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  government expenditure
Recursive utility, productive government expenditure and optimal fiscal policy
      
Pollution, government expenditure, taxes and stochastic growth
      
One is government expenditure which usually invests in regional facility and amenity block, which is regarded as stimulus for attracting investment.
      
On age distribution of population, government expenditure and fiscal federalism
      
I assume, first, that some government expenditure items can be classified according to the age of their recipient individuals and, second, that different levels of government are usually assigned different expenditure programs.
      
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  government expenditures
The employment vouchers considered here reduce unemployment and impose no cost on the government, since they are financed by the induced fall in government expenditures on unemployment benefits.
      
The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between government expenditures and private investment in Canada during the period 1961 to 2000.
      
To this end, effects of five categories of government expenditures on investment are examined within the cointegration and error-correction framework.
      
The empirical results show that government expenditure on education and health has positive effects whereas government expenditures on capital and infrastructure have negative effects on private investment.
      
Simple models of local government behavior predict equal effects of private income and unconditional federal grants on local government expenditures.
      
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  government spending
Globalization, government spending and taxation in the OECD
      
Year-to-year increases in total trade and international financial openness in the past three decades have been associated with less government spending.
      
This research explores public judgments about the threat-reducing potential of experts, individual behavior, and government spending.
      
Faith in more government spending is highest for AIDS and the other two health items, lowest for the trio of violent crime, automobile accidents, and global warming, and moderate for the remaining threats.
      
Business and government spending on physician services
      
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Depression and Deflation have firstly appeared in China since October 1997.In on order to enlarge domestic demands and restart economy,central government has taken some expanding macroecnomic policies dominated by fiscal policy.However,these policies haven't produced satisfactory outcomes.This paper is going to discuss the main factors that restreict enlarge domestic demands. Generally speaking,Aggregate demand consists of consumption,investment,government expenditure and net exports.Author will expound and...

Depression and Deflation have firstly appeared in China since October 1997.In on order to enlarge domestic demands and restart economy,central government has taken some expanding macroecnomic policies dominated by fiscal policy.However,these policies haven't produced satisfactory outcomes.This paper is going to discuss the main factors that restreict enlarge domestic demands. Generally speaking,Aggregate demand consists of consumption,investment,government expenditure and net exports.Author will expound and analysis some restrictive factors from above four aspects.

为了治理通货紧缩 ,重新启动经济 ,我国政府采取了一系列宏观调控政策以扩大内需 ,从而刺激经济增长。但是扩大内需的效果不佳。消费、投资、政府支出和净出口四个方面都是制约我国扩大内需的原因。在消费方面 ,由于预期因素造成降息和开征利息税没能有效刺激居民消费 ,农村消费市场难以启动 ,消费信贷没有社会基础 ;在投资方面 ,实际利率偏高制约了投资水平的提高 ,国有企业和国有银行的激励机制制约了可贷资金的规模 ;在政府支出方面 ,增税抑制了经济增长的倾向 ,政府支出存在挤出效应 ,财政投资效率不高 ;在净出口方面 ,当前汇率政策和全球性生产过剩都不利于扩大总需求。

The article presents a filtering model of housing market in competitive equilibrium.Based on the model,the comparative analysis between the government rent subsidy policy and the new government housing construction policy of low rent dwelling units or low cost livable dwelling units is provided. It is shown that the rent subsidy policy can be more efficient than the new construction policy in terms of cost to the government.

研究了政府为提高低收入阶层住房福利 ,是通过动用政府财政 ,以政府行为兴建廉租房或经济适用房 ,还是在住房市场中政府为其提供住房货币补贴的问题 .作者在Ohls住房模型的基础上 ,建立了一种新的住房过滤模型 ,通过对两种住房政策进行定量模拟比较发现 ,从政府支出成本最小角度衡量 ,政府货币补贴政策比直接兴建政策更为有效

The increase of government expenditure promotes the private consumption just because government expenditure is of multiplier effect. This paper, by setting up an intratemporal substitution model of private consumption, analyses the relation between government expenditure and private consumption in China. The paper concludes that the Chinese government may increase the gross demand within a short period of time by means of cumulating government expenditure, but during the long-run equilibrium, government expenditure...

The increase of government expenditure promotes the private consumption just because government expenditure is of multiplier effect. This paper, by setting up an intratemporal substitution model of private consumption, analyses the relation between government expenditure and private consumption in China. The paper concludes that the Chinese government may increase the gross demand within a short period of time by means of cumulating government expenditure, but during the long-run equilibrium, government expenditure will completely crowd out the private consumption.

政府支出的增加之所以能够引致居民消费的增长 ,是由于政府支出具有乘数效应。本文通过建立一个居民消费的跨期替代模型 ,分析了中国的政府支出与居民消费之间的关系 ,认为在短期内 ,中国政府可能通过增加政府支出的方式增加总需求 ,但在长期均衡时政府支出完全挤占了消费支出。

 
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