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能量
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  energy
    Studies on the effects of chromium on energy,protein and lipid metabolism and action mechanism in broilers
    铬对肉仔鸡能量、蛋白质与脂肪代谢的影响及作用机制的研究
短句来源
    Studies on Relationships between Reproductive Hormones of Ruminants and Dietary Energy
    反刍动物生殖激素与日粮能量关系的研究
短句来源
    Dynamic Model Construction of Energy and Amino Acid Requirements for Broilers
    肉鸡能量和氨基酸需要动态模型的建立
短句来源
    Modelling the Effect of Ambient Temperature on Protein and Energy Metabolism and Utilization in Growing-Finishing Pigs
    环境温度对生长育肥猪蛋白质和能量代谢及利用影响模式研究
短句来源
    Regulation of Dietary Energy Level and Oil Source on ob Gene Transcriptional Expression in Swine Adipose Tissues
    日粮能量水平和油脂来源对猪脂肪ob基因转录表达调控的研究
短句来源
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  energe
    With nutrient requirement, the more reasonable were middle levels of energe(2.9 Mcal/kg at earlier stages and 3.0 Mcal/kg at later stages) plus middle levels of protein (21% at earlier stages and 19% at later stages), or middle levels of energy plus low levels of protein(19% at earlier stages and 17% at later stages).
    其营养需要以中能量中蛋白(能量前期2.9兆卡/公斤,后期3.0兆卡/公斤;蛋白质前期21%,后期19%)或中能量低蛋白(能量前期2.9兆卡/公斤.后期3.0兆卡/公斤;蛋白质前期19%,后期17%)的水平较为合理.
短句来源
    It is suggested that 16%-18% levels of CP in diets containing ME 11. 51 MJ/kg or protein : energe ratio 13. 8-15. 5 (CP, g/ME,MJ) are suitable for Shaoxing ducks to get the right growth in 0-4 weeks period.
    由此建议:在0~4周龄阶段,当能量浓度为11.51MJ/kg时,绍鸭饲粮CP水平以16%~18%或蛋能比(CP,g/ME,MJ)13.8~15.5为宜.
短句来源
    It was a new physiotherapy method that He-Ne-laser at power density of 408.30 mW and energe density of 244.60J/cm~2 irradiated the acupuncture point "Jiaochao" in patient to treat the diarrhea of newborn lamb. This method has those advantase, such as rapidly manifesting the therapeutic effect, a short course of treatment, a simple and conveaient manipulation, decreasing the labour intensity and reducing the therapeutic cost.
    采用功率密度408.39 mW,能量密度244.60 J/cm~2的He-Ne激光照射交巢穴,治疗新生羔羊腹泻病,具有显效快、疗程短、方法简便、减少劳动强度及降低治疗费用等特点,是一种新的理疗方法。
短句来源
    The effects of enzyme preparations on apparent metabolic rates of energe and nutrient components in diets of pheasants were primarily studied The basal diets of breeding and growing pheasants were supplemented with relevant enzyme preparations, respectively By metabolism experiments, the results showed that the apparent metabolic rates of energe, nitrogen free extraction and protein for each experimental group of pheasants were higher than those of control;
    分别在种雉、育成雉基础日粮中添加不同配比的酶制剂 ,研究酶制剂对环颈雉 (种雉、育成雉 )日粮能量及营养物质表观代谢率的影响。 结果表明 :各试验组环颈雉日粮能量、无氮浸出物、蛋白质表观代谢率均高于对照组 ;
短句来源
    This review summaries development on the control of broiler fat through nutritional method,which include energe,protein and feed additive.
    本文综述了营养对肉鸡体脂沉积的影响,包括能量、蛋白质、添加剂。
短句来源
  general energy
    2, the whole-faece-collected method was used in metabolic trial to determine the effect of Acidifiers on apparent digestibility of dry matter (DM), general energy(GE) and crude protein(CP), the pH values and the acid binding capacity(ABC) of diet for each treatment were also measured.
    试验分为四部分:第一部分为饲养试验,主要测定各组蛋鸡的产蛋率,蛋重,异常蛋比率,蛋壳颜色、光洁度,鸡只死淘数,采食量,饲料转化率等生产性能指标; 第二部分为消化代谢试验,采用全收粪法,测定日粮干物质、能量、粗蛋白的表观利用率及pH值、酸结合力;
短句来源
    Methane energy was increased as general energy intake and digestible energy intake increased.
    甲烷能产生量随能量进食水平的增加而增加。
短句来源
    ③Methane energy was increased as general energy intake and digestible energy intake increased.
    ③甲烷能产生量随着能量进食水平的增加而增加。
短句来源
    The metabolic rate of general energy intake and digestible energy intake was 54 01% and 80 24% respectively; The utilization rate of metabolic energy for milk production was 36 85%;
    结果表明 :①泌乳水牛能量消化率为 6 7 2 3% ,总能代谢率 (ME/GE)为 5 4 0 1% ,消化能代谢率 (ME/DE)为 80 2 4 % ,水牛产奶对代谢能的利用率为 36 85 % ;
短句来源
  “能量”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Relationship Between Environmental Temperature and Gas-Energy Metabolis m Xinjinag Merino Wethers in Cold Season
    冷季新疆细毛羯羔气体能量代谢与环境温度关系的初步研究
短句来源
    Study on the metabolism of protein and qnergy in minipig
    香猪能量和蛋白质代谢规律的研究
短句来源
    EFFECT OF CALORIC RESTRICTION ON MICROSOMAL CYT P-450_(s)OF RATS TREATED BY AFLATOXIN B_1
    能量限制对黄曲霉毒素B_1处理大鼠微粒体细胞色素P—450的影响
短句来源
    EFFECT OF CALORIC RESTRICTION ON ACTIVITIES OF HEPATIC PHASE Ⅱ ENZYMES OF RATS TREATED BY AFLATOXIN B_1
    能量限制对黄曲霉毒素B_1处理大鼠肝Ⅱ相反应酶活性的影响
短句来源
    STUDY ON REQUIREMENT OFME AND CP FOR GUINONG GOLDEN CHICKEN DURING 0-14 WEEKS AGE
    贵农金黄鸡0-14周龄生长鸡能量、蛋白需要的研究
短句来源
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  energy
Finite energy band-limited functions are reconstructed iteratively
      
