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掌部筋膜
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  “掌部筋膜”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Anatomical Research of Metacarpal Fascial Spaces of Hand and Establishment of Visible Hand Model
     手掌部筋膜间隙的解剖学研究与可视化手模型的建立
短句来源
     Clinical anatomy of the metacarpal fascial spaces of hand
     手掌部筋膜间隙的应用解剖学研究
短句来源
     The metacarpal fascial spaces of hand, which mainly comprise the midpalmar space (MPS) and the thenar space (TS), are the potential structure that is not virtual, so that difficulties are presented in diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the metacarpal fascial spaces of hand.
     手掌部筋膜间隙主要包括掌中间隙和鱼际间隙,是一潜在的非实质性结构,容易给手掌部筋膜间隙疾病的认识、诊断和治疗带来困难。
短句来源
     However some literatures were not totally identical in descriptions of the metacarpal fascial spaces of hand, the borderline and abut of the metacarpal fascial spaces of hand were detailedly observed and researched by fresh cadaveric dissection, thin sectional anatomy and computerized three-dimensional reconstruction etc.
     鉴于一些文献对手掌部筋膜间隙的描述不甚一致,本实验通过新鲜尸体解剖观察、薄层断面解剖观察和计算机三维重建等多种途径对手掌部筋膜间隙的边界和毗邻关系进行详细观察和研究。
短句来源
     Methods: Serial thin cross-sections (0.2mm) of the hand were made by cryomicrotomy. A personal computer was employed to reconstruct 3-D model of bones, digital flexor tendons, metacarpal fascial spaces and outline of the hand.
     方法:采用新鲜成人手标本的冰冻薄层断面切片(0.2mm),在PC机上对手部骨骼、指屈肌腱、掌部筋膜间隙以及手的外形进行三维重建。
短句来源
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  相似匹配句对
     Clinical anatomy of the metacarpal fascial spaces of hand
     手掌部筋膜间隙的应用解剖学研究
短句来源
     Anatomical Research of Metacarpal Fascial Spaces of Hand and Establishment of Visible Hand Model
     手掌部筋膜间隙的解剖学研究与可视化手模型的建立
短句来源
     MICROSURGERY OF CONJUNCTIVA AND TENON'S CAPSULE
     结膜和眼球筋膜的显微手术
短句来源
     THE ARTERIAL ARCHITECTURE OF THE PALMAR PART OF THE HAND
     手掌部动脉的构筑
短句来源
     FootCompartmentSyndrome
     足筋膜间室综合征
短句来源
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  palmar fascia
After dealing with the anatomy and the function of the palmar fascia, the different etiological theories about Dupuytren's contraction are critically considered.
      
In the majority of cases a total removal of the palmar fascia was performed.
      
Microfilament system in the microvascular endothelium of the palmar fascia affected by mechanical stress applied from outside
      
In the unaffected palmar fascia the microfilaments of the endothelial cells were connected to a few adherens junctions and focal contacts; stress fibres were absent.
      
The deposit of immunoglobulins that we have demonstrated in two cases in the palmar fascia of RSD associated with malignancy suggests a possible immunological mechanism.
      
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Objective: To establish visible model of the hand. Methods: Serial thin cross-sections (0.2mm) of the hand were made by cryomicrotomy. A personal computer was employed to reconstruct 3-D model of bones, digital flexor tendons, metacarpal fascial spaces and outline of the hand. Results: The elementary visible hand model based on anatomical structures was established and main anatomical structures in the hand were exactly showed. Conclusions: The visible human model can provide 3-D morphological data for diagnosis...

Objective: To establish visible model of the hand. Methods: Serial thin cross-sections (0.2mm) of the hand were made by cryomicrotomy. A personal computer was employed to reconstruct 3-D model of bones, digital flexor tendons, metacarpal fascial spaces and outline of the hand. Results: The elementary visible hand model based on anatomical structures was established and main anatomical structures in the hand were exactly showed. Conclusions: The visible human model can provide 3-D morphological data for diagnosis and treatment of some diseases of hand, as well as provide digitized model for virtual reality.

