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  posterolateral
     BMP-2 and BMP-4 gene dynamic expression during autograft spinal posterolateral fusion
     脊柱后外侧融合过程中BMP-2、BMP-4基因的动态表达
短句来源
     Applied Anatomy of the Resection of Nucleus Pulposus of L_5~S_1 Intervertebral Disc by Percutaneous Puncture at the Posterolateral Approach
     经皮穿刺L_5~S_1间盘髓核摘除术后外侧入路应用解剖学研究
短句来源
     The average distance from posterior median sulcus to posterolateral sulcus was 2.95 mm.
     脊髓后外侧沟(神经后根根丝进入脊髓处)到后正中沟的距离平均为2.95 mm。
短句来源
     and ③the position of infusion :both left venous angle and subclavian vein are 45. 5%. The distance from subclavian vein terminal point to left venous angle is 0. 3-2. 1 cm,the distance from the point of intersection of thoracic duct and posterolateral cervival vagina vasorum to left venous angle is 0. 4-2. 6 .cm,and the point from cervical vagina vasorum to venous angle is 3. 4-5. 0 cm.
     ③注入部位:止于左静脉角及锁骨下静脉均为 45.5%,但后者止点距左静脉角 0.3~2.1cm,胸导管与颈血管鞘后外侧交点到左静脉角为 0.4~2. 6 cm,而肩胛舌骨肌与颈血管鞘交点到静脉角距离为3.4~5.0cm。
短句来源
     The involved ligament included 29 anterior cruciate ligament of knee(ACL), 6 posterior cruciate ligament of knee(PCL),4 combined ACL and PCL, 3 medial collateral or lateral collateral ligaments of knee point and 1 posterolateral complex injury of knee.
     单纯前交叉韧带(anterior cruciate ligament,ACL)损伤29膝,单纯后交叉韧带(posterior cruciate ligament,PCL)损伤6膝,ACL和PCL联合损伤4膝。 合并内侧或外侧侧副韧带损伤3膝,合并后外侧结构损伤1膝。
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  posterior lateral
     Results There is 12 cm×17 cm staining at the posterior lateral legs.
     结果小腿后外侧皮肤出现蓝染面积在12cm×17cm范围内。
短句来源
     Application of Left Posterior Lateral Thoracotomy in Reoperation of Mitral Valve
     左后外侧切口在再次二尖瓣手术中的应用
短句来源
     The position relationship between mandibular nerve and middle meningeal artery: There were 22 necropsies (73%) with middle meningeal artery located in the posterior lateral of mandibular nerve and 8 necropsies (27%) located in the outer of mandibular nerve.
     下颌神经与脑膜中动脉的位置关系:脑膜中动脉位于下颌神经的后外侧22侧(73)%。 位于下颌神经的外侧8侧(27%)。
短句来源
     Posterior lateral route is often employed.
     它的穿刺路径常采用后外侧穿刺路径。
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     Results There were 101 cases of central type,29 cases of posterior lateral type,59 cases of hole type and 8 cases of lateral type.
     结果178例青少年腰椎间盘突出中,中央型101个,后外侧型29个,椎间孔型59个,椎旁型8个。
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  lateral posterior
     Results RIM3γ mRNA was preferentially expressed in lateral posterior thalamic,mitral layer of the main olfactory bulb,layers Ⅱ-Ⅳ of somatosensory cortex,the granula layer of the cerebellum and the superficial layers of the spinal cord dorsal horn.
     结果RIM3γ的mRNA主要表达在丘脑腹后外侧核、嗅球的僧帽细胞层、大脑皮质躯体感觉区的第Ⅱ~Ⅳ层及在小脑的颗粒层和脊髓后角的边缘层区域。
短句来源
     Results: The average outer diameter of lateral superior genicular artery (LSGA) was (1.7±0.3)mm. The length of its main stem was (2.8±0.2)cm. LSGA ascended from lateral posterior to lateral anterior and gave off ascending and descending branches and supplied for distribution of wide fascia.