When, in addition, the Tolimieri-Orr condition A is satisfied, the minimum energy dual windowoγ ε L2(?) can be sampled as well, and the two sampled windows continue to be related by duality and minimality.
      
Finite-energy high frequency signals, band-pass frequency signals, and band-stop frequency signals are characterized.
      
We use the analytic tools such as the energy, and the Laplacians defined by Kigami
      
On Global Finite Energy Solutions of the Camassa-Holm Equation
      
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  energe
Recently the rechargeable Li and Li-ion polymer batteries have improved due to development of Li-ion conductive gel electrolytes and of high energe granting intercalation compounds.
      
Saturated and aromatic hydrocarbons, ethers, esters, aldehydes, alcohols, acetophenone, nitrobenzene and aniline energe rapidly from a chromatographic column of Silochrom C80 at temperatures 100-200°C with symmetrical peaks.
      
In the ant Camponotus mus the eclosion of imagines from the cocoons was shown to be controlled by nurse workers, which broke the cocoons and assisted the callows to energe.
      
Comment on 'Magnetospheric source region of discrete auroras inferred from their relationship with isotropy boundaries of energe
      
The addition ofcontraception to five controls (1) of the risk of SB did not alter the previous finding: antenatal visits to energe apparently as the main determinant of late fetal survival in Indonesian university obstetrics.
      
更多          
  general energy
The value of the intrinsic ferroelectric coercive field is obtained independently, from general energy considerations and from the predictions of several models of the ferroelectric state.
      
Two general energy functions are defined to prove the stability of one class of multi-valued Bi-directional Associative Memorys(BAMs), with HTBAM being the special case.
      
In this paper, we propose a general energy function for a new neural model, the random neural model of Gelenbe.
      
Then, we apply this general energy function to different optimization problems.
      
The new form makes the calculation more convenient than general energy forms and have reliable mathematical basis.
      
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In a 3×3 factorial experiment, one hundred and thirty-five White Rock hybrid chickens, 28 days of age and weighing about 500g were divided into 9 groups. Nine different diets were prepared with 3 levels of protein (18%,20% or 22%) and 3 levels of metabolizable energy (ME) 2800, 3000, or 3200 kcal/kg. The average bodyweights of the nine groups at the age of 56 days were all over 1500g. The highest, i.e. 1779.2±39.52g, was the group of low energy and high protein (LH), and the lowest, i.e. 1585. 7±41.66g was the...

