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   供给冲击 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.87秒
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供给冲击
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  supply shock
     Information Technology, Supply Shock and New Economy
     信息技术、供给冲击与新经济
短句来源
     Blanchard and Quah firstly proposed SVAR in 1989. They made use of VAR imposed by economic theory’s long-term restriction to reduce model’s parameters needed to beestimated, identify the aggregate demand and aggregate supply shock.
     结构向量自回归模型(简称SVAR)方法首先由Blanchard和Quah于1989年提出,他们通过对一般向量自回归模型(VAR)施加基于经济理论的长期限制性条件,从而减少了模型的待估参数,并识别出经济中的总需求冲击和总供给冲击
短句来源
     supply shock works better than demand shock.
     引入供给冲击优于引入需求冲击。
短句来源
     Supply Shock, The Alteration of General Price Level and Deflation
     供给冲击、价格总水平下降与货币量紧缩
短句来源
     By estimating and testing the structural VAR model,we find that the monetary shock,supply shock and price shock have significant and persistent effects on the short term interest rates, but have no significant effects on long term interest rates.
     文章通过估计和检验结构VAR模型,发现货币冲击、供给冲击和价格冲击都对短期利率产生了持续显著的影响,而对长期利率则没有显著作用效果。
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  supply shocks
     By identification between supply and demand shocks, we find that only supply shocks have pemanent effects on output while demand shocks have little effects.
     在识别出供给冲击和需求冲击后 ,发现只有供给冲击对产出产生永久性影响 ,需求冲击对产出的影响很小 ;
短句来源
     Fluctuations in industrial output are influenced by supply shocks and demand shocks.
     工业产值的波动受供给冲击和需求冲击的双重影响。
短句来源
     Supply shocks are caused by technological innovations and cha nges of production costs. Demand shocks are originated by price changes and mark et aggregate demands.
     供给冲击主要来源于技术创新和生产成本的变动 ,而需求冲击则主要来源于需求的变化。
短句来源
  “供给冲击”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Resource Price Shock and Macroeconomic Fluctuation
     资源供给冲击与宏观经济波动——重新理解中国经济增长
短句来源
     This paper studies the relation between the stability of finance opening and the foreign coordination,based on three given policy goal and two non-equity country. We analyses how the symmetry economic shock and non-symmetry economic shock affect the process and efficiency of the finance foreign coordination.
     本文试图研究来自供给与需求两方面的经济冲击、给定目标下的政策选择、实力不对等的国家间溢出效应的不对称性等情形下的金融政策外部协调问题,以及从发展中国家金融开放的角度深入研究持续性对称型供给冲击与持续性非对称型需求冲击两种情形下的金融政策外部协调的进程、效率与稳定性问题。
短句来源
     3) high oil prices have shifted from being supply-driven to being demand-driven;
     3)高油价的成因从原来的供给冲击转变为需求拉动;
短句来源
     We conclude that ECB's loss of control over inflation in recent years is the result of negative supply impact, especially rising energy prices.
     本文认为欧元区近些年来的通胀率超标主要是负向供给冲击尤其是能源价格冲击的结果;
短句来源
     The high growth rate low inflation phenomenon during 1998~2003 can be captured to a great extent by a positive resource price shock.
     1998年以后出现的所谓“缩长”现象,很大程度上可以通过资源供给冲击加以解释。
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  supply shock
The model economy shows that a positive money supply shock generates a decrease in nominal interest rates and an increase in output level.
      
Asymmetric information amplifies the response of capital to the money supply shock, but does not propagate them in other ways.
      
The paper also addresses the issue to what extent there is a short run trade off between inflation and output with an adverse supply shock.
      
An adverse supply shock hits a two-country Mundell-Fleming world and causes unemployment and a higher cost of living.
      
The long run influence of the aggregate labour supply shock is estimated to be very limited.
      
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  supply shocks
The relative importance of demand and supply shocks some international evidence
      
The cause of Danish unemployment: Demand or supply shocks
      
With unemployment being nonstationary, the common trends analysis indicates that labor supply shocks is the primary source for explaining the behavior of unemployment.
      
This eliminates, under the assumption of homogeneous L?nder, supply shocks and changes in the formation of expectations as possible identification failures.
      
Such a model may reconcile the widespread belief in a liquidity effect of money supply shocks with the difficulty many researchers have had in finding empirical support for such an effect.
      
