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现代哲学     
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  modern philosophy
     Foucault regards the essence of modern philosophy as the answer to " What is enlightenment?"
     福柯将现代哲学的本质视为对“什么是启蒙”这一问题的回答。
短句来源
     This paper discusses its concept, relationship to Western modern philosophy, significance, legal status as academic criticism, relationship to moral criticism, willful dogmatism, production of thought and practical significance.
     针对目前学术界对先验批判的一些疑问和批评,本文从先验批判的概念问题、先验哲学与西方现代哲学的关系、先验批判话题本身的意义、先验批判作为学术批评的合法性、先验批判与道德批判的关系、先验批判与意志独断论、先验批判与思想生产的关系以及先验批判的实践意义等八个方面阐释了作者的一些基本观点和价值立场。
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     Although the traditional philosophy and modern philosophy have different conception of truth,the philosophers have the same politic complex when they explore the relation of poem and truth.
     传统哲学和现代哲学对真理的理解虽有不同,但是无论哲学是以诗无真理非诗,还是以诗含有真理为诗辩护,都反映出了哲学家在解决这一问题时有着共同的政治情结。
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     “Legitimacy”, which involves a deep reflection, examination and understanding of the nature, subject-matter, function and patterns of development of Marxist philosophy, is one of substantial contents in relation to the profound culture-practice turn of modern philosophy.
     “合法性”问题关涉到对马克思主义哲学的性质、主题、功能、特征及其发展形态等的深度反思和新的理解,是构成现代哲学深刻的文化-实践转向的实质性内容之一,是新的历史时期马克思主义哲学创新性研究中的一个带有总体性的关键问题。
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     What Exists In Where The Words Break?——After Linguistic Transition Of Western Modern Philosophy
     词语破碎之处何物存在——西方现代哲学的语言学转向之后
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  contemporary philosophy
     With the rise of historical sense and the shift to life world, contemporary philosophy has taken the self-understanding of man as its topic, and constructed a new mode of thinking, i.e. History Thinking, which transcends Science Thinking of Traditional Philosophy.
     随着历史意识的兴起,现代哲学实现了自身的生活世界转向并把哲学主题定位于人的自我理解。 在探讨这一哲学主题的过程中,现代哲学逐渐超越了传统哲学的科学思维方式,建构起了一种关于人的自我理解的历史思维方式。
短句来源
     Hermeneutical Significance of Contemporary Philosophy in Zhuang Zi's Thoughts on Language
     庄子语言思想中的现代哲学解释学意义
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     The existential turn from the cognitive patterns of modern philosophy to the practice thought patterns of contemporary philosophy shows that philosophy is getting nearer to the practical life in it's development.
     从近代哲学的认知思维方式向现代哲学的实践思维方式的生存论转向 ,表明哲学在其发展过程中 ,愈来愈贴近现实生活的价值取向。
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     History of Philosophy proves that ancient philosophy and contemporary philosophy are not world outlook but the prerequisite of world outlook.
     哲学史表明,古代哲学和现代哲学都不是世界观,而是世界观的前提条件,决定这个前提条件的是世界历史起源的奠基行为,哲学在此奠基行为中展开,并获得其本质的规定性,人生和历史在奠基行为中得以定向和敞开。
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     Returning to the realistic life world is the fundamental spirit of the contemporary philosophy.
     回归生活世界是现代哲学的基本精神。
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  modern philosophical
     On the Modern Philosophical Basis of the Actual Combat Application of Police Strategy
     论警察谋略实战应用的现代哲学理论基础
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     Marxism philosophy might go forward and pioneer new philosophical field on the modern philosophical road, which is initiated by its own.
     马克思主义哲学不能总是讨论旧的、已经被自己解决的问题,而应在它开创的现代哲学的道路上继续向前走,去开辟新的哲学领域。
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     On the foundation of modern philosophical hermeneutics and related theories, the present thesis makes an academic study of creativity in literary translation and some related issues.
     本文以现代哲学诠释学等相关理论为基础来研究文学翻译中的创造性及其相关问题。
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     Expounding the practical and theoretical significance of strengthening the philosophical research about the minority nationalities,according to the modern philosophical ideas,I hold a preliminary inquiry into the possibilities of the academic principles in researching the philosophy about the minority nationalities.
     在阐述加强少数民族哲学研究的实践和理论意义的基础上 ,从现代哲学观念出发 ,初步探讨了研究少数民族哲学学理上的可能性。
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     It, for the first time, puts forward a complete theory concerning the three elements and their functional patterns of life, and its constructive principle of life is accordant to the modern philosophical anthropology theory.
     它不但首次提出了完整的生命三要素理论及其功能运作模式,而且其"神主形从"的生命建构原则实现了与现代哲学人类学的理论契合;
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  modern philosophic
     But the background of modern philosophic research makes it insufficient in study fields and related levels. So it is necessary to make a reference to modern philosophy and to reconsider aspects of study fields and mode of thinking.
     然而从现代哲学研究的大背景出发 ,它尚可存在研究视野与涉及层次的不足 ,故有必要以现代哲学为参照系 ,在探讨领域、思维方式特点等方面作出重新思考。
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      modern philosophy
    In the development of modern philosophy self-consciousness was not generally or unanimously given important consideration.
          
