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上气道     
相关语句
  upper airway
     The causes of sleep-related breathing disorder included upper airway resistance syndrome (UARS) in 13 cases(10.4%,13/125), mild OSAHS in 41 cases(32.8%,41/125), moderate OASHS in 47 cases(37.6%,47/125), severe OSAHS in 22 cases(17.6%,22/125), normal in 2case(1.6%,2/125).
     125例疑似OSAHS儿童中,2例(1.6%,2/125)诊断为正常,13例(10.4%,13/125)诊断为上气道阻力综合征,41例(32.8%,41/125)诊断为轻度OSAHS,47例(37.6%,47/125)诊断为中度OSAHS,22例(17.6%,22/125)诊断为重度OSAHS。
短句来源
     Results: The sagittal depth of upper airway in female was larger than in male,but there was no statistical difference except PNS-Ad2,PNS-UPW,SPP-SPPW,U-MPW in low angle group.
     结果:上气道矢状径:女性大于男性,但除低角组PNS-Ad2、PNS-UPW、SPP-SPPW、U-MPW外无统计学差异;
短句来源
     With CT scanning, found the upper airway section area in these patients increased. The minimum capacity increased from 0.8 cm~2 to 1.63 cm~2(P< 0.01 ). The area of upper pharynx increased from ( 1.05 ± 0.51 )cm~2 to ( 1.94 ± 0.55 )cm~2(P< 0.01 ).
     CT扫描观察可见其上气道内径截面积增大,最小值从0.8cm2增加到1.63cm2(P<0.01),咽上部由(1.05±0.51)cm2,增加到(1.94±0.55)cm2(P<0.01)。
短句来源
     Results: Central airway impedance (CAI) and upper airway resistance (R35) in OSAHS group were significantly higher than that in control group (P<0.01), meanwhile central airway resistance and peripheral airway resistance (R5-R20) showed higher than the control group (P<0.05).
     结果OSAHS组中心气道阻抗(CAI)和上气道阻力(R35)明显高于对照组,差别有统计学意义(P<0.01),中心气道阻力(R20)和外周气道阻力(R5-R20)也高于对照组,差别亦有统计学意义(P<0.05);
短句来源
     Objective: To study the difference of upper airway form and hyoid position of the children with different vertical facial types in mixed dentition.
     目的:比较替牙期不同垂直骨面型儿童上气道形态和舌骨位置的差异,为临床诊疗和颅面部生长发育的研究提供一定的参考依据。
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  the upper airway
     With CT scanning, found the upper airway section area in these patients increased. The minimum capacity increased from 0.8 cm~2 to 1.63 cm~2(P< 0.01 ). The area of upper pharynx increased from ( 1.05 ± 0.51 )cm~2 to ( 1.94 ± 0.55 )cm~2(P< 0.01 ).
     CT扫描观察可见其上气道内径截面积增大,最小值从0.8cm2增加到1.63cm2(P<0.01),咽上部由(1.05±0.51)cm2,增加到(1.94±0.55)cm2(P<0.01)。
短句来源
     Objective: To compare the upper airway dimensions of patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome(OSAS) in different posture and to study the changes of soft tissue and skeletal in supine position.
     目的 :对阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停综合征 (obstructivesleepapneasyndrome,OSAS)患者不同体位下上气道的变化做了观察比较 ,初步探讨了仰卧位时上气道软组织及骨组织位置及结构的变化 ,为OSAS的诊治提供有关依据。
短句来源
     Results: ①The myoeletronic activities of dilation muscles of the upper airway in OSAHS patients were higher than those in the control(P<0.01).
     结果:①OSAHS患者上气道扩张肌肌电活动均较正常人高(P<0.01)。
短句来源
     Objective To study the characteristic alterations of the upper airway structure and function in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome(OSAS),healthy snorers and healthy subjects with CT scan to evaluate CT scan's value in diagnosis and treatment of OSAS.
     目的 采用CT扫描研究阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停综合征 (OSAS)、单纯鼾症患者及正常人之间上气道结构与功能的差异 ,评价CT对上气道疾病的诊断价值。 方法 对 16 6例OSAS患者、6 8例单纯鼾症和 34例正常人的上气道进行CT扫描 ,测量并计算其上气道截面积。
短句来源
     (3) The shape and size of nitinol stents were determined by the upper airway characteristics of OSAHS pigs.
     (3)根据OSAHS猪上气道形态确定NT支架的形状及大小。
短句来源
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  upper airway space
     Objective To study the relationship between the cross-sectional area and liner distance of the upper airway space of the patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome(OSAS).
     目的本研究通过对OSAS患者上气道截面积与线距测量的分析,探讨上气道的阻塞部位及截面积与线距之间的关系。
短句来源
     Relationship Between the Cross-sectional Area and Linear Distance of the Upper Airway Space of the Patients with OSAS
     OSAS患者上气道截面积与矢径、横径的相关性分析
     A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON UPPER AIRWAY SPACE OF PATIENTS WITH OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA SYNDROME IN DIFFERENT POSTURE
     阻塞性睡眠呼吸暂停综合征患者不同体位下上气道变化的临床观察
短句来源
     1. A comparative study on upper airway space of patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in different posture Objective To compare results of upper airway dimensions of patients with obstructive sleep apnea svndrome(OSAS) in different posture and to study the changes of sofe tissue and skeletal in supine position.
     2.OSAS患者不同体位下上气道变化的对比研究阻塞型睡眠呼吸暂停综合征的影像学评估及手术选择6目的:对阻塞型睡眠呼吸暂停综合征hbstruct ivesleep apnea syndro。 e,OSAS)患者不同体位下上气道的变化做了比较,初步探讨了仰卧位时上气道软组织及骨组织位置及结构的变化,为OSAS的诊治提供有关依据。
短句来源
     Conclusion: Multiple changes occur in upper airway space of patients with OSAS in different posture. Lateral X-ray film in supine position is highly recommended as a valuable tool in the evaluation of OSAS.
     OSAS患者多在卧位时发病 ,在OSAS患者术前评估时 ,仰卧位X线头颅侧位片可以更客观的反映患者上气道解剖情况 ,为OSAS患者的治疗提供更为可靠的依据。
短句来源
更多       
  upper-airway
     Results: In all 3 cephalometric variables of upper-airway dimension (SPPS, MPS, IPS), statistically useful regression equations could be established.
     结果 :在多因素分析中 ,3个上气道头影测量变量 (SPPS ,MPS ,IPS)均能建立显著有效的回归方程。
短句来源
     Retrospectively analysing all the 206 cases of pulmonary function testing during the period of 1990 to 1992, we found 2 cases with intra -thorax upper-airway obstruction.
     回顾分析本院1990-1992年间肺功能检查共502例,发现其中有2例胸内型上气道阻塞的病例。
短句来源
     Results Compared with the normal group,the main feature of high-angle and average-angle of Angle's Ⅱ~1 indicated mandibular retrusion and upper-airway narrowing,especially in the high-angle group.
     结果与正常牙合比较,安氏Ⅱ1高角型、平均型均表现上气道狭窄,且高角型气道狭窄的部位更多,程度更明显。
短句来源
     These findings indicate that the superior upper-airway dimension can be altered during maxillary protraction.
     前方牵引后 ,上颌向前生长及下颌的改变与上气道间隙改变有显著的联系 ,说明上颌前方牵引能影响上气道间隙。
短句来源
     3. In all 3 cephalometric variables of upper-airway dimension (SPPS, MPS, IPS), statistically useful regression equations could be established.
     3.颅面形态与上气道间隙变化的单因素相关性分析表明,SNA改变与SPPS改变呈显著正相关(p<0.05), SNB改变与MPS改变显著正相关(p<0.01),与 IPS改变显著正相关(p<0.05)。
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  upper airway
When the anesthesiologist is unable to mask ventilate with or without upper airway devices, or when he or she is unable to intubate the trachea utilizing direct laryngoscopy, an airway is said to be difficult.
      
