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斜压效应
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  baroclinic effect
     Considering the density baroclinic effect caused by the salty water invasion, the salinity field computation is added in the hydrodynamic model to make the vertical velocity distribution better representing the practical situation.
     考虑到外海盐水入侵造成的密度斜压效应,在水动力模型中加入了盐度场的计算,使流速垂向分布上能够更好的符合实际情况。
短句来源
     Because higher salt water brought by the saltwater intrusion lies in the bottom layer of the north coast, its baroclinic effect induces the transverse current at bottom layer flows from north to south which advects horizontally the high concentration sediments from north to south coast, it makes the turbidity maximum zone lie in the bottom of south coast.
     由于盐水入侵带来的高盐水位于北岸的底层,其斜压效应使底层的横向环流由北向南流动,把底层高浓度的泥沙向南岸平流,使得最大浑浊带位于南岸.
短句来源
     The high-salinity water brought by the salt water intrusion lies in the bottom layer of the north coast, and its baroclinic effect induces the bottom current to flow from north to south, conveying horizontally the high concentration sediment from north to south coast, which converges at the bottom layer of the south coast, so the sediment concentration at the south coast is larger than the one at the north coast and the maximum turbidity zone lies in the bottom of the south coast.
     南岸(河口东向)的泥沙浓度比北岸高,最大浑浊带位于南岸,这是由于盐水入侵带来的高盐水位于北岸的底层,其斜压效应使底层的环流由北向南流动,把底层高浓度的泥沙向南岸平流,聚集于南岸底层。
短句来源
     The results show that the anticycloniccirculation in the southern SCS is mostly driven by the southwest monsoon, and its intensity is strengthened by baroclinic effect;
     结果表明,产生南海南部反气旋式环流的主要机制是西南季风的驱动,斜压效应起到了增强环流强度的作用;
短句来源
     The combination force of the slop of bottom with the baroclinic effect and wind stress makes the upwelling stronger.
     倾斜的底形与斜压效应、风应力的联合作用使吕泗海区的上升流更明显。
短句来源
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  baroclinic effects
     Three new pumping factors due to baroclinic effects are derived in the solution of vertical velocity at the top of the boundary layer. The first is thermal wind deformation, the second, thermal wind vorticity, and the third, the cross term of thermal wind vorticity.
     在边界层顶垂直速度的解中导出了三种由斜压效应引起的Ekmon抽吸新物理因子,即热成风形变、热成风涡度及热成风涡度交叉项等抽吸因子。
短句来源
     The quantitative results of the baroclinic effects will appear in the next paper.
     下一文中,我们将利用本文所得理论解对斜压效应进行具体的定量计算。
短句来源
     An approach combining adaptive unstructured grids and the high order Godunov type scheme based on the finite volume method is applied to simulate the evolution of the interface between two layers of fluid with different densities. A detailed evolution of vortex array induced by baroclinic effects on the interface is presented.
     采用了自适应的非结构网格和基于有限体积法的二阶Godunov格式 ,数值模拟了在不同强度的激波作用下两种不同密度流体交界面的演化过程 ,详细给出了交界面上由于斜压效应产生的涡列的演化过程
短句来源
     This paper presents a 3-D current numerical model for the Yangtze River estuary with baroclinic-diagnosis mode in vertical σ coordinate system. A vertical eddy-viscosity coefficient is obtained from the advanced k-kl turbulence closure model, and the density baroclinic effects are embodied by the 2-D invariable-uneven salinity field.
     建立了σ坐标系下长江口斜压诊断模式三维流场数学模型,采用k kl二方程紊流闭合模型求解垂向涡粘系数,计算域内恒定、非均匀盐度场反映了计算域密度斜压效应
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  “斜压效应”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The effects of runoff, wind and water density gradient on Lagrange residual current were simulated and analyzed.
     计算并分析了径流、风、及密度斜压效应等对Lagrange余流场的影响;
短句来源
     The effects of baroclinicity on the geostrophic momentum Ekman flow are investigated in this paper.
     本文研究了斜压效应对地转动量Ekman流的影响。
短句来源
     On the basis of long-time observation data, the dynamic structure of Yellow and East China Seas Circulation is diagnostically calculated with all forcing (including surface wind stress, tide, thermal structure) in summer.
     在多年的观测资料基础上 ,以月平均大气风应力、边界流输送、温盐斜压效应、潮汐、长江口径流等作为强迫条件 ,对黄东海环流的结构进行了 3 D数值模拟 ,探讨了各因子对主要流系的动力学作用 .
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  baroclinic effect
All the bottom currents flow landward due to baroclinic effect.
      
  baroclinic effects
Although primarily determined by geography, baroclinic effects significantly modified the inclination of the ellipses.
      
