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价格上限     
相关语句
  price ceiling
     It is an elastic range taking the balanced price as mid point of merger price range, both sides follow the basic market operation rule Under the prerequisite of contacting, investigating, comparing and reaching preliminary merger intention, merging enterprise estimates merger price ceiling, target enterprises estimates merger lower limit and upper limit.
     企业并购价格区间是一个以并购均衡价格为中点的弹性区间,是并购双方遵循市场基本运行法则,在接触、考察、对比并达成初步并购意向的前提下,由并购企业估算出并购价格上限,目标企业估算出并购价格下限而逐步形成的。
短句来源
     Through expounding the theories of price ceiling and yardstick competition of incentive regulation,this paper analyzes on the practice of the regulation for the electric power industries in the west developed countries,and probes into the enlightenment of incentive design to Chinese electric power industry.
     通过对激励性规制价格上限和标尺竞争理论的概述,分析了西方发达国家电力产业规制的实践,探讨了激励性设计对我国电力产业的启示。
短句来源
  price cap
     In the regulation practice of natural monopoly industry,the western countries have adopted various incentive regulation forms,such as price cap regulation,social contract system,franchise bidding regulation and yardstick competition regulation.
     西方国家在自然垄断产业的规制实践中,采用了多种多样的激励性规制形式,如价格上限规制、社会契约制度、特许投标规制、标尺竞争规制等。
短句来源
     Model of Dynamic Price Cap for Regulation of Electricity Market
     电力市场监管中的动态价格上限模型
短句来源
     Setting reasonable price cap in electricity market
     电力市场合理价格上限之确定
短句来源
     Price cap regulation in electricity market
     电力市场中的价格上限管制
短句来源
     It mainly includes the traditional price regulation model, the Ramesey price regulation model, the price cap regulation model and the access price regulation model.
     本章是文章的主要部分,主要是对传统定价模式、拉姆塞定价模式、价格上限定价模式、网络接入定价模式这几种定价模式进行了详细的分析,并讨论了各种模式的适用范围和优缺点。
短句来源
更多       
  price capping
     IMPLEMENTATION OF TRANSFORM FROM PRICE CAPPING TO PROFIT CAPPING BY PROFIT SPACE THEORY FOR ELECTRICITY MARKET
     用利润空间法实现从价格上限到利润上限的转变
短句来源
     In fact, price capping cannot suppress the price spikes and evade the market risks effectively.
     事实上价格上限不能有效地抑制电价飞升和规避市场风险。
短句来源
     To overcome the difficulty in designing price cap for regulation of electricity market,a novel model,dynamic price capping model,was proposed based on British RPI(retail price index),American ROR(rate of return) and PCM(profit capping model).
     为解决发电侧市场最高限价的设置问题,以美国的投资回报率法(ROR)、英国的零售价格指数法(RPI-X)和利润上限法为基础,提出了动态价格上限设置模型.
短句来源
  price upper limit
     Fourthly, the infrastructure management should be controlled in the area of investment, the fee of connecting networks and service quantity etc, combining the price upper limit control;
     与网运分离的重组方案相配套,应对路网部分的投资、路网接入费、服务质量等进行管制,并利用价格上限管制进行激励;
短句来源
     The different income citizens have little difference to ecologic environment,project,accommodation environment and place of culture tourism places. But they have great differences in travel price,season,the time of staying. With the increase of the income,they can accept broader tourism price upper limit,the sensitive degree to the price is reduced,at the same time,the requisition for product quality is improved,hoping that the resident time is lengthened;
     运用抽样调查的方式以长沙市居民对凤凰古城的需求为例研究不同收入城市居民的文化旅游需求差异,得出不同收入城市居民对文化旅游地的生态环境、项目、住宿环境和场所需求差异不大,但在对旅游价格、季节、停留时间上具有较大差异:随着收入的增加,愿接受的旅游价格上限变宽,价格的敏感程度降低,同时对产品质量的要求提高,停留时间希望延长,出游季节选择更为灵活。
短句来源
     Obtaining the different income citizens have a little difference to ecologic environment,project,accommodation environment and place of culture tourism places. But they have very great differences in travel price,season,the time of staying: With the increase of the income,they can accept broader tourism price upper limit,the sensitive degree to the price is reduced,at the same time the requisition for product quality is improved,hoping that the resident time is lengthened; they are flexible in season choice aspect.
     得出不同收入城市居民对文化旅游地的生态环境、项目、住宿环境和场所差异不大,但在旅游价格、季节、停留时间具有较大差异:随着收入的增加,愿接受的旅游价格上限变宽,价格的敏感程度降低,同时对产品质量的要求提高,停留时间希望延长,出游季节选择更为灵活。
短句来源

 

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      price ceiling
    In particular we show that a price ceiling above marginal cost can reduce price dispersion and improve welfare (by lowering aggregate search costs) without decreasing quantity supplied.
          
    Conventional wisdom is that a binding price ceiling increases output and so increases social welfare if imposed on an imperfectly competitive market.
          
    However, this paper shows that a price ceiling can be harmful to social welfare even though it increases industry output and consumer surplus.
          
    Furthermore, a price ceiling should be set to account for the effect of tree saturation.
          
    Any remedy proposed here would therefore first and foremost involve imposing a price ceiling.
          
    更多          
      price cap
    Incentive mechanism design for public goods provision: Price cap regulation and optimal regulation
          
    This paper studies the mechanism design that induces firms to provide public goods under two regulatory means: price cap regulation and optimal regulation, respectively.
          
