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吸烟状况     
相关语句
  smoking status
     (2) There was a significant association between psoriasis and current smoking status (OR=2.2, 95% CI, 1.7~2.7, P<0.0001). The association also existed between the development of psoriasis and previous habit of smoking (OR=5.6, 95%, CI 4.2~7.4, P<0.00001).
     (2 )银屑病与目前的吸烟状况 (OR =2 .2 ,95 % ,CI 1.7~2 .7,P <0 .0 0 0 1)及发病前的吸烟状况 (OR =5 .6 ,95 % ,CI 4 .2~ 7.4 ,P <0 .0 0 0 0 1)具有明显的相关性。
短句来源
     RESULTS: Family history of upper gastrointestinal cancer (UGIC) significantly increased the risk of developing ESCC and GCA [the age, sex, and smoking status adjusted odds ratio (OR)=1.68, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.28-2.20; OR=1.68, 95% CI=1.24-2.26, respectively].
     结果:具有上消化道肿瘤家族史可明显增加食管癌和贲门癌的发病风险,经性别、年龄和吸烟状况校正的OR值分别1.68(95%CI=1.28~2.20)和1.68(95%CI=1.24~2.26)。
短句来源
     The Trend in Smoking Status in Beijing,1984~1991
     北京市1984~1991年吸烟状况变化趋势
短句来源
     When stratified for smoking status and family history of UGIC, compared with individuals with C/C genotype, individuals with C/T genotype in smoker group and in the group without family history of UGIC had lower risk in developing GCA (OR=0.57, 95% CI=0.36-0.91 and 0.37-0.88).
     根据吸烟状况和上消化道肿瘤家族史进行分层分析发现,与C/C基因型相比,携带C/T基因型可显著降低吸烟个体和家族史阴性个体GCA的发病风险(OR均等于0.57,95%CI=0.36~0.91和0.37~0.88)。
短句来源
     When stratified for smoking status and family history of UGIC, compared with individuals with A/A genotype, individuals in non-smoker group with C/C genotype had higher risk in developing ESCC (OR=2.05, 95% CI=1.15-3.66).
     根据吸烟状况和上消化道肿瘤家族史进行分层分析发现,与A/A基因型相比,携带C/C基因型可显著增加非吸烟个体ESCC的发病风险(OR=2.05,95%CI=1.15~3.66)。
短句来源
更多       
  smoking situation
     Smoking Situation of High School Students in Luan and Its Inducement Analysis
     六安市高中学生吸烟状况及诱因分析
短句来源
     SURVEY ON SMOKING SITUATION OF RESIDENTS IN BAO TOU CITY
     包头市居民吸烟状况调查
短句来源
     In order to improve community countermeasures of the cigarette smoking, we surveyed sociologically the smoking situation and the main features of adult smokers among some residents in Hangzhou city.
     本文通过杭州市某社区居民吸烟状况的调查,从社会角度考察城市烟民的主要文化特征,探讨相应的群体控烟对策。
短句来源
     Method:According to the demands of epidemic questionary,the health doctors visit the households and individuals to inquire the smoking situation,such as cigarette amount,passive smoking situation,related smoking age,sex and address,then data are handled with unified designing SAS statistic software in computer;
     方法 :按照流行病学调查表的要求 ,由卫生医师逐户、逐人询问调查对象吸烟情况、吸烟量和被动吸烟状况 ,以及与吸烟有关的年龄、性别和住址 ,将核实后的调查资料按统一设计程序 ,采用SAS统计软件包在计算机上进行统计处理。
短句来源
     Conclusion:the residents smoking situation differ in sex,urban and rural area and educated background.
     结论 :居民的吸烟状况在性别、年龄、城乡和受教育情况等方面有不同的分布。
短句来源
  smoking condition
     An investigation on the smoking condition of 4123 middle school students of Zhengzhou city
     郑州市4123名中学生吸烟状况调查
短句来源
     Data on 946 technical secondary school students were analysed to evaluate the smoking condition in Lhasa,Results showed that the rate of the smoking in male students was 70 52%,rate of smoking in female students was 13,09%.
     分析拉萨市4 所中专学校945 名学生吸烟状况及因素,其中,男生吸烟率为7052 % ,女生吸烟率为1309 % 。
短句来源
     Association of smoking condition(including number of smokers,concrete smoking members and daily consumed cigarettes) and childhood asthma was analyzed in logistic regression models by family history respectively.
     采用国际儿童哮喘与过敏性疾病研究第一阶段问卷的核心问题进行问卷调查。 吸烟状况(包括家庭吸烟人数、吸烟成员及家庭吸烟量)与儿童哮喘关系分别按家族史在Logistic回归模型中进行分析。
短句来源
     Study on the smoking condition and behavior intervuention of primary and middle school students
     中小学生吸烟状况及行为干预措施研究
短句来源
     Objective To analyse smoking condition and effective factors of adults in rural areas.
     目的 分析农村居民中成人吸烟状况及影响因素。
短句来源
更多       
  smoking habits
     Method The parents of 980 Shenzhen pupils,aged 7 to 12,were studied using a questionnaire regarding their smoking habits.
     方法 采用自拟的问卷调查表 ,调查了深圳市 980名 7~ 1 2岁小学生的家庭吸烟状况
短句来源
     Smoking habits, total annual smoking packs and depth of inhalation were associated with decreased sperm quality.
     吸烟状况、年吸烟总量和吸烟深度均与精子的质量下降有关.
短句来源

 

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      smoking status
    No association between use of supplements and smoking status nor elevated alcohol consumption was observed.
          
