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东方文学
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  oriental literature
     On the Influence of the Religious Culture to the Ancient Oriental Literature
     论宗教文化对古代东方文学的影响——东方文学比较研究之一
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     The Oriental Literature and Its Literary Spirit
     东方文学东方文学精神
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     On Guo Mo-ruo and Oriental Literature
     论郭沫若与东方文学
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     Mr Ji Xian-lin is a founder of the discipline of Oriental literature.
     季羡林先生是我国东方文学学科的创建者,东方比较文学观念是他晚年学术思想的重要结晶。
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     Style Study of Nationality Awareness in the Ancient Oriental Literature
     古代东方文学民族意识的文类考察
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  eastern literature
     Influence of Islamic Culture in Arab Upon Eastern Literature
     阿拉伯伊斯兰文化对东方文学的影响
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     With the rise of the humanist thoughts in the 17and 18th century,there were new intersection and melt between eastern literature and the western philosophy which were the world cultural representative at that time.
     17~18世纪,随着人本思潮的兴起,作为世界文化代表的东方文学和西方哲学有了新的交汇和融通。
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     One of striking common features of eastern literature in 20th century which is represented by Periphery is literature construction, cultural reflection and social criticism lying in the periphery position, in the process of national modernization.
     表现了20世纪东方文学的一个共同特点:国家现代化进程中居于“边缘”立场的文学建构、文化反思与社会批判。
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     In 1913, Tagore won the Nobel Prize in literature, so the Eastern literature arouses the western world interest continuously.
     1913年,泰戈尔获得诺贝尔文学奖,使近代以来处于失语状态的东方文学引起了西方世界的关注。
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     The study of Chen Ming of Research Center of Eastern Literature,Peking University is an excelllent work of considerable depth and with a unique angle among the studies on India's Ayurveda published in recent years.
     北京大学东方文学研究中心陈明所著《印度梵文医典〈医理精华〉研究》一书,是近年出版的有关印度阿输吠陀研究中具有相当深度和独特视角的一部优秀作品。
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  orient literature
     Nationalism literary thoughts is one of major phenomena in Orient literature of 20th Century.
     民族主义文学思潮是20世纪东方文学的重要现象。
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  “东方文学”译为未确定词的双语例句
     On the Fluidity of the Concept of the ″Orient″
     论“东方”概念的流动性——关于东方文学学科基础相关问题的思考
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     The Buddhism Scripture, a treasure in the Oriental countries, has asserted tremendous influence upon the oriental culture and literature.
     佛经是东方文学的一座宝库,它对东方文化乃至文学产生了深刻而巨大的影响,朝鲜众多的民间故事以及小说的产生和发展与佛经有关联。
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     In other words, Chinese scholars emphasize the dualistic opposition of eastern and western literature and the contributions Chinese literature has made to world literature.
     中国的世界文学史类著述强调东西方文学的二元对立,以及东方文学对世界文学的贡献;
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     Female consciousness emerged in the West early in the 20th century and brought about new creating materials to the East culture.
     20世纪初,在西方催生的“女性意识”的觉醒,也给东方文学带来了新的创作素材。
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     Correct Appraisal and Research on Oriental Litrature in Deep-going Way
     正确评价和深入研究东方文学
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This essay is a response to the American scholar Huntington,s article,“The conflict ofcivilization.”It demonstrates that the general trend of the relationship between Eastern andWestern cultures is dialogue instead of confrontation,therefore,cultural relativism and cul-tural pluralism is again becoming the main stream. As a repercussion of this changing rela-tionship in the research area of international comparative literature,the dominace of the threeold major schools has been replaced by the co-existence and...

This essay is a response to the American scholar Huntington,s article,“The conflict ofcivilization.”It demonstrates that the general trend of the relationship between Eastern andWestern cultures is dialogue instead of confrontation,therefore,cultural relativism and cul-tural pluralism is again becoming the main stream. As a repercussion of this changing rela-tionship in the research area of international comparative literature,the dominace of the threeold major schools has been replaced by the co-existence and dialogue of the three newschools,namely,the North American School,the European School, and the Eastern School.The mission of the Eastern School is to break the “European centralized”or“western central-ized”mode ,and to find a literary theory that can be applied to the explication of both Easternand Western literature.

