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地方公共品
相关语句
  local public goods
     In details, the local government increases the overall expenditure and optimizes the structures to improve the supply of the local public goods.
     具体来说,地方政府通过增加财政支出的规模,优化支出结构,来改善本辖区的地方公共品供给水平,从而吸引更多的经济资源与经济活动流入本辖区。
短句来源
     A Theoretical Study of the Provision of Local Public Goods
     地方公共品供给的理论研究
短句来源
     An Analysis on Supply of Local Public Goods in the Large-scale Development of the West Region
     西部开发中的地方公共品有效供给分析
短句来源
     Financing the local public goods through local debt leads to three effects,that is,the budget effect which decreases the dependence degree on the government revenue,the negative stimulation effect which increases the government's excess investment by local debt and the migration effect which affects the people's immigration and emigration.
     利用地方债为地方公共品融资,可以实现降低对政府收入依赖程度的预算效应、过度刺激地方政府利用公债投资的负激励效应以及影响居民迁入与移出的迁移效应。
短句来源
     The main objectives of local public investment are to provide local public goods efficiently, to steer private enterprises' investment, to optimize regional productivity layout, and to provide the public service, infrastructure, and institution sustain in order to foster regional development.
     地方公共投资的主要目的是为区域公众提供地方公共品,引导以企业为核心的市场主体的投资行为,优化区域生产力布局,为区域经济发展、经济结构调整提供基础设施和公共服务支持;
短句来源
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  “地方公共品”译为未确定词的双语例句
     We use game theory to analyze the behavior of the local governments to attract investment.
     在分析方法上,使用博弈论这个经济分析工具,对地方政府间就地方公共品供给与争取外来投资的竞争行为进行博弈论分析。
短句来源
     Fiscal Decentralization and Local Public Good Provision in China
     中国财政分权与地方公共品的供给
短句来源
     Modern theory developmentshave shown that most researches concentrate on the question whether the local publicgoods will be underprovided under some certain hypotheses.
     近现代的理论发展表明,对地方公共品的理论研究,大多是围绕各种不同假设下地方公共品是否供给不足这个实证问题展开的。
短句来源
     The issuing of the local government bond is internally based on the need of exercising functions and powers of local government, systematically on the debt debt-sharing system.
     通过发行地方公债来解决地方财政困境也成为了理论界讨论的热点问题,在我国现阶段发行地方公债从理论上讲可以充分发挥地方政府在提供地方公共品方面具有的优于中央政府的信息对称优势,是完善分税制的一种必然要求。
短句来源
     However, an undeniable one is, since the reform of the system of tax allocation, with grass-roots political authority financial difficulty that follow it, local government expenditure arrange for and awkward, unable to make ends meet phenomenon but irrefutable fact, county township two local public product that cause because of financial difficulty supply with enoughly and grass-roots political authority turn round smooth problem, have already caused the extensive concerns of the political circles and educational circles.
     然而,不可否认的是,分税制改革以来,与之相伴随的基层政权财政困难,地方政府支出安排捉襟见肘,入不敷出的现象却是不争的事实,县乡两级因财政困难而导致的地方公共品供给不足以及基层政权运转不畅的问题,已经引起了政界和学界的广泛关注。
短句来源
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  相似匹配句对
     A Theoretical Study of the Provision of Local Public Goods
     地方公共供给的理论研究
短句来源
     Fiscal Decentralization and Local Public Good Provision in China
     中国财政分权与地方公共的供给
短句来源
     An Analysis on Supply of Local Public Goods in the Large-scale Development of the West Region
     西部开发中的地方公共有效供给分析
短句来源
     Financing Pubic Goods through Local Debt:Conditions and Effects
     地方债为公共融资:条件与效应分析
短句来源
     A General Study on Local Public Investment
     地方公共投资研究
短句来源
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  local public goods
Interjurisdictional commuting and local public goods
      
This paper deals with the provision and finance of local public goods, where free riding across communities emanates from interjurisdictional commuting.
      
