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   公共风险 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.02秒
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公共风险
相关语句
  public risk
     Chapter One Theory on public risk and fiscal risk.
     第一部分 公共风险理论与财政风险。
短句来源
     The paper, after reviewing the development of modern public risk management in its theory and practice, aims to reveal the nature of modern risk management and the significance of its theoretic foundation and system to be formulated.
     但这些理论与实践的发展仍主要限于组织系统的层面,目前并未系统地发展至整个社会系统的层面。 20世纪后半叶至21世纪,“风险后果的公共性”日益成为风险的一个重要特征,因此“公共风险管理”突显为人类社会面临的重大挑战。
短句来源
     2. theory of public risk;
     二、公共风险理论;
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     This thesis takes deep into the study which hold the discuss of connotation, level, representations, characteristics, resons, precautions of local fiscal risk as the main thread and regard local governmental debt’s risk, local fincancial department risk and public risk undertaken in local government as the auxiliary line.
     作者以地方财政风险的内涵、分类、特征、成因、防范为主线,以地方政府债务风险、地方财政收支风险、地方财政承担的公共风险三大类地方财政风险为辅线,展开了深入研究。
短句来源
     First,public risk is the objective reason and opportunism is the subjective reason.
     既有客观原因如公共风险的存在,也有主观原因如财政调整过程中的政府机会主义行为。
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  public risks
     Therefore, returning to the consumption’s cultural construction on the basis of public risks is in favor of rectifying the conception of excessive consumption and promoting the healthy development of consumer society.
     在这种意义上讲,基于公共风险意识回到消费者的文化建构上来,有利于纠正目前消费主义倡导的过度消费观念和促进技术文明与消费社会的健康发展。
短句来源
     Financial Inhibition, Ways and Means of Reliance, and Institutional Public Risks in China's Progressive Reformation
     金融抑制、路径依赖与中国渐进改革中的制度性公共风险
短句来源
     The government is the main body responsible for macro-financial risks (MAFRS),because they belong to public risks; but the financial institution is the main body responsible for micro-financial risks,because they belong to individual (private) risks.
     宏观金融风险属于公共风险,其责任主体是政府,而微观金融风险属于个体(私人)风险,其责任主体是金融机构。
短句来源
     Due to the fact that the conflicts between the new and old systems are getting fiercer in the transition period,social and public risks are constantly accumulated and quite a few social contradictions and risks are transferred to public finance,which exerts great impacts on the safety of public finance itself and the national security and attracts attentions from various departments of the government.
     由于在转型过程中,新旧体制冲突引发的矛盾日渐尖锐,社会公共风险不断积累,而且许多社会矛盾和风险也在向财政转移,对财政自身安全以及对国家安全造成影响,已引起各方面的重视。
短句来源
     In the process of interfering with public risks, the government bears all kinds of pressures which find there expression in various liabilities that will, in a period, eventually result in future outflows of public resources.
     在干预公共风险的过程中,政府会承受各种各样的支出压力,这些支出压力表现为政府的各种形式的负债,即未来一个时期政府资源的流出。
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  “公共风险”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Finance venture comes forth in front of the last line of defence keeping away the private and common venture . It means that there is no others force to hold up it without controlling and keeping away . The consequence is very serious .
     财政风险是在防范私人风险和公共风险的最后一道防线上出现的风险,这种风险如果得不到及时控制和化解,就意味着整个社会再无其他力量可以阻挡,其后果最为严重,甚至会由于财政风险的积聚和扩大而爆发财政危机,降低政府威信,导致经济衰退,引发社会动荡。
短句来源
     At present, when such public venture is prominent, the issue of public security and guarantee has become an urgent century problem in modern political system.
     当前,在这个公共风险凸显的时代,公共安全的需求与保障问题成为现代政治系统中亟待解决的世纪性难题。
短句来源
     The public finance is the end of general risk taker,how much risk the public finance will take is closely relevant to the institutional structure.
     财政作为公共风险的最终承担者 ,其承担的程度与整个制度结构密切相关。
短句来源
     There are four aspects in avoiding fiscal risk. Firstly, decrease of the possibility of fiscal risk through institutional innovation;
     防范财政风险,应至少从4个方面入手:一是通过制度创新来控制公共风险,从而有效地减少财政风险;
短句来源
     Secondly, reduction of mistakes in government activities so that no new types of fiscal risk can be triggered;
     二是减少政府干预公共风险中的各种失误,防范由此而引发新的财政风险;
短句来源
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  public risk
To answer safety requirements, respect installation norms and reduce public risk, return levels are a major operational goal, obtained with the EVT.
      
