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病理     
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  pathology
    Study on Pathology and Injury Mechanism in Liver Transplantation
    肝移植病理诊断及肝肾急性排斥反应机制研究
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    An Experimental Study of MRI Diagnosis and Pathology on the Acute Impact Injury of Acetabular Cartilage
    髋臼软骨急性冲击伤的MRI诊断及病理实验研究
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    Clinical Pathology of Breast Malignant Lymphoma——Report of 8 cases
    乳腺恶性淋巴瘤的临床病理(附8例报告)
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    Study of clinical pathology and discussion of surgicalstrategy in comprehensive mitral valvuloplasty
    二尖瓣综合成形术──临床病理研究与手术策略探讨
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    Experimental study of canine chronic compressive cervical myelopathy: primary observation of spinal cord pathology &. microangiography
    犬慢性压迫性颈脊髓病的实验研究──病理及微血管造影的初步观察
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  pathologic
    MSCTA and 3D-DCE-MRA in the Evaluation of Receptor's Vessels before Orthotopic Liver Transplantation and Compare with Pathologic Results
    肝移植受体血管术前MSCTA与3D-DCE-MRA评估及病理对照研究
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    A Discussion on the Causes of Death in Severe Viral Hepatitis A Clinical and Pathologic Analysis of 223 Fatal Cases
    重症病毒性肝炎的死亡原因探讨(223例死亡病例的临床和病理分析)
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    Pathologic Basis of Cardinal X-Ray Features of Chondrosarcoma
    软骨肉瘤基本X线征的病理基础
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    PATHOLOGIC ANALYSIS OF 425 CASES OF SOFT TISSUE TUMORS
    425例软组织肿瘤病理分析
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    CLINICAL DIAGNOSIS OF ATYPICAL BREAST LESIONS BY MAMMOGRAPHY——WITH PATHOLOGIC STUDY ON 588 LESIONS
    临床不典型乳腺病变的钼靶X线诊断——附588个乳腺病变病理对照
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  histopathology
    Methods Eighty-nine breast masses(42 malignant,47 benign) were prospectively assessed by color Doppler ultrasound and power Doppler ultrasound before operation and were identified by histopathology.
    方法对89个乳腺肿块(良性47个,恶性42个)进行彩色及能量多普勒超声检查,分析血流分布特征及血流动力学参数,并与手术病理对照。
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    The Study About Changes of Spinal Cord Histopathology,Motor Evoked Potentials After Rabbits Spinal Cord Injury with Transcutaneous Local Hypothermia Therapy
    经皮局部低温治疗兔脊髓损伤后病理与运动诱发电位的研究
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    Primary sacral neoplasm: histopathology and imaging manifestations
    原发性骶骨肿瘤病理及影像学表现
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    Histopathology study of cerebral arteriovenous malformations after stereostactic gamma knife radiosurgery(Report of 5 cases)
    脑动静脉畸形伽玛刀治疗后的组织病理研究(附5例报道)
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    Imaging features of primary bone lymphoma and its histopathology
    骨原发性恶性淋巴瘤影像学诊断与组织病理对照研究
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  pathological mechanism
    Pathological mechanism of cerebral concussion
    脑震荡病理机制探讨
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    Objective To observe pathological alteration of relevant neurons in CNS after traumatic axonal injury for further exploring pathological mechanism of diffuse axonal injury (DAI) and providing experimental evidences for seeking and designing new target of treatment and improvement DAI.
    目的 观察中枢神经轴索损伤后其相应的神经元胞体发生的病理改变,进一步探讨弥漫性轴索损伤的病理机制,为临床治疗弥漫性轴索损伤和改善其预后探寻新的治疗靶标提供实验依据。
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    In this paper, the pathological mechanism, signification of classification and the relation of operation on soft tissue and bone are discussed in detail.
    本文就麻痹性膝屈曲挛缩的病理机理,临床分型意义及软组织手术与骨性手术的关系进行了讨论。
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    Objective: To investigate pathogenic factor and pathological mechanism of the is-chemic necrosis of the femoral head furthur.
    目的:进一步探讨股骨头缺血性坏死的致病因素及病理机制。
短句来源
    Methods Contracture of thumb web was divided into five types according to its pathological mechanism.
    方法 根据虎口挛缩的病理机制分为 5种类型。
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  pathology
It is possible that this mutation severely impairs enzymatic activity and is the underlying basis for the pathology seen in this patient with Hunter syndrome.
      
