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   神经再生 在 外科学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:1.723秒
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神经再生     
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  nerve regeneration
Tissue engineering and peripheral nerve regeneration (III)
      
The process of the nerve regeneration was investigated by histological assessment, electrophysiological examination, and determination of wet weight recovery rate of the gastrocnemius muscle.
      
At the conclusion of 12 weeks, proximal and distal end of nerves were anastomosed by nerve regeneration and the conduit vanished completely.
      
The results suggest that PDLLA conduits may serve for peripheral nerve regeneration and PDLLA is a sort of hopeful candidate for tissue engineering.
      
The first axons to grow very early in the course of nerve regeneration belong primarily to the phrenic nerve which is thus reinnervating some of the denervated shoulder muscles.
      
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  neural regeneration
Expression of neurofilament gene in spinal motoneurons during neural regeneration
      
Preservation of the basal lamina is considered to be the essential factor in allowing neural regeneration in these circumstances.
      
In multiple sclerosis and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis levels of lipocortins are raised, suggesting their involvement in the recovery from an immunological insult or in neural regeneration.
      
The newly developed heterotopic larynx transplant model allows studies of transplant viability, rejection mechanisms and neural regeneration and functional recovery to be performed with minimal animal morbidity and lowered research costs.
      
Planarian GSK3s are involved in neural regeneration
      
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  neurotization
It was found that this chronic stress induced a decline in the locomotor, exploratory, and emotionality parameters of rats subjected to 14 days of neurotization.
      
Neurotization with 3 ipsilateral intercostal nerves was carried out in groups 1, 2 and 3.
      
Neurotization for restoration of arm function in complete cervical root avulsion
      
The results of the present study suggest that harvesting of a nerve graft by the stripper does not cause major injuries to the graft and, therefore, successful neurotization of the graft is not impaired.
      
Since each system contains a number of antagonists, a mutual blocking that is the result of the heteromorphous neurotization occurs, producing the symptoms of a residual paresis, although these "weak" muscles are well reinnervated.
      
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  nervous regeneration
This normalization may be due to nervous regeneration or to endocrine changes.
      
  其他


The fibrin adhesive is a kind With biocompatibility,the main effects are adhesion,hemostasis and promotion of wound healing.It has been used in the clinics withoutany reaction and infection.In our experimental study,the facial nerves of 8 rabbitswere cut and anastomosed,then the fibrin adhesive was applied to the wounds.Therecovery of function and regrowth of the nerves were observed 3 months after surgery.There was no difference between the experimental animals and 4 rabbits withoutfibrin.This conforms to the...

The fibrin adhesive is a kind With biocompatibility,the main effects are adhesion,hemostasis and promotion of wound healing.It has been used in the clinics withoutany reaction and infection.In our experimental study,the facial nerves of 8 rabbitswere cut and anastomosed,then the fibrin adhesive was applied to the wounds.Therecovery of function and regrowth of the nerves were observed 3 months after surgery.There was no difference between the experimental animals and 4 rabbits withoutfibrin.This conforms to the laws of the regrowing of nerve.It is further confirmedthat the adhesive has no side effect on the nerve tissue.It does not affect theregeneration and healing of the nerve tissue either.7

将12只兔面神经切断并吻合之,其中8只在吻合口处滴入纤维蛋白粘合剂(实验组)另14只不滴入粘合剂,3个月后均见有功能恢复和神经再生,两组间无明显差异.本实验进一步证明了纤维蛋白粘合剂对组织无不良反应,不影响神经组织的新生与愈合。

The repair process of the iibial fascicle of the rabbit sciatic nerve which had been transected and sutured or simply crushed was studied by means of light and . electron microscopy.It was found that the perineurium was able to heal after the nerve had been transected and sutured through the formation of a new epineurium-perineurium tube which contained many minute fascicles of regenerated nerve fibers. The newlyformed epineurium-perineurium tubs rejoined ths two stumps of the transected epineurium theath perineurium...

The repair process of the iibial fascicle of the rabbit sciatic nerve which had been transected and sutured or simply crushed was studied by means of light and . electron microscopy.It was found that the perineurium was able to heal after the nerve had been transected and sutured through the formation of a new epineurium-perineurium tube which contained many minute fascicles of regenerated nerve fibers. The newlyformed epineurium-perineurium tubs rejoined ths two stumps of the transected epineurium theath perineurium tube. The healing process of the nerve fascicle after crushing was similar to that after transection and suturing.From the transection and suturing of the nerve to the formation of the new epineurium-perineurium tubs the sequence of pathological events occurring in the epineurium and perineurium could be divided into 3 stages, the first stage of trau-matic inflammation, degeneration and necrosis of the perineurium, the second stage of perineurial cell proliferation, and the regeneration nerve fiber growth into the pre-perineurium mass and the third stage of the formation of new small nerve fascicles.The formation of the new epineurium-perineurium tube is of vital importance to nerve regeneration, it can prevent the nerve fibers from growing astray and guide them to the distal perineurium tube. The pro-perineurial cells might originate from the proliferation of the perineurial cells, themselves.The normal histological and ultrastructural morphology of the rab bit sciatic nerve was described. The nuclei of the perineurial cells have the tendency to form palisades. It seems that this may explain the palisading of the nuclei of neurofibr-oma cells.

家兔坐骨神经胫神经束横断吻合和单纯挤压损伤后光、电镜对照观察,发现束膜损伤后能够修复,其方式是形成一含有许多神经小束的新外膜-束膜管,从而实现两断端束膜的再连接。神经切断缝合后至新外膜-束膜管的形成,外膜、束膜的变化可分为三期,即创伤性炎性反应,束膜变性坏死期,前束膜细胞增殖、神经纤维长入期与再生神经小束形成期。新外膜-束膜管的形成对神经的再生具有重要意义,能阻止新生的神经纤维向外生长并诱导其长入远端束膜管。作者考虑,再生束膜细胞可能来自束膜细胞本身的增殖。本文还描述了兔坐骨神经束膜的正常组织学和超微结构态形,束膜细胞核有作栅状排列的倾向,似可解释神经纤维瘤细胞每作栅状排列的现象。

The Myelinated fibre regeneration of sciatic nerve, in hyperbaric oxygen treatment after nerve trauma, was studied in 30 SD male rats by using QTM520 automatic image analysis system. The number of nerve fibers was also counted.A. 3mm long segment of the right nerve was resected and then sutured under tension while the left nerve was cut merely and then its epineurium was sutured without any tension.It was noted that hyperbaric oxygen could not only accelerate nerve regeneration, but also made less prohibition...

The Myelinated fibre regeneration of sciatic nerve, in hyperbaric oxygen treatment after nerve trauma, was studied in 30 SD male rats by using QTM520 automatic image analysis system. The number of nerve fibers was also counted.A. 3mm long segment of the right nerve was resected and then sutured under tension while the left nerve was cut merely and then its epineurium was sutured without any tension.It was noted that hyperbaric oxygen could not only accelerate nerve regeneration, but also made less prohibition to the nerve regeneration after suture under tension. The study would give new methods for clinical operation and treatment in peripheral nerve trauma,More studies are worth doing iudeed.

本文用QTM520全自动图像分析仪和人工计数方法,观察了30只SD雄性大鼠坐骨神经左侧横断无张力外膜缝合和右侧切除3mm有张力缝合后经高压氧治疗有髓纤维再生情况。发现高压氧不但能促进神经再生,而且可以克服一定程度张力对神经再生的阻碍作用。实验为临床周围神经损伤的手术和治疗提供了新的可能,有深入研究的价值。

 
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