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效应
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  effect
    Cardiovascular Effect of Interleukin-2 Via the Signal Transduction Pathway of κ-Opioid Receptor in Rat
    细胞因子白细胞介素-2的心血管效应共享阿片受体信号转导途径机制
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    Detection and Analysis of Avian Bronchitis Virus Isolates in Shanghai and RNA Interference Effect
    上海地区鸡传染性支气管炎病毒流行株检测分析及siRNA的干扰效应
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    Enterotoxin B Solution Conformation and Environmental Effect on Growth for Staphylococcus Aurus
    金黄色葡萄球菌B型肠毒素的溶液构象及菌体生长环境效应
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    Construction of Gene Effect and Signaling Mathematical Models with Application
    基因效应与信号转导数学模型的建立及应用
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    EFFECT OF GIBBERELLIN ON THE PHOSPHORUS METABOLISM IN PLANTS
    赤霉素对植物磷代谢的效应
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  effects
    Effects and Mechanism of Oxidative Stress Factors on Cardiovascular System
    几种主要的氧化应激因子的心血管效应及其机制研究
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    Primary Study on Biological Effects of Actinidia Chinensis Callus & Seedling on Environmental Stresses
    环境应力对中华猕猴桃(Actinidia chinensis)组织培养过程生物学效应的初步研究
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    Effects of Surface Modification of Biogegradable Polymers PLGA on the Adhesion, Proliferation and Differentiation of Rabbit Bone Marrow Stromal Cells in Vitro and in Vivo
    组织工程材料的表面修饰对骨髓基质细胞粘附、增殖及定向成骨细胞分化的影响及体内成骨效应
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    The Molecular Ecological Effects of Long Term Organophosphate Pesticides Contamination on Soil Microorganisms
    有机磷农药长期污染土壤的微生物分子生态效应
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    Studies on the Effects of Atrazine and Chlorpyrifos on Chinese Mitten-handed Crab, Eriocheir Sinensis
    阿特拉津和毒死蜱对中华绒螯蟹(Eriocheir sinensis)的毒性效应研究
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  repressive effect
    YY1 and its repressive effect on human papillomavirus 16 early promoter P97 exist ed widely among human epithelial cell lines
    细胞转录调节因子YY1及其对人乳头瘤病毒16型早期启动子P97抑制效应广泛存在于人上皮细胞
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    The inhibitory repressive effect of IL-10 on the monocyte-derived DC maturation,differation and biological function in vitro
    IL-10对单核来源的DC体外分化发育及功能的抑制效应
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    The repressive effect of glucose in SSF was not apparent as in Submerged Fermentation (SMF), when the concentration of glucose was so high as six percent the amount of β-l,4-glycanase produced from A-30 could exceed 35%.
    葡萄糖对A-30的阻遏效应不如在液体发酵(Submerged Fermentation SMF)中明显,在6%的葡萄糖浓度下,A-30仍能够产生35%以上的β-1,4-聚糖酶。
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  “效应”译为未确定词的双语例句
    The Responses of Monocytes/Macrophages to LPS and CpG Oligodeoxynucleotides and Their Related Mechanisms
    LPS和CpG寡聚DNA对单核巨噬细胞的效应和作用机制的研究
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    Study on Protect and Repairer Role of the Lsatis Indigotica Seedlings Damaged by Enhanced UV-B Irradiation and Mechanism with He-Ne Laser Radiation
    He-Ne激光对增强UV-B辐射损伤菘蓝幼苗的防护、修复效应及机理研究
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    Effective Mechanisms of the Transferred Embryo Antigen-Tolerant T Cells in the Pregnant Host
    过继转输的胚胎抗原耐受T细胞在宿主孕鼠体内的效应机制
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    Construction and Immune Efficacy of Recombinant Plasmids Expressing Capsid Protein of Porcine Circovirus Type 2
    表达猪圆环病毒2型衣壳蛋白重组质粒的构建及免疫效应
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    Study on the Function of Circadian Gene per1 and per2 Besides Its Role in Biological Rhythm Maintaining
    近日节律基因per1和per2的非生物钟效应的功能研究
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  effect
Finally, we consider the effect on the rate of convergence of not sampling enough local maxima.
      
Finally, we consider the effect on the rate of convergence of not sampling enough local maxima.
      