The biopsy tissue and the lesion resected in operation were treated with pathology and histological response was counted.
      
It is totally different from pancreatic carcinoma in epidemiology, histology, pathology and prognosis.
      
This study investigates the molecular pathology in four families with LQTS (including a family with JLNS) in the Chinese population.
      
To investigate the biological behavior of GIST, we collected 83 cases of gastric and 62 cases of small intestinal GIST from the Department of Pathology of the Chinese PLA General Hospital.
      
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  pathologic
An analysis of clinico-pathologic features of intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas
      
Pathologic rereview of each case was performed, and the clinico-pathologic features were examined.
      
Data recorded included onset, symptoms, signs, laboratory results, endoscopic, radiologic and pathologic findings, the clinical treatment process and follow-up.
      
Using homogenous enzyme preparations of NADP-IDH isolated from the normal and experimentally ischemized rat myocardium, a number of catalytic properties of the enzyme were characterized for normal and pathologic conditions.
      
However, under normal and pathologic conditions NADP-IDH was different in the affinity for substrates and in the sensitivity to inhibitory effects of hydrogen peroxide, reduced glutathione, and of Ca2+.
      
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  histopathology
Histopathology of the digestive gland of the bivalve mollusk Crenomytilus grayanus (Dunker, 1853) from southwestern Peter the Gr
      
Identifying the etiologic role of Parvovirus B19 in non-immune hydrops fetalis by histopathology, immunohistochemistry and nucle
      
Paraffine embedded tissue sections from placental and liver tissues from each case were evaluated by histopathology, immunohistochemistry, nested PCR and commercial quantitative Real-time PCR.
      
Viral DNA was detected in placental tissues by Real-time PCR in 2 cases (2/22, 9.1%) where histopathology also revealed changes suggestive of Parvovirus B19 infection.
      
However, histopathology revealed a 2.2×1.5 cm adenocarcinoma.
      
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  pathological mechanism
IOS technique could be used as a valuable tool for assessing the degree of upper airway obstruction in the patients with OSAS, and could help to explore its pathological mechanism.
      
In order to study the molecular immune-pathological mechanism of spontaneous abortion (SA), immunohistochemistry techniques were used to detect the FasL expression of first trimester trophoblast in the SA patients and normal controls.
      
Why DCS occurs predominantly in the spinal cord and not in the brain is not known; neither is the exact pathological mechanism by which the spinal cord is damaged, nor how multiple sclerosis (MS)-like symptoms may ensue.
      
Experimental results show that a cholinergic mechanism and increased parasympathetic tone are important factors in the pathological mechanism of chronic airways obstruction.
      
The most common pathological mechanism leading to the development of heart failure is left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction, which remains clinically asymptomatic for a long time.
      
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  其他


Traumatic hemorrhage of brain stem is a serious and irreversible brain damage.It consti- tutes one of the important causes of death in patients with acute cranio-cerebral injury.Un- fortunately,this condition is rarely diagnosed antemortemly,although much has been learnt recently regarding its clinical manifestations. In the present series of 33 fatal cases of acute cranio-cerebral injury,10 cases of brain stem hemorrhage were found on autopsy.Definite focal hemorrhages in the brain stem were seen grossly in...