    Further, by comparative statics, the conclusion is drawn that the welfare loss associated with price cap regulation, with respective to optimal regulation, increases more with increase of the expense of public goods.
          
    The retail price cap, termed the "index price," on a drug (chemical substance) was set equal to the average of the three lowest producer prices on that drug, plus a fixed wholesale and retail margin.
          
    Price cap, profit cap, profit/sales and mark-up-on-average cost caps are considered as regulatory instruments, whilst expense preference, profits, and sales revenues are considered as potential arguments in the firm's objective function.
          
    更多          
      price capping
    Where competition is not feasible, continuing economic regulation is relied upon, designed to mirror the competitive market to induce, through comparative competition and the price capping mechanism, incentives for greater efficiency.
          
    The paper finds that the FCC's price capping constrained both demand and prices.
          
    The privatization of United Kingdom utilities after 1979 established a regulatory regime based around price capping rather than return capping.
          
    The issue of price capping and a Sandler style 1% cap on products has been under discussion by the Committee.
          


    Water resources value (WRV) occupies an important place in sustainable utilization of water resources. The avaiable WRV models such as shadow price model, marginal opportunity cost model and supply-demand price model, each has merits and demerits, can not completely reflect WRV. WRV system is a complex system, fuzzy and complicated, composed of three interactive parts of society, economy and environment. Here the fuzzy model which consists of comprehensive evaluation of WRV (I) and calculation...

    Water resources value (WRV) occupies an important place in sustainable utilization of water resources. The avaiable WRV models such as shadow price model, marginal opportunity cost model and supply-demand price model, each has merits and demerits, can not completely reflect WRV. WRV system is a complex system, fuzzy and complicated, composed of three interactive parts of society, economy and environment. Here the fuzzy model which consists of comprehensive evaluation of WRV (I) and calculation of WRV (or price) (II) is put forward. In part I, various factors which affect WRV are evaluated by fuzzy model with evaluation result being V. The water resources value WLJ=V.P, in which P is vector of WRV, coming from proper division of the maximum WRV. Finally, Beijing city is taken as a case study. The research result indicated that the fuzzy model of WRV is practical.

    水资源价值在水资源持续利用中具有重要的地位,现有的影子价格模型、边际机会成本模型、供求价格模型等水资源价值模型各有优缺点,但均没有完全解决水资源价值问题。水资源价值系统是由社会、经济、环境相互作用形成的复合系统,具有模糊性和复杂性。为此,本文提出了水资源价值模糊数学模型,该模型由水资源价值综合评价(Ⅰ)和水资源价值(价格)计算(Ⅱ)两部分组成,其中Ⅰ部分是对影响水资源价值的各因素进行模糊评价,综合评价结果为V;水资源价值WLJ=V·P,P是水资源价格向量,它是通过对水资源价格上限适当的分割构成,最后以北京市为例,对水资源价值模糊数学模型开展了实例研究,结果表明,水资源价值模糊数学模型符合实际,具有实际应用价值。

    The Ministry of Information Industry recently adjusted telecom tariffs, making telecom tariff a hot topic. The basic principles, main content and the specific methods of telecom tariff regulation are introduced in this paper. After that, the history and the future of telecom tariff regulation in our country is analyzed.

    最近信息产业部调整了我国的电信资费标准,使得电信资费成了一个热门话题.电信资费管制的根本目的是促进公平竞争,保护用户利益.因此,资费管制应该遵循以成本为基础,以公正与健康发展、公平或普遍服务以及利益双向保证为基本原则.资费管制的主要内容则包括资费水平的管制、资费体系或结构的管制资费审批或备案、监督电信资费的日常变动以及调解、仲裁电信运营者之间的资费纠纷.具体的资费管制方式可采取公正报酬率管制方式或价格上限管制方式,它们各有优缺点.我国电信资费管制的历史具有“不知觉性”和“不完整性”的特点,如今在政企分开后,我国应制定出适应电信业发展的电信资费管制体制.

    In telecom industry, the price -cap regulation system tends to take over the rate of return regulation. Compared with rate of return, the price-cap paradigm allows a longer period of regulatory assessment while the regulated company is subject to the the upper and lower limit of the price ceiling. Such a pricing mechanism provides a preferable pricing flexibility for companies under its control. The potential drawback is the need of more relevant technical information and the provisioning of a chance for...

    In telecom industry, the price -cap regulation system tends to take over the rate of return regulation. Compared with rate of return, the price-cap paradigm allows a longer period of regulatory assessment while the regulated company is subject to the the upper and lower limit of the price ceiling. Such a pricing mechanism provides a preferable pricing flexibility for companies under its control. The potential drawback is the need of more relevant technical information and the provisioning of a chance for regulators to judge the profits of operators in a random manner. At the moment, the UK, the USA, France, and some other countries have adopted the price-ceiling control which promotes deregulation and competition.

    在电信业中 ,价格上限管制方式有取代公正报酬率管制方式的趋势。与公正报酬率管制相比 ,价格上限管制接受管制的评述周期一般比较长 ,受其管制的运营公司的收益率同时受到上调限制和下调限制 ,这种管制方式为受管制公司提供了更好的的定价灵活性。潜在的不足是需要更多相关的技术信息 ,且为管制者提供了随机判断运营者利润的机会。目前 ,英、美、法等国采取了这种可以促进放松管制和竞争的价格上限管制

     
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