    The growing significance of this phenomenon is closely related to three interconnected developments in modern philosophy, which I describe as the 'subjective turn', the 'aesthetic turn', and the 'historical turn'.
          
    Smith, ed., The Problem of Animal Generation in Early Modern Philosophy
          
    Taking a panoramic view on the history of modern philosophy, we can learn that political philosophy, a new arena for modern philosophy, has become an important field in philosophical studies since the later half of the 20th century.
          
    Cogito, as the first principle of Descartes' metaphysical system, initiated the modern philosophy of consciousness, becoming both the source and subject of modern Western philosophical discourse.
          
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      contemporary philosophy
    So far, origin and theoretical status of Siegfried Kracauers' way of thinking and writing has not been sufficiently determined, since research has related his texts mostly to contemporary philosophy and sociology (Scheler, Simmel, Critical Theory).
          
    Schleiermacher rarely features in the now widespread discussion of the relevance of the German Idealist and Romantic traditions for contemporary philosophy because he has mainly been regarded as a theologian and theorist of textual interpretation.
          
    With the consideration of some issues in contemporary philosophy, this thesis attempts to analyze being, thinking and language as philosophical subjects, and clear up the multiple meanings for each of them.
          
    The thesis aims to explore a new way to solve the problems of contemporary philosophy by changing its subjects and methods.
          
    The essay concerns the way jurisprudence adapts to the challanges set by contemporary philosophy concentarting upon the case of Hart"s legal theory.
          
    更多          
      modern philosophical
    Nevertheless, modern philosophical historiography (developed throughout the seventeenth century and reaching its first apogee with Hegel) has neglected the conceptual debates on nobility.
          
    They employ modern philosophical concepts and thinking to illustrate the cosmology, ontology, theory of life, theory of human nature, theory of spiritual worlds, axiology and their connections in Zhou Yi.
          
    This paper surveys modern philosophical thought on this subject.
          
    The modern philosophical trend follows the line of dialectical idealism (Hegel); dialectical materialism (Engels, Marx); and the French scientific dialectics movement, which made a first attempt to synthesize both approaches.
          
    The antinomy of rights and consequences is the legal form of the modern philosophical debate between consequentialists and deontologists.
          
      present-day philosophy
    He describes the state of present-day philosophy in Russia, its background, and prospects for development citing concrete examples and little known facts.
          
    The condesponce theory of knowledge remained the prevailing concept until the advent of classical German and present-day philosophy and beyond.
          
      其他


    This paper puts forword that process-state theory is a high level scientific mathodo-logy based on information theory, cybernetics and systems theory. Process-state iheory is an integrating and mathematizing scientific mathodology that it blends modern philosophy and modern mathematics together with all kinds of methodologies.

    本文提出过程-状态论是建立在信息论、控制论、系统论基础之上更高层次的科学方法论,是现代哲学和现代数学与各门科学方法论相交缘而产生的新的整体化、数学化的科学方法论学科。并从现代科学的现状及发展趋势,及其对现代社会的深远影响和现代科学提供的可能等方面阐述了过程-状态论是历史的必然产物。从哲学高度论述过程-状态论思想、现代数学提供的对过程、状态的描述和研究的可能,到以哲学和数学为方法的信息论、控制论、系统论实质的剖析,奠定了过程-状态论内容的基础。通过对它的方法论功能的分析,说明了过程-状态论的产生是完全必要的,是时代的产物。

    In this paper, we try to explain the thought of similarity and selfsimiiarity in the "Yi Ching"taking the model of Tai Chi figure(太极图)and conception of selfsimiiarity in the sphere of Chinese medicine and ancent geoscience as examples. Following problems related to the concept of morphology in "Yi Ching"is discussed; (1)Essence of "morphology "and its relation with the image (易象)of "Yi Ching "; (2)Position in the evolution process of nature; (3)Implication of fractal dimension in the ancent five kinds of mountain...

