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微血管压迫
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  microvascular compression
     Anatomy and clinical study of the cranical nerve disease by microvascular compression
     微血管压迫导致三叉神经痛及面肌痉挛的临床和解剖研究
短句来源
     Microvascular decompression for subjective tinnitus induced by microvascular compression syndrome with endoscope assisting
     内镜辅助显微血管减压术治疗微血管压迫综合征性耳鸣
短句来源
     Results The SBP,DBP, MAP and HR showed significant increase postoperatively (P <0. 01 ) in the microvascular compression group;
     结果 微血管压迫组术后SBP、DBP、MAP和HR明显增加(P<0.01);
短句来源
     Conclusion MRI lamella-scan at cerebellopontine angle and internal auditory canal is a method of exactly diagnosing tinnitus induced by microvascular compression syndrome. These patients could effectually treated with microvascular decompression. During endoscopic assisted operration is a safe and a minimal invasive technique,which doesn't bring about any complication and prolongation of operating-time.
     结论:MR I小脑-桥脑角薄层扫描是一种极为高效、准确的检查和诊断微血管压迫综合征性耳鸣的手段,对于诊断明确的该病患者,内镜辅助行显微血管减压术是一项极为有价值的治疗技术和方法,较之以往经典的手术显微镜下操作更为安全、清楚,创伤亦有所减小,并且未出现使用内镜而造成手术时间延长或相关并发症等情况,具有推广应用价值。
短句来源
  “微血管压迫”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The result showed that abnormal N_(19)was found in 6 cases with a prolongation of the latency and a change in wave form, and there was a signifcant difference of the latency before and after operation.
     结果显示:36例患者中,6例异常,主要有潜伏期延长和波形改变。 异常者手术前后N_(19)潜伏期差异显著,支持微血管压迫学说。
短句来源
     Six patients with hemifacial spasm (HFS) were treated by transtympanic needlingand splitting of horizontal segment of affected facial nerve.
     半面痉挛(HFS)病因机理不清,有神经冲动短路、局部癫痛、微血管压迫学说,尚无特效药物治疗。
短句来源
     Disability did not occur and only 13.2% were detected for slight operation complication. Conclusion Preoperative MRTA examination is valuable to the diagnosis of the etiology of facial spasm. The keys to the successful operation are the high-effective Methods of microdecompression for treating facial spasm, the proficient microsurgical technique and the correct identification of offending blood vessel.
     MRTA检查面神经微血管压迫阳性率 78.6 % ,手术有效率为 90 .8% ,1年复发率为 4 % ,无致残 ,轻微手术并发症 13.2 % ,结论术前MRTA检查对面肌痉挛病因有诊断价值 ,显微减压手术治疗面肌痉挛是高效安全的治疗方法 ,熟练的显微外科技术及正确识别责任血管是手术成功的关键。
短句来源
     Conclusion The left medulla oblongata and IX , X cranial nerve microvessels compresse can result in hypertension. The canine model hypertensive in accordance to the clinical disease states can be easily repeated and the method is credible.
     结论 采用微血管压迫左侧Ⅸ、Ⅹ颅神经和延髓腹外侧建立原发性高血压犬模型,符合临床疾病状态,重复性好,结果可靠。
短句来源
     The area that the ninth and tenth cranial nerves entering in the left rostral ventrolateral medulla is an important center of blood accommodation,The phenomena that this area is oppressed by blood capillary can be found in many neurotic hypertension.
     延髓左侧腹外侧喙端第Ⅸ、Ⅹ颅神经进入脑干区是一个重血压调节中枢,很多神经源性高血压的病例中存在微血管压迫延髓左侧腹外侧喙端第Ⅸ、Ⅹ颅神经进入脑干区的现象。
短句来源
  相似匹配句对
     Anatomy and clinical study of the cranical nerve disease by microvascular compression
     微血管压迫导致三叉神经痛及面肌痉挛的临床和解剖研究
短句来源
     Objective To Study the micro-vascular changes of following compression of cauda equina.
     目的研究马尾神经慢性压迫微血管改变。
短句来源
     ② microvessel reduction.
     (2)微血管减少。
短句来源
     tumor microvessel density (MVD);
     肿瘤微血管密度;
短句来源
     Silence as Resistance
     沉默抵抗压迫
短句来源
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  microvascular compression
Atypical clinical features, as well as pre- and postoperative neurophysiological findings supporting the microvascular compression theory, are discussed.
      
A microvascular compression and demyelination of the seventh nerve at its exit from the brain stem is considered to be the main aetiology of HFS.
      
Severe edema resulting in brain swelling and secondary microvascular compression is not likely to occur under our experimental conditions.
      


