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野生葡萄     
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  wild grape
     It was concluded that IAA is a suitable additive for the rooting of the wild grape plantlets in test tubes and the optimum concentrations of IAA are 0.5 to 1.0 mg·L(-1).
     IAA是野生葡萄试管苗生根繁殖的适宜添加剂,其适宜浓度为0.5~100mg·L(-1)。
短句来源
     Tube plantlets received by tissue culture of 6 clones of 4 Chinese wild grape species, 2 interspecific hybrids, 5 table grape cultivars,S rootstock cultivars and 1 wine grape cultivar were incubated in media with different NaCl concentrations for studying their salt tolerance .
     对中国野生葡萄4个种的6个株系、2个种间杂种、5个鲜食葡萄品种、1个酿酒葡萄品种和5个砧木品种通过组织培养获得试管苗,以不同浓度的NaCl作为盐胁迫因子,分别加入生根培养基中进行耐盐筛选。
短句来源
     Investigation on wild grape resources and propagation technology in limestone mountain areas of west Guangxi
     桂西岩溶山区野生葡萄资源与繁殖技术
短句来源
     Study Advances on Wild Grape Germ-plasm Resources and Its Utilization
     野生葡萄种质资源及其利用研究进展
短句来源
     In our lab , By mRNA DDRT-PCR (mRNA differential display reverse transcription-PCR ) and RACE (Rapid amplification of cDNA ends ) , the STS gene and ALDH gene of Chinese wild grape was cloned and separated from Vitis pseudoreticulata Baihe-35-1 , which has a high resistance to Uncinula necator schw. Burr.
     本实验室研究人员通过mRNA差异显示技术(mRNA differential display reverse transcription-PCR , DDRT-PCR)及cDNA 末端快速扩增技术(Rapid amplification of cDNA ends, RACE),从高抗白粉病的华东葡萄白河-35-1(Vitis pseudoreticulata)中克隆分离得到中国野生葡萄STS 基因、ALDH 基因。
短句来源
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  wild vitis
     Five Wild vitis specics were studied by culturing in different mediums (GS,MS, 1/2MS),different concentration of b-BA and suerosc.
     本研究以华东葡萄、沙地葡萄、燕山葡萄、毛葡萄、刺葡萄5个野生葡萄品种为试材,取单芽茎段为外植体,采用GS、MS、1/2MS3种培养基,研究不同的培养基,不同6-BA浓度,不同蔗糖浓度对离体单芽茎段腋芽萌发的影响。
短句来源
     The Study on Pollen Morphology of the Wild Vitis Varieties in China
     中国野生葡萄花粉形态学研究
短句来源
     Study on the Chromosome Ploidy of Chinese Wild Vitis Species
     中国野生葡萄染色体倍性研究
短句来源
     Study on the Chromosome Ploidy of Chinese Wild Vitis Species
     中国野生葡萄染色体倍性的研究
短句来源
     2.Assay of chromosome numbers showed that 64 clones of 18 Chinese wild Vitis have 38 chromosome, which were identical to diploid of vitis vinifera cultivars.
     2、经染色体计数分析,供试的中国野生葡萄18个种64个株系的染色体数目全部为38条,与二倍体欧洲葡萄栽培品种染色体数目一致,说明本研究中原产中国的野生葡萄的染色体倍性是二倍体。
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  wild grapes
     Two interspecific crosses [ V.quinquangularis (resistant)× V.vinifera (susceptible)]88-110 and 88-84 were analyzed. Three F 2 progenies resulting from three crosses of self cross and inter cross of 88-110 F 1 seedlings,as well as cultivars of V.vinifera and the wild grapes native to China were chosen for test too.
     分析了两个种间杂交组合 [毛葡萄 (抗病 )×欧洲葡萄 (感病 ) ]88- 1 1 0和 88- 84与 88- 1 1 0的 F1代自交或互交所得的 3个 F2 代 ,以及欧洲葡萄品种和中国野生葡萄种 .
短句来源
     Genetic Diversity in Wild Grapes Native to China Based on Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) Analysis
     中国野生葡萄遗传多样性的RAPD分析(英文)
短句来源
     Study on the breaking dormancy of Chinese wild grapes
     中国野生葡萄打破休眠研究
短句来源
     Cytological study of embryo development and abortion in hybrid progeny of seedless grape and Chinese wild grapes
     无核葡萄与中国野生葡萄杂种胚发育和败育的细胞学研究
短句来源
     wild grapes and JuFeng grape are used as materials to study wild grape hard-woodcutting,their survival rate and growth of root system and branch tendril are also observed.
     本试验以山葡萄、225RU、甜冬葡萄、5C、Vitis ripria Grand glober、5BB、桑叶葡萄、燕山葡萄、沙地葡萄、S04、Saltcreek、美洲葡萄、Dogridge、华东葡萄等14种野生葡萄和巨峰栽培葡萄为试材,进行硬枝扦插,观察其成活率、根系与枝蔓生长情况。
短句来源
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  wild grapevine
     Among the grapevine description character, color of shoot tip(OIV 002,003),tendrils distribution type,changing of leaf type,hair on lower surface of mature leaf(OIV 084,085),size of mature leaf(OIV 065),hair on shoot tip(OIV 004,005),basic shape of teeth, bunch density(OIV 204) are very important in wild grapevine taxonomy native to Yunxi.
     在野生葡萄描述性状中,梢尖颜色(OIV 002,003)、卷须分布类型、叶型变化、成龄叶背绒毛(OIV 084,085)、成龄叶大小(OIV 065)、梢尖绒毛(OIV 004,005)、锯齿基本形状、果实紧密度(OIV 204)等对郧西野生葡萄分类具有很重要的价值。
短句来源
     Basing on existing descriptors of grapevine resources and actual instance of Yunxi, we put forward a standard for recording and description suited to wild grapevine native to Yunxi.
     基于现行葡萄资源描述标准,结合郧西野生葡萄的实际情况,提出了适合中国野生葡萄资源的记载与描述标准建议案。
短句来源