     结果 :膝上外侧动脉起始外径 (1.7± 0 .3)mm ,干长 (2 .8± 0 .2 )cm ,起始后沿股骨后外侧向前外侧上行分为升支和降支 ,供血分布于大腿阔筋膜。
短句来源
     Results: Anastomosis branch of inferior gluteal artery to great trochanter below the piriform muscle gives off terminal tendon branch of middle gluteal muscle far from the origin(4.4 + 1. 2cm), distributing the terminal tendon of middle gluteal muscle and the top of great trochanter and anatomose with the lateral posterior artery net.
     结果:臀下动脉吻合支沿梨状肌下缘行向大转子途中,在距动脉起点4.4±1.2cm处分出臀中肌止腱支,分布于臀中肌止腱及大转子尖端并参与大转子后外侧动脉网。
短句来源
     The frozen sections were processed with TMB method. Each cortical area of MSS has reciprocal connections with ipsilateral pulvinar (PUL), lateral posterior nucleus (LP) and posterior nucleus (PN) of the lateral nuclear group of thalamus and central medial nucleus (NCM), paracentral nucleus (PC) and central lateral nucleus (CL) of the intralaminar nuclear group.
     中薛氏上回各皮层区均与同侧丘脑的枕核(PUL)、后外侧核(LP)、后核(PN)以及中央内侧核(NCM)、旁中央核(PC)、中央外侧核(CL)联系。
短句来源
     Objective:To provide an anatomic basis on transposition of lateral posterior great trochanter bone(periosteal)flap pedicled with terminal tendon branch of middle gluteal muscle of anastomosis branch of inferior gluteal artery.
     目的:为以臀下动脉吻合支臀中肌止腱支为蒂的大转子后外侧骨、骨膜瓣移位术提供解剖学依据。
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  “后外侧”译为未确定词的双语例句
     (4)The expression of p53 protein of the cervical lymph nodes metastasis was 77.6%(38/49), and of the retropharyngeal nodes metastasis was 76.5%(26/34). There were no statistical significance (X~2=0.591,P>0.05 and X~2=0.795,P>0.05).
     颈部淋巴结转移和咽后外侧淋巴结转移的 p53蛋白阳性表达率分别为77.6%(38/49)、76.5%(26/34),淋巴结的转移与 p53蛋白的表达情况无关联(X~2值分别为0.591、0.795,P 值均>0.05);
短句来源
     Results The incision length for Ⅰ group and Ⅱ group were (11.5±1.10) cm and (26.0±0.83) cm,respectively (P<0.01). The volume of postoperative drainage were (324.2±29.8) ml and (584.3±28.0) ml for two groups,respectively (P<0.01).
     结果前胸外侧切口与后外侧切口两组术式的切口长度分别为(11.5±1.1)cm、(26.0±0.8)cm,胸腔引流量分别为(324.2±29.8)ml、(584.3±28.0)ml(P<0.01)。
短句来源
     The labeled cells were found mainly in the intermedio- lateral nucleus(about 95.02%).
     标记细胞主要位于中间带外侧核(约占95.02%),其次为侧索、中介核、前角腹后外侧核。
短句来源
     AbstractDuring 1993~1994,lumbar discography usingposterolateral approach of centesis,was performed in68 cases (83 discs)with the lesions chiefly at the L_(4-5)and L_5-S_1(95.2%)intervertebral space。
     1993~1994两年间做腰椎间盘造影计68例83个椎间盘,造影椎间盘以L_(4-5)和L_5-S_1为主(95.2%),取后外侧穿刺方法。
短句来源
     ②Four areas in the lateral wall of cavernous sinus was found, namely the superior triangle,the lateral triangle,the antero lateral triangle and postero lateral triangle. Their areas were 26.1±6.7 mm 2, 53.2±12.8 mm 2,55.5±13.1 mm 2 and 23.9±6.2 mm 2 respectively.
     海绵窦外侧壁可见上三角、外侧三角、前外侧三角、后外侧三角 ,其面积分别为 :(2 6.1± 6.7)mm2 ,(5 3 .2± 12 .8)mm2 ,(5 5 .5± 13 .1)mm2 ,(2 3 .9± 6.2 )mm。
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  posterolateral
The patient was symptomatic and had a posterolateral myocardial infarction.
      
