Chronic Effects of High Palmitate, High Insulin and High Glucose on PKB Threonine Phosphorylation and Insulin Gene Expression in HIT-T15 Cells: Lipotoxicity, Glucose Toxicity Cause Insulin Resistance in β-cells
Both the content of soluble sugars and organic acids are higher in the fruit of the new line than those of the original cultivar Biqi, being (125.97±4.25) and (10.04±0.32) mg/mL juice versus (106.90±3.29) and 8.44±0.19 mg/mL juice.
4.The broad heritability of MDA content、SOD activity、free sugars、Pro content and Ec was respectively 81.17%、89.12%、55.60%、51.42%、53.66% and the narrow heritability was respectively 66.27%、0、14.35%、0和19.28%.
Results Content of total sugars,sulfate,uronic acid and aminosugars of polysaccharides from ten kinds of sea cucumbers fluctuated within 40.33 %～62.11 %,19.54 %～29.95 %,9.85 %～13.38 % and 4.92 %～10.18 %,respectively.
AM inoculation also promoted the active and total absorption area of root system and absorption of phosphorus from the rhizosphere, enhanced the content of soluble sugar in leaves and roots, and reduced proline content in leaves.
Relative water content (RWC), chlorophyll, soluble sugar and starch content of EI and EF populations under normal and drought stress conditions were compared to investigate the effect of endophyte infection on the host plant.
Phenol, phenol/amino acid ration, dissolved sugar, and total organic acid were also lower in intercropping.
Saline stress dramatically increased soluble sugar concentration of the three species.
Differences in sugar accumulation were determined among the species at different transects.
An immunoenhancing polysaccharide isolated from the hot aqueous extract of mature pods of Moringa oleifera was found to contain only D-glucose as a monosaccharide constituent.
The structural information of the glucan was achieved by chemical (hydrolysis, methylation, periodate oxidation) and spectroscopic (1H and 13C) analyses, indicated a repeating unit built up of (1→6)-linked D-glucose.
A slightly elevated fasting blood glucose profile, 1.5 fold higher serum insulin levels and impaired glucose tolerance was prevalent in ethanol treated rats.
Aldose reductase (AR) is an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of glucose to sorbitol, which is in turn converted to fructose by sorbitol dehydrogenase.
The increased glucose flux through this metabolic pathway has been linked to the development of diabetic complications such as neuropathy, nephropathy, retinopathy, and cataract.
The increase was caused by denaturation of milk whey proteins and formation of protein-protein and protein-carbohydrate aggregates.
Changes in Lipid Composition and Carbohydrate Composition of Aspergillus niger Conidia during Germination
Effects of salicylic acid and Fusarium moniliformeon trypsin inhibitor activity, lectin activity, lectin carbohydrate specificity, and salicylic acid content in maize seedlings were studied.
The standard method for determination of amylase activity by the falling number was modified by us to study the carbohydrate-amylase complex and time course of starch hydrolysis by amylases from rye grain.
Thus, the perch roe lectin exhibited pronounced differences in carbohydrate specificity from other fucolectins-a feature that may be used in structural studies and isolation of fucose-containing glycoconjugates.
When bagasse was used as substrate and mixed with wet koji at a 1:1 (wt/wt) ratio, the yield of reducing sugars was 36.4%.
The corresponding conversion rate of cellulose to reducing sugars went as high as 81.9%.
Under mild stress, endophyte could enhance soluble sugars in host plants to improve their osmotic ability.
There was a least correlation between the soluble sugars and proline stimulation in T.
The soluble sugars and proline accumulation responded to the changes of groundwater table independently: the former occurred under salt stress, whereas the latter was more significant under drought stress.