The phenotypes of the genital malformation and the dislocation of hip joint are associated with the duplication of 7p15.The cardiac anomalies is resulted from the dysfunctions of several genes on the long arm of chromosome 7.The gene associated with the craniosynostosis may locate on the region of 7p21.2→p21.3.
In one patient there was pure DCRV, and the remaining 51 patients DCRV was associated with other congenital cardiac anomalies, in which VSD was the most common (50), followed in order by pulmonary stenosis (6), aortic valve prolapse (4), atrial septal defect (2), and subaortic stenosis (1).
Based on Richardson's classification,type I in 7 cases,type II in 3,and type III in 5. Eight cases were associated with other cardiac defects (53.5%),including 4 cases with complicated cardiac defects (26.7%).
Methods: A total of 45 children accepted correction of cardiac defects were allocated into three groups(group Ⅰ:no myocardial ischemia, group Ⅱ:myocardial ischemia less than 60 min, and group Ⅲ:myocardial ischemia more than 60 min). Blood samples were collected before skin incision and at 1 h, 6 h, 12 h,24 h,48 h, 72 h,96 h after operation or reperfusion. The levels of CK GA MB, LDH and h-FABP were determined.
Methods: From June, 1999 to May, 2000, 45 children (30 male, 15 female) undergoing correction of cardiac defects were divided into three groups randomly: group I no myocardial ischemia, group II myocardial ischemia less than 60 minutes, group III myocardial ischemia >60 minutes.
Methods: From June 1999 to March 2000, 40 children undergoing correction of cardiac defects were divided into two groups randomly: group A modified St. Thomas No1 solution, and group B using same solution but enriched with 10 mmol/L exogenous creatine phosphate.
Acute heart failure may be due to a congenital structural cardiac anomaly in spite of the age of 54.
Patients with Sano shunts tend to be more stable thus reducing the interstage mortality of this still challenging complex cardiac anomaly.
Congenitally corrected transposition of the great vessels is a cardiac anomaly in which the pulmonary artery and the aorta are transposed in relation to one another but in which the flow of blood is maintained in the physiologic direction.
Although each of these complications is rare in and of itself, this case demonstrates the entire spectrum of complications from a single uncorrected congenital cardiac anomaly.
Unilateral absence of a pulmonary artery is an uncommon condition and usually complicated by a cardiac anomaly.