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颈神经根     
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  cervical nerve root
     ①The total rate of occurrence was 24.6%for wedge pressure in intervertebral foramen of cervical nerve root for both male and female, of which, that of female was remarkably superior to the male (35.2%,10.9%, χ2=6.72,P< 0.01).
     ①颈神经根在椎间孔处可造成嵌压男女合计总出现率为24.6%其中女性明显高于男性(35.2%,10.9%,χ2=6.72,P<0.01)。
短句来源
     Applied Anatomic Study on Resection and Decompression of Cervical Nerve Root Canal
     颈神经根管切开减压术的应用解剖研究
短句来源
     Applied anatomy of cervical nerve root groove and cervical intervertebral foramen
     颈神经根槽和颈椎间孔的应用解剖
短句来源
     A Study on Magnetic Stimulation Motor Evoked Potential of the Cervical Nerve Root Damage
     颈神经根损伤的磁运动诱发电位研究
短句来源
     the occurrence rate where the ratio was ≥1. RESULTS:The ratio between cervical nerve root and intervertebral foramen was significantly larger than that between spinal nerve root and spinal nerve sulcus(t=2.66,P< 0.01).
     结果:颈神经根与椎间孔之比值明显大于脊神经与脊神经沟之比值(t=2.66,P<0.01);
短句来源
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  spinal nerve roots
     Results ①The percentage of the outside diameter of the spinal nerve roots larger than or equal to the corresponding intervertebral foramen was 24.6% in all cases, with the female (35.2%) significantly more than the male (12.5%) (P<0 01).
     结果 ①颈神经根在椎间孔处可造成嵌压 ,其出现率为 2 4 6 % ,其中女性为 35 2 %明显高于男性的 12 5 % (P <0 0 1) ;
短句来源
     C 5、C 6 were the most lengthy. The moving spinal nerve roots in intervertebral foramen were tethered by the spinal dura mater.
     脊髓反弹紧贴椎管后壁时颈神经根移动平均为 1.2± 0 .5 (0~ 2 .0 )mm ,以C5、C6 神经根移位最大 ,而硬脊膜囊在椎间孔处对移动的脊神经根形成栓系。
短句来源
     Method The sagittal width and height of the intervertebral foramen and its spinal nerve roots as well as the width of the lateral opening of the spinal nervous sulcus and its outside diameters of spinal nerves were measured on 60 cases (male28, female 32) adult cadavers (total 120 sides).
     方法 取 6 0具成尸 (男 2 8,女32 ) ,对颈椎间孔及其脊神经根的前后径、上下径进行观测 ,统计出颈神经根前后径、上下径分别大于或等于椎间孔的前后径、上下径的出现率 ;
短句来源
  cervical nerve roots
     Clinical Analysis on 52 Cases of Cervical Nerve Roots Compression Syndrome External Intervetebral Foramen
     52例椎孔外颈神经根卡压综合征临床分析
短句来源
     Objective: To investigate the relationship between resistant lateral elbow pain and cervical nerve roots (5~7) compression.
     目的:探讨肘外侧疼痛与椎孔外颈神经根(5~7)卡压的关系。
短句来源
     Objective To find out the distribution of nerve endings in the dural sheath of cervical nerve roots and to study the mechanism of cervical radicular pain.
     目的调查人颈髓神经根硬膜性被膜内神经末梢的数量分布,探讨颈神经根性疼痛的发病机制。
短句来源
     Purpose The anatomical basis and clinical characteristic of cervical nerve roots compression out of intervertebral foramen were studied.
     目的 了解颈神经根受压解剖学基础 ,分析颈神经根受压的临床特点、诊断和治疗。
短句来源
     A Study on the Relationship Between Magnetic Stimulation Motor Evoked Potential(MEP)and the Neuropathology of the Chronic Compressed Lesion of Cat's Cervical Nerve Roots
     颈神经根嵌压伤的磁刺激运动诱发电位与组织病理学的相关性研究
短句来源
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  cervical radiculoneuritis
     Objective:To study the therapeutic effect of Chinese medicinal herbs decoction,Jingzhui No I (JZⅠ) to the 6KPGF 1α and TXB 2 of imitated cervical radiculoneuritis rat's blood under the radioimmunoasay.
     目的 :为了观察中药颈椎 号对模拟颈神经根大鼠血浆中 6-酮 -前列腺素 F1α(6-K-PGF1α)和血栓素 B2 (TXB2 )含量的影响。
短句来源

 

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      cervical nerve root
    The nerve action potential was regularly present in cases with sensory disturbances of the hand of central origin and in almost all cases with cervical nerve root lesions.
          