The method we use is a combination of the smoothing effect of the operator ?t + ?x(2j+1) and a gauge transformation performed on a linear system, which allows us to consider initial data with arbitrary size.
      
Our studies demonstrated an in vivo cardioprotection effect of (N-(3,4,-dimethoxy-2-chlorobenzylideneamino)-guanidine: ME10092) in ischaemic reperfusion injury in the rodent.
      
The compounds were fully characterized by spectral and elemental analyses, and were tested for their effect on gross behavior, antireserpine and anorexigenic activity.
      
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  effects
A Discrete Wavelet Transform without edge effects using wavelet extrapolation
      
Commonly used techniques such as circular convolution and symmetric extension can produce undesirable edge effects which propagate into the interior of the transformed data as the number of DWT iterations increases.
      
The effectiveness of accounting correctly for the geometry of the sphere in the wavelet analysis of full-sky CMB data is demonstrated by the highly significant detections of physical processes and effects that are made in these reviewed works.
      
HEPATOPROTECTIVE EFFECTS OF PICROLIV IN ALCOHOL-FED ALBINO RATS
      
Methanol extracts demonstrated better inhibitory effects on cultured L929 cells followed by purified berberine from cell suspension cultures and water extracts.
      
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  repressive effect
Repressive effect of imbalance in the phospholipid composition and total charge of membranes of Escherichia coli on the phoA gen
      
Complex organic substrates (albumin, casein, hemoglobin, and gelatin) have a repressive effect on the biosynthesis of the enzyme.
      
When oat spelt xylan was supplemented with d-glucose, the repressive effect of this sugar on xylanase production was observed at 24?h, only when used at 5.0?g/L, leading to a reduction of 60% on the enzyme production.
      
On this medium, the repressive effect of xylose, at 3.0 or 5.0?g/L, was less expressive when compared to its effect on the xylan medium.
      
In addition, the repressive effect of interleukin-1 on Col2a1 transcription through decreasing SOX9 messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) expression and increasing CRYBP1 mRNA expression, was counteracted by CRYBP1 decoy ODN.
      
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The present work extends the obserwtion of an earlier report and Shows that the conduction block in nerve produced by cocaine, procaine, urethane, isotonic choline chloride, TEPP and DFP, though not accompanied by any lowering of membrane potential, can be relieved by anodal current. It follows that the mechanism of anodal relief of block can not be supposed to be simply a restoration of previously lowered membrane potential. With eserine, although depolarization occurs, the block develops. long before, the...

The present work extends the obserwtion of an earlier report and Shows that the conduction block in nerve produced by cocaine, procaine, urethane, isotonic choline chloride, TEPP and DFP, though not accompanied by any lowering of membrane potential, can be relieved by anodal current. It follows that the mechanism of anodal relief of block can not be supposed to be simply a restoration of previously lowered membrane potential. With eserine, although depolarization occurs, the block develops. long before, the start of the depolarization; thus the anodal relief of the block produced by eserine likewise cannot be simply due to a restoration of polarization. Successful anodal relief of block somehow depends upon the initial state of the nerve. For instance, it is better in a freshly dissected nerve than in a nerve after several hours soaking in Ringer; better in a nerve having had prolonged soaking in Ringer with somewhat raised potassium concentration than in a potassium-free Ringer. It seems that any prior treatment causing a decrease of the potassium content of the nerve, tends to make anodal current less effective in relieving conduction block.

本文研究可卡因、普魯卡因、氨甲酸乙酯、氯化膽鹼、依色林、TEPP及DFP在兩棲類神經所產生的傳導阻遏。上述各種傳導阻遏的特點,是或者根本沒有膜電位的降低与之相伴,或者膜電位的降低發生在傳導阻遏之後。但是在一定條件下,陽極電流對於這些傳導阻遏都有解除作用。陽極電流對上述由於可卡因、普魯卡因、氨甲酸乙酯及氯化膽鹼所產生傅導阻遏的解除效應,與神經原來的狀態有关。一般地說,凡試驗前的預先處理,有減低神經鉀含量的影響者,亦有使陽極電流的解除效應減弱的傾向。

It has been shown in our previous paper that intravenous injection of adrenalin and stimulation of the splanchnic nerve in the dog produced an inhibition of gastric secretion induced by histamine. Baxter, working on cats under experimental conditions comparable to ours, however, reported that intravenous injection of adrenalin either had no marked effect or a slightly augmentative effect on the histamine-induced secretion, and that stimulation of the splanchnic nerve yielded similar results. The question thus...