Traumatic hemorrhage of brain stem is a serious and irreversible brain damage.It consti- tutes one of the important causes of death in patients with acute cranio-cerebral injury.Un- fortunately,this condition is rarely diagnosed antemortemly,although much has been learnt recently regarding its clinical manifestations. In the present series of 33 fatal cases of acute cranio-cerebral injury,10 cases of brain stem hemorrhage were found on autopsy.Definite focal hemorrhages in the brain stem were seen grossly in 6 cases and microscopically in another 4 cases.The most common site of hemorrhage, was found to be on the dorsal part of the pens, periaqueductal area and median raphe.In 3 cases Hemorrhage was also found in the segmental part of the mid-brain.Bleeding might have been either petechial or massive with clot formation. Death occurred to about half of these patients within 24 hours after injury,while the rest survived for varying periods,the longest being 53 days.

对10例外伤性脑干出血死亡病例进行了临床及病理资料的分析。发现致伤机制都属于加速性损伤。脑干出血部位均见于桥脑背部,大脑导水管周围或正中缝附近,其中3例同时伴有中脑被盖部出血。本组中半数于伤后24小时内死亡,但少数病例是尚可维持较长生存时间,最长者达58天。对脑干损伤综合征作了简单的描述。本组患者同时合并急性颅内血肿者5例,其中4例虽经血肿清除术,但未取得预期疗效,另一例钻孔探查阴性,尸检见巨大脑内血肿,并已破入脑室内。对产生脑干出血的机制作了简单的讨论。认为可根据病人(1)受伤当时的意识状态,(2)出现脑干损伤综合征的时间,及(3)致死时间,作为区别是原发性或继发性脑干损伤的标准,并提出外伤性脑干出血系脑干不可逆性损伤的一种表现,目前对脑干出血还不能找到其特征性的临床表现,因此仍是诊断中有待解决的问题。关于防治工作方面,强调提出对防止继发性脑干损伤的发生或防止其发展为不可逆性阶段的重要意义,因此应当仔细观察病情的发展动向,经常保持戒备状态,及时识别颅内血肿,迅速予以手术处理,并提出在清除血肿后尚有明显脑疝存在时的处理步骤及采用其他各种综合治疗的重要性。

A report of long-term follow-up results of 259 cases with Pott'sparaplegia was presented. All the patients were treated with combinationof chemotherapy and various operations. The overall recovery rate was87. 6%, improvement rate 7.0% and failure rate 5. 4%. According to this retrospective study, it was suggested that the mainfactors influencing the therapeutic efficacies should include the age of thepatient, duration and severity of paraplegia, pre- and postoperative compli-cations, pathological impairments...

A report of long-term follow-up results of 259 cases with Pott'sparaplegia was presented. All the patients were treated with combinationof chemotherapy and various operations. The overall recovery rate was87. 6%, improvement rate 7.0% and failure rate 5. 4%. According to this retrospective study, it was suggested that the mainfactors influencing the therapeutic efficacies should include the age of thepatient, duration and severity of paraplegia, pre- and postoperative compli-cations, pathological impairments of the spinal cord and the operativeprocedures.

本文总结了获得长期随访的259例脊柱结核截瘫,采用全身支持疗法和抗结核药物结合不同类型的手术,使截瘫的治愈率达87.6%,好转7.0%,无效仅5.4%。通过本组病例分析认为,患者年龄,截瘫的时间、程度和并发症,手术途径,脊髓的病理损害以及治疗是否彻底是影响疗效的主要因素。

This paper deals with the experience of endoscopic retrograde pancreatocholangiography in 50 jaundiced patients, encountered in 128 consecutive examinations (126 cases).In 30 cases (60%) ERPC confirmed the clinical diagnosis of gall stone, malignancies and etc. while in 13 cases (26%), ERPC corrected the mistaken clinical diagnosis.The ERPC diagnosis of the nature and site of the diseases was 98% by surgery or on autopy

本文报告了126例128次经十二指肠镜逆行胰胆造影中50例黄疸患者之造影结果,讨论了其诊断意义。逆行胰胆造影于30例(60%)肯定了胆结石,胰胆肿瘤等临床诊断并明确了其发生部位;纠正了13例(26%)临床诊断之错误。逆行胰胆造影诊断与手术病理,尸检结果之符合率为96.4%,病变部位符合率为98%,本文又讨论了临床诊断的经验与教训。

 
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