In a 3×3 factorial experiment, one hundred and thirty-five White Rock hybrid chickens, 28 days of age and weighing about 500g were divided into 9 groups. Nine different diets were prepared with 3 levels of protein (18%,20% or 22%) and 3 levels of metabolizable energy (ME) 2800, 3000, or 3200 kcal/kg. The average bodyweights of the nine groups at the age of 56 days were all over 1500g. The highest, i.e. 1779.2±39.52g, was the group of low energy and high protein (LH), and the lowest, i.e. 1585. 7±41.66g was the group of middle energy and low protein (ML).There were no significant differences in bodyweight among the 9 groups (p>0.05). Feed efficiency was 2.17—2.40 kg/kg gain.

用28日龄的白洛克五品系杂交F_1代小鸡135只,体重约500克,分为9组进行3×3的因子试验。采用三种能量水平(2800,3000和3200千卡)和三种蛋白质水平(18,20和22%)配合9组饲粮。各组试禽于56日龄平均体重均超过1500克,而以低能高蛋白组(LH)最高,为1779.2±39.52克;中能低蛋白组(ML)最低,为1585.7±41.66克。9组的平均体重间无显著差异(P>0.05)。饲料报酬为2.17—2.40公斤饲料/公斤增重。

An experiment was performed to determine the requirement of energy forbroiler chicks.Birds were fed adlibitum with two diets different in proteinsource.The metabolizable energy intake(ME_i)and retention of energy for bodygain(RE_g)were estimated bi-weekly.The regression of ME_i on RE_g indicated that the mean of maintenance requi-rement for broiler chick was 128.5 Kcal per Kg metabolic body size.The productive requirement for broiler chick before and after 4 weeks of ageaveraged 2.5 and 3.8 Kcal for each gram...

An experiment was performed to determine the requirement of energy forbroiler chicks.Birds were fed adlibitum with two diets different in proteinsource.The metabolizable energy intake(ME_i)and retention of energy for bodygain(RE_g)were estimated bi-weekly.The regression of ME_i on RE_g indicated that the mean of maintenance requi-rement for broiler chick was 128.5 Kcal per Kg metabolic body size.The productive requirement for broiler chick before and after 4 weeks of ageaveraged 2.5 and 3.8 Kcal for each gram of gain respectively.ME requirement of gain differed between sexes(P<0.05).The authors suggested the following formula to calculate the ME requirement(Y)for broiler chicks:0—4 week Y=128.5 W~(0.75)+2.5△W4—10 weeks Y=128.5 W~(0.75)+3.8△W

进行了一次试验测定肉仔鸡能量营养需要。试验用两种不同蛋白质来源的日粮。试禽采用任食、单笼饲养。每两周统计一次代谢能进食量和增重沉积能量。对进食代谢能量和增重沉积能量的回归分析得出肉仔鸡的维持代谢能需要量为每公斤代谢体重(W~(0.75))128.5Kcal。肉仔鸡的增重代谢能需要量,平均约为每克增重0—4周龄2.5Kcal,4—10周龄3.8Kcal。肉仔鸡的增重代谢能需要,在试禽性别间和周龄间差异显著(P<0.05,P<0.01),但在不同蛋白质来源的日粮间差异不显著(P>0.05)。作者建议肉仔鸡代谢能营养需要量(Y)的推算公式如下:0—4周龄 Y(Kcal)=128.5W~(0.75)(kg)+2.5△W(g)4—10周龄 Y(Kcal)=128.5W~(0.75)(kg)+3.8WW(g)

Thirty-six caesarotomized piglets were artificially reared on different dietsto study their nutrient requirements at 1—5,5—10 and 10—20 kg liveweights.They were taken from five sows gnotobiotically and fed artificial milk replacer12 times a day for the first 6 days,gradually changing to a prestarter meal diet.At 21 days,three pelleted starter diets were compared,lot 1 with 3599.6 kcal/kg,24.33% CP,lot 2 with 3572.9 kcal and 22.93% CP and lot 3 with 3430 kcal and23.61% CP,containing 30,20 or 10% milk powder respectively.During...

