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高危因素     
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  high risk factors
    Analysis of High Risk Factors of 104 PICC Complications Cases at Department of Pediatrics
    儿科104例PICC置管并发症高危因素分析
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    The high risk factors and nursing strategies for diabetic foot
    糖尿病足患者的高危因素和护理对策
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    Normal Blood Pressure for Children and Adolescents in the High Value High Risk Factors and Nursing Intervention
    儿童和青少年正常高值血压的高危因素及护理干预
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    Quantitative Evaluation of the High Risk Factors of Pressure Sore
    压疮高危因素的量化评价
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    Conclusion The results showed that the prostitute had many high risk factors,the infection rate was higher than that in general population.
    结论暗娼中存在感染H IV/A IDS的高危因素,沙眼衣原体的感染率较普通人群高。
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  high risk factor
    The high risk factor analysis of nosocomial infection
    医院感染的高危因素分析
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    The au- thors think determination of red cell deformability may be used as reference indexes of apoplectic high risk factor and organism aging process.
    本文作者认为,红细胞变形性测定可作为中风高危因素和机体老化程度测定的参考指标。
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  risk factors
    Analysis and nursing intervention of risk factors affecting prognos is of patients with valvular heart diseases
    影响心脏瓣膜病患者预后的高危因素分析及护理干预
短句来源
    Analysis of High Risk Factors of 104 PICC Complications Cases at Department of Pediatrics
    儿科104例PICC置管并发症高危因素分析
短句来源
    The high risk factors and nursing strategies for diabetic foot
    糖尿病足患者的高危因素和护理对策
短句来源
    Normal Blood Pressure for Children and Adolescents in the High Value High Risk Factors and Nursing Intervention
    儿童和青少年正常高值血压的高危因素及护理干预
短句来源
    Quantitative Evaluation of the High Risk Factors of Pressure Sore
    压疮高危因素的量化评价
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  high dangerous factor
    Methods All 60 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and having a high dangerous factor of diabetic foot were randomly divided into the control group (30 cases) and the intensive education group (30 cases).
    方法60例有糖尿病足高危因素的2型糖尿病病人随机分为对照组和强化教育组,各组30例。
短句来源
    Influences of intensive education on mood and metabolism in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with high dangerous factor of diabetic foot
    强化教育对2型糖尿病并糖尿病足高危因素病人情绪及代谢的影响
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    Analysis of the high dangerous factor caused by the depth venous thrombus in lower limbs after the operation of hipbone injury and nursing tactics
    髋部损伤术后下肢深静脉血栓形成的高危因素分析及护理对策
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      high risk factors
    High risk factors for pulmonary fungous infection in intensive care units of neurosurgery
          
    By analyzing the high risk factors for pulmonary fungous infection in intensive care units of neurosurgery, the strategy of early diagnosis and treatment was explored.
          
    To eliminate these high risk factors, early diagnosis and the use of prophylactic antifungal agents can help reduce the incidence of pulmonary fungous infection.
          
    High Leyton-CV scores and a positive family history for OCD/OCS appeared to constitute high risk factors for later OCD/OCS in adolescents.
          
    Methods: 14 lymphoma patients who had lymphoma with high risk factors, relapsed lymphoma or refractory lymphoma received autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT).
          
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      high risk factor
    We also used longitudinal data to study the value of a single insulin measurement to predict high risk factor levels and clustering of multiple risk factors after a 6-year follow-up.
          
    In conclusion, severe GI complications during the first post-transplantation year remain a high risk factor also for long-term patient survival.
          
    pylori infection constitutes a high risk factor for the development of gastric cancer, at least in males.
          
    Elevated posttreatment levels carried a high risk factor of tumor persistence.
          
    These data are interpreted to indicate that genomic instability as reflected by crude aneuploidy occurs early during genesis of colorectal carcinoma and represents a high risk factor for p53-gene mutation.
          
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      risk factors
    The perioperative suspected risk factors of ARF were determined for statistical evaluation using correlation coefficients and logistic regression analysis.
          
    Postoperative IAH, intraoperative MAP and intraoperative blood transfusion volume of more than 15 U were found to be independent risk factors for ARF.
          
    A total of 7,371 patients with hypertension with ages ≥40 years were selected from a population-based cohort study of the risk factors for stroke.
          
    The data on the baseline investigation of risk factors, the determination of cerebrovascular hemodynamic parameters (CVHP), and stroke follow-up were analyzed.
          
    Univariate analysis indicated that hypertension, complicated by other risk factors, had significant statistical association with the onset of stroke.
          
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      high-risk factor
    Patients with a single high-risk factor (T1-2N1, T3N0) have better OS, DFS, and disease control than patients with both high-risk factors.
          
    Such disturbances may be regarded as a high-risk factor to the cardiovascular system.
          
    We discuss the role of intercondylar notch stenosis as a high-risk factor for tearing the ACL, the injury mechanism, prevention measures, and the therapeutic strategy.
          
    Is obesity a high-risk factor for laparoscopic colorectal surgery
          
    Anorexia nervosa (AN) is classified as a high-risk factor
          
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      其他


    106 cases of fetal heart was examinated by M-mode Cross-sectional and Pulsed Doppler echocardiography from 1987. 1~1988. 4. The gestational age was 16~ 40 weeks. We found some features in these cases:(1)The right heat was bigger than the left heart; (2)The aorta was the same as that pulmonary artery; (3) The atriums, ventricles and the great vessels enlarged with gestational age; (4) The tricuspid velocity was faster than the mitral velocity but the puhmonary velocity was slower than the aortic veloci- ty ;...

