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  gushing
     Analysis of Cause of Water Gushing and Prediction of Its Amount in No.7 Tunnel,the South Main Line of the YRDP
     引黄工程南干7号隧洞水原因分析及水量预测
短句来源
     PREDICTION TECHNOLOGY FOR WATER GUSHING AND ARISING IN DEEP BURIED LARGE TUNNEL
     深埋长大隧道水突水预报技术
短句来源
     Analysis and prevention for gushing water of tunnel
     隧洞(突)水分析与防治
短句来源
     After blasting during the excavation of tunnel reaching 245 m length at February 9 of 1998,the gushing water occurred suddenly at the right side on the bottom of the tunnel. The capacity of gushing water was rather high,nearly 1500 m 3/d through the observation and test.
     1998年2月9日当隧道开挖到245m处,爆破以后,在隧道底板的右侧突发水,其水量较大,根据观测约为1500m3/d。
短句来源
     Treatment method of severe water gushing in tunnel
     隧道特大水的治理方法
短句来源
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  swell
     Underwater Swell Blocking Construction with Big Sand Bags at Longxue Ship-Building Base in Nansha
     南沙龙穴造船基地水下大砂袋封施工
短句来源
     The meteorological data for shipping in the north Pacific Ocean during 1950-1995 are analyzed with 5°×5° resolution, and the characteristics and variation trends of wind wave and swell are given. The wind wave in the equatorial zone is in northeast direction nearly the whole year.
     根据1950—1995年共46a的北太平洋船舶气象报资料,对按5°×5°网格统计的海浪要素进行分析,阐明了北太平洋浪、的特点及其变化规律。
短句来源
     The meteorological data for shipping in the North Atlantic Ocean during 1950-- 1995 are analyzed taking 5°× 5° latitude and longitude as Statistical girds. The characteristics and changing laws of the wind, wave and swell are given. This area is a representative monsoon area.
     根据1950~1995年共46a的北大西洋气象船舶报资料,对按5°×5°网格统计的风、浪要素进行分析研究,阐明了北大西洋风、浪、的特点及其变化规律。
短句来源
     The monsoon in winter is stronger than that in summer, and correspondingly, the average wave high is higher, and the frequencies of rough sea and heavy swell are also stronger.
     冬季季风比夏季季风强盛,相应的平均波高、大浪大频率也较大。
短句来源
     The meteorological data for shipping in the The western part of the N. Pacific Ocean during 1950~1995 analyzed taking 5°×5° latiude and longitude as staistical girds. The characteristics and changing laws of the wind, wave and swell are given.
     本文根据1950~1995年共46a的西北太平洋气象船舶报资料,按5°×5°网格统计的风、浪要素进行分析研究,阐明了西北太平洋风、浪、的特点及其变化规律.该区是世界最典型的季风气候区,季风时期的风向、浪向、向基本一致,赤道地区常年盛行东北浪。
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  gush
     Study on Forecast Method for Water Gush of Tunnels
     隧道水预测方法的研究
短句来源
     A Prediction of Water Gush Yield in Fractured Tunnels under Coupling among Seepage, Stress and Temperature
     渗流应力温度耦合下裂隙围岩隧道水量的预测
短句来源
     A Prediction Study of Water Gush Yield in Fractured Tunnels under Coupling between Seepage and Stress
     渗流与应力耦合环境下裂隙围岩隧道水量的预测研究
短句来源
     The Characterastics of Water Gush in the Course of Different Coal Seam Mining under the Alluvium in a Certain Mine
     某矿冲积层下不同产状煤层开采过程中的水特点
短句来源
     Application of High Density Resistivity Method in Exploration of Tunnel Water Gush of Dahuofang Reservoir
     高密度电法在大伙房输水隧洞水勘察中的应用
短句来源
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  “涌”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Analysis, Simulation and Application of Water Inrush System in Mine Area
     煤矿区突()水系统分析模拟及应用
短句来源
     TO DECIDE THE CURVE TYPES OF HYDRAULIC DISCHARGE BY CORRETATION COEFFICIENT
     试用相关系数判定水量曲线类型
短句来源
     AN ANALYSIS OF TWO COLD SURGES
     两次冷过程的分析
短句来源
     The Calculation Methods of Oscillation in Surge Chambers
     调压室波计算方法
短句来源
     COLD SURGES OVER THE NANSHA SEA AREA DURING THE SPRING OF 1988
     1988年2—4月冷影响南沙海区的特点
短句来源
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  gushing
In formulation the problem resembles the oil well gushing problem studied in [1].
      
Moreover, karst terranes are quite often haunted by a series of engineering problems, such as water gushing into mines or transportation tunnels; leakage from reservoirs; and failure of building foundations.
      
