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慢性精神分裂症
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  chronic schizophrenia
    Conclusion: The Cognitive dysfunction of chronic schizophrenia are significantly correlated to he factors of educational level,attack age,society family,course of disease and clinical symptoms.
    结论:慢性精神分裂症存在明显的认知功能损害,且损害程度与症状、发病年龄、受教育程度、病程、家庭支持、社会支持等因素有关。
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  chronic schizophrenia
The results are discussed in connection with previous studies of chronic schizophrenia.
      
Eight foster home care groups for long-stay psychiatric patients were studied for one year during which time 64 men (mainly with chronic schizophrenia) lived in the homes and 13 of the men departed.
      
Premorbid abnormalities in mania, schizomania, acute schizophrenia and chronic schizophrenia
      
Cases were classified according to the relative chronicity of their illness into four non-overlapping groups: mania, schizomania, acute schizophrenia and chronic schizophrenia.
      
We conclude that the prevalence of premorbid abnormalities is highest among chronic schizophrenia, but similar disturbances also occur, to a lesser degree, in less disabling affective and non-affective psychotic disorders.
      
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Objective:To explore the effect of comprehensive rehabilitation training on negative symptoms of chronic schizophrenics. Methods:86 chronic schizophrenics were randomly divided into study group and control group.The patients in study group received comprehensive rehabilitation training for two months.PANSS and IPROS were used in evaluation.Results: The total scores and factors scores of the IPROS and the marks of negative gene,reaction lack gene and depression gene in the PANSS in study group were significantly...

Objective:To explore the effect of comprehensive rehabilitation training on negative symptoms of chronic schizophrenics. Methods:86 chronic schizophrenics were randomly divided into study group and control group.The patients in study group received comprehensive rehabilitation training for two months.PANSS and IPROS were used in evaluation.Results: The total scores and factors scores of the IPROS and the marks of negative gene,reaction lack gene and depression gene in the PANSS in study group were significantly lower than those in controls after comprehensive rehabilitation training.The depression gene scores of the PANSS in control group heightened after the comprehensive rehabilitation training.Conclusions: Comprehensive rehabilitation training proves to be effective in negative symptoms and rehabilitation effects.

目的:探讨综合康复训练对改善军队慢性精神分裂症患者阴性症状的效果。方法:将符合入组标准的86例慢性精神分裂症患者随机分为研究组和对照组,对照组行常规抗精神病药治疗,研究组在此基础上实施2个月的综合康复训练。以阳性和阴性症状量表(PASS)、住院精神病人康复疗效评定量表(IPROS)作为评定效果的工具。结果:综合康复训练前PANSS、IPROS总分及各因子分间无明显差异。与综合康复训练前比较,研究组PANSS量表阴性、反应缺乏及抑郁因子分明显下降(P<0.05~0.01),与对照组比差异有显著性(P<0.05~0.01);IPROS量表总分及各因子分均明显下降(P<0.05~0.01),与对照组比差异也有显著性(P<0.05~0.01);对照组PANSS量表的抑郁因子分明显升高(P<0.05)。结论:综合康复训练能够有效地改善恢复期精神分裂症患者的阴性症状及提高康复疗效。

Objective To explore the influence of comprehensive rehabilitation training on self-respect, social capacity and coping capacity of soldier’s chronic schizophrenics. Methods 86 soldier’s chronic schizophrenics were randomly divided into research(n=42) and control (n=44)group. The former received the combination of comprehensive rehabilitation training and routine antipsychotics and the latter did routine antipsychotics for 2 months. Assessments were conducted using the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale(LSAS), The...

Objective To explore the influence of comprehensive rehabilitation training on self-respect, social capacity and coping capacity of soldier’s chronic schizophrenics. Methods 86 soldier’s chronic schizophrenics were randomly divided into research(n=42) and control (n=44)group. The former received the combination of comprehensive rehabilitation training and routine antipsychotics and the latter did routine antipsychotics for 2 months. Assessments were conducted using the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale(LSAS), The Self-Esteem Scale(SES) and Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire(SCSQ) were used before training and within 1 week after training. Results Before training, there were no significant differences in total and factors’ scores of each scale between the 2 groups(P>0.05); at the end of training, in the research group score of the SES increased significantly(P<0.01),scores of both social anxiety and avoidance decreased(both P<0.01),score of active coping increased significantly(P<0.05) and the negative decreased(P<0.05); there was significant difference between the 2 groups(P<0.01). Conclusion The comprehensive rehabilitation training can improve the coping capacity, social capacity and adaptability.

目的探讨综合康复训练对军队慢性精神分裂症患者自尊、社交能力及应对能力的影响。方法将86例慢性精神分裂症军人患者随机分为研究组42例与对照组44例。对照组给予常规抗精神病药治疗,研究组在此基础上实施综合康复训练。疗程均为2mo。采用社交焦虑量表、自尊量表和简易应对方式问卷分别于综合康复训练前及训练末1w内进行评定分析。结果综合康复训练前,两组各量表总分及各因子分均无显著性差异(P>0.05);综合康复训练末,研究组自尊量表分明显提高(P<0.01),社交焦虑体验和回避社交因子分明显下降(P<0.01),积极应对因子分显著升高(P<0.05),消极应对因子分明显降低(P<0.05);两组比较差异有显著或极显著性(P<0.01,或0.05)。结论综合康复训练可改善精神分裂症患者的应对能力和社交能力,提高社会适应能力。

Objective:To investigate the extent and related factors of cognitive function damage in chronic schizophrenia.Methods: 41 cases of chronic schizophrenia and 51 normal controls were tested with Weschler Memory Scale(WMS) and Wisconsin Card Sort Test(WCST) respectively.The correlation analysis were analyzed by SPSS12.0 for windows.Results: Compared to normal group,patients with chronic schizophrenia displayed lower scores on genes of WMS,higher level in the number of perservation of responses,perservation errors...

Objective:To investigate the extent and related factors of cognitive function damage in chronic schizophrenia.Methods: 41 cases of chronic schizophrenia and 51 normal controls were tested with Weschler Memory Scale(WMS) and Wisconsin Card Sort Test(WCST) respectively.The correlation analysis were analyzed by SPSS12.0 for windows.Results: Compared to normal group,patients with chronic schizophrenia displayed lower scores on genes of WMS,higher level in the number of perservation of responses,perservation errors and total trails,lower level in the number of categories and correct responses of WCST(P<0.05~0.01).The factors of educational level,attack age,society family,course of disease and clinical symptoms were significantly correlated to cognitive function in chronic schizophrenia(P<0.05~0.01).Conclusion: The Cognitive dysfunction of chronic schizophrenia are significantly correlated to he factors of educational level,attack age,society family,course of disease and clinical symptoms.

目的:探讨军人慢性精神分裂症患者认知功能障碍损害程度及相关因素。方法:以34例军人慢性精神分裂症患者为研究对象,并设立41名正常志愿者为对照组,用修订韦氏记忆量表(WMS)评定记忆功能,威斯康星卡片分类测验(WCST)评估执行功能,并进行认知损害的相关因素分析。结果:与正常组相比,患者组WMS各因子分均明显偏低(P<0.05~0.01);WCST持续应答数、持续性错误数和完成测验总应答数偏高(P<0.05~0.01),分类数和正确应答数偏低(P<0.01)。认知功能损害程度与发病年龄、受教育程度、病程、家庭支持、社会支持及精神症状之间存在相关性(P<0.05~0.01)。结论:慢性精神分裂症存在明显的认知功能损害,且损害程度与症状、发病年龄、受教育程度、病程、家庭支持、社会支持等因素有关。

 
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