目的:建立手的可视化模型。方法:采用新鲜成人手标本的冰冻薄层断面切片(0.2mm),在PC机上对手部骨骼、指屈肌腱、掌部筋膜间隙以及手的外形进行三维重建。结果:初步建立了基于解剖结构的可视化手模型并精确显示手掌部主要解剖结构。结论:可视化手模型为手部某些疾病的诊断和治疗提供了三维的形态学资料,也为虚拟现实技术提供了数字模型。

Objective To provide morphological basis for the clinic diagnosis of diseases of fascial spaces of hand. Methods firstly fresh hands were anatomized, then serial thin cross-section of fresh hands were made by cryomicrotome, and the thin cross-sections of metacarpal parts were observe. A personal computer was employed to reconstruct three-dimensional structures of the fascial spaces of hand. Results The proximal of the thenar space is close, the distal of this space open to 1st web space, and continuously to...

Objective To provide morphological basis for the clinic diagnosis of diseases of fascial spaces of hand. Methods firstly fresh hands were anatomized, then serial thin cross-section of fresh hands were made by cryomicrotome, and the thin cross-sections of metacarpal parts were observe. A personal computer was employed to reconstruct three-dimensional structures of the fascial spaces of hand. Results The proximal of the thenar space is close, the distal of this space open to 1st web space, and continuously to the dorsal spaces, the proximal of the midpalmar space open to the posterior space of antebrachial flexor by the carpal canal, the distal of this space open to 2nd, 3rd and 4th web space, and continuously to the dorsal spaces, the visible model of the fascial spaces of hand was completed in the PC. Conclusion The proximal of the thenar space is close, the visualization of the fascial spaces of hand can provide some guidance for imaging diagnosis and surgical treatments.

目的为手掌筋膜间隙疾病的临床诊治提供形态学依据。方法对新鲜手标本进行大体解剖学观察后应用低温冰冻技术制成手的薄层断面标本,对手掌筋膜间隙进行观察和计算机三维重建。结果鱼际间隙的近端为盲端,远端经第一指蹼间隙通向手背的间隙。掌中间隙的近端与前臂屈肌后间隙相通,远端分为3个小间隙,经第2,3,4指蹼间隙通向手背的间隙。同时在PC机上建立了标本的三维可视化模型。结论鱼际间隙的近端为盲端,掌中间隙的远端分为3个小间隙,手掌部筋膜间隙的可视化研究对该区域疾病的影像学诊断和外科手术具有重要意义。

BACKGROUND: The anatomic structures and kinetic characteristics are the bases to establish hand model, and the kinetic characteristics of hand are determined by the anatomic structure. So, numerous scholars have paid close attention to virtual hand models based on the anatomic structures of hand. OBJECTIVE: To construct visible hand model based on anatomic structure. DESIGN: Single sample trial. SETTING: Center Laboratory, Third Military Medical University of Chinese PLA. MATERIALS: This trial was carried out...

BACKGROUND: The anatomic structures and kinetic characteristics are the bases to establish hand model, and the kinetic characteristics of hand are determined by the anatomic structure. So, numerous scholars have paid close attention to virtual hand models based on the anatomic structures of hand. OBJECTIVE: To construct visible hand model based on anatomic structure. DESIGN: Single sample trial. SETTING: Center Laboratory, Third Military Medical University of Chinese PLA. MATERIALS: This trial was carried out in the Center Laboratory, Third Military Medical University of Chinese PLA in October 2003. Two fresh adult hands, which involved wrist joint, provided by the Department of Anatomy, Third Military Medical University of Chinese PLA, were employed. The two hands had no organic damage by naked observation. METHODS: The specimens were embedded and mill-cut (mill-cut layer thinness 0.2 mm). Cannon (ESO 1OD) digital camera (6.3 million pixel) was used for image collection. Each image was 31.5 MB, Data of 1 200 images were obtained. Adobe Photoshop 7.0 software was used for image treatment and then two-dimensional cross-section images were collected. The bone, flexor tendon and the outline of hand was three-dimensionally reconstructed by using the software, which was developed by the Department of Computer Science and Technology, Tsinghua University and Institute of Computer Medicine, Department of Anatomy, Third Military Medical University of Chinese PLA. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Three-dimensional reconstruction of the bone, flexor tendon and outline of hand. RESULTS: ①The outline of hand: After being reconstructed, the outline, which consisted of all fingers and nails, was well displayed, and observed from many directions.② Three-dimensional reconstruction of the bone of hand: The reconstructed bones of hands involved digital bones, metacarpal bones, carpal bones and all joints, and they could be displayed solely or in groups with other reconstructed structures.③ Three-dimensional reconstruction of the flexor tendons of hand: Four superficial flexor tendons, four deep flexor tendons and one flexor pollex longus muscle tendon could be seen from the reconstructed images. All the flexor tendons went out together from the carpal canal and went through the palm, then spread out in fan-shape along the direction of each finger.④ Three-dimensional reconstruction of the metacarpal fascial spaces: It could be observed from the reconstructed three-dimensional models that the proximal end of the thenar space was close, its distal end was open to the 1st web space, and the proximal end of the midpalmar fascial space was open to the posterior space of antebrachial flexor by carpal canal. Its distal end had three little spaces, which were open to the 2nd, 3rd and 4th web space, respectively. CONCLUSION: The visible hand model, which is preliminarily established, can precisely show the main anatomic structure of palm.

