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古代中国
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  ancient china
     Non - Equilibrium Development in the Structure of History Theory:The Comparison Between the West and Ancient China
     史学理论结构的非平衡发展——西方和古代中国的比较
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     Preparotion Technology & Application of Gold Powder in Ancient China and India
     古代中国和印度的金粉制造技术和应用
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     The music can be comprehensive with other arts or inartistic discipline,which was reflected to in the early West and ancient China.
     音乐可以与其他艺术或非艺术学科综合,这在古代中国和早期西方都有所体现。
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     This essay is based on the classification and register of cataloguing to study the evolution and status of encyclopedia in the knowledge system and catalogue in ancient China.
     本文拟对中国古代图书目录对类书的分类及其对类书文献的著录进行全面的考察,寻找类书演进的轨迹,探求类书在古代中国知识体系和图书目录中的地位。
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     Analysis and comment about whether international law existed in ancient China
     古代中国是否存在国际法的探讨及其评析
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  ancient chinese
     Comparative Study of Ancient Chinese and Greek Mathematical View
     古代中国与古希腊的数学观之比较研究
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     This paper deals with ancient Chinese planetary astrology in five aspects:(1)Five planets and the Five Elements;
     本文从五个方面研究了古代中国的行星星占学:(1)五星与五行;
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     In 1974 archaeologists[考古学家]discovered legions[大批]of warriors made of terracotta[陶俑]who for two millennia[千年]had silently been protecting the tomb of an ancient Chinese emperor.
     1974年,考古学家发现了大批陶俑兵马,它们默默地守护着一位古代中国皇帝的陵墓长达两千年。
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     The Dealing Style and Role Consciousness of Ancient Chinese Judicial Officers
     古代中国司法官的处事风格与角色意识
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     This paper makes a contrast between the contents of spiritual qualities of ancient chinese and western population,and thereby explores the historical development of ancient China and the West,and then expounds the effects of these changes on the different social transformations of modern eastern and western world.
     着重对古代中国与西方人口精神素质的构成及其内容加以差异比照 ,从中对古代中西方历史发展变化作以探究 ,进而阐明这些变化对近代东西方不同的社会转变所起的作用。 并认为中西的人口素质内容的差异主要体现在思维方式、道德修养、文化知识与能力方面的差异。
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  early china
     Reflecting on the origin and the development of early China's history——Reading Mr.Ge Zhiyi's the sequence of the Tan Shi Zhai Analects
     古代中国历史文化本源与流变的思考——读葛志毅先生《谭史斋论稿续编》
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  “古代中国”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Fundamental Characteristics of Classical Chinese Literature Education
     古代中国文学教育的基本特点
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     Traditional Chinese political culture started in slave society,but formed in feudal society.
     中国传统政治文化的产生始于奴隶社会 ,但主要形成于封建社会 ,它是古代中国人民所特有的政治思想和政治心理的总和。
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     :Tribute trade is a special diplomatic policy which including politics and economy.
     朝贡贸易是古代中国长期沿用的一种寓政治和经济为一体的特殊对外政策。
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     Importance and Significance of Classical Chinese Literature Education
     古代中国文学教育的价值与意义
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     ③ the difference in politic institute and situation: the democracy polis of ancient Greece is exclusive in the ancient world. It shaped the atmosphere of freedom, democracy and adversary.
     ③政治制度和政治形势的差异:古希腊民主城邦制在古代世界是独树一帜的,它所营造的自由、民主的氛围和古代中国追求“大一统”的君主专制下为政治服务、思想趋向统一的氛围截然不同;
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  ancient china
A Date Recovery System launched for chronological studies in ancient China
      
Ancestor worship in ancient China, therefore, can be characterized by two basic forms, "group ancestor worship" and "individual ancestor worship," with a number of variations within the two.
      
This paper examines shamanism and related religious phenomena in ancient China by exploring myths, legends, and histories described in transmitted texts; relevant archaeological data; and modern ethnographic records.
      
This paper examines shamanism and related religious phenomena in ancient China by exploring myths, legends, and histories described in transmitted texts; relevant archaeological data; and modern ethnographic records.
      
This study traces the use of wine in ancient China.
      
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  ancient chinese
Thermoluminescence dating of the ancient Chinese porcelain using a regression method of saturation exponential in pre-dose techn
      
It is very successful in discrimination for the imitations of ancient Chinese porcelains.
      
Neutron activation analysis and M?ssbauer spectroscopy research on coloring mechanism of ancient Chinese Guan porcelain
      
Then the origins of Oriental intuitive thinking from the ancient Chinese philosophy are explored.
      
A historical overview of traditional Chinese medicine and ancient Chinese medical ethics
      
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  early china
This essay analyzes the nature of slavery in early China from a comparative sociocultural perspective, using the sociological approach of Orlando Patterson (Slavery and Social Death, 1982).
      
Methodological Reflections on the Analysis of Textual Variants and the Modes of Manuscript Production in Early China
      
Methodological reflections on the analysis of textual variants and the modes of manuscript production in early China
      
The so-called "Chinese view of law" is but one among many ways of understanding law in early China.
      
Medicine for women in early China: A preliminary survey
      
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In the winter of 1973,a neolithic relic site was discovered at Hemuduvillage,Yuyao county,Zhejiang Province.This relic site consisted of foucultural layers.The fourth layer,according to a radio—active carbon test,wasformed 6700—6900 years ago.A large number of carbonized rice with anaverage of several decimeters in depth was excavated in this layer.According to the writer's examination,the carbonized rice belongs toOryza Sativa subsp.Sheng of the cultivated rice.For several decades,most datafrom abroad had suggested...