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The paper argues that one of the critical reason of current Asian crisis is the choice of monetary exchange system which abstains the decision maker from the long term nonequilibrium adjustment under the help of macroeconomic situation indicator and policy tools.Firstly,the paper discusses the stability of monetary exchange system from export demand shock,import supply shock,international capital flow shock and internal shock.Se condly,it analyses...

The paper argues that one of the critical reason of current Asian crisis is the choice of monetary exchange system which abstains the decision maker from the long term nonequilibrium adjustment under the help of macroeconomic situation indicator and policy tools.Firstly,the paper discusses the stability of monetary exchange system from export demand shock,import supply shock,international capital flow shock and internal shock.Se condly,it analyses the failure of monetary exchange system of Asian countries and the vulnerability (cost) of floating exchange system.Finally,it considers the gains and risks of the reform aiming at floating system for China,which is helpful for the reform of Chinese exchange system and corresponding macroeconomic policy tools transformation.

汇率制度的选择不当是东亚国家宏观经济基本面的显示器和政策工具不能及时提醒决策者逐步调整长期的非均衡的一个核心原因。本文从出口需求冲击、进口供给冲击、国际资本流动冲击和国内冲击四个方面探讨了汇率制度的稳定性,分析了东亚国家汇率制度的失败和浮动汇率制度的易变性(成本),探讨了中国走向更为灵活的浮动汇率的风险和收益,为我国的汇率制度改革和相应的宏观经济政策体系调整提供了依据

Monetary policies effects are very different between China and the western countries, whether the anticipated money growth or the unanticipated money growth all rejected the neutrality to output, which imply that the money supply growth has played an important role to promote the Chinese economic growth. Furthermore, we find that the money supply shock of M1 has the symmetric effects, while the money supply shock of M2 has the asymmetric effects, and the asymmetry is opposite to the western countries: positive...

Monetary policies effects are very different between China and the western countries, whether the anticipated money growth or the unanticipated money growth all rejected the neutrality to output, which imply that the money supply growth has played an important role to promote the Chinese economic growth. Furthermore, we find that the money supply shock of M1 has the symmetric effects, while the money supply shock of M2 has the asymmetric effects, and the asymmetry is opposite to the western countries: positive money supply shock has significant effect to output, but the negative money supply shock has no significant effect to output.

我国的货币作用机制与西方市场经济国家的情形具有较大的差别 ,不论是预期的货币供给冲击 ,还是非预期的货币供给冲击 ,对产出的影响均非中性 ,说明货币供给在推动我国经济的运行中仍起着关键性的作用 .更进一步分析发现 ,货币供给 M1的冲击对产出的影响具有对称性 ,而货币供给 M2的冲击对产出的影响具有非对称性 ,且这种非对称性与西方国家的情形刚好相反 ,正的货币冲击对经济增长具有明显的促进作用 ,而负的货币冲击虽对经济增长有一定的抑制作用 ,但与正的货币冲击相比 ,其强度在统计意义上要弱很多 .

This paper empirically shows that there exists a cointegration relationship among the outputs of China, USA and Japan. Although foreign shocks have permanent effects on the domestic output in levels, the fluctuations of domestic output are dominated by domestic shocks. By identification between supply and demand shocks, we find that only supply shocks have pemanent effects on output while demand shocks have little effects. Nevertheless demand shocks have significant effects on inflation either in the long run...

This paper empirically shows that there exists a cointegration relationship among the outputs of China, USA and Japan. Although foreign shocks have permanent effects on the domestic output in levels, the fluctuations of domestic output are dominated by domestic shocks. By identification between supply and demand shocks, we find that only supply shocks have pemanent effects on output while demand shocks have little effects. Nevertheless demand shocks have significant effects on inflation either in the long run or in the short run. In order to mitigate or eliminate fluctuations caused by negative supply shocks, we must be concemed about improving the supply of output. The stability of price should be the prime objective of monetary policy in any circumstance.

本文实证发现 ,我国产出和美国、日本产出长期存在着稳定的协整关系 ,虽然国外冲击对我国的产出水平具有长期影响 ,但我国产出的波动主要归因于国内冲击。在识别出供给冲击和需求冲击后 ,发现只有供给冲击对产出产生永久性影响 ,需求冲击对产出的影响很小 ;需求冲击无论在短期还是在长期 ,对通胀率的影响幅度较大。因此 ,我国应从改善供给的角度减弱或消除不利的供给冲击对产出波动的影响 ,货币政策无论在短期还是在长期都应把物价稳定放在首要目标。

 
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