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现代生态学     
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  modern ecology
     Modern Ecology and Sustainable Development Strategy
     现代生态学与可持续发展战略
短句来源
     One of the Hotpoints for Modern Ecology Research:Ecosystem Health
     现代生态学研究的热点问题之一:生态系统健康
短句来源
     The principle of adaptation and intergrowth in modern ecology provides a obvious enlightenment, from concept to method, for the development and inheritance of traditional settlement.
     在现代生态学理论中,适应与共生论对传统聚落发展与承传问题的探讨,从观念到方法上提供了明晰的启示。
短句来源
     Key Concepts in the Intellectual Frontiers of Modern Ecology
     现代生态学领域概念范式变迁
短句来源
     Genetic diversity is another hot field in modern ecology, with rapid development of molecular marker technique recently, the research of genetic diversity of dominant tree species in tropical forest, subtropical forest and temperate forest have been carried out steadily.
     遗传多样性是现代生态学研究中的另一个热门领域,近年来,伴随着分子标记技术的迅速发展,热带森林、亚热带森林、温带森林乔木层优势种群的遗传多样性研究已陆续展开。
短句来源
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  modern ecological
     MODERN ECOLOGICAL INTERPRETATION OF OPPORTUNISTIC (R-SELECTED) AND EQUILIBRIUM (K-SELECTED) TRACE FOSSILS
     机会(r-选择)和均衡(K-选择)遗迹化石的现代生态学解释
短句来源
     This research was done for the focus of human on resource and environment issues, and increasing concerns about community-based natural resource management approach with the evolution of modern ecological, economic and sociological theories.
     本研究主要源自于当前人类社会发展对于资源和环境问题的关注,以及现代生态学、经济学和社会学理论的发展使得人们对于这一问题的关注转向“自下而上”的社区为基础的资源管理模式的探究。
短句来源
     So, the criticism of literature and art from ecological point of view with modern ecological theory has swiftly become a popular subject and forward project in the sphere of learning.
     而运用现代生态学理论审视文学艺术的生态批评也迅速成为学术界的热点话题和前沿课题。
短句来源
     (4) Planting design does not only protect environment, but also use modern ecological technology to simulate nature ecological environment and build up a sustainable landscape.
     (4)植物造景不仅是对原有环境的保护,而且是应用现代生态学理论,主动、科学的模拟自然生态环境,使其成为一种具有可自我更新能力的可持续景观。
短句来源
     Absorbing traditional natural value and modern natural value and referring to modern ecological theory, post-modernism has set up a totally new natural value.
     后现代主义自然价值观在传统自然价值观与现代自然价值观的基础之上通过融合、吸收二者的思想 ,引入现代生态学理论 ,建立了一种全新的自然价值观 ;
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  contemporary ecology
     This paper gives a sketchy discussing on the studying system and content of village ecology, based on hot problems in contemporary ecology and different traits in village, which includes three studying systems and eight studying directions in recent years.
     结合村落生态系统的特点和现代生态学研究的热点问题 ,从基础理论研究和应用研究方面把乡村生态学的研究体系划分为村落生态系统研究、村落生物环境研究和村落系统生态研究三个部分 ,并对乡村生态学在现阶段的研究趋向做了深入探讨 ,把乡村生态学研究分为八个研究方向 .
短句来源
     BRIEF INTRODUCTION ON《CONTEMPORARY ECOLOGY OF JAPAN》
     《日本现代生态学断面》一书的介绍
短句来源
     PERSPECTIVE OF HOT PROBLEMS IN CONTEMPORARY ECOLOGY
     现代生态学研究的几大热点问题透视
短句来源
  “现代生态学”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Ecological and palaeoecological studies were carried out in coastal lakes and adjacent areas in the Vestfold Hills (VH,68°38′S,78°06′E) at the Antarctic continent.
     对东南极大陆沿海西福尔丘陵 ( Vestfold Hills,68°38′S,78°0 6′E)若干主要湖泊及其周边环境进行了现代生态学和古生态学研究。
短句来源
     This paper reviews the recent developments in clonal plant population research, the theory and methods are introductive,and analyses its status and role in ecology.
     探讨了克隆植物种群研究的最新进展 ,介绍了有关理论、方法和取得的成果 ,并对克隆植物种群在现代生态学中的地位与作用进行了评述
短句来源
     Combining the characteristics and the developing need of ecology speciality, the teaching contents, manners, effect and examining method of microbiology experiments were discussed.
     结合现代生态学本科专业的特点和学科发展需求,对微生物学实验课教学内容设置、实验课教学方法与效果以及课程考核办法进行了思考和探讨。
短句来源
     With widespread radiolarian application in paleoceanography reconstruction and the improvement of research measures,living radiolarians have been widely studied in the world.
     随着放射虫在古海洋环境研究中的广泛应用以及研究手段的改进,放射虫现代生态学研究在世界各大洋得到了广泛开展。
短句来源
     This paper analyses the structural pattern and community succession of three Changhsingian paleocommunities in Xingwen area by the mathematical statistics method and modern ecologic theory.
     本文运用数理统计方法,并结合现代生态学领域中较新的理论,对四川兴文地区长兴阶的三个古群落进行了结构模式和群落的更替分析。
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  modern ecology
Then, we point out a procedure which modern ecology research should obey, and discuss the four basic characteristics of ecosystem in detail: level, opening, nonlinear and far from equilibrium.
      