In the winter of 1973,a neolithic relic site was discovered at Hemuduvillage,Yuyao county,Zhejiang Province.This relic site consisted of foucultural layers.The fourth layer,according to a radio—active carbon test,wasformed 6700—6900 years ago.A large number of carbonized rice with anaverage of several decimeters in depth was excavated in this layer.According to the writer's examination,the carbonized rice belongs toOryza Sativa subsp.Sheng of the cultivated rice.For several decades,most datafrom abroad had suggested that India was the homeland of the Asian rice,andthat the Chinese rice O.sativa subsp.Sheng(or the so—called indica type)was also originated in India.With the supporting evidences from archaeolo—gical excavation,literature descriptions,distribution of wild rice and historicallinguistics,the writer believes that cultivated rice originated much earlier inChina than in India.Divergent views have been existing in China and abroad regarding thedifferentiation of O.Sativa subsp.Sheng and subsp.Keng.The writer hasdiscussed this problem fully in this paper in connection with the excavatedrice.Finally,the writer has put his emphasis (?)on the re—evaluation of thethe birth place of Chinese ancient civilivation.The unearthened carbonizedrice at Hemudu village provided some indication that both Yellow Rivervalley and Yangtze River Valley were the cradles of Chinese culture.

浙江省余姚县河姆渡村新石器时代遗址(1973年)出土的碳化稻谷(C~(14)测定,距今约6700—6900年),据作者鉴定,属栽培稻(Oryza sativa)中的籼稻(Subsp.Shcngs),几十年来,国际文献中都认为印度是亚洲水稻的原产地,中国的籼稻(即所谓“indica”)来自印度。作者从考古发掘、文献记述、野生稻分布和历史语言学等四方面论证了栽培稻的起源是中国早于印度。根据河姆渡籼稻的出土,作者就籼粳的分化和传播问题提出自己的看法。最后,作者指出,由于河姆渡遗址稻谷的出土,需要重新估价古代中国文化的孕育,长江流域和黄河流域同是中国文化的摇篮。

On a series of investigation of the Chinese and Western sources this article shows that Charles Darwin (1800-1882)deeply understood the scien tific achievements of ancient China and hada high opinion of it. The author of this article also proves that the so-called "Ancient Chinese Encyclopaedia" in Darwin's works should indeed be 齐民要术 (Chi Min Yao Shu or An Agricultural Ency'clopaedia of the 6th (entury) by Jia Sixie and 本草纲目 (Pen Tsao Kang Mu or the Great Pharmacopoeia) by Li Shizhen. This means that such ancient...

On a series of investigation of the Chinese and Western sources this article shows that Charles Darwin (1800-1882)deeply understood the scien tific achievements of ancient China and hada high opinion of it. The author of this article also proves that the so-called "Ancient Chinese Encyclopaedia" in Darwin's works should indeed be 齐民要术 (Chi Min Yao Shu or An Agricultural Ency'clopaedia of the 6th (entury) by Jia Sixie and 本草纲目 (Pen Tsao Kang Mu or the Great Pharmacopoeia) by Li Shizhen. This means that such ancient Chinese works have had a good influence on Darwin during establishing his evolution theory. Lastly, this article also talks about the spread of Darwin's theory in modern China.

本文基于一系列中外史料,表明达尔文对中国古代生物科学成就有很深的理解和高度的评价。还证明达尔文著作中的“古代中国百科全书”指的是《齐民要术》和《本草纲目》,说明这些中国著作在达尔文奠定其进化论过程中产生了良好的影响。文末,还谈到达尔文学说在中国的传播。

This article explores further the inner relationship between the scientific and technological structure and the social structure on the basis of the article entitled "Structure of Science and Technology in History-on the factor delaying the development of science and technology in China in comparison with the West since the 17th century." (Journal of Dialectics of Nature, Vol. 4, № 5, 1982.) The article analyzes the formation of the primitive structure of science in the West, the demonstrative role it played...

This article explores further the inner relationship between the scientific and technological structure and the social structure on the basis of the article entitled "Structure of Science and Technology in History-on the factor delaying the development of science and technology in China in comparison with the West since the 17th century." (Journal of Dialectics of Nature, Vol. 4, № 5, 1982.) The article analyzes the formation of the primitive structure of science in the West, the demonstrative role it played in the process of the establishment of the modern structure of science and the historical conditions for the socialization of the primitive structure of science. In contrast with this, owing to the incompleteness of the primitive structure of science and the characteristics of the feudal social structure in ancient China, it was not possible for science to develop in this country in recent times. The article also discusses the different cultural backgrounds of Christianity and complementarity of Confucism-Taoism, and their relationship with the socialization of the primitive structure of science. It also emphasizes in particular that only by concentrating the essence of all human inventions it is possible to produce and develop the structure of modern science and technology.

本文是在《历史上的科学技术结构——试论17世纪之后中国科学技术落后于西方的原因》一文的基础上,进一步讨论了科学结构与社会结构的内在联系。文章分析了原始科学结构的形成及其对近代科学结构确立的示范作用,以及原始科学结构社会化的历史条件。与此相对照,古代中国由于原始科学结构的不完备和封建社会结构的特点,使得近代科学不能首先在中国产生。文章还分别从基督教和儒道互补这两种不同的文化背景上,讨论了它们和原始科学结构的社会化的关系。文章还特别强调近代科学技术结构只有集中全人类创造的精华才能产生和发展。

 
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