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认知效果
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  cognitive effect
     This situation calls for a new (sub)type of learner's dictionary designed for EFL/ESL learners to enhance the cognitive effect of English language learning.
     这种形势需要为外语和二语学习者设计一种新型的学习词典以加强英语学习的认知效果
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     The greater the cognitive effect and the smaller the processing effort, the greater the relevance of an input to an individual will be.
     认知效果越大,处理努力越小,则输入内容对个人的关联性就越大。
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     Relevance is a comparative notion whose measurement depends on two factors: cognitive effect and processing effort.
     关联的交际原则是指每一个明示刺激都应设想为它本身具有最佳关联。 关联是一个比较性的概念,它的大小与两个因素有关:认知效果和处理努力。
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     THE COGNITIVE EFFECT IN BRANDS EXTENSION EVALUATION:EVIDENCE FROM AN EYE MOVEMENT STUDY
     不同类别品牌延伸认知效果的眼动评估
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     According to the relevance theory, we believe that tautology is a kind of expression chosen by the addressor in specific contexts to achieve the cognitive effect which suits the optimal-relevance principle.
     本文依据关联理论,认为这种同义反复表达方式是具体语境中说话人为了获取符合最佳关联假定的认知效果而选择的话语形式。
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  cognitive effects
     A Study of the Relationship between Network Information Cell's Organization Model and Cognitive Effects Based on Education Webpage
     基于教育网页的网络信息元组织模式与认知效果的关系研究
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     Cognitive effects of grammatical metaphor
     语法隐喻的认知效果
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     Cognitive Effects of Nominalization in EFL Reading
     英语阅读中名词化的认知效果
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     The translation should offer adequate contextual and cognitive effects in a manner that yields the intended interpretation without putting the audience to unnecessary processing effort.
     翻译应该产生足够的语境认知效果,但是在产生这种效果的过程中,不应让读者付出不必要的努力。
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     Then through systemic analysis, the article gives organization models of network information cell, and at the help of experiment, find out the relationship between organization models of network information cell and cognitive effects. Finally,this paper raises the strategies of organizing and developing microcosmic network information.
     本文在调查研究的基础上总结了网络信息的基本形态和特征,通过系统分析,研究得出网络信息元的组织模式,并通过实验,找出网络信息元组织模式与认知效果的关系,最后,提出微观网络信息组织与开发的策略。
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  perceiving effect
     Methods Questionnaire investigation and interview were adopted. Both perceiving effect before or after the health education of 150 hypertension patients and attitude of the health education of 35 nurses were investigated.
     方法:采用问卷调查及访谈法,对150例高血压患者的健康教育前后认知效果调查,对35例护理人员对健康教育态度调查。
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     The author considers that according to different language environment and the demand of intercourse,the language main body can use blur language to get better perceiving effect than precision language and less effort.
     本文从适用性理论出发,分析模糊语言五种不同的交际功能:彰显机智幽默情趣、折射言语主体的修养水平、有效保护言语主体和创造朦胧美。 作者认为:根据不同的语境和交流需要,言语主体机智地选择使用模糊语言能够比精确语言花费更小的气力取得更好的认知效果
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  “认知效果”译为未确定词的双语例句
     The awareness rate of the newest diagnostic criteria and the control target level of hypertension was 96%-100% and correct answer rate increased significantly 18.5%-70.4%.
     其中,各级医师对高血压的最新诊断标准及控制目标水平的认知效果最好,认知率达到96%~100%,增幅明显(18.5%~70.4%);
短句来源
     Finally, discourse marker "name" can bring about two contextual (cognitive) effects: it can either strengthen an existing assumption or combine with an existing assumption to yield a contextual implication.
     在话语理解中,话语标记语的使用可以制约听话人对话语的理解,改变其原有的认知语境假设,产生认知语境效果。 我们发现,话语标记语“那么”在语境中产生两种认知效果:一是加强原有的认知假设,二是其后的认知假设与原有的认知假设相结合,产生语境含义。
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     We try to analyze nonverbal communication with Relevance theory in order to achieve the best communicative intention.
     用关联理论来分析非语言交际,并融合语言交际和非语言交际以便达到最佳关联,产生最佳认知效果
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     Firstly,the author defines expressly the conception of "Body Politics". Then he expounds three primary aspects of political cognition in Chinese classical political thought.
     首先对“身体政治”作了较明确的界定,在此基础上阐述中国传统思想中“身体认知”的三个主要方面,最后讨论这种思维方式的认知效果和政治后果。
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     This article improved the speech synthesis model of acoustic simulation for cochlear implants with CIS speech processing strategy to close to reality. The acoustic simulation experiments on the speech perception of normally hearing listeners and implanted patients indicated the improved model was reasonable and valid.
     本文基于电子耳蜗听觉仿真模型理论,通过分析电听觉和人耳听觉的差异,改进了原有的CIS语音处理算法的语音合成方法,使之更加贴近和符合临床上电子耳蜗植入者的实际听觉认知效果,并初步进行了听觉仿真试验及正常人听辨测试,结果证实了改进后模型的有效性和合理性。
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  cognitive effect
Conclusions: The present findings demonstrate that the pro-cognitive effect of thioperamide is probably due to the modulation of post-acquisition memory processes through an action on the cholinergic basal forebrain.
      