Biological control manipulations of natural enemies to reduce pest populations represent large-scale ecological experiments that have both benefited from and contributed to various areas of modern ecology.
      
Investigations on non-native organisms have become an important task of modern ecology throughout the world.
      
Research perspectives and the anomalous status of modern ecology
      
Testate amoebae as paleoindicators of surface-moisture changes on Michigan peatlands: modern ecology and hydrological calibratio
      
更多          
  modern ecological
Third, modern ecological means should be taken to protect the original Metasequoia population and its habitat.
      
The paper formulates some basics of the modern ecological theory of the polyfunctional role of biota in the molecular-ecological mechanism of water quality formation and self-purification of aquatic ecosystems.
      
After defining 'ecology', outlining the basic categories of ecological research and listing examples of modern ecological investigations, this introductory paper focusses on basic considerations; it is, in essence, a programmatic contribution.
      
Modern ecological state of the World Oceans is analysed, stressing the need for organization and development of a scientific basis for global ocean monitoring.
      
Predictions derived from forest models, responses of species and ecosystems related to modern ecological characteristics and paleoecological studies suggest large-scale, wide-ranging changes from the biome to physiological levels.
      
更多          
  contemporary ecology
Understanding responses of organisms to spatial heterogeneity in resources has emerged as a fundamentally important challenge in contemporary ecology.
      
Some implications of paleoecology for contemporary ecology
      
Evidence of suchstructure in contemporary ecology is scant, but the palaeoecologicalphenomenon of co-ordinated stasis is a prima facie example ofinternal regulation.
      
An unresolved discussion in contemporary ecology deals with the relative importance of competition along environmental gradients.
      
This paper concentrates mainly on the area of contemporary ecology and design at a site level or in the sub-themed area of New Environmentalism.
      


The term "ecology" was introduced more than a hundred years ago by Ernst Haeckel; "biocensis" was introduced in 1877 by Mobius, and "ecosystem" in the 1920's by Woltereck. Since the word ecology was explained by E. Haeckel as the "relation of the animal to its organic and inorganic environment", the science of ecology has been developing rapidly Ecology has become a very modern field, particularly at the present time. Now, ecology is researched on the following levels:1.Autecology is also called physiological...

The term "ecology" was introduced more than a hundred years ago by Ernst Haeckel; "biocensis" was introduced in 1877 by Mobius, and "ecosystem" in the 1920's by Woltereck. Since the word ecology was explained by E. Haeckel as the "relation of the animal to its organic and inorganic environment", the science of ecology has been developing rapidly Ecology has become a very modern field, particularly at the present time. Now, ecology is researched on the following levels:1.Autecology is also called physiological ecology. Physiological ecology is researched fundamentally with the physiology as modified by fluctuating external influences.2.The population is the basic unit of ecological phenomena. Population ecology is the study of the dynamic and distributional law of population.3.Biocoenology is the science of the relationships between biocoenose and the environment.4.Ecosystem ecology is the science of the relationships between uptake and release of materials, and between input and output of energy within the ecosystem.This paper introduces the general trends in the ecological researches of the world today in accordance with the above-mentioned concepts of subjects.

