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政府支出     
相关语句
  government expenditure
     International Comparison on the Structure of the Government Expenditure
     政府支出结构的国际比较
短句来源
     The author has summarized the particularities of the changeof scale of our government expenditure by contrasting the laws of changes of the government expenditure of the developed countries, developing countries, transition countries and China, and has made a deep analysis in the reasons.
     作者通过对照国外发达国家、发展中国家和转轨国家政府支出规模变动的规律与我国经济体制转轨以来政府支出规模的变动情况,总结出我国政府支出规模变动的特殊性,并对我国政府支出规模异于国际趋势的原因作了深入分析。
短句来源
     Government Expenditure and Real Equilibrium Exchange Rate
     政府支出与均衡实际汇率
短句来源
     On the Reform of Government Expenditure after China's Entry into WTO
     加入WTO后我国政府支出改革的探讨
短句来源
     Study on the Law of the Fluctuation of the Scale of Our Government Expenditure
     我国政府支出规模变动规律研究
短句来源
更多       
  government expenditures
     Empirical Study on Government Expenditures' Effect to Economy Growth
     我国政府支出对经济增长拉动作用研究
短句来源
     Local Government Expenditures,Productivity Improvement and Regional Growth:Empirical Evidence from the Panel Data of Chinese Regions
     地方政府支出、效率改进与区域经济增长——中国地区面板数据的经验分析
短句来源
     This paper shows in a theoretical model that government expenditures affect world business cycle(WBC).
     本文从世界经济周期理论模型出发,从理论上证明政府支出的变动将会影响本国或他国经济周期,并证明当参与主体“势均力敌”时,政府支出对世界经济周期的影响与当两国相差悬殊时政府支出对世界经济周期的影响不同。
短句来源
     Government expenditures influence real exchange rates in terms of resource withdrawal and consumption transfer.
     政府支出通过资源的退出渠道和消费的转移渠道影响实际汇率。
短句来源
     By introducing various government expenditures which take tax revenue as main source,the distortion of taxation can be corrected.
     引入以税收为主要来源的各类政府支出,从而可以修正征税带来的扭曲。
短句来源
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  government spending
     Econometric Analysis of the Dynamic Effect of Government Spending Shocks and Tax Shocks to the Output
     税收和政府支出政策对产出动态冲击效应的计量分析
短句来源
     The volatilities in investment, government spending and net export are the procyclical components in the growth volatility, and the aggregate consumption is still stable during the business cycle.
     从产出波动性的成分分解来看 ,产出波动性降低的主要原因源于投资波动性、政府支出波动性和净出口波动性的降低 ,而消费波动性继续保持平稳态势。
短句来源
     Adjusting Government Expenditure Structure to Stimulate Private Consumption: A Study of Complementarity of Government Spending and Private Consumption
     调整政府支出结构 促进居民消费增长——基于政府支出与居民消费互补性关系的分析
短句来源
     This paper analyzed the relations between the output and consumption,investment,government spending and net export from the year of 1978 to 2005 with HP filter,and provided the main reason that caused economic fluctuation.
     运用HP滤波法对1978年~2005年我国产出与消费、投资、政府支出与净出口之间的关系进行了分析,进一步找出了引起经济波动的主要原因。
短句来源
     (2) Tax increasing suppresses private consumption while private consumption increases following government spending shocks.
     (2)增税的税收政策抑制私人消费,而扩大政府支出则会促进私人消费;
短句来源
更多       
  government expense
     From the viewpoint of government expense, this paper analyzes the role of the system of government purchase in perfecting the system of socialist market economy and states we should regulate the expert evaluative system of government purchase by laws and play the role of this system well which are the keys of achieving "the law of government purchase".
     本文从政府支出的角度,分析了政府采购制度在健全我国社会主义市场经济体制中的作用,并阐明依法规范政府采购专家评审机制,充分发挥政府采购评审专家作用,是实现我国《政府采购法》的关键。
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      government expenditure
    Recursive utility, productive government expenditure and optimal fiscal policy
          
    Pollution, government expenditure, taxes and stochastic growth
          
    One is government expenditure which usually invests in regional facility and amenity block, which is regarded as stimulus for attracting investment.
          
    On age distribution of population, government expenditure and fiscal federalism
          
    I assume, first, that some government expenditure items can be classified according to the age of their recipient individuals and, second, that different levels of government are usually assigned different expenditure programs.
          
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      government expenditures
    The employment vouchers considered here reduce unemployment and impose no cost on the government, since they are financed by the induced fall in government expenditures on unemployment benefits.
          
    The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between government expenditures and private investment in Canada during the period 1961 to 2000.
          
    To this end, effects of five categories of government expenditures on investment are examined within the cointegration and error-correction framework.
          
    The empirical results show that government expenditure on education and health has positive effects whereas government expenditures on capital and infrastructure have negative effects on private investment.
          
    Simple models of local government behavior predict equal effects of private income and unconditional federal grants on local government expenditures.
          
    更多          
      government spending
    Globalization, government spending and taxation in the OECD
          
    Year-to-year increases in total trade and international financial openness in the past three decades have been associated with less government spending.
          