Assessing the threat to resistant cultivars from public risk diseases and pests
      
A framework is developed on epidemiological criteria to classify the degree of public risk and the threat to resistant cultivars from a range of diseases within a region.
      
A public risk disease or pest is one that is an external threat to the productivity of a field, posed by a plant pathogen or pest that originates elsewhere.
      
The principal criteria that influence public risk are inoculum dispersal and pathogen variability.
      
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To diversify all the risks in market economy is very important in raising the efficiency of national economy,which is neglected in our past economic analysis,however.The public finance is the end of general risk taker,how much risk the public finance will take is closely relevant to the institutional structure.The author,in view of the reality in economic institution transition of China,the possible effects of the risks on public finance and the share of risks the public finance should take,classifies the financial...

To diversify all the risks in market economy is very important in raising the efficiency of national economy,which is neglected in our past economic analysis,however.The public finance is the end of general risk taker,how much risk the public finance will take is closely relevant to the institutional structure.The author,in view of the reality in economic institution transition of China,the possible effects of the risks on public finance and the share of risks the public finance should take,classifies the financial risks into three levels,analyzes them individually and proposes some measures to reduce them.

市场经济中各种风险的合理配置对经济的有效运行是十分重要的。而在我们以往的经济分析中往往容易忽略这一问题。财政作为公共风险的最终承担者 ,其承担的程度与整个制度结构密切相关。本文从我国正处于经济体制转轨时期这一实际出发 ,以国民经济运行过程中的各种风险对财政造成影响的可能性和财政应承担的程度为标准 ,将财政风险划分为三个层次 ,逐一进行分析并提出相应的防范措施。

Within the logic framework of progressive reformation, the government has taken a series of financial inhibiting measures to ensure substantial social resources for the state owned enterprises. Financial inhibition will not only lead to distortion of resources allocation and loss of efficiency. What's more important is that it is characterized by very obvious approach reliance, as it reinforces itself by shifting mechanism by means of transitonal risks. The adoption of special regulations in the course of reformation...

Within the logic framework of progressive reformation, the government has taken a series of financial inhibiting measures to ensure substantial social resources for the state owned enterprises. Financial inhibition will not only lead to distortion of resources allocation and loss of efficiency. What's more important is that it is characterized by very obvious approach reliance, as it reinforces itself by shifting mechanism by means of transitonal risks. The adoption of special regulations in the course of reformation has resulted in huge accumulation of institutional public risks which have started to make their way into the field of finance. The fundamental way to prevent and dissolve such institutional public risks is to relax control and establish a public risks apportioning mechanism by means of the market.

在渐进改革的逻辑框架下 ,政府采取了一系列的金融抑制措施保证国有企业获得大量社会资源。金融抑制不仅导致了资源配置的扭曲和效率损失 ,更重要的是通过转型期风险的转嫁机制而自我强化 ,具有很强的路径依赖性质。改革过程中的特殊制度安排使制度性公共风险得以大量积累 ,并开始逐步向财政领域集中。防范和化解制度性公共风险的根本途径在于放松管制 ,建立起市场对公共风险的分摊机制

The scope of public expenditure has been a problem in China. That results a substitute market, obstacle to social justice, and problem of sustainability of economic and social development. The real reason is that we have a latent assumption: government has a natural rationale to distribute resources. The planning economic system had been set up based on such an assumption. Achievement in reform to market economy is considerable, though government takes considerations of social and economic issues from this assumption...

The scope of public expenditure has been a problem in China. That results a substitute market, obstacle to social justice, and problem of sustainability of economic and social development. The real reason is that we have a latent assumption: government has a natural rationale to distribute resources. The planning economic system had been set up based on such an assumption. Achievement in reform to market economy is considerable, though government takes considerations of social and economic issues from this assumption unconsciously, therefore the government shoulders unlimited responsibility and risk on expenditure. We have to make a new theoretic assumption: the rationale of government existence is to prevent from and resolve public risk. This paper discusses two points: one is that public risk determines public expenditure, another is that the mission of public expenditure is to prevent from and resolve public risk. Then, the paper provides two basic measures to define the scope of public expenditure——risk destination analysis and reverse assumption analysis.

本文建立一个新的理论假设 :政府存在的天然合理性在于防范和化解公共风险 (在不同历史条件下 ,其表现形式不同 ) ,并以此为逻辑起点 ,提出了两个基本观点 :一是公共风险决定公共支出 ;二是公共支出的使命是防范和化解公共风险。在此基础上 ,本文构筑了界定公共支出范围的两种基本方法———风险归宿分析法和反向假设分析法。

 
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