to influence the operation reliability by binary variance method.The relationship of training times and operation reliability was acquired by nonlinear regression analysis.Thus the effect of quantitative human factor on effectiveness of ground-to-air missile weapon system was gained.The computation example showed that the operation reliability had strong influence on the effectiveness of the weapon system.This extended ADC model was more fit to the reality of the weapon system.

在考虑人操作可靠性的基础上,对用于评价地空导弹武器系统的美工业界武器效能咨询委员会(WSEIAC)的ADC模型进行了扩展。用二元方差法确定影响操作可靠性的最大因素是培训次数,并用非线性回归法分析获得了培训次数与操作可靠性的关系,给出了量化的人为因素对地空导弹武器系统效能的影响。算例表明,操作可靠性对地空导弹武器系统固有效率的实现有较大的影响。该法更能反映导弹武器系统的实战水平。

 
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