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裂孔     
相关语句
  hole
     ResultsMacular hole closure rate was 83%(10/12),and the retina attachment rate was 83%(10/12).
     结果 黄斑裂孔闭合率 83%( 10 / 12 ) ,视网膜复位率 83%( 10 / 12 )。
短句来源
     C_2F_6 in the Surgery of Macular Hole Retinal Detachment
     C_2F_6气体在黄斑裂孔性视网膜脱离手术中的应用
短句来源
     There were 10 eyes of PVRc1, 14 eyes of PVRc2 and 32 eyes of PVRc3, including 7 eyes of retinal peripheral hole and 11 eyes of white hole.
     PVRC1者10眼,C2者14眼,C3者32眼,伴周边部裂孔7眼,白孔11眼。
短句来源
     The visual acuity of most cases (67%) was in the range of 0.01 to 0.1, 69.3% of the cases revealed central scotoma 2°~3°in the visual field, the size of macular hole was in the range of pin head to 1 disc diameter (DD), majority was 1 / 2 to 1 / 4DD.
     多数(67%)的视力为 0.O1~0.1,69.3%的患者视野有2°~3°中心暗点,裂孔最小如针尖,大者至1个视盘直径,多数为1/2~1/4视盘直径。
短句来源
     (6)High myopic maculopathy with macular hole,6 eyes in 6 cases(4.8%).
     (6)高度近视性黄斑裂孔:6例6眼,占4.8%.
短句来源
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  hiatus
     The angles between the long axis of the sacral canal and the skin at the caeter of the sacral hiatus were 19.9°±3.53°,24.2°±3.29°,27.4°±3.14° respective ly.
     在骶管裂孔中央处,其长轴与皮肤之间的夹角分别为19.9°±2.53°,24.2°±3.29°、27.4°±3.40°.
短句来源
     The length of sacral hiatus is 18. 3 ±8.6mm. The width is 10. 5 ±2.7mm.
     骶管裂孔高18.3±8.6mm,宽10.5±2.7mm。
短句来源
     The mean height of sacral hiatus was(24.52±2.74)mm, the mean base width was(14.91±1.07)mm, the mean sagittal diameter of sacral hiatus tip was (5.71±1.01)mm,the mean between sacral hiatus tip and fate of S2 was (32.41±0.59)mm;
     骶管裂孔高为(24.52±2.74)mm,底宽为(14.91±1.07)mm,孔尖矢径为(5.71±1.01)mm,孔尖至S2下缘距离为(32.41±0.59)mm;
短句来源
     The sacral hiatus is (18.3±8.6) mm in height and (10.5±2.7) mm in width.
     扁平不显占 4 4%。 骶管裂孔高 (18 3±8 6 )mm ,宽 (10 5± 2 7)mm。
短句来源
     The diameters of most mesenteric hiatus ranged from 2.5 to 5cm, and the largest one was 30cm.
     裂孔直径为2.5~5cm最大者30cm;
短句来源
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  hiatal
     Results:The width of the esophagus was 17~35mm(mean 23.19mm) in the normal group and 25~45mm(mean 30.35mm) in the hiatal hernia respectively.
     结果 :正常组食道宽度为17mm~35mm ,平均宽度为23 19mm。 裂孔疝组食道宽度为25mm~45mm ,平均宽度为30 35mm。
短句来源
     In hiatal hernia group ,the peristaltic amplitudes of proximal and distal esophagus (51.3±5.4 mmHg and 83.6±8.3 mmHg) were significantly higher than those in the other three groups , while esophagitis group was significantly the lowest .
     食管近端及远端的蠕动波幅食管裂孔疝组最高,达(51.3±5.4)mmHg和(83.6±8.3)mmHg,食管炎组最低;
短句来源
     The RE cases with hiatal hernia and remnant stomach were 363 cases(32.4%) and 110 cases (9.8%) in the elderly, 113 cases(11.9%) and 40 cases (4.2%) in the non-elderly, respectively (P<0.05).
     老年组伴发食管裂孔疝和残胃者分别为32.4%和9.8%,非老年组分别为11.9%和4.2%(均为P<0.05);
短句来源
     The esophageal hiatal hernia was 101, the diagnosis rate was 2.47%.
     食管裂孔疝101例,检出率2.47%;
短句来源
     Cardia involvement in 5 ( 15.6% ), hiatal hernia in 22 (71.9%), all of which were involved.
     病变下缘累及贲门者5例,合并食管裂孔疝22例(71.9%)病例中病变下缘均累及膈上疝囊。
短句来源
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  tears
     There were significant relativity to the size of retinal tears and the times of postoperative sequential fluid gas exchange (r 1=0 81,P<0 01,r 2=-0 63,P<0 05 respectively).
     并与裂孔大小和取液次数呈显著相关 (r1=0 81 ,P <0 0 1 ,r2 =-0 63 ,P<0 0 5) ;
短句来源
     Laser parameter:yellow/green kr-laser,laser spot 100-200 um,time 0.2-0.3 s,power 200-400 mw,the laser solidified the tears 3-4 row.
     激光参数:氪黄/氪绿,光斑100~200μm,时间0.2~0.3s,功率200~400mW,光凝裂孔3~4排,达到灰白色光凝斑。
短句来源
     Complications included retinal breaks 30 eyes (peripheral round hole 16,horse shoe shaped tears 14),vitreous hemorrhage 7 eyes,macular bleeding 4 eyes,macular hole 4 eyes,retinal hemorrhage,macular edema and vitreous ——retina traction 3 eyes respectively.
     并发症包括:视网膜裂孔30只眼(周边圆孔16只眼;马蹄形裂孔14只眼),玻璃体积血7只眼,黄斑出血4只眼,黄斑裂孔4只眼,视网膜出血、黄斑区水肿及玻—网粘连灶各3只眼。
短句来源
     After being widely used in the clinics, it has greatly improved the success rate of complicated retina detachments such as proliferative diabetic retinopathy, proliferative vitreo-retinopathy, giant retinal tears, traumatic retinal detachment and acute retina necrosis with retina detachment.
     大大提高了诸如增殖性糖尿病视网膜病变(proliferative diabetic retinopathy PDR)、增殖性玻璃体视网膜病变(proliferative vitreo-retinopathy PVR)、巨大裂孔性视网膜脱离(giantretinal tears)、外伤性视网膜脱离(traumatic retinal detachment)以及急性坏死性视网膜炎继发视网膜脱离等疾病的手术成功率。
短句来源
     Results The retina tears were completely sealed and retima totally reattached in 51eyes(97.92%);
     结果术后裂孔封闭完全、视网膜平复51只眼(97.92%);
短句来源
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  hole
The shape, particle size of about 100-850 nm and hole size of about 150-600 nm of ZnS hollow nanospheres with holes were shown by SEM and TEM images.
      
