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现代生态学
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  modern ecology
    One of the Hotpoints for Modern Ecology Research:Ecosystem Health
    现代生态学研究的热点问题之一:生态系统健康
短句来源
    The main contents of the research include: (1) Taking Fujian province as a case study, a systematic evaluation system and distribution law about eco-environmental sensitivity, importance of eco-service functions are given. This is based on the application of modern ecology theory and GIS, on the analysis of regional eco-environmental characteristics and major eco-environmental problems with their formation mechanisms, . and also on the combination of qualitative methods and quantitative methods.
    本研究以福建省为案例,运用现代生态学理论和区划理论以及GIS技术手段,通过分析研究福建省生态环境特征、主要生态环境问题及其形成机制,采用定性与定量相结合的评价方法,对福建省生态环境敏感性和生态服务功能重要性进行评价,揭示其区域分异规律;
短句来源
    Under the guide of modern ecology,the limitation to the residential environment should be broken down and the double needs of substance and spirit should be provided to content the people of the community. Thus,the sustainable development of residential environment should be truly realized.
    现代山地人居环境将以现代生态学为指导 ,突破山地特殊生态特性对人类的制约 ,实现人与山地自然和谐共生 ,满足社区居民物质和精神双重层次的需求 ,从而真正成为可持续发展的人居环境
短句来源
    As an applied technology in modern ecology research,stable isotope technique has been prosperously applied to the ecological fields.
    稳定性同位素技术是现代生态学研究中的一门应用技术,它几乎在生态学研究的各个领域都有着广泛的应用。
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  “现代生态学”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Thoroughly Thinking Between Nature and Human Being——lntroduce and comment on Postmodern Ecology written by Daniel R. White
    自然与人类命运的深刻思考——DanielR.White的《后现代生态学》评介
短句来源
    At the same time, the ecological law illustrated by modem ecology forms the scientific foundation for sustainable development.
    与此同时,现代生态学所揭示的生态规律成为可持续发展思想的科学理性基础。
短句来源
    If giving a definition of the thought, I think western ecological holism is a doctrine of non-human center, emerging in natural environmental protection movements, and basing the whole ecosystem on value.
    如果要给西方生态整体主义下个定义的话,可以认为西方生态整体主义是在自然环境保护运动中产生,依据现代生态学理论,把价值建立在整个生态系统的非人类中心主义。
短句来源
    For solving the problems of dust pollution and water resource scarcity, the paper suggested the model and method of green environment system of collecting rain water and cleaning out dust for Beijing according to the principle of urban ecology.
    针对解决北京市粉尘污染和水资源短缺问题 ,根据现代生态学原理 ,分析了北京现行城市绿色环境系统的缺陷 ,提出了再生粉尘 (或二次粉尘 )和城市水土流失是重要的粉尘来源 ;
短句来源
    This paper introduced the mostly content of Postmodern Ecology written by Daniel R.
    White的《后现代生态学》的主要内容 ,包括 :回顾了欧洲的知识史 ; 探讨了生态学作为一种指导人们实践的学说的可能性 ;
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  modern ecology
Then, we point out a procedure which modern ecology research should obey, and discuss the four basic characteristics of ecosystem in detail: level, opening, nonlinear and far from equilibrium.
      
Biological control manipulations of natural enemies to reduce pest populations represent large-scale ecological experiments that have both benefited from and contributed to various areas of modern ecology.
      
Investigations on non-native organisms have become an important task of modern ecology throughout the world.
      
Research perspectives and the anomalous status of modern ecology
      
Testate amoebae as paleoindicators of surface-moisture changes on Michigan peatlands: modern ecology and hydrological calibratio
      
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In the joining field of ecology and other earth sciences, human ecology is a new and developing discipline with great vitality and potentiality, which embodys an important research direction of contemporary ecology. The paper differentiates and analysis its history, philosophy and function, and advances a scientific framework for its development.

在生态学与其它地球科学相汇合的领域里,人类生态学是有很强生命力和发展潜势的新兴学科,代表了现代生态学的一个重要研究方向。本文辨析了人类生态学的历史演变、哲学思想和科学功能,提出了一个发展人类生态学的学科框架。

To coordinate the relation between man and the nature and resource exploitation through ecological planning can be traced back to the works and practices of the ecological thinkers and regional planning pioneers at the end of the 19th century, such as George Marsh, Patrick Geodes and John Powell. Ecological planning theory and practice developed very quickly during the period before World War Two but disappeared in the literature for nearly 20 years until the environmental movement in the 1960's. With the occurrence...

To coordinate the relation between man and the nature and resource exploitation through ecological planning can be traced back to the works and practices of the ecological thinkers and regional planning pioneers at the end of the 19th century, such as George Marsh, Patrick Geodes and John Powell. Ecological planning theory and practice developed very quickly during the period before World War Two but disappeared in the literature for nearly 20 years until the environmental movement in the 1960's. With the occurrence of more and more serious environmental problems and resource degradation ecological planning began its new development era since the late 1960's. Particularly I. L. McHarg's and his colleagues' outstanding work and planning practice made the ecological planning thinking and methods gain widespread application. Recent trends of ecological planning research and practice develop towards applying the modern ecological knowledge and achievements directly and establishing the theory and methodology based on ecology, development economics and other related disciplines. They shift from quality analysis to quantity simulation with powerful computer and geographic information system,and from the single goal planning to urban and regional planning in order to promote sustainable development. It is obvious that ecological planning will become one of the important aspects in sustainable development.

随着全球性生态环境问题的加剧,协调发展与自然环境的关系,寻求社会经济持续发展,已成为当今科学界所关注的一个重要课题。生态规划是实现持续发展的一个重要途径。通过生态规划来协调人与自然及资源利用的关系,可追溯到上世纪末的生态学思想家及区域规划的先驱者的著作及规划实践,并在二次世界大战前得到很大的发展。60年代以来,随着环境问题的加剧,生态规划重新受到人们的重视,尤其McHang及其同事的杰出工作,使生态规划思想与方法得到广泛的应用。近年来,生态规划的发展在理论上更多地吸取现代生态学的新成果。在方法上广泛运用计算机技术与地理信息系统,从定性向定量分析与模拟方向发展。在实践上,生态规划从单一对象与目标的规划向城市、区域持续发展规划发展。可以预见,生态规划将成为持续发展研究与实践的重要工具和途径。

Restoration ecology is the sceince for studying restoration and rehabitation of degraded ecosystems which occured by uatural suffering or human disturbance to natural ecosystems. Restoration ecology, a branch of ecology, has become a focus subject in the world. The theory and its application are very useful to improve productivity and enviromnent of region as well sustainbility. The restorations of zonal climax and tropical rain forest was discuced in this paper.

本文论述恢复生态学的学科内涵、学科发展及其意义。指出恢复生态学的研究对象是那些在自然灾变和人类活动压力条件下受到破坏的自然生态系统的恢复和重建问题,并形成迅速发展的现代生态学的分支学科和世界关注的焦点学科。学科的发展与应用对提高区域生产力、改善生态环境、使资源得以持续利用、经济得以持续发展具有重要的意义。文章进一步对地带性顶极类型的植被的恢复,尤其是对被誉为地球肺部的热带雨林的可恢复性问题进行讨论。

 
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