Advertising and city formation with local public goods
      
This paper intends to integrate imperfect information into the Tiebout-type model so as to examine the role of information in city formation with local public goods.
      
To do so, the author focuses on a specific land market in which land developers try to form cities by providing some quantity of local public goods as club goods.
      
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Based on the quality and supply characteristics of local public goods, this paper analyses the conditions about efficient supply of local public goods. The paper also points out that the main problems of supplying local public goods in the development of the west region are the little quantity, the poor structure and the poor efficient management of supplying local public goods. Therefore, the major methods of improving local public goods are to enlarge the investment in public goods, to improve management system...

Based on the quality and supply characteristics of local public goods, this paper analyses the conditions about efficient supply of local public goods. The paper also points out that the main problems of supplying local public goods in the development of the west region are the little quantity, the poor structure and the poor efficient management of supplying local public goods. Therefore, the major methods of improving local public goods are to enlarge the investment in public goods, to improve management system of public goods and so on.

本文从地方公共品的性质和供给特点出发 ,分析了地方公共品有效供给的帕累托条件。在此基础上指出 ,西部开发中地方公共品有效供给不足主要表现为地方公共品供给总量不足、供给结构不合理及中央政府和地方政府对地方公共品的供求管理错位 ,主要的改进措施是扩大西部地方公共品投资力度、优化供给结构 ,并建立规范的中央财政转移支付制度、健全西部地方公共品管理体制。

Thanks to the expansion of the demand for local public goods, and the pressure of revenue and expenditure, arises the matter of local government debt financing. And it is not ripe time for a local government to be entrusted independent right to float a loan because of the backwardness of the building of democratic supervision mechanism. At present, adopted can be only an incremental approach, i.e. setting up local bonds system under the supervision by central government, which takes the place of democratic supervision...

Thanks to the expansion of the demand for local public goods, and the pressure of revenue and expenditure, arises the matter of local government debt financing. And it is not ripe time for a local government to be entrusted independent right to float a loan because of the backwardness of the building of democratic supervision mechanism. At present, adopted can be only an incremental approach, i.e. setting up local bonds system under the supervision by central government, which takes the place of democratic supervision so as to solve the problem of insufficient funds in supplying public goods by local government. Accordingly, this paper works out the framework of local bonds system under the central government supervision and relevant supporting reform suggestions.

作者认为 ,地方公共品需求的扩大和财政收支压力提出了地方政府债务融资的问题 ,而监督地方政府的民主机制建设落后 ,我国现阶段赋予地方政府独立举债权尚不现实 ,目前只能采取渐进式过渡性的办法———建立中央政府监管下的地方公债制度 ,以中央监管代替民主监督来解决地方政府在公共产品供应上资金不足的问题。据此 ,本文提出了中央政府监管下的地方公债制度构架及相关配套的改革建议。

This paper establishes two game models to stimulate the investment behaviour of the central government and a local government in flood hazard mitigation filed. Interaction between the two players is illustrated in the equilibrium analysis. It is shown that the central government investment fails to encourage local investment into flood hazard mitigation. Suggestions are then made that the central government should retreat from the role of dominant investor in flood hazard mitigation, encourage and stimulate...

This paper establishes two game models to stimulate the investment behaviour of the central government and a local government in flood hazard mitigation filed. Interaction between the two players is illustrated in the equilibrium analysis. It is shown that the central government investment fails to encourage local investment into flood hazard mitigation. Suggestions are then made that the central government should retreat from the role of dominant investor in flood hazard mitigation, encourage and stimulate local government to invest, and realize the flood hazard mitigation mechanism which coordinates with local public attributes.

建立了两个博弈模型,对防洪减灾领域内中央政府和地方政府的投资行为进行了模拟,并通过均衡分析说明了两者的相互作用和相互影响。分析表明,中央政府的防洪减灾投资不能达到诱导地方政府投资的目的,也无法实现最有效的资源配置。因此,中央政府应弱化防洪减灾投资人的角色,鼓励和刺激地方政府的防洪减灾投资,实现与防洪减灾的地方公共品属性相协调的防洪减灾投资机制。

 
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