Thirty-six caesarotomized piglets were artificially reared on different dietsto study their nutrient requirements at 1—5,5—10 and 10—20 kg liveweights.They were taken from five sows gnotobiotically and fed artificial milk replacer12 times a day for the first 6 days,gradually changing to a prestarter meal diet.At 21 days,three pelleted starter diets were compared,lot 1 with 3599.6 kcal/kg,24.33% CP,lot 2 with 3572.9 kcal and 22.93% CP and lot 3 with 3430 kcal and23.61% CP,containing 30,20 or 10% milk powder respectively.During the prestarter phase,average daily gains for lots 1 & 2 were 0.398±0.037 and 0.312±0.029 kg,faster than lot 3(0.303±0.014),(P<0.05).Feedcon-(?)ersion ratios were 1.130,1.481 for lots 1 & 2 with lot 3(1.854)significanylt less efficient.In terms of digestible energy(DE),lots 1 & 2 required 4.069 and5.290 Mcal per kg liveweight gain,also lower than lot 3(5.682).Based on digestionand metabolism trials,lots 1,2 and 3 consumed 1668.4±7.69,1680.3±12.27 kcalDE and 1616.9±12.25 and 1640.8±14.61 kcal ME respectively,all significantlymore than lot 3(1624.3±13.69 kcal DE and 1580.4±16.80 kcal ME).Digestibilityof nitrogen for lots 1 & 2(85.2% and 84.9%)were also higher than lot 3(83.0%).During the starter phase(10—20 kg),pigs were alloted to two lots,lot 1with 24 pigs was fed a diet with 10% milk powder,lot2(12 pigs)with none.Diet 1 contained 3430.2 kcal DE and 23.61% CP,Diet 2 contained 3419.9 kcaland 17.49% CP.As a result,lot 1 grew at a daily rate of 0.566±0.009 kg,lot2 at 0.472±0.014 kg(P<0.05),with corresponding conversion ratios of 1.733 vs1.969.Difference in energy digestibility between lots was not significant(83.02±0.891 vs 81.53±1.803).Nitrogen retention rate as percentage of N intake were50.41±1.907 and 41.79±4.850 for lots 1 & 2,and N retained of that digestedwere 60.72±1.92 and 51.10±5.354 respectively(P<0.05).Throughout the milk replacer,prestarter and starter phases,artificially rearedpiglets averaged 20.69±0.268 kg in liveweight or about 20.8% heavier than natu-rally nursed weaners.Lots 1 and 2 grew at 0.338±0.005 and 0.327±0.015 kg/day,which surpassed that stipulated in the NRC(1979 edi.)requirement(0.300 kg).Feed conversion efficiency was 4% 21.9% and 12.6% higher than NRC for thethree consecutive phases.Protein consumption was also less.Survival rate for the entire period was 100% They were reared in cages inphase 1,on elevated pens in phase and on the floor in phase 3 at thermal neutraltemperatures with nutritionally balanced diets under strict sanitary and prophy-lactic conditions.

本试验通过36头剖腹产仔猪行超早期人工哺育,并通过饲养和代谢试验,研究了1—5,5—10,10—20kg 体重阶段的营养需要量和五个饲粮配方的价值。选用五头三江白猪母猪,分娩前行剖腹取胎,按无菌操作要求进行断脐,编号,打牙,称重,编组。仔猪生后2小时内饲以人工代用初乳,7日龄后喂以人工乳和诱食料,人工乳日喂12次,每2小时一次,15天后日喂6次,每4小时一次,20天后停喂人工液态乳,改换干颗粒料喂饲,日喂6次,饮水6次。期间单笼舍饲,舍温范围分期控制在34~25℃之间。5—10公斤体重阶段,比较了三个开食料配方。三组消化能和粗蛋白质水平分别为:Ⅰ组—3599.6仟卡/kg;24.33%,Ⅱ组—3572.9仟卡/kg;22.93%,Ⅲ组—3430仟卡/kg;23.61%。Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ各配方中奶粉比例分别为30%,20%,10%。另外,第Ⅲ组的蛋白质来源豆饼比例较大。试验结果表明:Ⅰ、Ⅱ组本期日增重(0.398±0.037kg)、(0.312±0.029kg)比第Ⅲ组(0.303±0.014)快,P<0.05,差异显著。饲料效率Ⅰ、Ⅱ组(1.130,1.481),比Ⅲ组(1.854)高。每公斤增重消化能消耗:Ⅰ、Ⅱ...