现代生态学主要由个体水平的生理生态学,群体水平的种群生态学与群落生态学,以及研究生态系统的系统生态学所构成。本文主要从这四个水平介绍当前生态学研究中的一些主要动态。

This series of papers is prepared to develop systematically the complicated dynamical behaviors of nonlinear ecosystem and its internal mechanism. In this paper, . we state briefly the increasing importance of ecology, describe and comment on the situations and reasons why ecology theory is behind practice. Then, we point out a procedure which modern ecology research should obey, and discuss the four basic characteristics of ecosystem in detail: level, opening, nonlinear and far-from-equilibrium. At last, we...

This series of papers is prepared to develop systematically the complicated dynamical behaviors of nonlinear ecosystem and its internal mechanism. In this paper, . we state briefly the increasing importance of ecology, describe and comment on the situations and reasons why ecology theory is behind practice. Then, we point out a procedure which modern ecology research should obey, and discuss the four basic characteristics of ecosystem in detail: level, opening, nonlinear and far-from-equilibrium. At last, we discuss systematically equilibrium and nonequilibrium,stable and unstable, environmental stochasticity and dynamical stochasticity, and conclude

本文丛拟系统讨论非线性生态系统的复杂动力学行为及其内在机制.本文简要论述了生态学研究日益重要的意义,述评了生态理论落后于社会实践的状况和原因,指出了现代生态学研究所应遵从的程序;比较详细地论述了生态系统的四个基本特征:层次性、开放性、非线性与远离平衡;最后系统地论述了非线性生态系统的平衡与非平衡、稳定与不稳定以及动态行为的外在随机性和动力随机性,指出在非线性生态系统的确定性行为和随机行为之间存在由此及彼的桥梁,由此将导致生态预测新模式.

The development of modern ecology is ten :atively classified into 5 stages as follows:1. The establishment of ecology stage (1866-1903)This stage refers to the period from the definition of ecology by E. Hackel (1966) to the seporation of autoecology and synecology by C. Schroter (1903). The importance of two books of Warming and Schimper is emphasized.2. The parallel development of plant ecology and animal ecology stage (1904-1958)——The study of plant community stageEmphasis is laid on the study of plant community...

The development of modern ecology is ten :atively classified into 5 stages as follows:1. The establishment of ecology stage (1866-1903)This stage refers to the period from the definition of ecology by E. Hackel (1966) to the seporation of autoecology and synecology by C. Schroter (1903). The importance of two books of Warming and Schimper is emphasized.2. The parallel development of plant ecology and animal ecology stage (1904-1958)——The study of plant community stageEmphasis is laid on the study of plant community by 4 main Schools, i.e., Anglo-American School, Zurich-Monpellier School, Upssala School, and Soviet Union School.3. The Ecosystem Stage (1959-1974)The International Biological Programme (1964-1974) is described as the meinstream of ecological study. New developments in other fields are mentioned as well.4. The ecological sciences stage (1975--1983)Ecology has been developed into a network of ecological sciences which can be classified by 5 different criteria. Many new interdisciplinary fielde have been developed.5. The Conceiving of "New ecology" stage (1984-)The traditional ecological principls. like Darwin's "struggle of existance",are challenged. New discoveries and ideas are burgeoning in different fields of ecology.

现代生态学的发展史尝试性地分为5个阶段:1.生态学的建立时期(1866—1903年)E.Hackel(1866)给生态学建立定义。Schrter(1903)将生态学分为个体生态学和群落生态学。这一期间Warming和Schimper的两本著作影响最大。2.植物生态学和动物生态学平行发展时期(1904—1958年)植物生态学以植物群落学研究为主流,主要有英美学派、法瑞学派、北欧学派和苏联学派。3.生态系统研究时期(1959—1974年)国际生物学计划(1964—1974年)是学术主流,其他生态学研究也有新发展。4.生态科学时期(1975—1983年)生态学已经形成一个生态科学网络,可按5种标准分成数十种生态学。5.新生态学孕育时期(1984至今)生态学的传统概念例如达尔文的竞争理论在受到挑战。新发现和新见解大量出现。

 
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