    Astereognosis and amyotrophy of the hand with neurinoma of the second cervical nerve root
          
    Dissection of the vertebral artery with cervical nerve root lesions
          
    The authors present a case of an extramedullary tumour arising from the second cervical nerve root.
          
    We report a 36-year-old woman whose first MRI after developing symptoms of cervical nerve root irritation was normal.
          
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      spinal nerve roots
    The spinal nerve roots as well as proximal branches of the spinal nerves were hypertrophic and there was seen a marked fibrosis with some onion-bulb formations of Schwann cells.
          
    The regeneration of nerve fibres in pigs was studied three months after transsection and end-to-end suture of the dorsal and ventral spinal nerve roots L 5 and S 1.
          
    The regeneration of nerve fibres in pigs was studied three months after transsection and end-to-end suture of the dorsal and ventral spinal nerve roots L 5 and S 1.
          
    Heterotopic neurons in human spinal nerve roots: what is their clinical significance
          
    The significance of heterotopic nerve cells in human spinal nerve roots was studied.
          
    更多          
      cervical nerve roots
    2 cases of dissociated paresis of the radial nerve are described, in which pain and sensory disturbances suggested an irritation or lesion of cervical nerve roots.
          
    Peripheral motor latencies were determined for responses elicited by magnetic stimulation over cervical nerve roots.
          
    Another convergence of sensorimotor fibers has been described involving intercommunication between the spinal accessory nerve (CN XI), the upper cervical nerve roots, and ultimately the descending tract of the trigeminal nerve.
          
    This is the opposite of the normal cranio-caudal direction of growth (which includes the brain) with downward slanting of the cervical nerve roots.
          
    Magnetic resonance imaging revealed strong enhancement of the cervical nerve roots on contrast-enhanced T1-weighted images.
          
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      其他


    This paper had determined the latency and conduction velocity of F wave in 205 branches of median, ulnar, peroneal and tibial nerves of normal persons were determined, and the normal values of the latency and conduction velocity of F wave were proposed. The EMG, the motor nerve conduction velocity and the latency and conduction velocity of F wave determined respectively in 55 cases of cervical nerve root lesions and 98 cases of lumbosacral nerve root lesions, and the results of determination were analyzed and...

    This paper had determined the latency and conduction velocity of F wave in 205 branches of median, ulnar, peroneal and tibial nerves of normal persons were determined, and the normal values of the latency and conduction velocity of F wave were proposed. The EMG, the motor nerve conduction velocity and the latency and conduction velocity of F wave determined respectively in 55 cases of cervical nerve root lesions and 98 cases of lumbosacral nerve root lesions, and the results of determination were analyzed and discussed. Measurement of F wave was the chief basis in the diagnosis of root segemental demyelination lesions. Determination of EMG combining with measurement of F wave would raise the diagnostic positive ratesin the diagnosis of nervc root lesions. Therefore, the measurement of F wave was of great significance in the diagnosis of nerve root lesions.

    本文总共测定了正常成人正中神经、尺神经、腓神经和胫神经等205条神经的F波潜伏期和F波传导速度,提出上述神经F波潜伏期和F波传导速度的正常值。本文对颈神经根病损55例和腰骶神经根病损98例分别进行肌电图、运动神经传导速度、F波潜伏期和F波传导速度等测定。并对检查测定的结果进行分析讨论。 F波测定是判断根性节段性脱髓鞘病变的主要根据,对神经根病损,肌电图检查配合F波测定,可以提高诊断阳性率。因此F波测定对诊断神经根病损有重要意义,值得在临床诊断上推广应用。

    A series of 12 cases of tumors located in the vicinity of foramen magnum are reported. Among them 4 were cranio-spinal type and 8 spino-cranial type. Pathologically 4 were neuofibromas,3 meningio-mas, 2 lipomas, 1 astrocytoma, 1 ependymoma and 1 chordoma. Most patients manifested upper cervical nerve root symptoms. In the cranio-spinal type, impairment of IX X XI XII cranial nerves and slight pyramidal symptoms were often seen.In spino-cranial type, paralysis and loss of sensation were promi-nant.Lumbar puncture...

