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   指背腱膜 在 基础医学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.468秒
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  dorsal digital aponeurosis
    Clinical meaning and the relationship between the slide of the dorsal digital aponeurosis and the flexion of the PIP
    指背腱膜滑动与近侧指间关节屈曲关系及临床意义
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    Objective: To discuss the relationship between the slide distance of the dorsal digital aponeurosis and the flexion of the PIP and provide anatomic basis for clinical repair.
    目的:探讨指背腱膜滑动距离与近侧指间关节(PIP)屈曲关系,为临床修复提供解剖学基础。
短句来源
    Conclusions: The decrease of the slide distance of the dorsal digital aponeurosis will influence flexion function of fingers.
    结论:指背腱膜滑动距离减少,严重影响手指的屈曲功能。
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  “指背腱膜”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Blood supply and microvascular anatomy of the extensor apparatus
    指背腱膜血供和微血管构筑的解剖学研究
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    In 84.2% the M. digitorum minimi end in two or three tendons, 15% of this mus-cle inserts into the ring and little fingers.
    小指固有伸肌腱多数(84%)止于第五指指背腱膜,少数(15%)同时止于第四和第五指指背腱膜
短句来源
    The dissection and observation were made in the posterior adductor pollicis space of 94hands (left 52, right 42) in adult cadavers. It is found that the existence rate of independent muscle bundles were 72. 34%.
    解剖观察成人手标本94侧(左52,右42),在拇收肌后间隙内独立肌束的存在率为72.34%,肌束远端肌腱终止于拇收肌腱近侧及拇指指背腱膜
短句来源
    The dissection and observation were made in the posterior adductor pollicis spaceof 94 hands (left 52 .right 42)inadult cadavers. It isfound that the existence rate of independentmuscle bundles were72. 34%.
    解剖观察成人手标本94侧(左52,右42).在拇收肌后间隙内独立肌束的存在率为72.34%,肌束远端肌腱终止于拇收肌腱近侧及拇指指背腱膜
短句来源
    Results 1 Conclusions In repair of extensor apparatus, the peritendinous tissue and extensor apparatus should be sutured together to assure healing of the tendon.
    拇、示指指背腱膜内毛细血管数量和密度优于其它3指。 结论指背腱膜损伤修复时,定要将腱旁组织与腱膜一起缝合有利于腱组织的愈合。
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Variations of the tendons on the dorsum of 500 Chinese hands were observed. Ac-cessory tendons of M. abductor pollicis longus were found in 89.2%. The number ofthe accessory tendons varies from 1--4, among them, 65% was single. M. Extensorpollicis brevis was absent in 2.6% of the cases. More than half of the cases, the exten-sor pollicis brevis were inserted into the base of the proximal phalanx of the thumb, and29% of the instances were inserted into both the base of the proximal and distal pha-lanx. Only 29.2%...

Variations of the tendons on the dorsum of 500 Chinese hands were observed. Ac-cessory tendons of M. abductor pollicis longus were found in 89.2%. The number ofthe accessory tendons varies from 1--4, among them, 65% was single. M. Extensorpollicis brevis was absent in 2.6% of the cases. More than half of the cases, the exten-sor pollicis brevis were inserted into the base of the proximal phalanx of the thumb, and29% of the instances were inserted into both the base of the proximal and distal pha-lanx. Only 29.2% of the insertions of the M. extensor pollicis longus were insertedinto the distal phalanx of the thumb as the texts stated, but most of them (70.8%) wereinserted into both the proximal and distal phalanx of the thumb. The accessory tendons were found in 22.4% of M. extensor carpi radialis longus andin 11.4% of M. extensor carpi radialis brevis. In 99.0% M. extensor carpi radialislongus inserted into the base of the second metacarpal bone. In 85% M. extensor carpiradialis brevis inserted into both the base of the second and third metacarpal bones. There were 3--10 tendons appeared in the M. extensor digitorum, but usually(68%) four or five in number. Each finger receives variable number of tendons fromM. extensor digitorum. In 53.4% the M. extensor digitorum does not insert into thelittle finger. In 84.2% the M. digitorum minimi end in two or three tendons, 15% of this mus-cle inserts into the ring and little fingers. M. extensor minimi profundus reported here has not yet been found in the literatures

本文在500侧成年中国人的手背标本上观察了肌腱的抵止及其变异。拇长展肌多数(89.2%)具有副腱,副腱数目为1—4个不等,其中有一个副腱的占 65%。有2.6%的标本缺少拇短伸肌。多数拇短伸肌止于拇指近侧指骨底,此外,发现29%的拇短伸肌除止于近侧指骨底外,还同时止于远侧指骨底。拇长伸肌多数(70.8%)止于拇指近侧和远侧指骨底,象教科书描述的,该肌止于远侧指骨底的仅占少数(29.2%)。桡侧腕长伸肌的副腱出现率为22.4%,桡侧腕短伸肌的副腱出现率为11.4%。绝大多数长肌的止点(99%)是第二掌骨底,短肌的止点(85%)是第二和第三掌骨底。指总伸肌的肌腱数目为3—10个不等,其中以有四腱或五腱的较常见(共占68%)。接纳指总伸肌腱的数目以环指较多,其次为中指,有53.4%的小指没有获得指伸肌的肌腱。小指固有伸肌具有两个肌腱或三个肌腱的共占84.2%。小指固有伸肌腱多数(84%)止于第五指指背腱膜,少数(15%)同时止于第四和第五指指背腱膜。本文报告了在手背出现的异常肌,其中小指深伸肌在本文所收集的文献中尚无报告。

1. The M. Ex. digiti V (Proprium) was studied in 400 cases. Four types were

(一)依小指固有伸肌分裂程度、抵止部位以及是否缺如等为标准,而分为四型:在400例标本中,Ⅰ型和Ⅱa型合计,共有369例,占92.25%;其余的Ⅱb型、Ⅲ型(包括亚型)和Ⅳ型合计,只有31例,占7.75%。前者属正常型,而后者则为变异型。 (二)在Ⅱ、Ⅲ型的标本中,共见到25例副腱束,占调查总数的6.25%。其中最多见的是一条副腱束,共有23例,占调查总数的5.75%,除2例并入第Ⅳ指背腱膜外,余皆并入第Ⅴ指背腱膜内。二条副腱束的只有2例,占调查总数的0.50%,全部并入第Ⅴ指背腱膜内。 (三)小指固有伸肌腱加入指背腱膜以后,并不抵止在小指第一节指骨底,而是分为三束,分别抵止于小指中节和末节指骨底。 (四)腱滑液鞘,共检查160例,归纳为三类:单滑液鞘有109例,占67.58%;分叉形的滑液鞘44例,占27.28%;双滑液鞘6例,占3.72%;三腱(Ⅲc型)分别通过第四、五、六滑液鞘者1例,占0.62%。

The dissection and observation were made in the posterior adductor pollicis space of 94hands (left 52, right 42) in adult cadavers. It is found that the existence rate of independent muscle bundles were 72. 34%. The insertion of the muscle bundles were divided into 4types. The muscle hundles were innervated by ulnar nerves, and it could be considered as an important synegist of the adductor pollicis.

解剖观察成人手标本94侧(左52,右42),在拇收肌后间隙内独立肌束的存在率为72.34%,肌束远端肌腱终止于拇收肌腱近侧及拇指指背腱膜。依肌束近端附着位置和状态分为第一掌骨型(57.35%,第二掌骨型(7.35%)、掌筋膜型(5.88%)及混合型(29.42%).肌束由尺神经支配,可视为拇内收肌的重要协同肌。

 
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