In contrast, the contribution of periventricular and subcortical white matter demyelinations had a modest cognitive effect even in rare cases with isolated microvascular pathology.
      
The cognitive effect, that was most robust for the word deviant, diminished in the "oddball" condition.
      
Pro-cognitive effect of a selective histamine H1-receptor agonist, 2-(3-trifluoromethylphenyl)histamine, in the rat object recog
      
In 19 patients who completed the study, we found no evidence for any cognitive effect as defined by established psy-chometric tests.
      
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  cognitive effects
Experimental on-off studies with clinical output current (>amp;gt; 0.75 mA) either failed to reveal cognitive effects of acute stimulation or obtained evidence for discrete VNS-associated functional disturbance.
      
Cognitive Effects of Chemotherapy and/or Cranial Irradiation in Adults
      
I argue that Turkana sacrifice has specific cognitive effects and that those can be explained in terms of the activation of specific cognitive mechanisms.
      
It is the only prophylactic drug that may lead to weight loss, but it is sometimes associated with adverse cognitive effects.
      
This article summarizes the biomedical evidence addressing cognitive effects of the opioid analgesics.
      
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ith the aim to lay a foundation for a unified theory of cognitive science and together with an attempt to shift the whole center of gravity of pragmatic theory to a general theory of cognition, D. Sperber & D. Wilson have proposed Relevance Theory (RT) in Relevance: Communication and Cognition(1986/1995), which has given a good indication of the origins of the whole theory and outlined a speculative psychology of inference. In RT, pragmatic interpretation is substantially seen as a psychological matter governed...

ith the aim to lay a foundation for a unified theory of cognitive science and together with an attempt to shift the whole center of gravity of pragmatic theory to a general theory of cognition, D. Sperber & D. Wilson have proposed Relevance Theory (RT) in Relevance: Communication and Cognition(1986/1995), which has given a good indication of the origins of the whole theory and outlined a speculative psychology of inference. In RT, pragmatic interpretation is substantially seen as a psychological matter governed by the cognitive principle and communicative principle, thus, it has been considered the fundamentals of cognitive pragmatics with its explanatory potential and promise for the future, although it is still at an early stage of development. Controversial as some aspects of the theory are, this does not diminish the significance of RT as a whole, it has proved to be a very powerful theory which can account for a wide range of linguistic and cognitive problems.Since its first edition of Relevance: Communication and Cognition was published in 1986, there have appeared many comments on and reviews of RT, among which some are more hostile than friendly. Taking these as challenges, Sperber & Wilson further refined the theory, thus the second edition with some modifications to the original framework came out in 1995.The following paper consists of five major parts. The first and second parts serve as an introduction to the present study of the theoretical framework of RT and its major contents. The third part deals with the recent revisions made by Sperber & Wilson with focuses on some significant changes of RT, including principles of relevance, presumption of relevance, conceptual meaning and procedural meaning, truth and relevance, positive cognitive effects, contextual effects and weakening of assumption, etc. The fourth part makes a tentative comparison between RT and Gricean theory with reference to Grice′s saying & implicature and Sperber and Wilson′s explicature & implicature since RT is explicitly intended to replace Grice′s Cooperative Principle with its well-known maxims of conversation. And finally comes the conclusion. In the fifth part, the debates on discourse coherence between R. Giora and D. Wilson are surveyed. Giora shows that RT cannot account for discourse coherence as discourses may be relevant in Sperber and Wilson′s sense while being incoherent, thus such discourses challenge the claim that discourse coherence may be derived from relevance. However, D. Wilson made a quick response to the above arguments, in which some are critically considered to be misunderstandings. And finally the present reviewers make their own comments on RT and firmly hold that RT is the fundamentals of cognitive pragmatics with a promising future.