Twenty-four patients with various cerebellopontine angle (CPA) disorders including hemifacial spasrn (11 cases), trigeminal neuralgia (9 cases), gIossopharyngeal neuralgia (2 cases),incapacitating vertigo and acoustic neuroma (one case each). were treated by endoscopic surgery, viathe retrosigmoid approach. Because of,the distal light and panoramic view, the endoscope provides an excellent view inside the CPA, allows clear identification of the vascular and nervous components,and is especially helpful in cases...

Twenty-four patients with various cerebellopontine angle (CPA) disorders including hemifacial spasrn (11 cases), trigeminal neuralgia (9 cases), gIossopharyngeal neuralgia (2 cases),incapacitating vertigo and acoustic neuroma (one case each). were treated by endoscopic surgery, viathe retrosigmoid approach. Because of,the distal light and panoramic view, the endoscope provides an excellent view inside the CPA, allows clear identification of the vascular and nervous components,and is especially helpful in cases of trigeminal neuralgia and hemifaclal spasm to find the location of cross-conflict. Under the monitor of endoscope, the surgeon is able to perform facial nerve decom-pression and splitting, selective trigeminal nerve root and glossopharyngeal nerve section with ease and safty. The present study shows that the endoscopic surgery is a simple and useful procedure which helps to re duce surgical complications. We recommend the application of endoscopy in the management of CPA disorders.

在桥小脑角手术中为了扩大暴露,减少术中误判,增加手术的安全性,在手术中配合应用了内窥镜。报道24例(半面痉挛11例、三叉神经痛9例、舌咽神经痛2例、顽固性外周性眩晕及听神经瘤各1例)内窥镜下桥小脑角(CPA)手术的体会。内窥镜扩展了对桥小脑角结构的暴露,提供较手术显微镜更加清晰的术野。可将窥镜推至病变神经根部仔细观察,利于查明责任血管。在不改变神经血管位置的情况下可方便地进行神经根减压梳理及选择性切断。介绍了内窥镜下的手术方法、技巧及注意事项,认为内窥镜手术是目前客观评价桥小脑角显微血管压迫和实施神经根手术的理想方法。

Trigeminal somatcoensory evoked potential (TSEP) in 36 patients with primary trigeminal neuralgia was determined, the N_(19) wave was regarded as the observation index, and those who had an abnormal N _(19) wave were reexamined after decompression of micrangium. The result showed that abnormal N_(19)was found in 6 cases with a prolongation of the latency and a change in wave form, and there was a signifcant difference of the latency before and after operation. This condition supported the microvascular compression...

Trigeminal somatcoensory evoked potential (TSEP) in 36 patients with primary trigeminal neuralgia was determined, the N_(19) wave was regarded as the observation index, and those who had an abnormal N _(19) wave were reexamined after decompression of micrangium. The result showed that abnormal N_(19)was found in 6 cases with a prolongation of the latency and a change in wave form, and there was a signifcant difference of the latency before and after operation. This condition supported the microvascular compression hypothesis. However,the abnormality rate of TSEP was low, and there was no significant difference in the latency between the diseased and the control groups,suggesting that TSEP could not be a sensitive index in the evaluation of the status of the trigeminal nerve.

对36例经严格筛选的原发性三叉神经痛患者行三叉神经体感诱发电位(TSEP)测定,以N_(19)作为观察指标,对其中异常者行显微血管减压术后复查。结果显示:36例患者中,6例异常,主要有潜伏期延长和波形改变。异常者手术前后N_(19)潜伏期差异显著,支持微血管压迫学说。但TSEP异常率较低,且患者组N_(19)潜伏期与对照组无显著差异,提示TSEP不能作为全面评定三叉神经功能状态的灵敏指标。

Six patients with hemifacial spasm (HFS) were treated by transtympanic needlingand splitting of horizontal segment of affected facial nerve. All of the patients were followed up 0. 5~2 years (average 1. 2 year) with good results in 4 cases, improvement in2 cases and hearing was unchanged in 5 cases. We suggeste that transtympanic facialnerve splitting is effective for treating HFS and superior to medical therapy. The experience of surgical management was discussed.

半面痉挛(HFS)病因机理不清,有神经冲动短路、局部癫痛、微血管压迫学说,尚无特效药物治疗。本文报告经鼓室探查术进路行面神经水平段减压术治疗HFS6例,平均随访1.2年,显效4例,复发2例,但程度减轻。5例术中未分离砧镫关节,听力不变。HFS行水平段神经梳理术不复杂,安全有效,是多种手术疗法中可取的一种。作者介绍提高手术效果的几点经验:①鼓室探查术外耳道鼓膜皮瓣比常现大一点,有利于暴露面神经水平段;②镫骨上层结构及砧镫关节是定位面神经骨管的重要标志;③为保持听力,一般不要分离砧镫关节;④面神经水平段骨管近卵圆窗缘较薄,可用细钩针挑开;⑤根据面痉挛病程和痉挛程度的不同,进行不同强度的梳理;⑥对病情顽固者,可行第二次梳理术。

 
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