A reasonable mechanism of hole formation by H2S rushing out is suggested.
      
In this study, the section current energy of the passage is accurately measured and determined with a 5-hole probe.
      
Finally I point out the similarities and common physics in Galactic black hole X-ray binaries and active galactic nuclei, and demonstrate that the black hole mass estimation is very much helpful to understand the accretion physics around black holes.
      
When the ratio of the field intensity to frequency is the root of Bessel function, electron and hole are localized in one dot, and they can be divided with the increasing amplitude of the ac electric field.
      
更多          
  hiatus
Therefore, this character is unsuitable for species diagnosis, the more so that no hiatus in it between the three forms of pearl mussels has been revealed in any of the samples studied.
      
The existence of the pre-Early Vendian hiatus in the Bashkir Meganticlinorium is supported by large incised valleys filled with Early Vendian sediments both on the western and eastern limbs of the meganticlinorium.
      
Twenty high-frequency cycles of sealevel fluctuation in the Paleocaspian Sea are identified within the major productive Kirmaki, Suprakirmaki sandy, Suprakirmaki clayey, Hiatus, and Balakhany formations.
      
Rapid and abrupt decrease in alkalinity during hiatus and desiccation periods resulted in the precipitation of dissolved silica and silicification of near-surface sediments.
      
Lateral distribution of silicification was controlled by the redistribution of silica during the pre-Vendian hiatus, when surface waters were filtered through a carbonate massif with the simultaneous karst formation and silica dissolution.
      
更多          
  hiatal
If anatomical evaluation indicates surgical failure (eg, slipped or loose fundoplication, recurrent hiatal hernia), earlier reoperation may be warranted.
      