Wir berichten über einen 69j?hrigen Patienten mit ausgedehnten posterolateral gelegenem Pseudoaneurysma, welches durch eine reanimationspflichtige Linksherzdekompensation klinisch manifest wurde.
      
Resection of the smaller aortic arch, left in 3 and right in 5, through a right or a left posterolateral thoracotomy was uncomplicated and fully resolved the symptoms in all patients.
      
The ischemic and asynergic posterolateral myocardial segments were not opacified.
      
29 patients (81%) with 2 posterolateral veins were acute responders with 10 of them (33%) being responders in only one vein.
      
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  posterior lateral
SP-immunoreactivity was found in medulla terminalis (MT) of optic ganglia, and lateral cell cluster of protocerebrum and posterior lateral cell cluster of tritocerebrum.
      
The bi-unicondylar knees showed 3.8±3.4?mm posterior lateral condylar translation.
      
Articular cartilage injury of the posterior lateral tibial plateau associated with acute anterior cruciate ligament injury
      
Of four bone bruise negative cases, one case (25%) had a tear in the LM posterior horn, articular cartilage injury of the lateral femoral condyle and of the posterior lateral tibial plateau.
      
This current study has demonstrated that we need to pay attention to cartilage damage of the posterior lateral tibial plateau as well as to posterior horn tears in LM, when acute ACL injury is shown.
      
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  lateral posterior
Also, in the dorsal geniculate (+72%) and lateral posterior nuclei (+58%) we found more RORα mRNA in dKO as compared to dWT animals.
      
Lateral posterior translation was 5.0±2.3?mm in bi-unicondylar knees for 0°-30° flexion.
      
The dose-effect relationships, the role of baseline rates of responding and their effects on brain acetylcholine (ACh) were determined in rats trained to self-stimulate for electrical reward in the lateral posterior hypothalamus.
      
Terminations were also seen in the lateral posterior nucleus, a part of the thalamus associated with the somatosensory system.
      
These results further identify Area DM as an integral part of the visual system, suggest functional subdivisions of the pulvinar complex, and implicate the lateral posterior nucleus in the mediation of visual, as well as somatosensory, behavior.
      
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The fore foot of the mole is three times larger than its hind foot. Serialsections of the spinal cords of two adult moles were prepared for a comparativestudy of the motor centers of the fore and hind legs in the cervical and lum-bar enlargements. The magnitude of the motor cells in the anterior horn of the cervicalenlargement (centers of leg muscles), wheh taken collectively, is 2.5--2.8 timesthat of the lumbar enlargement. The motor cells in the posterior part of theanterior horn (posterolateral and retroposterolateral...

The fore foot of the mole is three times larger than its hind foot. Serialsections of the spinal cords of two adult moles were prepared for a comparativestudy of the motor centers of the fore and hind legs in the cervical and lum-bar enlargements. The magnitude of the motor cells in the anterior horn of the cervicalenlargement (centers of leg muscles), wheh taken collectively, is 2.5--2.8 timesthat of the lumbar enlargement. The motor cells in the posterior part of theanterior horn (posterolateral and retroposterolateral columns,--centers of footmuscles) of the cervical enlargement, if compared separately, are 3.4--4.0 timesthose of the lumbar enlargement. The two columns innervating the foot muscles contain enormous cells,break into subcolumns and thrust posterolaterally to form a new "horn" whichis even larger than the original anterior horn on many levels. The upper part of the retroposterolateral column (centers of digital mus-cles) is better developed than the lower part. With cells exceedingly hypertro-phied and subcolumns well differentiated, the upper end seems in control ofthe huge big toe (and also partially of the large-sized second and third toes).while the motor center of the little toe is apparently located at the lowerend. The immense bulk of the fore leg of the mole is associated with a cor-responding differentiation of its spinal centers. The development of a peripheralpart is correlated with a commensurate structure on the central side.

鼹鼠的前足约为後足的3倍。本研究用二个成长鼹鼠的脊髓,作连续染片,比较颈腰膨大部中前後肢的运动中枢的形态。若综合比较颈腰膨大部前角的运动细胞(肢肌的中枢)的数量,颈部约当腰部的2.5—2.8倍。若单独比较前角后部的运动细胞(後外侧柱和後後外侧柱——足肌的中枢)的数量,颈部竟大到腰部的3.4—4.0倍。支配足肌的二柱细胞巨大,分出亚柱,胞团外拓,形成一个新角;有些阶段,它更大过原来的前角。後後外柱的上端比下端发展得多。上端细胞巨大,亚群明显,似主管奇大的踇趾(和二、三趾);小趾的中枢似在下端。鼹鼠前肢的(厂龙)大联系脊髓中枢的分化。周缘部的发展程度与中枢部的形态是相系的。

The forefoot of the mole-rat (Myospalax myospalax psilurus), found in the vicinity of Peking, is twice as large as its hindfoot. Serial sections of the spinal cords of two adult animals were compared as to the configuration of the white and gray matters and to the relative magnitude of the motor cells in the anterior horn of the cervical and lumbar enlargements. The results were as follows: The cervical enlargement innervating the foreleg is much larger in cross section than the lumbar enlargement which innervates...