    This research explores public judgments about the threat-reducing potential of experts, individual behavior, and government spending.
          
    Faith in more government spending is highest for AIDS and the other two health items, lowest for the trio of violent crime, automobile accidents, and global warming, and moderate for the remaining threats.
          
    Business and government spending on physician services
          
    更多          
      其他


    This paper considers the multiplier-accelerator model on national income, consumption, investment, government expenditure in macroeconomics as the foundation,applies the state space method in modern control theory to describe this dynamic economic system by a state space formula and theoretically analyses the stability, controllability, observability of the system.On this foundation, how to improve the stability of the system is expounded, at last, the theoretical analysis is verified with a simple example.

    本文以宏观经济学中关于国民收入、消费、投资、政府支出四者关系的动态乘数——加速数模型为基础,应用现代控制理论中的状态空间法把这一动态经济系统描述成状态空间形式,并对其进行了稳定性、能控性、能观性的理论分析,在此基础上阐述了如何改善系统的稳定性.最后,用实例对此理论分析给予验证.

    "IS-LM" modol is an important economic model in modern woetern economics, which involves the theory of price-adjustment, school of theroy anticipation, and early reynes thought in one theory. Proceeding from the equilibrium of product market and currency market, the slope of IS Curve and LM curve is given. The slope under variaue circumstance is analysed, and the corresponding policy meaning is clarified. The change of currency supply or governmental expenditure directly influences the Gross National Product...

    "IS-LM" modol is an important economic model in modern woetern economics, which involves the theory of price-adjustment, school of theroy anticipation, and early reynes thought in one theory. Proceeding from the equilibrium of product market and currency market, the slope of IS Curve and LM curve is given. The slope under variaue circumstance is analysed, and the corresponding policy meaning is clarified. The change of currency supply or governmental expenditure directly influences the Gross National Product (GNP), Price Standard and inflation. The Combination of fimancial and cuiiency. Policy can produce any expected change of the Gross National Product and the combination of Rate of Interest.

    模型融价格调整理论、理论预期学派以及早期凯恩斯主义思想于一体,是现代西方经济学中一个重要的经济模型。本文从产品市场均衡和货币市场均衡出发,用数学方式导出IS曲线和LM曲线斜率,针对各种情况下出现的斜率进行深入分析,并阐明与其相对应的政策含义。货币供给或政府支出的变化直接影响国民生产总值水平并对价格水平和通货膨胀产生严重影响。财政政策和货币政策的混合可产生任何希望的国民生产总值变化和利率组合。

    Deflation is not a new economic phenomenon as it occurred many times for the last 200 years in somecountries. Many people could remember the worst deflation of the century in the U. S. during 1930's, andsome economists adhered themselves on the analysis for a concept like the particular American typical deflation. Fortunately, few deflation happened since 1944, it is because that the General Theory of Employ ment, Interest, and Money, which was written by J. M. Keynse, gave an air of more government spending...

    Deflation is not a new economic phenomenon as it occurred many times for the last 200 years in somecountries. Many people could remember the worst deflation of the century in the U. S. during 1930's, andsome economists adhered themselves on the analysis for a concept like the particular American typical deflation. Fortunately, few deflation happened since 1944, it is because that the General Theory of Employ ment, Interest, and Money, which was written by J. M. Keynse, gave an air of more government spending toencourage economic growth.General speaking, deflation is a phenomenon of successive decreasing of general price index, which isquite different from economic recession and contractive monetary policy. From a historical viempint, deflation was not only caused by monetary policy contraction, but also by shortage of effective demand, cuttingof government spending, improvement of technology, rigid regime of exchange rate, inefficiency of financialintermediate, difficulties of non-performing loan, and etc.Once deflation happened it would result in economic recession, meanwhile shocks would hamper investment, consumption, redistribution, and financial system, as there was no forward-looking policy for preventing deflation.There is no doubt that Chinese economy experienced a deflation during 1998 - 1999, as the CPI andRPI were in a decreasing trend,The main causes for the deflation was not monetary policy's fault, but theexcessive productivity, the market-oriented economic reform, and external shocks.To solve the deflation China needs a reflationary policy, which including active fiscal policy, soundmonetary policy, flexible regime of exchange rate, and safety network of deposit insurance, so as to reflateprices up to a mormal stance to maintain a sustainable economic growth.Practically the government should optimize the aggregate and structure of fiscal spending to sway theprivate sector's demand, meanwhile the central bank should use a reflationary monetary policy to increasemoney supply, strengthen flexibility of the regime of exchange rate, and enhance soundness of the financialsystem.

    本文从分析世界各国通货紧缩的历史出发,提出通货紧缩的一般原因有:货币政策因素、有效需求不足、政府支出缩减、技术进步和放松管制、汇率制度僵硬、金融体系效率较低、不良贷款严重等。通过对我国通货紧缩趋势进行的分析,提出解决我国通货紧缩压力的对策是:采用再膨胀政策,使物价回升到合理的水平;优化财政支出的总量和结构;努力提高货币供应量;增强汇率制度的灵活性;提高金融体系的稳健性;

     
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