It has been shown in our previous paper that intravenous injection of adrenalin and stimulation of the splanchnic nerve in the dog produced an inhibition of gastric secretion induced by histamine. Baxter, working on cats under experimental conditions comparable to ours, however, reported that intravenous injection of adrenalin either had no marked effect or a slightly augmentative effect on the histamine-induced secretion, and that stimulation of the splanchnic nerve yielded similar results. The question thus arose as to whether the discrepancy between Baxter's and our reports was due to the use of different experimental animals. Experiments were therefore carried out on cats in our laboratory in an attempt to throw some light on the question. It was observed that, in both acute and chronic experiments, intraveous injection of adrenalin in most cases produced a marked diphasic effect on the secretion induced by histamine. The effect consisted of an initial phase of inhibition followed by one of augmentation, the two phases being usually about equal in size, sometimes the second phase somewhat larger than the first. When a dose of 0.02-0.1mg of adrenalin was administered in a single injection intravenously, the total duration of the diphasic response lasted 10-15min. It would be evident that if rather long intervals, e.g. 10-30min. were chosen for the collection of gastric juice, the diphasic feature of the response would be missed, and one might easily come to the conclusion that in the cat adrenalin either had no marked effect or an augmentative effect on the histamine-induced secretion, as Baxter did. In acute experiments, the stimulation of the splanchnic nerve showed an inhibitory effect on the secretion, disregarding whether the adrenal veins were ligated or not. In contrast with the adrenalin effect, that of splanchnic stimulation was rarely diphasic. We wish to express our deep gratitude to Prof. T. P. Feng for his constant guidance throughout this work.

(一)靜脈注射腎上腺素對組織胺引起的貓胃分泌不論在急性或慢性實驗,通常是双相的,開頭抑制分泌,接着增加分泌,兩相大小相似,有時第二相還稍為大些。在一次注射0.02—0.1毫克腎上腺素之後,整個效應過程歷時約10—15分钟。若用較長的間隔如每10—30分鐘收集一次胃分泌,則此双相效應就會被掩蓋,因而得出腎上腺素對貓胃分泌無明顯效應或有增加分泌的效應的結論,如Baxter等人所得到的一樣。 (二)在急性實驗中,刺激大内臟神經對组織胺引起的貓胃分泌有顯著的抑制效應。与腎上腺素的效應不同,刺激大內臟神經的效應通常是單相的。我們在工作中经常得到馮德培所长的指导。谨致谢意.

α-, β-, and γ-Dichroine—3 isomeric alkaloids from the Chinese antimalarial herb "Chang Shan" (Dichroa febrifuga, Lour.), were investigated on anesthetized dogs for their effects on blood pressure, respiration, splenic and kidney volumes, and the activities of the heart, uterus and small intestines. Parallel observations were also made on isolated hearts, uteri and small intestines from several other species of animals. In the doses used the pharmacological actions of these alkaloids appeared to be identical...

α-, β-, and γ-Dichroine—3 isomeric alkaloids from the Chinese antimalarial herb "Chang Shan" (Dichroa febrifuga, Lour.), were investigated on anesthetized dogs for their effects on blood pressure, respiration, splenic and kidney volumes, and the activities of the heart, uterus and small intestines. Parallel observations were also made on isolated hearts, uteri and small intestines from several other species of animals. In the doses used the pharmacological actions of these alkaloids appeared to be identical qualitatively, and neither was there any marked quantitative difference. The lack of marked quantitative difference in their general pharmacological behavior is thus in strong contrast to their antimalarial activities, which vary tremendously from one another. These alkaloids, 2.5—10mg/kg given intravenously, produced a fall of blood pressure in all anesthetized dogs, usually associated with depressed cardiac contractions, and frequently an increase of the splenic and kidney volumes, while the respiration was not significantly affected. On the perfused rabbit heart, 0.2—2mg of them injected into the side tube of the cannula, always depressed the contractions, but in some cases slight augmentation preceeded the depression. The isolated frog heart was usually stimulated by the low concentrations of the alkaloidsand always depressed by their higher concentrations. In anesthetized dogs, the effects of these alkaloids on small intestines were inconsistent, stimulating in some cases and depressing in other cases; while the uterus was more commonly stimulated by them. In the concentrations used, these alkaloids always depressed the rabbit and dog intestines in vitro, but their effects on the isolated ileum of the guinea pig were dependant on the concentration, depressant in low concentrations, but usually stimulating or stimulating after transient depression in high concentrations. Their effects on the isolated uteri were still more complicated. On the rabbit nongravid uterus, their effects were in general not marked, in some cases there was slight stimulation and in other cases stimulation was preceeded by slight depression; but the gravid uterus was always stimulated by them. The nongravid uterus of the guinea pig was not significantly affected. As for the rat uterus, these alkaloids usually depressed the non-gravid and stimulated the gravid ones. α-, and β-Dichroine were also tested on the isolated non-gravid uterus of a monkey; only stimulation was observed.