    A series of 12 cases of tumors located in the vicinity of foramen magnum are reported. Among them 4 were cranio-spinal type and 8 spino-cranial type. Pathologically 4 were neuofibromas,3 meningio-mas, 2 lipomas, 1 astrocytoma, 1 ependymoma and 1 chordoma. Most patients manifested upper cervical nerve root symptoms. In the cranio-spinal type, impairment of IX X XI XII cranial nerves and slight pyramidal symptoms were often seen.In spino-cranial type, paralysis and loss of sensation were promi-nant.Lumbar puncture and Queckenstedt test were done in 8 cases, and in 7 cases there was obstruction of spinal canal. CT scans of the cranium and upper cervical region were performed in 12 cases, and in 11 cases space-occupying lesions were revealed. CT scan was negative in one patient, and the diagnosis was established by amipaque meylography. Operations were done in all cases. In 2 cases belonging to craniospinal type, tumors were totally removed, and in other 2 cases tumors were subtotally removed. In four cases of extramedullary spino-cranial type, tumors were tollally removed. In 4 cases of intramedullary tumors, only in one case the tumor (ependymoma) was totally removed by CUSA. There was no operative mortality in this series. The diagonsis, differential diagnosis and operative technics were discussed.

    本文报告枕骨大孔区肿瘤12例。其中,颅脊型4例,脊颅型8例。包括神经纤维瘤4例,脑膜瘤3例,脂肪瘤2例,星形细胞瘤、室管膜瘤及脊索瘤各1例。临床表现多有上颈神经根刺激症状。颅脊型常有后组颅神经症状以及轻度锥体束征,而脊颅型则以肢体瘫痪和感觉缺失为主。8例腰穿中7例显示有梗阻。12例CT扫描中11例发现肿瘤。另1例通过Amipaque造影证实诊断。本组均行手术治疗。颅脊型中2例全切除,2例部分切除。脊颅型中,4例髓外型均全切除,4例髓内型仅1例室管膜瘤应用CUSA全切除。术后1月内无死亡。作者对诊断、鉴别诊断和手术技术进行了讨论。

    158 cases of cervical vertebra and spinal cord injuries were treated during July 1970 to Dec.1987.189 cervical vertebrae were damaged in number and cervical spinal cord or nerve roots were involved in72% of them.46.8% of cases were examined within 24 hours after injury.The diagnosis is difficult because of the negative X-ray films and other serious injury.Dislocation of cervical vertebra was the main cause.In these patients the death rate was 23.5%.The admitted patients should be performed by level traction...

    158 cases of cervical vertebra and spinal cord injuries were treated during July 1970 to Dec.1987.189 cervical vertebrae were damaged in number and cervical spinal cord or nerve roots were involved in72% of them.46.8% of cases were examined within 24 hours after injury.The diagnosis is difficult because of the negative X-ray films and other serious injury.Dislocation of cervical vertebra was the main cause.In these patients the death rate was 23.5%.The admitted patients should be performed by level traction in compliance with the wounded position.The patients with complete spinal cord injury are not suited for operation.If the injury is incomplete early operation will increase the cure rate.

    1970年至1987年,我院收治158例颈椎及颈髓损伤的病人,男125例、女33例各年龄组发病率没有显著差异,共损伤189个椎体,72%病人合并颈髓损伤或颈神经根损伤。本文讨论了:伤后24小时以内就诊者可达46.8%,由于 X 线片显示阴性和并发损伤给早期定位诊断带来一定困难;颈髓损伤的死亡率高达23.5%,在颈椎各种损伤中颈椎脱位是引起颈髓或颈神经根损伤的主要原因,颈推损伤后不宜主观的行屈曲位或后伸位颅骨牵引,而应顺从伤后颈屈度椎平行牵引;颈髓完全性损伤,手术效果不佳,而部分性颈髓损伤的病例,尽早手术治疗,可明显提高治愈率。

     
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