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   财力差异 在 宏观经济管理与可持续发展 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.073秒
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财力差异    
相关语句
  financial disparity
    S.Kuznets Ratio and Financial Disparity and Adjustment Among Different Regions in China
    库兹涅茨比率及中国地区间财力差异与调节
短句来源
  financial disparity
    S.Kuznets Ratio and Financial Disparity and Adjustment Among Different Regions in China
    库兹涅茨比率及中国地区间财力差异与调节
短句来源
  financial disparity
    S.Kuznets Ratio and Financial Disparity and Adjustment Among Different Regions in China
    库兹涅茨比率及中国地区间财力差异与调节
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Due to the financial disparity among different regions,some local authorities,especially county and township governments,experience financial difficulties.This is manifested in failure to pay wages and salaries to employees in administrative departments and institutions on time.This is not beneficial to promote coordinated economic and social development.Through an empirical analysis of such financial disparity,the paper puts forward some countermeasures to balance it and narrow their financial gaps.

地区间财力差异在一定范围内有其合理性,但财力差异过大就会影响到政府职能实现的程度,进而影响到经济和社会协调发展。在对中国地区间财力差异进行实证分析的基础上,对现行转移支付制度平衡中国地区间财力差异的效应进行了实证性评估,并提出相关的政策建议。

This paper first measures interregional disparity in financial capacity by variation coefficient weighted by population.It then introduces the concepts of primary and secondary distribution of financial resources,and tests the contribution to financial capacity differences of revenue items in primary distribution and transfer payment items in secondary distribution.It is concluded that primary distribution-financial revenue-plays a major role in disparity in financial capacity,and that secondary distribution-transfer...

This paper first measures interregional disparity in financial capacity by variation coefficient weighted by population.It then introduces the concepts of primary and secondary distribution of financial resources,and tests the contribution to financial capacity differences of revenue items in primary distribution and transfer payment items in secondary distribution.It is concluded that primary distribution-financial revenue-plays a major role in disparity in financial capacity,and that secondary distribution-transfer payments by the central government-plays a minor role.The main reasons for interregional disparity are transfer payments which maintain vested interests by putting business tax under local administration and offering tax rebate,and economic development would mean widening interregional gap.Policy recommendations are then offered for improving the public finance system and narrowing interregional gap.

首先采用以人口为权数的加权变异系数对地区间财力差异进行了度量。随后提出财力的初次分配和再分配的概念,检验了财力的初次分配中不同财政收入项目及财力的再分配中不同转移支付项目对财力不平等的贡献率。认为对财力差异起主要作用的是财力的初次分配即财政收入,起次要作用的是财力的再分配即中央转移支付,其中,将营业税划归地方税、税收返还等保持既得利益的转移支付是造成地区间财力差异的主要原因,并且随着经济的发展这将导致地区差距的进一步扩大。

This thesis utilizes two decomposition methods to analyze the regional financial disparity. Viewed on space, the financial disparity between eastern coastal provinces was decisive factor for the disparity. Viewed on structure, regional financial disparity can be divided into two effects, the revenue effect and the transfer payment effect. Based on these analyses, this article concludes that business tax and tax rebates are the most important factors for regional financial disparity. Then it puts forward some...

This thesis utilizes two decomposition methods to analyze the regional financial disparity. Viewed on space, the financial disparity between eastern coastal provinces was decisive factor for the disparity. Viewed on structure, regional financial disparity can be divided into two effects, the revenue effect and the transfer payment effect. Based on these analyses, this article concludes that business tax and tax rebates are the most important factors for regional financial disparity. Then it puts forward some countermeasures to adjust the financial disparity between regions and improve the financial system.

本文利用Theil系数和分项收入分解方法从空间层面和构成层面对财力进行了地区分解和结构分解,以反映近年来中国地区间财力差异的变化趋势。从财力的空间层面看,地区间的产业结构层次、区域性的税收优惠政策和财政包干体制是导致地区间财力差异的重要原因;从财力的结构层面看,将营业税划为地方税、增值税和消费税税收返还以及所得税基数返还等保持既得利益的转移支付形式也是造成地区间财力差异的重要原因。

 
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