Univariate analysis showed a significant association with fever and upper airway infection symptoms occurring in the preceding month.
      
In pneumologischen und internistischen Schlafzentren wurden neben einer chronisch obstruktiven Lungenerkrankung ein grenzwertiges obstruktives Schlafapnoesyndrom und sp?ter ein "Upper Airway Resistance Syndrom" diagnostiziert.
      
In an attempt to unravel some of the components, which might contribute to the expression of the syndrome, 'intermediate phenotypes' such as craniofacial structure, obesity, and upper airway control have been utilised.
      
Obstructive sleep apnea/hypopnea (OSA/H) is a common disorder for which there are a variety of therapeutic options.All patients should make appropriate alterations in lifestyle and habits to reduce the risk of upper airway instability during sleep.
      
更多          
  the upper airway
Parasympathetic reflexes, sneezing, and other avoidance behaviors rapidly clear the upper airway of offending agents while protecting the lower airways.
      
The upper airway, including nasal cavities, naso-, oro-, and hypopharynx, is the portal of entry for air pollutants.
      
Large particles and water-soluble gases and vapors are likely to have their initial irritant effects in the mucous membranes of the upper airway and eyes, giving warning to the exposed individual to minimize further exposure.
      
The nose and pharynx begin the upper airway system and represent a continuum.
      
The upper airway narrowing and changes in head posture and their relationship with apnea severity in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) were investigated.
      
更多          
  upper-airway
This is particularly effective in reducing upper-airway mucosal congestion, nasal polyp formation, and systemic steroids.
      
Laryngospasm is a clinical symptom characterized by involuntary spasms of the laryngeal muscles, which leads to paroxysms of coughing, inspiratory stridor, and sometimes to episodes of complete upper-airway occlusion.
      
Upper-airway angioedema has been severe in four patients.
      
The Moylan classification stratified them into upper-airway burns in 59 children, major-airway burns in 29, and parenchymal burns in 44.
      
Major-airway burns were always seen in conjunction with either upper-airway or parenchymal injury.
      