本文是对美国学者亨廷顿的论文《文明的冲突?》的回应,论证了当今东西方文化关系的演变趋势是对话而非对峙,因而文化相对主义和文化多元主义再占上风。作为这种转型关系在国际比较文学研究领域里的反响,旧有的“三足鼎立”格局已为新的“三足鼎立”格局所取代,即“北美学派”、“欧洲学派”和“东方学派”的共存和对话。“东方学派”的使命在于突破“欧洲中心”或“西方中心”的模式,致力于探求一种既可用于西方亦可用于东方的文学阐释理论。

Persian literature is an important part of Eastern literature, and Persian poetry is a pearl in the crown of Persian literature and occupies an important position in world literature. However, the study of Persian poetry in China is far from being comprehensive and thorough. This essay is an analysis of the poem Rostam and Sohrab from Shahnameh (Book of Kings), the great epic by Ferdowsi, a famous Persian poet of the 10th century, from such perspectives as its structure, angle, technique of narration,...

Persian literature is an important part of Eastern literature, and Persian poetry is a pearl in the crown of Persian literature and occupies an important position in world literature. However, the study of Persian poetry in China is far from being comprehensive and thorough. This essay is an analysis of the poem Rostam and Sohrab from Shahnameh (Book of Kings), the great epic by Ferdowsi, a famous Persian poet of the 10th century, from such perspectives as its structure, angle, technique of narration, and its language characteristics. I hope this essay will attract more attention to Persian literature.

波斯文学是东方文学的重要组成部分, 波斯诗歌是波斯文学皇冠上的明珠, 在绚丽多彩的世界文坛占有非常显赫的地位, 然而, 我国对其研究还不够全面、深入。从叙事结构、叙事角度、叙事手法及语言特点等几方面对10 世纪波斯伟大诗人菲尔多西的巨型史诗《列王纪》中的《鲁斯塔姆与苏赫拉布》作一分析, 可以增强人们对波斯文学的了解, 并进而引起应有的重视和兴趣。

The oriental literature and the oriental literary spirit have always aimed at"the harmony of the whole world". The Chinese"Oneness of god and man"; the Indian"Oneness of budda and self"; the Japanese"forest thought" are all what the oriental literature pursuing after. The"witch craft literary spirit"of early ancient times; the "religious spirit"and "national spirit"of mid & near ancient times; the"anti--imperialism and anti-feudalism" of modern literature; the "anticolonalism and anti-hedgemony" of comtempory...

The oriental literature and the oriental literary spirit have always aimed at"the harmony of the whole world". The Chinese"Oneness of god and man"; the Indian"Oneness of budda and self"; the Japanese"forest thought" are all what the oriental literature pursuing after. The"witch craft literary spirit"of early ancient times; the "religious spirit"and "national spirit"of mid & near ancient times; the"anti--imperialism and anti-feudalism" of modern literature; the "anticolonalism and anti-hedgemony" of comtempory literature all moved to the goal of "harmony of the world", "harmony of humanity" . It's quite different from the western tradition of "conquer". it was only after the disastrous two world wars","harmony of the west began to cast their eyesight to the east. The oriental literature since modern times(since the two world waxs)has paid close attention to every move of western literature. The oriental literature went so far as to imitate and introduce their developed system of art techniques. When it has been found that much of the western literature has absorbed nutrition from the east, and took the oriental"oneness of god and man"as their fervent pursuit, they began to self-examine the rich oriental tradition. They found that, literature, after the stages of"natural being"and "social being"would inevitably move into the stage of "spiritual being". The "harmony of humanity" and the "oneness of god and man" are the core part of the firm pursuit of the "spiritual beings". Hereafter, the development of both eastern and western literature moves to a common goal. This tendency seems to be more obvious at the turn of the 20th century. The frequent visits of the Nobel prize winners of literature to the east suggest and predict the promising tendency of oriental literature and the inevitable renaissance of art.

东方文学东方文学精神历来以“整个世界的和谐”为指归。中国的“天人合一”,印度的“梵我合一”,日本的“森林思想”历来都是东方文学追求的理想境界。无论是上古文学的“巫术”精神,中古文学的“宗教”精神,近古文学的“民族”精神,近代文学的“反帝、反封”,现当代文学的“反殖、反霸”,无不以“世界和谐”、“人性和谐”为目标,且与一味讲“征服”的西方大异其趣。“二战”后,西方才开始把眼光投向东方。当发现很多西方文学大家都频频向东方文学吸取养分,并把东方的“天人合一”理想作为他们的执着追求的时候,东方文学也开始对厚重的东方传统进行自我审视。他们发现文学在经历了“自然性的人”、“社会性的人”的阶段后,不可避免地要走向“精神性的人”的阶段。而“人性和谐”、“天人合一”也正是“精神性的人”执意追求的核心特质。

 
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