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  government expenditure
Recursive utility, productive government expenditure and optimal fiscal policy
      
Pollution, government expenditure, taxes and stochastic growth
      
One is government expenditure which usually invests in regional facility and amenity block, which is regarded as stimulus for attracting investment.
      
On age distribution of population, government expenditure and fiscal federalism
      
I assume, first, that some government expenditure items can be classified according to the age of their recipient individuals and, second, that different levels of government are usually assigned different expenditure programs.
      
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  government spending
Globalization, government spending and taxation in the OECD
      
Year-to-year increases in total trade and international financial openness in the past three decades have been associated with less government spending.
      
This research explores public judgments about the threat-reducing potential of experts, individual behavior, and government spending.
      
Faith in more government spending is highest for AIDS and the other two health items, lowest for the trio of violent crime, automobile accidents, and global warming, and moderate for the remaining threats.
      
Business and government spending on physician services
      
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These years our country's multiply reaction of invest and the government's expenditure to national income has been declining because of the drop of the marginal tendency of consume.The uncomplete of the function of transfering deposit to invest.the unreasonable struction of industry and Low efficiency of supply.The solutions include;1.by fair income distribution and the reform of welfare system push the consume;2.by the reform of financial system and capital market promote transfering deposit to invest;3.heighten...

These years our country's multiply reaction of invest and the government's expenditure to national income has been declining because of the drop of the marginal tendency of consume.The uncomplete of the function of transfering deposit to invest.the unreasonable struction of industry and Low efficiency of supply.The solutions include;1.by fair income distribution and the reform of welfare system push the consume;2.by the reform of financial system and capital market promote transfering deposit to invest;3.heighten the management of supply,by the emphasized industry policy and modern factory system improve the struction and efficiency of supply.

我国近年来的投资与政府支出对国民收入的乘数效应因边际消费倾向的下降、储蓄转化为投资的机制不健全、产业结构的不合理及供给的低效率等原因而持续下降。解决的主要途径或措施应为 :1.通过收入分配的公平调节 ,社会福利制度改革等提高社会消费水平 ;2 .通过金融管理体制改革及资本的市场化发展促进储蓄向投资的转化 ;3.强化供给管理 ,通过产业倾斜政策和现代企业制度的建立优化产业结构与提高供给效率。

The present article employs the neoclassical economic growth theory to test the convergence of the provinces in China from 1978 to 1997. The purpose is to investigate the factors that influence the differences of the economic growth rates of the provinces, and find out whether the developing economies can catch up with the developed economies automatically. The main founding reveals that: there is not any absolute convergence trend across the provinces in China, which means the differences of the initial output...

The present article employs the neoclassical economic growth theory to test the convergence of the provinces in China from 1978 to 1997. The purpose is to investigate the factors that influence the differences of the economic growth rates of the provinces, and find out whether the developing economies can catch up with the developed economies automatically. The main founding reveals that: there is not any absolute convergence trend across the provinces in China, which means the differences of the initial output among the provinces can not explain the differences of the economic growth rates, and there does exist conditional convergence and it conditions on the factors as degree of marketing, foreign capital actually used, export, expenditure by the government, technology progress, advantage of location, economic outwards dependence and effect of fixed capital investment etc. The implication of the finding is discussed briefly in the end of the paper.

本文利用了新古典经济增长理论分析了我国 1978~ 1997年各省经济增长的收敛性 ,目的在于考察这段时期内造成各个地区经济增长率差异的原因 ,以及落后的省份是否具有赶上发达省份的内在能力。分析结果表明 :( 1)我国各省在上述时间内不存在绝对收敛 ,经济初始水平的差别无法解释各个地区经济增长率的差异 ;( 2 )各个地区之间存在条件收敛 ,收敛的条件包括市场化程度、实际利用外资、技术进步、出口、政府支出、固定资产投资效益、经济外向依存度、地理优势等八个方面。本文最后简单地讨论了这些发现的意义

As economy in China has been into the state of surplus from shortage, the demand expansion is now the main trend of macroeconomic policy. In view of short-term, it's necessary to continue the policy of demand management, promoting the customer demand, and expanding the govemment expenditure, declining rate of interest and rate of deposit reserves through monetary policy. While in the long-term, so as to attention should be given to the adjustmgent of the supply structure to adapt to the change of the demand...

As economy in China has been into the state of surplus from shortage, the demand expansion is now the main trend of macroeconomic policy. In view of short-term, it's necessary to continue the policy of demand management, promoting the customer demand, and expanding the govemment expenditure, declining rate of interest and rate of deposit reserves through monetary policy. While in the long-term, so as to attention should be given to the adjustmgent of the supply structure to adapt to the change of the demand structure so as to realize the positively interaction between demand expansion and structure adjustment.

中国经济已从短缺经济进入到过剩经济 ,扩大内需已成为当前宏观经济政策的基本取向。扩大内需从短期来说 ,必须继续实行需求管理政策 ,努力启动消费需求 ,扩大政府支出规模并运用货币政策降低利率和存款准备金率。从长期来说 ,必须加大供给结构调整力度 ,使供给结构适应需求结构的变化 ,实现需求扩张与结构调整的良性互动。

 
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