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语言和思维
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  language and thinking
     A Comparative Study In Normal,Deafmute And Blind Children——On Relationship Between The Development Of Language And Thinking
     对正常儿童、聋哑儿童和盲童的一项比较研究——语言和思维发展的关系
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     With a philosophical analysis of Chinese and English thinking,this article explores the timing order of language and thinking,as well as their relationship.
     本文通过对汉英语言运思的哲学思考,探讨了语言和思维的发生时序,以及语言和思维的关系;
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     A Comparative Study of the Adjectives in the Lisu Language and in the English Language and the Interaction between Language and Thinking
     傈僳语与英语的形容词用法比较及语言和思维的互动
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     Language and thinking are closely related. Without thinking,there is no production and development of language;
     语言和思维关系密切,没有思维,不会有语言的产生和发展,没有语言,也就没有失去内涵的具体思维。
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     Levels of Language and Thinking of Law in Philosophical Dimension
     哲学视域中法的语言和思维层次
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  language and thought
     Review of the discussion of the language and thought in the New Period
     新时期语言和思维问题讨论述评
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     Inspired by the linguistic reform of APA,the article probes into the relationship between language and thought in the perspectives of lexeme,grammar and cognition,justifying the reasonableness of the weak version of Whorf Hypothesis,that is,the influence of language upon thought lies in the different degrees of ease of thinking.
     美国心理学会(APA)在其出版手册中提出了语言变革,期望这一变革能对人们的思想产生影响。 本文从词汇、语法和认知三个角度探讨了语言和思维的关系,肯定了Whorf假设中弱势版本的合理性,即:语言对思维的影响在于影响人们获得某种思维方式的难易程度。
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     Computer intelligence simulation is connected with the new discoveries in human language and thought.
     计算机智能模拟是与人类语言和思维规律的新发现相联系的.
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     Besides, such problems as inner language, language and thought of chil- dren's and of the deaf-mutes are also discussed.
     文章还探讨了“内部言语”、儿童的语言和思维、聋哑人的语言和思维等问题。
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     Conceptual Metaphor Theory as a well-established western cognitive approach to language and thought is still new in China.
     作为一种从认知的角度认识语言和思维的隐喻理论,概念隐喻理论在西方已经根深蒂固,在中国却鲜为人知。
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  “语言和思维”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Ogburn's claim which classifies thought and language in the same category under culture.
     Ogburn等人为代表的将思维方式和语言方式划归为同一层次 ,隶属于文化之下 ,即文化决定语言和思维论。
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     The modern cognitive theory of parabolic mind was introduced in Mark Turner’s The Literary Mind: The Origins of Thought and Language in 1996. As one of the most influential cognitive stylistic frameworks, the theory has proved particularly appealing to literary critics who are interested in how human mind deals with literary texts.
     Turner在他的The Literary Mind: The Origins of Thought and Language(1996)一书中详细阐述了这一理论。 Turner认为,寓言就是故事的投射,所有的语言和思维都是以寓言为基础的,文学语篇也不例外。
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     They maintain there exists close relationship between language and metaphor and cognition.
     他们指出了“隐喻”大量的存在于人的语言和思维中,他们还指出在语言、隐喻和认知之间存在着密切的联系。
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     In order to help the students overcome the interference caused by the Chinese thinking mode in English writing,the teachers need to use some practical strategies in English writing classes.
     因此,在英语写作教学活动中鼓励学生比较和研究两种不同的语言和思维方式,综合运用多种教学模式,加强英语国家文化教学并为学生创造良好的英语写作氛围,将有助于学生克服汉语思维对英文写作的干扰,提高学生的英语写作能力。
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     (3) The study indicates that the technology of RS and GIS making as a whole provides a new generation observation instruments, a described language and also a thinking tool for Earth and environmental science .
     (3)研究表明,RS、GIS有机地构成一个整体,为地球与环境科学提供了新一代的观测手段、描述语言和思维工具。
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  language and thinking
The second hypothesis relates to phenomenology: body and behavior incorporate tensions or dualistic properties which are easily reproduced in language and thinking.
      
This paper provides an analysis of the ideas of John Dewey and George Herbert Mead with regards the relationship between experience, meaning, language and thinking.
      
It discusses how experience, meaning, language and thinking are based on the creative and constructive actions of individuals.
      
These medications seem to slow down the decline in memory, language and thinking abilities.
      
  language and thought
The second part of the paper is concerned with whether connectionism is capable of accounting for the apparent productivity and systematicity of language and thought.
      
First, I argue that intensional phenomena are not confined to the realm of language and thought.
      
Dedre Gentner and Susan Goldin-Meadow (eds): Language in Mind: Advances in?the Study of Language and Thought.
      
In order to do so, he tries to accomplish two tasks: (1) he attempts to defend an exemplar-based theory of general language and thought, and (2) he sets out to refute the rival abstraction-based account.
      
On the other hand binary logic is an important aspect of language and thought and seems to have little in common with the perception of objects in space.
      
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In the scientific, technical and industrial revolution, there are a series of questions in theory and practice that need an answer from psychology. Computer infitrates our plants, enterprises, schools, families, offices, etc., generally along with the informative society to come. As a result, the design of man-computer system formed recently becomes an important object for study, for this reason, we heed detect the law of taxonomy and optimization function distribution of man-computer system. At the same time,...