 

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  wild grape
from the wild grape species Muscadinia rotundifolia.
      
Fruit color variation is an important distinguishing feature of cultivated grapes and virtually no fruit color variation is observed in wild grape species.
      
(wild grape) cultured on Nitsch and Nitsch medium supplemented with 20 μM 2,4-D and 9 μM BAP produced callus after 4-6 weeks.
      
(California wild grape) allows a compromise between sunlight interception and stress damage in order to maximize photosynthetic carbon gain over the life of the leaf.
      
Testing a new hypothesis: plant vigor and phylloxera distribution on wild grape in Arizona
      
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  wild vitis
Genomic amplification of the Gret1 retroelement in white-fruited accessions of wild Vitis and interspecific hybrids
      
Primer pairs for 351 loci were developed from ESTs present on public databases and screened for polymorphism in the "Merzling" (a complex genotype Freiburg 993-60 derived from multiple crosses also involving wild Vitis species) ×?Vitis vinifera (cv.
      
The grape strain in Texas is found in Vitis vinifera varieties, hybrid vines, and wild Vitis near vineyards, whereas the ragweed strain in Texas is found in annuals, shrubs, and trees near vineyards or other areas.
      
Through the differential expression, GLOXrg probably plays a crucial role in the resistance to Uncinula necator of Chinese wild Vitis species.
      
cDNA Clone, fusion expression and purification of the novel gene related to ascorbate peroxidase from Chinese wild Vitis pseudor
      
更多          
  wild grapes
There was significant variation among clones within populations from wild grapes in the rate of increase on 'AxR # 1' and marginally significant clonal variation in some of the component paramters.
      
Also, wild grapes and theirwooded habitats were found to be favored byT.
      
Parasitism was low incultivated grapes and in wild grapes growingclose to commercial vineyards (possibly due tothe deterrent effect of insecticides) andhighest in sites ≈1.5 km from commercialvineyards.
      
Wild grapes in nearby woods and fence rows also are sources of disease inoculum and insects.
      
  wild grapevine
Resistance to grapevine powdery mildew is controlled by Run1, a single dominant gene present in the wild grapevine species, Muscadinia rotundifolia, but absent from the cultivated species, Vitis vinifera.
      
