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   现代生态学 在 美学 分类中 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.014秒
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  modern ecology
Then, we point out a procedure which modern ecology research should obey, and discuss the four basic characteristics of ecosystem in detail: level, opening, nonlinear and far from equilibrium.
      
Biological control manipulations of natural enemies to reduce pest populations represent large-scale ecological experiments that have both benefited from and contributed to various areas of modern ecology.
      
Investigations on non-native organisms have become an important task of modern ecology throughout the world.
      
Research perspectives and the anomalous status of modern ecology
      
Testate amoebae as paleoindicators of surface-moisture changes on Michigan peatlands: modern ecology and hydrological calibratio
      
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The ideology of modernity persists in the mechanistic worldview, believing nature can be transformed into a group of inter-separable yet independent factors or particles, which formed the nature resulting in “the disenchantment of the world” (Marx Weber's words). However, postmodern ecology thinks of nature as an organic whole, which is neither a storehouse of natural resources, nor a wasteland without any life, but a flower garden, which needs care of human being, and this would lead to “the re-enchantment...

The ideology of modernity persists in the mechanistic worldview, believing nature can be transformed into a group of inter-separable yet independent factors or particles, which formed the nature resulting in “the disenchantment of the world” (Marx Weber's words). However, postmodern ecology thinks of nature as an organic whole, which is neither a storehouse of natural resources, nor a wasteland without any life, but a flower garden, which needs care of human being, and this would lead to “the re-enchantment of the world”. Such a great change of worldview must bring about a relevant change in aesthetic experiences.

现代性的意识形态持一种机械论的世界观,认为自然可以还原为一组相互分离和独立的要素或者粒子,自然就是由这些要素之间的机械作用所构成的,其结果是“世界的祛魅”(马克斯·韦伯语)。后现代的生态学思想则视自然为一个统一的有机整体,自然既不是一个有待人类挖掘的资源库,也不是一片毫无生机的荒原,而是一座有待人类照料、关心和爱护的花园,其结果则是“世界的复魅”。在这一生态学视域之下,审美领域遂出现意义重大的转向:自然的审美特性不仅在于其形式特征以及对于人类本质力量的映现,更在于其自身作为不断进化的有机体所蕴涵的生命活力,由此出发,近代美学把自然美置于艺术美之下的信条将受到强有力的挑战;与此相应,审美活动也不再是主体对于客体的感性认识活动,而是人类与自然之间平等的相互交流。

Ecological aesthetics is one of the hot spots in the aesthetic circle of China in recent years.The discussion of the issue is conducive to the reconsideration of the beauty of nature,but whether ecology has concern with aesthetics is most likely to arouse doubts,for ecological beauty cannot replace natural beauty.The discussion of ecological aesthetics is significant not because it has contributed to the founding of a new discipline,but because it has furthered our understanding of natural beauty and has laid...

Ecological aesthetics is one of the hot spots in the aesthetic circle of China in recent years.The discussion of the issue is conducive to the reconsideration of the beauty of nature,but whether ecology has concern with aesthetics is most likely to arouse doubts,for ecological beauty cannot replace natural beauty.The discussion of ecological aesthetics is significant not because it has contributed to the founding of a new discipline,but because it has furthered our understanding of natural beauty and has laid down the philosophical foundation of a new natural aesthetics,which has three characteristics: 1) the sphere of natural beauty has been widened;2) the nature of natural beauty has been redefined;3) the relationship between man and nature has been reestablished.

生态美学是近年来国内美学界讨论的热点问题之一。这一讨论为重新认识自然美提供了理论助力,甚至长期困扰中西美学史的“自然美的难题”也会因此得到解决。但是,生态能否成为美学问题却是极易引人质疑的,因为生态美不能代替自然美,它缺乏自然美这一范畴在现象与本质之间进退自如的特点。目前国内讨论生态美学的意义不在于创建了一门新的学科,而在于可借此深化对自然美的认识,在于为重构一种新自然美学提供了哲学基础。这种新自然美学的“新”表现在三个方面:(1)自然美的范围得到拓展:生态、景观、环境共同构成了自然美研究的整体轮廓;(2)自然美的本质被重新界定:现代生态学的有机自然观为自然美提供了自我完成的审美本质;(3)人与自然的审美关系被重新确立:单向度的“人审自然”让位给人与自然对象的互动和互赏。

 
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