Sperber和Wilson从认知科学的角度对语言交际进行了尝试性的探讨,提出了有影响的关联理论,从而给语用学带来了新的研究热点,并将语用学的研究重点转移到认知理论上去,所以在西方它又被称为“认知语用学”。本文首先介绍关联理论在语用学领域中的研究近况及其主要内容,以突现该理论的基本框架;接着归纳关联理论的几个新修正与补充,包括关联原则、关联假设、概念意义与程序意义、正面认知效果、语境效果与语境假设的削弱等方面,从而展示关联理论的新发展。然后,从Grice语用理论存在的主要问题和所面临的挑战出发,结合Sperber和Wilson对“明说”与“隐含”的不同观点,探讨关联理论对Grice会话含意理论的修正与补充。本文还介绍了DGiora与DWilson之间有关话语连贯与关联性这一问题的争论。最后是本文作者对关联理论的几点认识与看法,并认为关联理论就是认知语用学的理论基础。

Objective To develop a CAI(computer aid instruction) software for providing a cognitive enhancing approach to facilitate the comprehension of the essential ideas and elevate the diagnostic ability of MRI for radiologists. Methods On the basis of correct comprehension of the text description and teaching “target points” of the course as well as with intimate cooperation between the radiologists and computer engineers, nearly thirty 3D animations were created to simulate and elucidate the “target” highlights...

Objective To develop a CAI(computer aid instruction) software for providing a cognitive enhancing approach to facilitate the comprehension of the essential ideas and elevate the diagnostic ability of MRI for radiologists. Methods On the basis of correct comprehension of the text description and teaching “target points” of the course as well as with intimate cooperation between the radiologists and computer engineers, nearly thirty 3D animations were created to simulate and elucidate the “target” highlights At the same time, various accessory media such as voice interpretation, images, video and so forth were also interpolated With the hypertext technique, all the media were appropriately organised to solve those complicated and abstract contents of the course Results A practical and comprehensive teaching CAI 《The basic principles and techniques of magnetic resonance imaging》 was accomplished It was adopted for the university CAI teaching trial study organised by Provincial Higher Education Ministry of Guangdong The responses demonstrated that this CAI greatly stimulated and enhanced the study initiative and enthusiasm of the audiences, and was very helpful for them to manage the abstract and complicated contents and understand the difficult points of the course Conclusion It was confirmed that this CAI software was beneficial for the promotion of cognition The methods and techniques used in this article were worthy of being recommended for developing CAI teaching softwares

目的 开发辅助教学软件,为提高影像诊断者MRI认知和诊断水平提供手段。方法诊断专业与计算机工程人员合作,在正确理解教学知识点文字描述的基础上制作出近30 个三维(3D)动画来模拟知识点所要传授的内容,并辅以语音解说、图像、视频等其他媒体,借助超文本链接技术,使各种媒体有机结合起来,解决原来复杂、抽象的内容。结果 完成了一套实用的《磁共振成像原理与技术》计算机多媒体软件,应用于广东省高校电化教育课程研究,结果显示此软件极大地激发学生的学习兴趣和参与意识,有力地起到辅助掌握复杂、抽象教学内容和难点的作用。结论 本软件可提高认知效果,所提供的计算机多媒体制作方法和技术是值得推荐的。

Deng Xiaoping's Theory is a scientific theoretic system imbued with the dual impelling powerproduced by truth and personality. Revelation of its connotation of truth and personality may create a context of acceptance and complementation. Combination of the dual conspicuousness by the object's connotation with the dual acceptance on the part of the subject that is moved to comprehension will bring about more profound effects and more conscious action in practice. This train of thinking is enlightening in the...

Deng Xiaoping's Theory is a scientific theoretic system imbued with the dual impelling powerproduced by truth and personality. Revelation of its connotation of truth and personality may create a context of acceptance and complementation. Combination of the dual conspicuousness by the object's connotation with the dual acceptance on the part of the subject that is moved to comprehension will bring about more profound effects and more conscious action in practice. This train of thinking is enlightening in the present new high tide of studying Deng Xiaoping's theory.

邓小平理论是兼有真理与人格的双重感召力的科学理论。通过对其中的真理性内涵与人格性内涵的揭示可以构成一种相得益彰的认知情境:对象内涵的双重彰显与主体感悟的双重认同两相契合,能够产生更加深入的认知效果和更加自觉的实践行为。这应该是当前兴起学习邓小平理论新高潮时可资借鉴的一种思路。

 
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