    106 cases of fetal heart was examinated by M-mode Cross-sectional and Pulsed Doppler echocardiography from 1987. 1~1988. 4. The gestational age was 16~ 40 weeks. We found some features in these cases:(1)The right heat was bigger than the left heart; (2)The aorta was the same as that pulmonary artery; (3) The atriums, ventricles and the great vessels enlarged with gestational age; (4) The tricuspid velocity was faster than the mitral velocity but the puhmonary velocity was slower than the aortic veloci- ty ; (5)The size of the foramen ovale was 3~5mm.Finally, the authors suggest that in order to find some congenital heart malformations and manage these cases as early as posible ultrasonic routine examination should be performed in the mid period of pregnancy, particularly at high risk obstetric clinic. The method was also discussed.

    本文报告106例正常胎儿(妊娠16~40周)的超声心动图资料,发现如下特征:①右房、右室略大于左房,左室;②主动脉内径与肺动脉相似;③房、室和大血管的內径均随着妊娠周数的增加而增大;④脉冲式多普勒超声心动图(PDE)峰值流速三尖瓣快于二尖瓣,但肺动脉瓣慢于主动脉瓣;⑤正常卵圆孔的大小为3~5nm。为了尽早发现并处理胎儿心脏畸形,作者建议凡是具有高危因素的胎儿应常规作胎儿超声心动图检查。本文还对方法学作了讨论。

    Characteristics of early oxygen kinetics were studied in patients with severe infection. Hemodynamics and blood gases were simultaneously determined in seven patients with the use of Swan-Ganz catheter (2 survivors and 5 nonsurvivors). The result showed that the oxygen-extrrac- tion ratio (ER) 48 hours after admission was significantly higher than that at the early stage in patients who died (36±6. 4 vs 26±7. 9%), while an inverse change of blood lactic acid (LA) of the pulmonary artery could be. seen (2. 86±0....

    Characteristics of early oxygen kinetics were studied in patients with severe infection. Hemodynamics and blood gases were simultaneously determined in seven patients with the use of Swan-Ganz catheter (2 survivors and 5 nonsurvivors). The result showed that the oxygen-extrrac- tion ratio (ER) 48 hours after admission was significantly higher than that at the early stage in patients who died (36±6. 4 vs 26±7. 9%), while an inverse change of blood lactic acid (LA) of the pulmonary artery could be. seen (2. 86±0. 61 vs 4. 62±0. 72mmol/L). LA levels were lower in the survivors than nonsurvivors (1.58±0. 11 vs 2. 86±0. 61mmol/L) after 48 hours' treatment. There was a correlation between oxygen delivery (DO_2) and oxygen consumption (VO_2) in five patients. In addi- tion,the mormidity of lung injuries in patiets complicated with shock and thrombocytopenia was comparatively high (60%). We consider that shock and thrombocytopenia are high risk factors causing lung injuries in patients with severe infection and pathologic oxygen supply dependency exists in most patients with severe infection. DO_2 and ER should be actively adjusted and the improper oxygen sup- ply at tissue level modified so as to decrease the morbidity of multiple organ failure and the mortality of patients with severe inection.

    本文报道了7例(存活2例,死亡5例)重症感染病人血流动力学和氧动力学指标的观察结果。死亡病人入院后48小时氧摄取率(ER)显著高于发病初期(36±6.4VS26±7.9%),肺动脉血乳酸(LA)水平则相反(2.86±0.61 VS4.62±0.72mmol/L);治疗后48小时,LA水平存活病人与死亡病人显著不同(1.58±0.11 VS2.86±0.61mmol/L),5例病人氧输送(DO_2)与氧消耗(VO_2)存在直线相关关系。另外,并发休克和血小板减少的患者,肺损伤的发生率占60%(3/5)。结果表明:休克和血上板减少和是重症感染病人并发肺损伤的高危因素;大多数重症感染病人存在氧耗的病理性氧供依赖性;入院后48小时应积极改善DO_2和ER,纠正组织的氧供不适,降低多器官衰竭(MOF)的发生率和感染病人的死亡率。

    The clinical study observed the effects of perioperative nutrition support (PN or/ and EN) on 29 elderly patients with hepatobiliary diseases. Results showed that the nutrition support could correct negative nitrogen balance, keep the homeostasis, increase the bodyweight, promote postoperative healing and achieve a 89.4 % cure rate. According to the characteristics of malnutrition, the highly dangerous factors exist preoperatively and the severe complications occur postoperatively in elderly patients with hepatobiliary...

    The clinical study observed the effects of perioperative nutrition support (PN or/ and EN) on 29 elderly patients with hepatobiliary diseases. Results showed that the nutrition support could correct negative nitrogen balance, keep the homeostasis, increase the bodyweight, promote postoperative healing and achieve a 89.4 % cure rate. According to the characteristics of malnutrition, the highly dangerous factors exist preoperatively and the severe complications occur postoperatively in elderly patients with hepatobiliary diseases, we discussed detailly on the metabolic support and clinical application of parenteral and enteral nutrition in this article.

    报告29例老年人胆道疾患围手术期存在的不同程度营养不良,术前高危因素和术后严重并发症,在手术前、后实施PN或(和)EN的阶段性营养支持,以达到纠正负氮平衡,维持内环境稳定,增加体重和促进伤口愈合.本组手术治愈率89.4%(26/29).结合老年人生理特点,急性应激期改变和肝肾功能障碍等问题,就胆道围手术期的代谢支持(MS)、PN和EN的具体应用作了较为详尽的讨论.

     
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