An improved procedure for the isolation of nuclear DNA from leaves of wild grapevine dried with silica gel
      
Is there a future for wild grapevine (Vitis vinifera subsp.
      
After a growing awareness of the need to preserve endangered forest ecosystems, attempts to reintroduce wild grapevine in the Rhine Valley were performed, particularly in the French nature reserves Erstein and Offendorf since 1992.
      
Phylogeographical structure and conservation genetics of wild grapevine
      
  其他


One-year-old dormant shoots of eight species of Vitis L. growing wild in China were treated with -5° , -20° , -25° and -30℃ respectively for five hours, after which, their electrical conductivity was determened. For comparison, the data were subjected to analysis of regression coef-ficient "b" .The popular cultivar, Muscat of Hamburg ( V. vinifera L. ) was used as Check. In addition, cross-sections of the eyes and shoots were examined uuder the microscope for signs of cold injury.

利用电导法和回归系数b值分析,对九种中国野生葡萄的抗寒性进行鉴定。结果表明:其中大部分种类抗寒性强于欧洲栽培品种。其中山葡萄抗寒性最强,蘡(艹奥) 复叶葡萄、华北葡萄抗寒性较强,刺葡萄、秋葡萄和欧洲栽培品种玫瑰香相似,而毛葡萄抗寒性最差。 葡萄种的抗寒性的形成,与其起源地及地理分布区的生态环境密切相关。

Cold hardiness of 17 wild Vitis species native to China,including 38 clones, was assessed by growth, tissue browing and electrolitic conduc-tance methods. The results showed that the cold hardiness of V. amurensis,V. yeshanensis and V. adstricta were very hardy. V. bryoniifolia, V.hancockii, V.pseudoreticulata. V.piasezkii, and V.quinquangularis were hardy in cold hardinss. V. romanetii, V. wilsonae, V. adstricta var. ter-nata, V. dauidii, V. davidii var. cyanocarpa, Maihuang-grape(V.ssp), Qinba wild grape(V.ssp)...

Cold hardiness of 17 wild Vitis species native to China,including 38 clones, was assessed by growth, tissue browing and electrolitic conduc-tance methods. The results showed that the cold hardiness of V. amurensis,V. yeshanensis and V. adstricta were very hardy. V. bryoniifolia, V.hancockii, V.pseudoreticulata. V.piasezkii, and V.quinquangularis were hardy in cold hardinss. V. romanetii, V. wilsonae, V. adstricta var. ter-nata, V. dauidii, V. davidii var. cyanocarpa, Maihuang-grape(V.ssp), Qinba wild grape(V.ssp) and V, betulifolia were tender. Which were about the same as V, vinifera in cold hardiness. The cold hardiness of V. flexuosa were very tender. It also was found that the freezing resis-tance differences of grape intraspecific were closely related to climatic variation pattern of the distribution area. In general, grapes from cold regions were hardier in cold hardiness than those from warm regions.

本文应用恢复生长法、组织变褐法及电导法等对收集到的17个种、变种或类型、38个株系的野生葡萄抗寒性进行了分析研究。结果表明,除山葡萄外,原产我国的许多其他野生葡萄种的抗寒性都强于欧洲葡萄;另外发现,野生葡萄种内不同株系的抗寒性与其地理起源的气候类型关系十分密切。一般说来,产自地理纬度较北的株系的抗寒性强于地理纬度较南的株系。

Wild grape resources are mainly distributed in the west, southwest and middle parts of Hunan,oddly are found in the east, north and south of the province, on the hillsides below 700m. They belong to vitaceae, including 4 genera, 17 species and 1 variety. The biological characteristics and botanical characters of 12 species and 1 variety are reported in the paper.

湖南野生葡萄资源,主要分布在湘西、湘西南、湘中地区海拔700m以下的山坡地,湘东、湘北、湘南一些县、市亦有零星分布。全省野生葡萄隶属葡萄科4属17种和1个变种。本文简要介绍13个种(包括1个变种)的生物学特性及植物学性状。

 
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