Yeasts isolated from industrial maltings can suppress Fusarium growth and formation of gushing factors
      
In addition to being potential mycotoxin producers, Fusarium fungi are known to cause beer gushing (spontaneous overfoaming of beer).
      
anomala VTT C-04565 (C565) were examined in laboratory scale malting with naturally contaminated barley exhibiting gushing potential.
      
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  swell
Various amounts of water were added into the dry gel to swell it, and the quantity of water in various states in the partially swollen hydrogel was determined by DSC technique.
      
However, with a fairly high degree of sulfonation (DS), SPEEK membranes can swell excessively and even dissolve at high temperature.
      
Much like the cell nucleus, chloroplasts lost the integrity of the membrane, but did not swell and retained the stroma and integrity of the thylakoid system.
      
Swell wave propagation in an inhomogeneous ice sheet
      
It is shown that waves with frequencies corresponding to wind and swell waves are strongly scattered by the irregularities and are damped exponentially as they propagate beneath the ice.
      
更多          
  gush
The results showed that some factors were of importance to the formation of the snow gush.
      
Most of the factors were similar to those for summer rain gush, while the temperature stratification structure was important to distinguish snow from rain.
      
Only nitrate-and nitrogen-free-grown cultures show an oxygen gush, whereas ammonium sulfate-grown cultures do not show this phenomenon.
      
Removal of the stapes during tympanotomy provoked a gush of cerebrospinal fluid.
      
The main effect on oxygen evolution is an inhibition of the second gush during the induction period.
      
更多          


A survey of the intestinal helminths was made among the farmers engag- ed in fruit-growiug and vegetable cultivation in the vicinity of Canton city. Similar work was also done in Siulam (小欖) and vicinity. The epidemiology of the infection caused by hookworms, Clonorchis sinensis, Ascaris, Trichuris and Fasciolopsis in these places was discussed.

六、我們选擇了珠江三角洲的四个点进行人体腸蠕虫調查,这四个点分別代表菜农、菓农、蠶农兼塘魚飼养者和小市鎮居民。检查結果各种蠕虫感染率如下:大塘鄉第一选区(菜农)蛔虫83.2%(1-14岁90.4%),鞭虫74.6%(1-14岁80.0%),鈎虫45.8%(15~+岁61.3%),華枝睾吸虫2.2%(15~+岁3.8%),羌片虫2.2%。上(菓农)蛔虫85.5%(1-14岁93.2%),鞭虫83.0%(1-14岁84.2%,15~+岁87.4%——不但比小孩高,而且比同一年齡組的蛔虫感染率81.5%为高),鈎虫56.0%(15~+岁73.6%),華枝睾吸虫1.9%(15~+岁3.9%),羌片虫0.2%。西区鄉(桑农兼塘魚飼养者)蛔虫74.9%(1-14岁88.0%),鞭虫55.8%(1-14岁62.7%),鈎虫48.8%(15~+岁71.3%),華枝睾吸虫53.4%(15~+岁75.0%),羌片虫14.1%(1-14岁20.4%)。小杬鎮(小市鎮居民)蛔虫56.9%(1-14岁63.7%),鞭虫48.1%(1-14岁50.6%),鈎虫5.7%(15~+岁12.8%),華

Spectra for oeean swell are derived from the generalized wind wave spectra proposed in a previous paper by the author.By means of the spectra the decrease of wave height,the increase of Wave period,and the travel time of swell can be explained and calculated,including the case of swell produced by a distant cyclone.The proposed spectra are compared with existing theories and observations,the comparisons indicating that the spectra can be adopted as a theoretical base for swell forecasting.

文中自作者新近提出的普遍风浪谱导出浪谱。浪波高的减低,周期的增加及传播时间均可借浪谱加以解释和计算,包括远处气旋产生的浪的情形在内。提出的谱曾与现有理论及观测比较,其结果表示,此等谱可取作预报浪的理论基础。

This paper is confined to a discussion of prevention of seepage from earth dams by means of blankets upstream which is considered to be a method for greater,quicker,better and more eco- nomical results.The following main problems are included: 1.Ideas of possibilities of piping through foundation soil and resistance of soil to percola- tion,and their effects on calculations of the lengths of blankets; 2.Calculations of economical and safe lengths of blankets and discharge of seepage; 3.Determination of the line...