    In this paper, we try to explain the thought of similarity and selfsimiiarity in the "Yi Ching"taking the model of Tai Chi figure(太极图)and conception of selfsimiiarity in the sphere of Chinese medicine and ancent geoscience as examples. Following problems related to the concept of morphology in "Yi Ching"is discussed; (1)Essence of "morphology "and its relation with the image (易象)of "Yi Ching "; (2)Position in the evolution process of nature; (3)Implication of fractal dimension in the ancent five kinds of mountain morphology patterns. Then the dimension concept of "mathematics of "Yi Ching"(易数)is discussed . We suggest that in the Han Dynasty Jiao Gan (焦赣)in his book "Yi Lin"(易 林)on the base of selfsimiiarity combined the 64 Hextagrams (卦)into 4096 (64×64)hextagrams model. and he used this model to predicte the nature hazads. This ancent prodictive method is similar to recent prodictive method using the fractal dimension theory. Ratio of 12 kinds frequence numbers in the ancent music theory is also related to the fractal di mension . Finally. we suggest that the thought of selfsimilarity of "Yi Ching"and fractal dimension theory in the furture will join together with it.

    文中首先以之《周易》太极图模式、中医学、古代地学中自相似学说为例,试图说明《周易》中的相似与自相似思想。讨论了《周易》中“形”等观念,其中包括:(1)形的实质及其与易象的关系;(2)形在自然演化过程中的地位;(3)分维在古代五类山形中的含义。其次讨论了易数中维的观念。作者指出汉代焦赣在其所著《易林》中,在自相似基础上把64卦组合成4096卦模式,并用此模式来预测自然灾害。这一古老的预测方法与现代利用分维进行灾害预测的方法相似。中国古代音乐理论中的十二种吕律频率数的比值亦与分维有关。最后,作者指出了《周易》中的相似和自相似原则与现代分维理论今后将会藕合起来。宋代哲学家邵雍认为《周易》先天八卦数为天地自然之教;现代哲学史学家冯友兰称易数为自然代数。二人的说法结果是一致的。现代分维首先反映了自然体形态中蕴含的数,进而可以反映其结构、成分、成因机制。由此可知,分维数可称之为现代科学中的天地自然之数。本文从《用易》中的自相似原则以及历代对《周易》象、数、形的研究成果出发,与现代整维、分维作了一些对比分析。作者认为,《用易》象数与现代分维理论一致,可以互相借鉴,作到古为今用。

    "what course China follows" is a cruicial question of the Chinese modern history. The spread of Marxism's philosophy, the Chinese modern history. The spread of Marxism's philosophy, the setting up and development of New Confusician School and the evolution of positivism constitute the three main streams of the history of Chinese modern philosophy. The contradictions and struggles between them reflect different directions of the Chinese modern social development. Taking this as the clue, the author discusses...

    "what course China follows" is a cruicial question of the Chinese modern history. The spread of Marxism's philosophy, the Chinese modern history. The spread of Marxism's philosophy, the setting up and development of New Confusician School and the evolution of positivism constitute the three main streams of the history of Chinese modern philosophy. The contradictions and struggles between them reflect different directions of the Chinese modern social development. Taking this as the clue, the author discusses similar i ties and differences between the three thoughts on the basis of Chinese modern philosophy and concludes that because of theoretical contradictions, both western-alization school of positivism and New Confusician School can't solve the problem"what course China follows" and Marxism alone can answer the problem scientifically on the basis of the basic spirit of Chinese modern philosophy. Thereforel Marxism becomes the only choice for the Chinese people.

    “中国向何处去?”是中国近现代的中心问题。围绕这一问题,马克思主义哲学的传播、新儒家思潮的产生和发展,以及实证主义的演变,构成了中国现代哲学史的三条干线。它们之间的矛盾斗争,反映了中国现代社会发展道路的不同选择方向。本文以此为线索,在总结中国现代哲学基本精神的基础上,论述了三种思潮之间的思想异同,并由此阐明由于理论上的诘难,实证主义“西化派”和新儒家都不可能解决“中国向何处去”的问题。文章最后指出,只有马克思主义在中国现代哲学基本精神的基础上科学地回答了这一问题,故而,马克思主义成为中国人民的唯一选择。

     
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