Technical alternatives may selectively be chosen, when gastroesophageal reflux disease is complicated by fixated hiatal hernia, esophageal shortening, or serious esophageal motility disorders.
      
Perforation into the heart is a rare ulcer complication in a hiatal hernia.
      
As a consequence, recurrent hiatal hernia or thoracic placement of the fundoplication with unfavorable functional results can occur.
      
Hiatal hernias, gastroesophageal reflux, esophageal strictures, Candida esophagitis, herpes esophagitis, diabetes mellitus, and chronic alcoholism have been found associated with intramural pseudodiverticulosis.
      
更多          
  tears
Methods: Sixty eyes of 30 patients with moderate or severe dry eye, who were not sensitive to artificial tears, were treated with 0.1% fluorometholone eye drops.
      
Echocardiography in aortic dissection can detect an intimal flap, intimal tears, the true and false lumen, complications such as pericardial and pleural effusions, aortic insufficiency, and involvement of the coronary arteries.
      
Examination of the patient 2.5 years later revealed the presence of the crocodile tears syndrome, mucus secretion and the salivary atropine paradox, i.e.
      
The crocodile tears sysdrome is considered to be a result of an ephaptic union of the central portion of the damaged lesser superficial petrosal nerve (SPN) with the peripheral portion of the greater SPN.
      
Silver stained isoelectrophoresis of tears and cerebrospinal fluid in multiple sclerosis
      
更多          
  其他


A study of the abnormalities and variations of the sacrum was made on 400 gross sacral specimens and 800 X-ray films.It consisted of segments,spina bifida occulta,flotting spinous process....etc. The composition of sacrum varied a great deal,the segments ranged from 4 to 9.In the series of gross specimens,with normal 5 segments:285 cases(71.2%); Co became incorporated in sacrum:62 cases(15.5%);sacralisation of L_5:22 cases (5.5%);lumbarisation of S_1:13 cases(3.3%);others:18 cases(4.5%);spina bifida occulta...

A study of the abnormalities and variations of the sacrum was made on 400 gross sacral specimens and 800 X-ray films.It consisted of segments,spina bifida occulta,flotting spinous process....etc. The composition of sacrum varied a great deal,the segments ranged from 4 to 9.In the series of gross specimens,with normal 5 segments:285 cases(71.2%); Co became incorporated in sacrum:62 cases(15.5%);sacralisation of L_5:22 cases (5.5%);lumbarisation of S_1:13 cases(3.3%);others:18 cases(4.5%);spina bifida occulta located in S_1 and S_2:115 cases(28.7%);sacral canal entirely opened:12 cases(3%).While in X-ray film series,with normal 5 segments;640 cases(80%); Co became incorporated in sacrum:70 cases(8.75%);sacralisation of L_5:67 cases (8.37%);lumbarisation of S_1:7 cases(0.87%);spina bifida occulta located in S_1 and S_2:153 cases(19.1%);sacral canal entirely opened:41 cases(5.1%);flot- ting spinous process:86 cases(10.7%). The size of sacral biatus was measured,the mean width of the base being 18.22mm,the average length between the apex and the base 26.7 mm,the A-P diameter of the canal at the level of apex 5.45mm.The apex was most common- ly located at the level of S_4 or S_5. Examination of articular surface of upper articular process showed that they inclined obliquely in most cases,but could also be coronal or sagittal.Both arti- cular surfaces were symmetrical in 65%,asymmetrical in 21.7%,markedly asym- metrical in 13.3%. The articular surface was extending from upper 2-3(1/2)segments,they were found symmetrical in 86.7%, asymmetrical in 13.3%. In the gross specimens,the curve of the sacrum was also studied,straight. superiorly and flexed inferiorly:17.2%,gently flexed:54%,markedly flexed:11.8%, flat and straight:11%,hyperextended superiorly and flexed inferiorly:6%.In the X-ray film series,“horizontal sacrum”was found in 4.5%. The spinous process of the sacrum remained rudimentary,leaving only the tubercle.Its number was studied. 2 cases with marked anomaly were reported.One girl aged 1,with rudi- mentary sacrum,only 2 segments,the coccyx wanting,L_2-L_5 sacralized.A boy aged 6,had V-shaped defect in the sacrum.Both cases presented remarkable clinical disturbances. The clinical significance relating the abnormalities and variations of the sacrum was briefly discussed.