This paper is confined to a discussion of prevention of seepage from earth dams by means of blankets upstream which is considered to be a method for greater,quicker,better and more eco- nomical results.The following main problems are included: 1.Ideas of possibilities of piping through foundation soil and resistance of soil to percola- tion,and their effects on calculations of the lengths of blankets; 2.Calculations of economical and safe lengths of blankets and discharge of seepage; 3.Determination of the line of saturation behind a inclined wall and the equipotential line below a blanket. The choice of the minimum blanket length depends in the main on the following conditions: 1.The seepage gradient through the dam foundation below the blanket jo is lower than or equal to the allowable gradient for the soil in the dam foundation(in consideration of no de- formation in seepage); 2.The discharge of seepage per unit width q is lower than or equal to the allowable design discharge (in consideration of storage and exploitation of water energy). Based on the subdivision principles of and the above-mentioned con- siderations,the following equations are derived.For the first condition,the blanket length is calculated from Equation(15);and that for the second condition,Equation(14). When the blanket length is known,the discharge of seepage can be calculated from Equa- tion (18). The blanket thickness is calculated by Equation(25). The 72 experiments made in the laboratory show that the formulas presented in the paper appear to be for the present more accurate than that of other scholars at home and abroad. The theoretical analysis and experiments may lead to the following important ideas regarding prevention of seepage by means of blankets: 2.The less the permeability of a blanket(k_0/k_n>5000)is,the greater its effect of seepage prevention will be,and vice versa; 2.Independent of the permeability of a blanket,there exists the idea of“effective blanket length”,i.e.,for a length larger than the effective length,the effect of seepage prevention of blanket is its permeability increases. 3.It is impossible for a blanket of stronger permeability(independent of length)to do as well as that of weaker permeability(with respect to discharge of seepage).Thus the weaker the permeability of blanket,the better and the value of k_0/K_n should be higher than 2000 at least.

本文指出土坝上游用铺盖防渗是一种符合多、快、好、省的方法.本文主要研究了下列问题:1.介绍基础土壤的管可能性及其所谓抗渗强度的概念,并讨论它们对设计铺盖长度的影响;2.讨论了经济安全的铺盖长度、厚度及渗流量计算;3.确定斜墙后浸润线的位置及铺盖下等势线的分布.选择最短铺盖长度,主要取决于下面两个条件:1.铺盖下坝基渗透坡降 j_0小于或等于坝基土壤的尤许坡降(以不发生渗透变形为原则);2.单宽渗流量小于或等于允许设计渗流量 (以蓄水水能利用为原则).根据巴夫洛夫斯基的分段法原理及上述原则得到下列计算公式.铺盖长度计算:表示第一个条件的计算公式为(15)式;表示第二个条件的为(14)式.给定了铺盖长度后,渗流量按(18)式计算.铺盖的厚度按(25)式计算.从72个试验资料证实本文所建议的计算公式在目前说来,较其他国内外学者的公式精度高.从理论和试验研究结果可得铺盖防渗的几点重要的概念:1.铺盖的透水性愈小(k_0/k_n≥5000)防渗的效用也就愈大,反之防渗的效用则很小.2.不管铺盖的透水性强与弱都存在着“有效铺盖长度”的概念,即铺盖的长度如大于有效铺盖长度时,它的防渗作用不显著.“有效铺盖长度...

本文指出土坝上游用铺盖防渗是一种符合多、快、好、省的方法.本文主要研究了下列问题:1.介绍基础土壤的管可能性及其所谓抗渗强度的概念,并讨论它们对设计铺盖长度的影响;2.讨论了经济安全的铺盖长度、厚度及渗流量计算;3.确定斜墙后浸润线的位置及铺盖下等势线的分布.选择最短铺盖长度,主要取决于下面两个条件:1.铺盖下坝基渗透坡降 j_0小于或等于坝基土壤的尤许坡降(以不发生渗透变形为原则);2.单宽渗流量小于或等于允许设计渗流量 (以蓄水水能利用为原则).根据巴夫洛夫斯基的分段法原理及上述原则得到下列计算公式.铺盖长度计算:表示第一个条件的计算公式为(15)式;表示第二个条件的为(14)式.给定了铺盖长度后,渗流量按(18)式计算.铺盖的厚度按(25)式计算.从72个试验资料证实本文所建议的计算公式在目前说来,较其他国内外学者的公式精度高.从理论和试验研究结果可得铺盖防渗的几点重要的概念:1.铺盖的透水性愈小(k_0/k_n≥5000)防渗的效用也就愈大,反之防渗的效用则很小.2.不管铺盖的透水性强与弱都存在着“有效铺盖长度”的概念,即铺盖的长度如大于有效铺盖长度时,它的防渗作用不显著.“有效铺盖长度”是随铺盖的透水性增加而减小.3.想用强透水性的铺盖防渗(不管铺盖怎样长),要达到弱透水性铺盖那样的效果是不可能的(指渗流量的大小而言),因此,铺盖的透水性愈小愈好,k_0/k_n 值最好至少大于2000.

 
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