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  government expenditure
Recursive utility, productive government expenditure and optimal fiscal policy
      
Pollution, government expenditure, taxes and stochastic growth
      
One is government expenditure which usually invests in regional facility and amenity block, which is regarded as stimulus for attracting investment.
      
On age distribution of population, government expenditure and fiscal federalism
      
I assume, first, that some government expenditure items can be classified according to the age of their recipient individuals and, second, that different levels of government are usually assigned different expenditure programs.
      
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  government expenditures
The employment vouchers considered here reduce unemployment and impose no cost on the government, since they are financed by the induced fall in government expenditures on unemployment benefits.
      
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between government expenditures and private investment in Canada during the period 1961 to 2000.
      
To this end, effects of five categories of government expenditures on investment are examined within the cointegration and error-correction framework.
      
The empirical results show that government expenditure on education and health has positive effects whereas government expenditures on capital and infrastructure have negative effects on private investment.
      
Simple models of local government behavior predict equal effects of private income and unconditional federal grants on local government expenditures.
      
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  government spending
Globalization, government spending and taxation in the OECD
      
Year-to-year increases in total trade and international financial openness in the past three decades have been associated with less government spending.
      
This research explores public judgments about the threat-reducing potential of experts, individual behavior, and government spending.
      
Faith in more government spending is highest for AIDS and the other two health items, lowest for the trio of violent crime, automobile accidents, and global warming, and moderate for the remaining threats.
      
Business and government spending on physician services
      
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This paper considers the multiplier-accelerator model on national income, consumption, investment, government expenditure in macroeconomics as the foundation,applies the state space method in modern control theory to describe this dynamic economic system by a state space formula and theoretically analyses the stability, controllability, observability of the system.On this foundation, how to improve the stability of the system is expounded, at last, the theoretical analysis is verified with a simple example.

本文以宏观经济学中关于国民收入、消费、投资、政府支出四者关系的动态乘数——加速数模型为基础,应用现代控制理论中的状态空间法把这一动态经济系统描述成状态空间形式,并对其进行了稳定性、能控性、能观性的理论分析,在此基础上阐述了如何改善系统的稳定性.最后,用实例对此理论分析给予验证.

"IS-LM" modol is an important economic model in modern woetern economics, which involves the theory of price-adjustment, school of theroy anticipation, and early reynes thought in one theory. Proceeding from the equilibrium of product market and currency market, the slope of IS Curve and LM curve is given. The slope under variaue circumstance is analysed, and the corresponding policy meaning is clarified. The change of currency supply or governmental expenditure directly influences the Gross National Product...

"IS-LM" modol is an important economic model in modern woetern economics, which involves the theory of price-adjustment, school of theroy anticipation, and early reynes thought in one theory. Proceeding from the equilibrium of product market and currency market, the slope of IS Curve and LM curve is given. The slope under variaue circumstance is analysed, and the corresponding policy meaning is clarified. The change of currency supply or governmental expenditure directly influences the Gross National Product (GNP), Price Standard and inflation. The Combination of fimancial and cuiiency. Policy can produce any expected change of the Gross National Product and the combination of Rate of Interest.

模型融价格调整理论、理论预期学派以及早期凯恩斯主义思想于一体,是现代西方经济学中一个重要的经济模型。本文从产品市场均衡和货币市场均衡出发,用数学方式导出IS曲线和LM曲线斜率,针对各种情况下出现的斜率进行深入分析,并阐明与其相对应的政策含义。货币供给或政府支出的变化直接影响国民生产总值水平并对价格水平和通货膨胀产生严重影响。财政政策和货币政策的混合可产生任何希望的国民生产总值变化和利率组合。

This paper discusses the possibility for solving the explicit form of the consumption decision under the uncertain system and gives the framework for the problem.Based upon the critiques for the alternative income hypothesis and the dual utility function,we develop a new consumption decision model composing of the government expenditure and make analysis of the explicit form for this expanding model.

论述了不确定性系统下消费决策问题的显式解的可解性并给出了解的具体形式。在述评卢卡斯可多样化收入假设及二次型效用假设理论基础上 ,本文拓展了含有政府支出在内的消费决策问题 ,并对此问题的显式解进行了研究

 
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