1.本文就400例骶骨标本及800例有关X光像进行研究。 2.骶骨常见之畸形变异有骶骨节数之增减;隐性脊柱裂及浮棘等,骨胳标本之研究中发现具正常5节者285例,占71.2%,骶尾椎62例,占15.5%,腰椎骶化22例,占5.5%,骶椎腰化13例,占3.3%,其他18例,占4.5%,S_1及S_2有脊柱裂者115例,占28.7%,骶管全部开放者12例,占3%,X光像观察发现具正常5节者640例,占80%,骶尾椎70例,占8.75%,腰椎骶化67例,占8.37%,骶椎腰化7例,占0.87%,S_1及S_2有脊柱裂者153例,占19.1%,骶管全部开放者41例,占5.1%,具浮棘者86例,占10.7%。3.本文另就骶管裂孔的大小各径进行测量,其底之横径平均为18.22mm,底至尖之距离平均为26.7mm,尖部之前后径平均为5.45mm,尖部一股对第四五骶椎处。4.上关节突之关节面最常见者为斜位,但也有不少作冠状位及矢状位,两关节突对称者占65%,不对称者占21.7%,显明不对称者13.3%。5.耳状面之范围多位于上二三节间,两侧对称者占86.7%,不对称者占13.3%。6.骶骨之曲度有甚多变化,上直下屈...

1.本文就400例骶骨标本及800例有关X光像进行研究。 2.骶骨常见之畸形变异有骶骨节数之增减;隐性脊柱裂及浮棘等,骨胳标本之研究中发现具正常5节者285例,占71.2%,骶尾椎62例,占15.5%,腰椎骶化22例,占5.5%,骶椎腰化13例,占3.3%,其他18例,占4.5%,S_1及S_2有脊柱裂者115例,占28.7%,骶管全部开放者12例,占3%,X光像观察发现具正常5节者640例,占80%,骶尾椎70例,占8.75%,腰椎骶化67例,占8.37%,骶椎腰化7例,占0.87%,S_1及S_2有脊柱裂者153例,占19.1%,骶管全部开放者41例,占5.1%,具浮棘者86例,占10.7%。3.本文另就骶管裂孔的大小各径进行测量,其底之横径平均为18.22mm,底至尖之距离平均为26.7mm,尖部之前后径平均为5.45mm,尖部一股对第四五骶椎处。4.上关节突之关节面最常见者为斜位,但也有不少作冠状位及矢状位,两关节突对称者占65%,不对称者占21.7%,显明不对称者13.3%。5.耳状面之范围多位于上二三节间,两侧对称者占86.7%,不对称者占13.3%。6.骶骨之曲度有甚多变化,上直下屈者占17.2%,均匀屈曲者54%,极度屈曲者11.8%,平直者11%,上伸下屈者6%,X光像具水平骶椎者占4.5%。7.骶骨之棘突显示退化,本文就棘突之数目作了分析。8.本文报告二例严重骶骨先天性畸形。9.本文对各种畸形变异之临床意义作了简要之说明。

203 adult sacrals (143 males and 60 females)were investigated.The average height of the sacral canal was 66.8 mm.The sagital length of the sacral canal was 14.0 mm and its transverse length 31.0 mm.The sagital length of the outlet of the sacral canal was 5.9 mm.and it was 5.0% less than 2.0 mm. Sacral hiatus might be classified according to the following six types: 1)Triangular(23.0%),2)Sharp and long(19.4%),3)Square(11.3%),4) Rectangular(11.3%),5)Horse-shoe(20.0%),and 6)Irregular(15.0%). The longitudinal and...