(一)本文報告常山鹼甲、乙、丙對於麻醉犬血壓、呼吸、聛腎容積、心收縮、在位小 腸與在位子宮的作用,並佐以它們對於離體心臟、小腸和子宮的作用觀察。三種常山鹼的藥理作用,在所用劑量時並無質的不同,亦無明顯的量的不同。和它們抗瘧作用的強弱懸殊,形成強烈的對此。 (二)對於麻醉犬,靜脈內注入2.5—10毫克/千克後,三種常山鹼都能降低血壓,呼吸無顯著變化。脾容積與腎容積多增加,心收縮則呈現振幅減小。 (三)離體兔心灌注時,從導管的側枝內注入0.2—2毫克常山鹼,能引起顯著的抑制,有時在抑制前可見輕微的興奮作用。對於離體蛙心,低濃度多產生興奮,高濃度則抑制之。 (四)對於麻醉犬的在位小腸,三種常山鹼在上述劑量時作用並不一致,有時興奮之,有時抑制之,對於子宮則多興奮之。 (五)對於離體兔腸與犬腸,常山鹼在所試劑量時,恆引起抑制。對於豚鼠空腸,則低濃度時抑制,高濃度時往往興奮之,或在短暫的抑制後繼以興奮。 (六)對於離體子宮的作用更為複雜,對家兔未孕子宮,一般作用不著,有時輕微興奮之,有時在興奮前略呈抑制。對於有孕子宮則均興奮之。豚鼠未孕子宮對常山鹼的效應一般不顯著。對大白鼠未孕子宮多抑制之,對其有孕子宮則多呈興奮作用。曾...

(一)本文報告常山鹼甲、乙、丙對於麻醉犬血壓、呼吸、聛腎容積、心收縮、在位小 腸與在位子宮的作用,並佐以它們對於離體心臟、小腸和子宮的作用觀察。三種常山鹼的藥理作用,在所用劑量時並無質的不同,亦無明顯的量的不同。和它們抗瘧作用的強弱懸殊,形成強烈的對此。 (二)對於麻醉犬,靜脈內注入2.5—10毫克/千克後,三種常山鹼都能降低血壓,呼吸無顯著變化。脾容積與腎容積多增加,心收縮則呈現振幅減小。 (三)離體兔心灌注時,從導管的側枝內注入0.2—2毫克常山鹼,能引起顯著的抑制,有時在抑制前可見輕微的興奮作用。對於離體蛙心,低濃度多產生興奮,高濃度則抑制之。 (四)對於麻醉犬的在位小腸,三種常山鹼在上述劑量時作用並不一致,有時興奮之,有時抑制之,對於子宮則多興奮之。 (五)對於離體兔腸與犬腸,常山鹼在所試劑量時,恆引起抑制。對於豚鼠空腸,則低濃度時抑制,高濃度時往往興奮之,或在短暫的抑制後繼以興奮。 (六)對於離體子宮的作用更為複雜,對家兔未孕子宮,一般作用不著,有時輕微興奮之,有時在興奮前略呈抑制。對於有孕子宮則均興奮之。豚鼠未孕子宮對常山鹼的效應一般不顯著。對大白鼠未孕子宮多抑制之,對其有孕子宮則多呈興奮作用。曾試常山鹼甲、乙於一猴的未孕子宫,均有興奮作用。

 
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