Differences in the water vapor fluxes associated with each mode from one season to the next are depicted and related to baroclinic effects and monsoonal behavior where they occur.
      
The baroclinic and combined barotropic-baroclinic stability analyses show that the baroclinic effects are not important in tropics.
      
Accordingly, the newly-born extratropical system may strengthen through baroclinic effects.
      
This may be attnbuted to baroclinic effects close to the bottom.
      
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The effects of baroclinicity on the geostrophic momentum Ekman flow are investigated in this paper. By making use of the two-variable singular perturbation method, the uniformly valid asymptotic solutions of the first two orders of wind structure and the vertical velocity at the top of the boundary layer are obtained. The baroclinic effects are clearly reflected in these solutions. Especially, the first-order corrections of the solutions are completely induced by thermal wind. Three new pumping factors due to...

The effects of baroclinicity on the geostrophic momentum Ekman flow are investigated in this paper. By making use of the two-variable singular perturbation method, the uniformly valid asymptotic solutions of the first two orders of wind structure and the vertical velocity at the top of the boundary layer are obtained. The baroclinic effects are clearly reflected in these solutions. Especially, the first-order corrections of the solutions are completely induced by thermal wind. Three new pumping factors due to baroclinic effects are derived in the solution of vertical velocity at the top of the boundary layer. The first is thermal wind deformation, the second, thermal wind vorticity, and the third, the cross term of thermal wind vorticity. It is pointed out that only in such baroclinic systems of horizontally nonuniform temperature gradient as frontal zones will the three new pumping factors come into effect. Furthermore, the dynamic properties of the three pumping factors are carefully analysed with respect to a frontal zone. The quantitative results of the baroclinic effects will appear in the next paper.

本文研究了斜压效应对地转动量Ekman流的影响。利用两变量奇异摄动方法求得了边界层中风场及顶部垂直速度的前二级一致有效渐近解析解,解中明显地反映了斜压情形地转风随高度变化(即热成风)的影响,尤其是其中一级近似解完全由热成风影响所致。在边界层顶垂直速度的解中导出了三种由斜压效应引起的Ekmon抽吸新物理因子,即热成风形变、热成风涡度及热成风涡度交叉项等抽吸因子。分析表明,这些因子只在具有水平温度梯度不均匀的系统(譬如锋区)中方能出现。文中还对锋区内上述三种抽吸因子的动力特征作了具体的分析,指出在锋区这样的强斜压系统中,此三种抽吸因子的贡献是显著的。下一文中,我们将利用本文所得理论解对斜压效应进行具体的定量计算。

According to the order analysis of each dynamic factor which affects thecirculation of the northeastern South China Sea (SCS), Taiwan Strait and its adjacentwaters,a divisional area of barotropic and baroclinic couple model is set up based onHurlburt & Thompson's numerical model, so that the violently changed topographiceffect of continental shelf and slope on the circulation of marginal sea can be shown.The model is employed tO the numerical study of the circulation in the northeasternSouth China Sea, Taiwan...