203 adult sacrals (143 males and 60 females)were investigated.The average height of the sacral canal was 66.8 mm.The sagital length of the sacral canal was 14.0 mm and its transverse length 31.0 mm.The sagital length of the outlet of the sacral canal was 5.9 mm.and it was 5.0% less than 2.0 mm. Sacral hiatus might be classified according to the following six types: 1)Triangular(23.0%),2)Sharp and long(19.4%),3)Square(11.3%),4) Rectangular(11.3%),5)Horse-shoe(20.0%),and 6)Irregular(15.0%). The longitudinal and transversal distance between all sacral posterior foramens were measured. Among the 203 sacrals,it was found that the percentage of normal simple promonory(25th vertebra)was quite high(85.7%),simple promontory formed by 2nd sacral vertebra(26th vertebra)was less than 2.5%,whereas double promontories formed by 25th and 24th vertebrae were found to be 11.8%. In general,the lower margin of the auricular surface reached the third sacral vertebra,but in women it was shorter than in men. The sacral lengths were measured as follows: 1)the largest height—108.0 mm. 2)the largest breadth of the upper portion—111.0 mm 3)the middle breadth—85.0 mm. 4)the highest curvature—119.0 mm. 5)the sagital length of the sacral base—31.0 mm. 6)the breadth of the sacral base—50.0 mm. All the sacral indices were counted as follows: 1)the sacral index—102.7. 2)the index of the sacral breadth—76.6. 3)the index of the sacral curvature—110. 2. 4)the index of the sacral curvature-difference—1.85. 5)the index of the sacral base—62.0. The relation between sacral variations and sacral block anesthesia was discussed.

1.作者观察测量了203个国人的骶骨。2.骶管平均高度是66.8毫米;入口横径平均为31.0毫米,矢状径平均为14.0毫米;出口矢状径平均为5.9毫米,小于2.0毫米者占5.0%。3.骶裂孔可分为三角形23.0%,尖长形19.4%,方形11.3%,长方形11.3%,马蹄形20.0%,其他15.0%为变异的不规则形。4.在骶骨上测量了上下位骶后孔之间的距离及左右位骶后孔之间的距离。5.就203个国人骶骨岬观察的结果,具有重岬者占11.8%;其中85.7%为正常的单岬;于产科内诊测量骨盆入口直径时,应注意重岬。6.耳状面下缘位于第3骶椎中部以下者,男性占74.0%,女性占66.0%,耳状面下缘位于第3骶椎中部以上者,女性占34.0%,而男性为26.0%,女性的耳状面短于男性的耳状面,由于女性骨盆上所有关节面比较男性短的原故。7.骶骨最大高径平均为108.0毫米;上部最大幅径平均为111.0毫米;中部幅径平均为85.0毫米;最高曲径平均为119.0毫米;骶基矢状径平均为31.0毫米,幅径平均为50.0毫米。8.骶骨指数平均为102.7,骶幅指数平均为76.6,骶曲指数平均为110.2,骶骨曲差指数平均为...

1.作者观察测量了203个国人的骶骨。2.骶管平均高度是66.8毫米;入口横径平均为31.0毫米,矢状径平均为14.0毫米;出口矢状径平均为5.9毫米,小于2.0毫米者占5.0%。3.骶裂孔可分为三角形23.0%,尖长形19.4%,方形11.3%,长方形11.3%,马蹄形20.0%,其他15.0%为变异的不规则形。4.在骶骨上测量了上下位骶后孔之间的距离及左右位骶后孔之间的距离。5.就203个国人骶骨岬观察的结果,具有重岬者占11.8%;其中85.7%为正常的单岬;于产科内诊测量骨盆入口直径时,应注意重岬。6.耳状面下缘位于第3骶椎中部以下者,男性占74.0%,女性占66.0%,耳状面下缘位于第3骶椎中部以上者,女性占34.0%,而男性为26.0%,女性的耳状面短于男性的耳状面,由于女性骨盆上所有关节面比较男性短的原故。7.骶骨最大高径平均为108.0毫米;上部最大幅径平均为111.0毫米;中部幅径平均为85.0毫米;最高曲径平均为119.0毫米;骶基矢状径平均为31.0毫米,幅径平均为50.0毫米。8.骶骨指数平均为102.7,骶幅指数平均为76.6,骶曲指数平均为110.2,骶骨曲差指数平均为1.85,骶基指数平均为63.3。9.骶骨与骶部麻醉有很大的关系,Trotter及Letterman和卜国铉均曾论及,作者检查203个骶骨中,亦发见阻碍针刺的各种情况,认为在进行国人骶管阻滞麻醉时,应注意下列几点:a)测定骶裂孔位置时,勿误将裂孔边缘的结节状隆起(158.0%)认为骶角,可摸测骶中嵴的末端膨大(58.0%)作为辅助的标志。但也有呈一对结节将隆起者(16.0%)。b)针刺宜在正中线进行,裂孔常有高低位置不同,先从低位针刺,(方形及三角形骶裂孔共占34.3%)再渐行高位针刺(长方形,尖长形及马蹄形骶裂孔共占50.7%)。c)针刺受阻时,应考虑其他15.0%的骶裂孔的变异形状或针刺不入亦应考虑骶裂孔尖端矢状径小于2.0毫米。 d)针刺后软部组织肿胀而药液外漏时应考虑到骶管后壁的全部开放或部份缺裂的情况共占25.5%,不过其中17.5%为骶管后壁上部的裂口,对此并无妨碍。