本试验通过36头剖腹产仔猪行超早期人工哺育,并通过饲养和代谢试验,研究了1—5,5—10,10—20kg 体重阶段的营养需要量和五个饲粮配方的价值。选用五头三江白猪母猪,分娩前行剖腹取胎,按无菌操作要求进行断脐,编号,打牙,称重,编组。仔猪生后2小时内饲以人工代用初乳,7日龄后喂以人工乳和诱食料,人工乳日喂12次,每2小时一次,15天后日喂6次,每4小时一次,20天后停喂人工液态乳,改换干颗粒料喂饲,日喂6次,饮水6次。期间单笼舍饲,舍温范围分期控制在34~25℃之间。5—10公斤体重阶段,比较了三个开食料配方。三组消化能和粗蛋白质水平分别为:Ⅰ组—3599.6仟卡/kg;24.33%,Ⅱ组—3572.9仟卡/kg;22.93%,Ⅲ组—3430仟卡/kg;23.61%。Ⅰ、Ⅱ、Ⅲ各配方中奶粉比例分别为30%,20%,10%。另外,第Ⅲ组的蛋白质来源豆饼比例较大。试验结果表明:Ⅰ、Ⅱ组本期日增重(0.398±0.037kg)、(0.312±0.029kg)比第Ⅲ组(0.303±0.014)快,P<0.05,差异显著。饲料效率Ⅰ、Ⅱ组(1.130,1.481),比Ⅲ组(1.854)高。每公斤增重消化能消耗:Ⅰ、Ⅱ组(4.069兆卡)、(5.290兆卡)比Ⅲ组(5.682兆卡)低。消化代谢试验表明:Ⅰ、Ⅱ组平均日采食消化能(1668.4±7.960仟卡)、(1680.3±12.269仟卡),代谢能(Ⅰ616.4±12.25仟卡)、(1640.8±14.61仟卡)均比第Ⅲ组消化能(1624.3±13.69仟卡),代谢能(1580.4±16.80仟卡)多,P<0.05,差异显著。N 的消化率Ⅰ、Ⅱ组(85.2%,84.9%)高于第Ⅲ组(83.0%)。10—20公斤体重阶段,将动物分为二组,第Ⅰ组(24头)为10%奶粉组,第Ⅱ组(12头)为无奶粉组。10%奶粉饲粮含消化能3460.2仟卡/kg;和粗蛋白为23.61%,无奶粉组饲粮消化能为3419.9仟卡/kg 和粗蛋白17.49%。试验结果:10%奶粉组日增重为0.566±0.009kg,无奶粉组为0.472±0.014kg,P<0.05。饲料效率相应为1.733:1.969,以前者为优。组间能量消化量差异不显著,P>0.05。N 的消化率:Ⅰ组为83.02±0.891,Ⅱ组为81.53±1.803。沉积 N/食入 N 比例,第Ⅰ组为50.41±1.917,Ⅱ组为41.79±4.850,可消化蛋白质利用率,Ⅰ组(60.72±1.920)也显著高于第Ⅱ组(51.10±5 354),p<0.05。通过1—5kg,5—10kg,10—20kg 各期人工初乳,人工乳,开食料连续配合使用,构成1—60天的全期试验结果。试验猪全期增重速度较快。58—60天达到20.69±0.263kg,比常态母猪哺育仔猪(16.0:20.69kg)快20.8%,三组之中,Ⅰ、Ⅱ组全期平均日增重0.338±0.005kg,0.327±0.015kg,赶上了 NRC 标准规定(0.300kg)速度。饲料消耗量低于 NRC 标准约10%,而饲料效率则高于标准规定值:第一期高4%,第二期高21.9%,第三期高12.6%。每公斤增重的能量消耗与标准比较,分别为:每一期4.67:4.425兆卡,第二期三组各为4.069,5.290,5.681:5.833兆卡,第三期5.202:6.740兆卡。蛋白质消耗也低于标准。此次超早期断奶人工哺育试验,达到了100%育成率,仔猪发育整齐,匀称,有活力并有较高增重速度、低消耗和高效率。上述结果也与此次试验采用瘦肉型猪种,在小规模范围内,高度集约化笼养,高床饲养,适温控制,饲料糖化,颗粒化,严格卫生,防疫等重要措施有关。

 
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