According to the order analysis of each dynamic factor which affects thecirculation of the northeastern South China Sea (SCS), Taiwan Strait and its adjacentwaters,a divisional area of barotropic and baroclinic couple model is set up based onHurlburt & Thompson's numerical model, so that the violently changed topographiceffect of continental shelf and slope on the circulation of marginal sea can be shown.The model is employed tO the numerical study of the circulation in the northeasternSouth China Sea, Taiwan Strait and its adjacent waters. The computational result ofpreliminary experiment shows that the couple model can not only overcome thetwo-layer model's shortcomings liable to intersect surface and intersect bottom, butalso reflect the baroclinic and bottom topographic effects, so as to make thesimulation results fit the reality much more; i.e.: (1)Most of Kuroshio water heads forthe south shore of the Taiwan Island initially in the direction of incident angle fromeast of the Luzon Island, and then flow northward along east shore of the TaiwanIsland; meanwhile it brings about all-year-long existence of a cyclonic eddy adjacentto the Dongsha Islands. (2)The bottom topographic effect of the continental shelf andslope in the southwestern waters of the Taiwan Strait is very important. (3)The flowin the Taiwan Strait is mainly northward, with transport about 2 Sv. (4)There exists acurrent somewhat like the SCS Warm Current in the model.

通过对南海东北部及台湾海峡邻近海域环流产生影响的各个动力因子进行量级分析,在Hurlburt等人数值模式的基础上,建立起分区性的正压、斜压耦合模式,以便能反映大陆架、大陆坡变化剧烈的底形效应对边缘海环流的影响。将该模式用于南海东北部及台湾海峡附近环流的数值研究。初步的试验计算结果表明,耦合模式能克服两层模式易发生"交面"和"交底"等现象的缺点,同时能反映斜压效应及底形效应的影响,使模拟的计算结果更切合实际,即:(1)黑潮通过巴士海峡侵入南海海域,并导致东沙群岛附近终年存在一个气旋涡;(2)台湾海峡西南海域的大陆架-大陆坡底形效应十分重要;(3)海水在台湾海峡的流动基本上为N向流动,流量约为2×10~6m~3·s-1;(4)模式中有类似于南海暖流的海流出现。

A baroclinic three dimensional shelf sea model-HAMSOM model is employed to simulate the South China Sea(SCS) circulation in December and August. The result is that: for the upper layer circulation, in December, there exists a cycloniccirculation between Xisha Islands and Zhongsha Islands sea zones, a southward western boundary current along the east shore ofmiddle Vietnam and a local anticyclonic eddy in out-lying sea of Jinlan Bay, in the southern SCS, it is mainly shown that thereis a large cyclonic meander...

A baroclinic three dimensional shelf sea model-HAMSOM model is employed to simulate the South China Sea(SCS) circulation in December and August. The result is that: for the upper layer circulation, in December, there exists a cycloniccirculation between Xisha Islands and Zhongsha Islands sea zones, a southward western boundary current along the east shore ofmiddle Vietnam and a local anticyclonic eddy in out-lying sea of Jinlan Bay, in the southern SCS, it is mainly shown that thereis a large cyclonic meander (cyclonic eddy) in Wanantan and an anticyclonic eddy in the north of Beikangansha. In August, thereis a large-scale cyclonic eddy among Dengsha Islands,Zhongsha Islands and western sea areas of Luzon Island, in the western SCS,it is mainly shown that there is a cyclonic eddy in the south of Xisha Islands against an anticyclonic circulation between Jinlan Bayand Liyuetan, in the meanwhile a cyclonic eddy in the east of Wanantan. Due to the actions of baroclinic effect and bottom tope-graphic effect, the current fields of middle layer to southern SCS in winter and summer are almost opposite to those of the surfacelayer.

本文利用一个斜压三维陆架海模式──HAMSOM模式对12月份和8月份的南海环流进行数值模拟,结果为:对上层流场,在12月份,在西沙群岛-中沙群岛海区间呈现一个气旋式环流,在越南中部东岸存在一支南向西边界流,在金兰湾的远海为一局地反气旋涡,在南海南部,主要表现为万安滩的气旋式大弯曲(气旋涡)及在北康暗沙北侧的反气旋涡;在8月份,在东沙群岛-中沙群岛-吕宋岛西侧海域间存在一大尺度的气旋涡,在南海西部主要表现为以西沙群岛南部的气旋涡与金兰湾-礼乐滩间的反气旋式大环流相对峙的局面,同时在万安滩东侧有-气旋涡.由于斜压效应、底形效应的作用,使冬、夏季的南海南部中层流场几乎与上层流场相反.

 
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