~~

本文报导了52例外伤性腹壁疝的临床观察和治疗结果。另外对50头家畜的壁层腹膜进行了组织学研究,在18头马属动物尸体研究了腹侧壁髂部的解剖结构和各层组织的淋巴管分布。基于研究结果得出了下列结论。1.马属动物外伤性腹壁疝绝大多数腹膜都件随腹壁肌肉一起断裂。我们所观察的52例中有51例腹膜发生破裂,我们认为这与腹膜内弹力纤维分布有关。建议缝合腹膜时应和腹横肌一起缝合,以免撕裂。2.外伤性腹壁疝多发生在膝前的髂部,我们所见的52例中有45例发生在这个部位,占86.5%。3.52例外伤性腹壁疝,全部采用了手术治疗,治愈率为84.6%,本病应该早期进行手术,因为这样可缩短病程,减少箝顿性腹壁疝的机会,便于缝合和修补,避免内容物和疝囊粘连。4.肯定了马属动物膝前髂部有一三角形区,文中确定了它的界线,并分析了膝前的髂部多发腹壁疝的原因。5.早期手术用一般的外科缝合即可闭合腹肌的裂孔,必要时可用特殊修补的方法,文中报导了三种新修补办法。6.研究了膝前髂部每层组织的淋巴管分布和淋巴流的方向以及所属的淋巴结。腹肌腱膜淋巴管网非常丰富。淋巴管断裂,淋巴液外流是腹部手术和外伤性腹壁疝伴发胸腹下浮肿的主要原因之一。7.家畜壁...

本文报导了52例外伤性腹壁疝的临床观察和治疗结果。另外对50头家畜的壁层腹膜进行了组织学研究,在18头马属动物尸体研究了腹侧壁髂部的解剖结构和各层组织的淋巴管分布。基于研究结果得出了下列结论。1.马属动物外伤性腹壁疝绝大多数腹膜都件随腹壁肌肉一起断裂。我们所观察的52例中有51例腹膜发生破裂,我们认为这与腹膜内弹力纤维分布有关。建议缝合腹膜时应和腹横肌一起缝合,以免撕裂。2.外伤性腹壁疝多发生在膝前的髂部,我们所见的52例中有45例发生在这个部位,占86.5%。3.52例外伤性腹壁疝,全部采用了手术治疗,治愈率为84.6%,本病应该早期进行手术,因为这样可缩短病程,减少箝顿性腹壁疝的机会,便于缝合和修补,避免内容物和疝囊粘连。4.肯定了马属动物膝前髂部有一三角形区,文中确定了它的界线,并分析了膝前的髂部多发腹壁疝的原因。5.早期手术用一般的外科缝合即可闭合腹肌的裂孔,必要时可用特殊修补的方法,文中报导了三种新修补办法。6.研究了膝前髂部每层组织的淋巴管分布和淋巴流的方向以及所属的淋巴结。腹肌腱膜淋巴管网非常丰富。淋巴管断裂,淋巴液外流是腹部手术和外伤性腹壁疝伴发胸腹下浮肿的主要原因之一。7.家畜壁层腹膜牛最厚,马属动物次之,山羊绵羊更次之,猪最薄。牛和猪壁层腹膜内弹力纤维最多,并且也粗,绵羊和山羊次之,马属动物最少。马属动物中,驴较多,马最少。各种家畜壁层腹膜的层次和结构不同:马属动物可分为六层,牛、绵羊和山羊五层,猪只有四层。8.文中讨论了疝的概念。

 
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