    Homocysteine levels were influenced by gender, smoking status, occurrence of hypertension, vitamin B12 and folate levels, and by the MTHFR TT genotype.
          
    We have studied 43 asymptomatic NIDDM patients with MA and have matched them with 43 normoalbuminuric patients for age, gender, diabetes duration, and smoking status.
          
    The observed deficits are not explained by gender, medication use, cognitive impairment, or smoking status, and support the hypothesis of primary dysfunction in the olfactory system.
          
    Smoking cessation rapidly reduces the risk of CVD and death in a wide range of populations; previous studies may have under-estimated the benefits, as most rely on self-reported smoking status at one point in time only.
          
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      smoking condition
    Heart rate and systolic pressure increased in the smoking condition, while catecholamine secretion remained relatively unaffected by smoking.
          
    A test of recall 45 min after the end of the learning period, when the presmoking arousal level had been restored, showed that retention was better in the smoking condition than in the nonsmoking condition.
          
    The effects of cigarette-smoking in an immediate memory task were studied in two groups of 25 female students (habitual smokers) tested either under a control (no smoking) condition or after smoking one cigarette.
          
    There was no difference in performance for the two deprivation intervals either in the sham smoking condition, or after smoking the lit cigarette.
          
    IT was significantly shorter in the smoking condition as compared to both the no-smoking or sham-smoking conditions, suggesting that nicotine enhances early information processing.
          
    更多          
      smoking habits
    Differences in age, body mass index, smoking habits, use of oral contraceptives, physical activity, alcohol, fish, fat, milk and tea consumption were controlled for in the models.
          
    Interactions between coffee drinking behavior and smoking habits as well as between coffee and the use of oral contraceptives in their relationship with serum cholesterol were of special interest in the analyses.
          
    Relationship between dietary intake, antioxidant status and smoking habits in female Austrian smokers
          
    The questionnaire included items on the adolescents' smoking habits and alcohol consumption.
          
    Height, weight, smoking habits and dominant arm were recorded.
          
    更多          


    Smoking is one of important factors of indoor airpollution. The relationship between smoking and diseases among 4463 residentials was investigated. The results show that male workers are dominated in smokers. The percentage of smo- kers is higher in 20~39 age group than those in other age groups. The percentage of non-smokers is dominated as cadres working in cultural and teaching unit. It indicated that the more the numbers of smoking and the longer of the year of smoking, the higher the prevalence rate of...

    Smoking is one of important factors of indoor airpollution. The relationship between smoking and diseases among 4463 residentials was investigated. The results show that male workers are dominated in smokers. The percentage of smo- kers is higher in 20~39 age group than those in other age groups. The percentage of non-smokers is dominated as cadres working in cultural and teaching unit. It indicated that the more the numbers of smoking and the longer of the year of smoking, the higher the prevalence rate of resp- iratory system diseases is. Gastroenteric system diseases is dominated in lower age groups of smokers. The middle age and old age are transfered to be dominated as respiratory system diseases, heart and blood vessel system diseases and tumours, but respiratory system diseases is ever remarkable.

    本文调查的某新村4463名居民吸烟状况与各系统疾病的关系表明,吸烟以男性工人为多,吸烟年龄20~39岁组比例较高,而不吸烟以文教卫生干部为多。吸烟支数越多、年限越长,呼吸系统患病率越高。吸烟的低年龄组表现为以消化道系统疾病为主,中年及老年组则转化为呼吸系统、心血管系统及肿瘤为主,并以呼吸道系统更为明显。

    This experiment imitated the state of human smoking and determined the toxi-city of cigarette smoke,including lethal, physiological injury and cell reproduction inhibition to Paramecium aurelia. The experimental results showed that cigarettes with filter tips were lower tojicity effects than cigarettes without filter tips.

    本实验模拟人的吸烟状况,测定香烟烟气对草履虫(Paramecium aurelia)的急性致死、急性生理伤害和抑制细胞繁殖率,并比较了带过滤嘴与不带过滤嘴香烟的毒性作用。结果表明同一牌号的香烟,带过滤嘴的较不带过滤嘴的毒性明显降低。

    In order to find out the real exposure level of passive smokers, the authors conducted a series of measurements of representative pollutants, IP and CO, by automatic monitoring instruments in the experimental room, where volunteers smoked a certain amount and different kinds of cigarettes in unit time according to the experiment designed. The results show. (1) Indoor cigarette smoke has a dynamic variation pattern. (2) IP and CO mean concentration within 60 minutes will reach 1.0mg/m~3 and 3.5mg/m~3 respectively,...

    In order to find out the real exposure level of passive smokers, the authors conducted a series of measurements of representative pollutants, IP and CO, by automatic monitoring instruments in the experimental room, where volunteers smoked a certain amount and different kinds of cigarettes in unit time according to the experiment designed. The results show. (1) Indoor cigarette smoke has a dynamic variation pattern. (2) IP and CO mean concentration within 60 minutes will reach 1.0mg/m~3 and 3.5mg/m~3 respectively, when one cigarette is smoked at speed 7.5min/cig in 10m~3 room which air exchange rate is 1.5h~(-1); (3) the main factors which influence the variation of indoor cigarette smoke are the number of cigarette smoked, room size and indoor air exchange rate.

    本文作者为探明被动吸烟者的实际暴露水平,在实验小室内以IP和CO为指标,对多种吸烟状况进行了连续、自动监测。结果表明,室内香烟烟雾有一个随时间变化而增长和衰减的过程,影响香烟烟雾的主要因素为吸烟量、室内容积和室内通风换气率。

     
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