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  其他


This paper presents a method to deter-mine the partial mean transit time of highlung volumes (MTTp-h) in the forced expi-ratory spirogram. The 12.5-50% FVC portionwas selected on the volume-axis and dividedinto 6 equal parts for calculating MTTp-h bythe formulaMTT=1/n〔t_n/2+(∑_1~(n-1)t)〕.One hundred normal subjects tested showeda positive correlation to FVC and the linearregression equation was formulated as:MTTp-h (sec)=0.0888+0.0068×FVC(litre).Ninety-four cases of airway obstructiondiseases including bronchogenic...

This paper presents a method to deter-mine the partial mean transit time of highlung volumes (MTTp-h) in the forced expi-ratory spirogram. The 12.5-50% FVC portionwas selected on the volume-axis and dividedinto 6 equal parts for calculating MTTp-h bythe formulaMTT=1/n〔t_n/2+(∑_1~(n-1)t)〕.One hundred normal subjects tested showeda positive correlation to FVC and the linearregression equation was formulated as:MTTp-h (sec)=0.0888+0.0068×FVC(litre).Ninety-four cases of airway obstructiondiseases including bronchogenic carcinoma,throat carcinoma and chronic bronchitis weretested by MTTp-h and V_(75), FEV_1/FEV0.5.The results showed that MTTp-s was themost sensitive parameter in detecting thelarge airway obstruction and upper airwayobstruction. In throat carcinoma, centraltype carcinoma of the lung and chronicbronchitis during acute attacks the MTTp-habnormality rates were 85.7%, 81.8% and 69.2%respectively, which were much higher thanby V_(75) and FEV_1/FEV_(0.5). During forcedexpiration of high lung volumes the equalpressure point was usually in the large air-way. In large airway obstruction the equalpressure point migrated upwards to thelarge airways, then the turbulent resistanceand accelerative resistance from the upstreamairways would increase resulting in the pro-longation of MTTp-h.

介绍了用力呼气肺量图高肺容积部分平均通过时间(MTTp-h)的测定方法,并对100例正常人和94例气道阻塞疾病(支气管肺癌、喉癌和慢性支气管炎)患者进行了测定。初步认为MTTp-h对检测大气道和上气道阻塞敏感性较高,可作为协助临床诊断的实验室指标。

xercised-induced asthma(EIA)test was studied in 37 asthma,32 stopic status and 45 con-trol cases.The results showed that positive rates of EIA were 45.9%,16.1%and 8.9%respec-tively.There was significant difference among three groups(P<0.01).The atopic group did notdiffer from controls(P>0.05)but from asthmatic group(P<0.0l).These findings suggestedthat there was no close relationship between the atopic status and the airway hyperreactivity.Ondiagnosis of asthma,the significance of airway hyperreactivity was...

xercised-induced asthma(EIA)test was studied in 37 asthma,32 stopic status and 45 con-trol cases.The results showed that positive rates of EIA were 45.9%,16.1%and 8.9%respec-tively.There was significant difference among three groups(P<0.01).The atopic group did notdiffer from controls(P>0.05)but from asthmatic group(P<0.0l).These findings suggestedthat there was no close relationship between the atopic status and the airway hyperreactivity.Ondiagnosis of asthma,the significance of airway hyperreactivity was more important than that ofatopic status.To strengthen the inonitor of the asymptomatic EIA patient,it might be of impor-tant significance to diagnose asthma early and improve the prognosis.

在室温16士2℃下,对37例哮喘、32例过敏素质的无哮喘儿和45例健康儿进行了运动激发哮喘试验(Exercise-inducedasthmaEIA),结果显示EIA阳性率分别为45.9%、15.6%和8.9%,三组间差异有非常显著性意义(P<0.01),过敏组与健康组之间差异无显著性意义(P>0.05),而过敏组与哮喘组之间差异有非常显著性意义(P<0.01),提示过敏与气道高反应性无密切相关,在哮喘的诊断上气道高反应性的意义远比过敏重要,加强对无症状的EIA患者的监测,对早期诊断哮喘和改善其预后可能具有重要的意义。

There are no specific clinical menifestation in patients withintra-tho rax upper airway obstruction. Retrospectively analysing all the 206 cases of pulmonary function testing during the period of 1990 to 1992, we found 2 cases with intra -thorax upper-airway obstruction. The forced expiratory flow-volume curve showed charateristic plateau, which was different from the airway obstruction due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The forced expiratory flow-volume curve was an easy and valuable testing in diferentiating...

There are no specific clinical menifestation in patients withintra-tho rax upper airway obstruction. Retrospectively analysing all the 206 cases of pulmonary function testing during the period of 1990 to 1992, we found 2 cases with intra -thorax upper-airway obstruction. The forced expiratory flow-volume curve showed charateristic plateau, which was different from the airway obstruction due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The forced expiratory flow-volume curve was an easy and valuable testing in diferentiating intra -thorax upper airway obstruction from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

胸内型上气道阻塞性疾病通常缺乏特征性临床表现。回顾分析本院1990-1992年间肺功能检查共502例,发现其中有2例胸内型上气道阻塞的病例。其肺功能用力呼气流速容量曲线有特征性的呼气相平台,此法简便易行,具有较高诊断价值.

 
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