背景: 手的解剖结构和运动特点是建立手模型的基础, 而手的运动特点又是由其解剖结构决定的, 因此建立基于手解剖结构的虚拟手模型是众多学者们所关注的课题。目的: 建立基于解剖结构的可视化手模型。设计: 单一样本实验。单位: 解放军第二五二医院和解放军第三军医大学中心实验室。对象: 实验于 2003- 10 在解放军第三军医大学中心实验室完成。取新鲜健康成人手标本 2 只( 保留腕关节, 标本由解放军第三军医大学解剖教研室提供) , 肉眼观无器质性损害。方法: 将标本包埋及铣切 ( 设定铣切的层厚为 0.2 mm) , 应用 Canon(ESO 1OD)数码相机 (630 万像素)进行图像采集, 每张图片的大小为31.5 MB, 共获得水平切断层 1 200 幅图像数据。用 Adobe Photo-shop7.0 软件进行图片的对位、裁切及格式转换, 然后行二维薄层断面图像数据抽取, 采用清华大学计算机科学技术系与解放军第三军医大学解剖教研室计算医学研究所联合开发的三维重建软件, 分别对手部的骨骼、指屈肌腱及手的外形进行了三维重建。主要观察指标: 手部的骨骼、指屈肌腱及手的外形的三维重建效果。结果: ①手外形: ...

背景: 手的解剖结构和运动特点是建立手模型的基础, 而手的运动特点又是由其解剖结构决定的, 因此建立基于手解剖结构的虚拟手模型是众多学者们所关注的课题。目的: 建立基于解剖结构的可视化手模型。设计: 单一样本实验。单位: 解放军第二五二医院和解放军第三军医大学中心实验室。对象: 实验于 2003- 10 在解放军第三军医大学中心实验室完成。取新鲜健康成人手标本 2 只( 保留腕关节, 标本由解放军第三军医大学解剖教研室提供) , 肉眼观无器质性损害。方法: 将标本包埋及铣切 ( 设定铣切的层厚为 0.2 mm) , 应用 Canon(ESO 1OD)数码相机 (630 万像素)进行图像采集, 每张图片的大小为31.5 MB, 共获得水平切断层 1 200 幅图像数据。用 Adobe Photo-shop7.0 软件进行图片的对位、裁切及格式转换, 然后行二维薄层断面图像数据抽取, 采用清华大学计算机科学技术系与解放军第三军医大学解剖教研室计算医学研究所联合开发的三维重建软件, 分别对手部的骨骼、指屈肌腱及手的外形进行了三维重建。主要观察指标: 手部的骨骼、指屈肌腱及手的外形的三维重建效果。结果: ①手外形: 经三维重建后, 各组成部分包括各指及指甲等得到良好显示, 并能任意旋转进行多方位观察。②手部骨骼: 重建的手部骨骼包括指骨、掌骨和腕骨以及各骨之间形成的关节, 可以单独显示或与重建的其他结构任意搭配。③指屈肌腱: 从重建的图像中可以看出包括 4 条指浅屈肌腱、4 条指深屈肌腱和 1 条拇长屈肌腱, 共同穿出狭窄的腕管进入掌部, 进而沿各手指的方向呈扇形散开。④手掌部筋膜间隙: 重建的图像中可以看到, 鱼际间隙的近端为盲端, 远端通向手背; 掌中间隙的近端与前臂屈肌后间隙相通, 远端分为 3 个小间隙, 并经相应的小间隙通向手背。结论: 初步建立了基于解剖结构的可视化手模型, 并精确显示手掌部主要解剖结构。

 
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