The forefoot of the mole-rat (Myospalax myospalax psilurus), found in the vicinity of Peking, is twice as large as its hindfoot. Serial sections of the spinal cords of two adult animals were compared as to the configuration of the white and gray matters and to the relative magnitude of the motor cells in the anterior horn of the cervical and lumbar enlargements. The results were as follows: The cervical enlargement innervating the foreleg is much larger in cross section than the lumbar enlargement which innervates the hindleg. As compared to the lumbo-sacral levels, the anterior horn of the cervical region is broader in area and its cell columns attain greater proportions with better delimitation. In the cervical enlargement, the gray matter of the anterior horn expands laterally to form the antero-external and postero-external angles. The latter thrusts far out and contains the retroposterolateral column supplying the digital muscles. At equal-spaced representative levels, the cervical enlargement consis- tently out-ranks the lumbar enlargement in the distribution of the motor cells in the anterior horn, which control the leg muscles. The sum total of such cells at all the levels of the cervical enlargement is 1.4-1.5 times that of the lumbar enlargement. Moreover, when taken separately, the total motor cells in the posterior part of the anterior horn of the cervical enlargement, which innervates the distal portion of the foreleg, are 2.2-2.8 times that of the lumbar enlargement. The third and fourth toes assume enormous size on the forefoot. The retroposterolateral column which supplies the digital musculature is larger and longer in the cervical intumescence. The cells in the middle segment of this column are generally larger-sized, more numerous and with better-defined subdivisions. These traits apparently suggest that the cells in control of the third and fourth toes are mainly located at this plane. The striking difference in the size of the fore and hind feet reflects itself in the differential development of the anterior horn cells in the cervical and lumbar enlargements. This goes to show once more that the motor centers of the spinal cord develop in correlation with the peripheral organs innervated as well as with the particular mode of life of the animal.

產在北京近郊的地鼠(地羊)的前足約當後足二倍。本研究取二個成長地鼠的脊髓,作切片觀察,注意比較頸、腰膨大部灰、白二質的形勢和前角運動細胞的數量,得到以下的結果: 支配前肢的頸膨大部在切面上遠大於支配後肢的腰膨大部。與腰部相較,頸部的前角灰質面積廣闊,各細胞柱形體粗大,界限清明。特在頸部,前角灰質向外突成前、後外角;後者延伸特遠,內合支配趾肌的後後外側柱。此看支配肢肌的前角細胞在二膨大部各階段上的配佈,頸部總是高出腰部。在點定的16-18階段上總計前角細胞的數量,頸部約當腰部1.4-1.5倍。若單看支配肢體遠端的前角後部中細胞的總值,頸部超過腰部就達2.2-2.8倍。前足第三、四趾特別巨大。支配趾肌的後後外側柱在頸部比腰部粗而且長。大致說來,此柱中段的細胞較大、較多、更分出亞柱。這些跡象暗示控制巨大的第三、四趾的細胞似集中這個階段。地鼠前、後肢大小的懸殊反映到前角灰質發展的程度。這再次證明脊髓中樞的發展與所支配的周緣器官和動物的生活方式是相系的。

We studied the gross anatomy of the upper limbs and inner structure of the cervical enlargement of the spinal cord of a phocomelus,in comparison with a normal fetus. The sections of the two spinal cords were compared as to the configuration of the white and gray matters and the relative magnitude of the motor cells in the anterior horn of the cervical enlargement. From the correspondance of the abnormal conditions of the upper limbs and the spinal cord in the phocomelus,it may be inferred that the lateral cell...

We studied the gross anatomy of the upper limbs and inner structure of the cervical enlargement of the spinal cord of a phocomelus,in comparison with a normal fetus. The sections of the two spinal cords were compared as to the configuration of the white and gray matters and the relative magnitude of the motor cells in the anterior horn of the cervical enlargement. From the correspondance of the abnormal conditions of the upper limbs and the spinal cord in the phocomelus,it may be inferred that the lateral cell groups (antero- lateral,medio-lateral,postero-lateral and central) of the anterior horn normally supply the muscles of the upper and fore-arm and the shoulder region.The antero-lateral,medio- lateral,postero-lateral and central columns are small in size and few in cells;thus,the retroposterolateral column lies solitarily in the postero-lateral angle of the anterior horn. It should be the center of the digital muscles.As the retropostero-lateral column over laps partly the postero-lateral column,so it supplies jointly the muscles of the fingers and the fore-arm.

作者观察了短膊畸胎的上肢外形及脊髓颈膨大的内部结构,并与正常胎儿比较。切片观察二胎的颈膨大灰白二质的形势和前角运动细胞的数量,得到以下的结果:根据短膊畸胎的上肢和脊髓变态发育的对应,我们推定在正常情况下前角外侧细胞群(前外侧柱、中外侧柱、后外侧柱、中央柱)等支配上臂、前臂以及肩部的一些肌肉。畸胎前外侧柱、中外侧桂、后外侧柱、中央柱的细胞形小,数目显著减少,于是后后外侧柱就孤居于后外角中。后后外侧柱应是支配指肌的中枢。又因后后外侧柱连接后外柱的成分,所以它似兼管指肌和前臂肌(掌腕部)。

 
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