In the scientific, technical and industrial revolution, there are a series of questions in theory and practice that need an answer from psychology. Computer infitrates our plants, enterprises, schools, families, offices, etc., generally along with the informative society to come. As a result, the design of man-computer system formed recently becomes an important object for study, for this reason, we heed detect the law of taxonomy and optimization function distribution of man-computer system. At the same time, the conversation is an important project between man and computer. From these we must go deep into research as to how we can make computer understand human natural language. Human ability is analogized by machine-man in informative society. Then what has been done,and what should be provided with new model of psychology? The rule of graph which computer recognizes come from the rule of human perception activity directly. The law of pattern recognition is interrelated to the theory of feature detectors. The method of graph clarity is the result of adopting the law of Mach band(subjective fringing contrast effect). Computer intelligence simulation is connected with the new discoveries in human language and thought. The theory of language strata provides the ground for machine translation. GPS program represents both the law which helps human beings solve a problem and the detectable program in which computer solves a problem by simulating human thought. Computer is adopted generally to assist in instruction in informative society. The development of CAI (computer assisted instruction) is closely connected with study law determined by cognitive psychology. In informative society psychology bears the responsibility of excavating latent energy of human resources. According to the aim it enables human ability and per sonality to train and develop directionally.

在新的科技,工业革命中,有下述一系列的理论和实践问题需要心理学来解答.随着信息化社会的来到,计算机普遍渗入工厂、企业、学校、家庭、办公室,因而新组成的人——计算机系统的设计问题成了重要对象.为此需要探索人与计算机的共生和最优功能分配原则.与此同时人——计算机间的对话也是重要课题,由此须深入研究,如何使计算机理解人类的自然语言.信息化社会中的机器人在对人类能力的模拟中,哪些已做到,哪些还待心理学提供新的模型.至于计算机识别图形的原理是直接来自于人类知觉活动的规律.模式识别的原则与特征检测器的理论相关,而图象清晰的方法是采用马赫带(主观边缘对比效应)原理的结果.计算机智能模拟是与人类语言和思维规律的新发现相联系的.语言分层理论为机器翻译提供了根据,GPS程序既是人类问题解决的规律,也是计算机模拟人类思维解题的探索式程序.信息化社会中普遍采用计算机进行教育,而CAI的发展是同认知心理学所规定的学习法则紧密相连.心理学在信息化社会中还承担发挖掘人类资源潜能的责任,使人的能力和个性按照目标得到定向培育和发展.

Analysing the partial reformation of language brought about in the campaign for women's rights, the author, from the view-point of the markedness-theory and lexical gap phenomenon, pointed out that the language system has shortcomings in its organization, although the system is well-formed; Like anything developing, the process of language development is that of keeping balance and order, and of breaking balance and order.

伍铁平教授这里提出的问题是:“语言不能部分地改革吗?”这是一件敏感的事儿:提“语言改革”,易遭非议。联系到1980年,在斯大林为“思维与语言关系”定调30年之后,是伍教授继周建人先生之后在国内提出了一个“犯上”的问题:语言和思维孰先孰后?(见《语言与思维关系新探》,1990年增订2版,上海教育出版社)这引发了语言和思维关系讨论的再度兴起,说明伍教授的这种理论勇气在语言学界是很需要的。本文的落脚点并不在号召人们进行语言改革,而在引起人们对语言缺项所产生的有趣现象加以注意,可见作者的慎重。由语言缺项现象出发,伍教授指出:语言并非是一个组织得很好的系统,也不是一个组织得不好的系统。同任何发展中的事物一样,语言也是在不断地保持平衡和有序与打破平衡和有序中前进的。这个意见在哲学上是站得住脚的。

Mathematics is one of the main component parts of human culture. As a key to the treasure house of science, it provides people with a concise scientific language, as well as a precise intellectual instrument. Mathematics is also an art, displaying a kind of intellectual beauty. With the development of mathematics and computer science, the proliferation of mathematics has also increased dramatically. The so-called high technology is in nature a infiltration of the mathematical technology, mathematical language...

Mathematics is one of the main component parts of human culture. As a key to the treasure house of science, it provides people with a concise scientific language, as well as a precise intellectual instrument. Mathematics is also an art, displaying a kind of intellectual beauty. With the development of mathematics and computer science, the proliferation of mathematics has also increased dramatically. The so-called high technology is in nature a infiltration of the mathematical technology, mathematical language and way of thingking to all aspects of human life. The education od mathematics, especially modern mathematics, has attracted more and more attention. Mathematics is full of creative spirit, therefore it is a powerful means in the promotion of ideological emancipation.

数学是人类文化的重要组成部分,它是打开科学大门的钥匙,它为人们提供简明的科学语言、犀利的思维工具。数学也是艺术,表现为一种理性的美。随着数学和计算机的不断发展,数学的社会化程度日益提高,所谓高技术本质上是数学技术。数学的语言和思维方式正在渗透到人类生活的各个方面,社会也在逐步数学化。数学教育特别是现代数学教育受到人们越来越多的重视。数学中充满着创新精神,因而它还是促进思想解放的一种力量。

 
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