Current departures from project objectives in China, revealed by investigation, are mainly because the project managers carried out remediation to correct a certain target warp in the process of management without concern for the effects, which influenced other targets of the project, and at last resulted in runaway of the whole objective system and project failure.
While at present in-depth and mature research conclusions have not come forth about estimation of the significance and precedence of project objectives and sub-objectives, as well as the effects by the remediation scheme to the whole objective system.
The layer analysis model established in this thesis attempts to analyze the correlativity among the project objectives and sub-objectives, and quantify the effect to theobjective system caused by the correlativity and the substitute schemes.
Several possible project objectives are identified, including maximizing the achievement of the best team and maximizing the probability that at least one team will attain a threshold.
This is based on a network of cause-effect relationships, which forecasts the effect of a parameter change on the principal project objectives such as performance, costs and due dates.
The importance of fitting farmer selection criteria to project objectives, experimental designs to on-farm limitations, and project goals to farmers' goals, are emphasized.
Watershed projects aim to solve problems of externalities, but they also create their own externalities, which cause uneven distribution of costs and benefits that undermine project objectives and harm the poor.
Apart from project-specific training, the level of general education alone cannot predict the attainment of project objectives.
A project is an attempt to achieve a s pecified goal,with presupposing so me unique and interrelated assignments and using resources effectively.Life period of the project consists of four stages:the first one belongs to reco gnization and differentiation of demand,the second one putting forward a plan,the third one carring out the plan,the fourth one ending th e project.The project management consists of working out a plan and carring out it for realizati on of the goal.
Despite promoting economic development of the relevant areas,public welfare projects confront the problems of high cost,inefficiency in functioning and therefore can not achieve the ultimate purposes.Analyzing the micro-factors which affect the functioning of the projects and macro-systems helps avoid risks and achieve the ultimate purposes of the projects.