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功能能力
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  functional capacity
     Research on the Measure Method and Evaluation Model of Functional Capacity among Students Aged from 18 to 22
     18~22岁学生心脏功能能力测定方法与评价模型的研究
短句来源
     The Heart Functional Capacity means the maximum energy-metabolism equivalent the organism can reach when it exercises to the utmost,or say,the MET value of the most strength the organism can fulfill within the scope of oxygen-metabolism.
     心脏FC值(Functional Capac ity)即心脏功能能力,是指肌体在尽力活动时,所能达到的最大能量代谢当量(MET),或者说,在有氧代谢范围内肌体能完成的最大强度的MET值。
短句来源
     THE HEART FUNCTIONAL CAPACITY OF FEMALE STUDENTS IN DIFFERENT MAJORS
     对不同专业女大学生心脏功能能力的探讨
短句来源
     The Cardiac Functional Capacity (FC) and maximum Heart Rate (HRmax) in 18 aged subjects with some chronic disease were measured using Graded Exercise Testing(GXT) on cycle ergometer and treadmill.
     用功率车及活动平板递增负荷运动试验,测定了18名患有各种慢性病受试者的心脏功能能力及运动中所达到的最高心率。
短句来源
     And the ball games bring about a striking effect on improving the functional capacity effect of middle age men and old people.
     同时球类项目锻炼方式,不仅对提高中年男子心功能能力有显著效果,同样也对提高老年人的心功能能力有非常显著的效果。
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  function ability
     Ten percent of the subjects were selected with systematic sampling for determining their function ability,including mental functional ability and musculoskeletal functional ability,and data from 530 subjects were analyzed with factor analysis,correlation analysis and contingency table chi-square test to evaluate the item rationality and construct validity of WAI scale.
     同时 ,按系统抽样原则从工作能力测试对象中抽取 10 %进行功能能力 (包括脑力能力、肌肉骨骼功能 )测定 ,剔除测试项目不全者 ,有 5 30名纳为统计分析对象。
短句来源
     This article through is and the non-sports is 330 male schoolmates carries on the; stair experiment to the Jinggang Mountains institute sports, objectively had reflected the male schoolmate heart function ability, after statistics μexamination, the sports is and non-sports department's male student heart F the C value, P<0.01, Has the highly significance difference, therefore the showing physical training has the good direct influence to the human body heart function.
     通过对井冈山学院体育系和非体育系330名男学生进行台阶试验,客观地反映了男学生心脏功能能力,经统计学μ检验,体育系和非体育系的男生心脏F·C值,p<0.01,具有高度显著性差别,故说明体育锻炼对人体心脏功能有良好的直接影响。
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  “功能能力”译为未确定词的双语例句
     ②The indexes of body diathesis in the test group during and after the test such as grip, 800 meters running, standing long jump, sit-up, sport ability had significant differences compared with those before the test (P < 0.05), so was that compared with the control group (P < 0.05).
     ②实验中、后实验组身体素质指标如:握力、800m跑、立定跳远、仰卧起坐、运动功能能力各指标的实验中、后与实验前测试结果比较差异显著(P<0.05),与对照组相应时间比较亦有显著性意义(P<0.05)。
短句来源
     2) There is no distinct differences between 18 to 22 years old students' F.
     2)18~22岁年龄间学生心脏功能能力没有明显的差异; 3)确定18~22岁学生F.
短句来源
     All subjects were divided into three groups randomly and given walking exercise (three times per week,30 minutes of target heart rate time) at different intensities according to percentage of function capacity:30%~45%,46%~60% and 61%~75%. The data of body physique and composition,cardiorespiratory function was obtained before and after exercise.
     方法:受试者以心脏功能能力(FC)的30%~45%、46%~60%、61%~75%作为运动强度随机分组,进行每周3次、每次达到靶心率(THR)30min的健走运动,测定身体形态及体成份、心功能等指标进行锻炼前后对照。
短句来源
     According to the evaluation standard of the Chinese physic monitoring and the testing method of the heart function,we designed and exploited the software system of the elder's physical health evaluation and the system of fitness prescription with the programmed language Visual FoxPro database.
     根据中国国民体质监测的评价标准、心脏功能能力(F.C.) 的测评方法以及目前国内外关于运动处方的研究成果,在已有前期研究成果的基础上,运用目前流行的数据库编程语言Visual FoxPro,对老年人的体质健康评价与健身运动处方系统进行了计算机软件系统的设计开发。
短句来源
     Method: Functional Independent Measure was used to assess the independent function and ability of 51 patients suffer from stroke in Chongwen District in Beijing.
     方法 :采用目前国际上评价残疾程度最常用的独立功能评定量表 ,评测了北京市崇文区社区 5 1例脑卒中存活者的独立功能能力
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  functional capacity
It was found that sports aerobics affects profoundly the functional capacity of the muscular and cardiorespiratory systems and, to a smaller degree, the morphological characteristics of the body.
      
Dependence of the functional capacity of the cardiorespiratory system on the body mass in patients with coronary heart disease
      
Functional capacity of the cardiovascular system of elderly people as estimated by heart rate variability
      
The HR variability has been shown to be an indicator of the functional capacity of the cardiovascular system in elderly subjects.
      
The specific features of the physical development and functional capacity of the cardiorespiratory system of young schoolchildren living in the Republic of Tyva (formerly, Tuva) as dependent on the sex, ethnicity, and social conditions were studied.
      
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  function ability
The function ability of a method is shown on an example of measurement of permittivity for several substances in the 8 mm wave band.
      
The function ability of TOSLINK is similar to that of a photocoupler.
      


By using single spleen colony transplantation technique and sex chromosome typing as natural cytogenetic markers, we have been able to demonstrate that most spleen colony forming cells in the adult bone marrow or in foetal liver of inbred LACA or C57 mice possess the potential of re-establishment of myeloid and lymphoid lines of cells in lethally irradiated mice. However, most of the spleen colony forming cells in the peripheral [blood of normal mice possess weak or no potentiality to proliferate or re-establish...

By using single spleen colony transplantation technique and sex chromosome typing as natural cytogenetic markers, we have been able to demonstrate that most spleen colony forming cells in the adult bone marrow or in foetal liver of inbred LACA or C57 mice possess the potential of re-establishment of myeloid and lymphoid lines of cells in lethally irradiated mice. However, most of the spleen colony forming cells in the peripheral [blood of normal mice possess weak or no potentiality to proliferate or re-establish hemopoiesis in lethally irradiated mice. Our results support the notion that the CFU-S population in mice is heterogeneous.From the nature of colony forming cells in the peripheral blood of normal mice, we are convinced that the assessment of CFU-S content relying upon the spleen colonies as the unique sign to indicate the self-renewal ability of a spleen colony forming cell is by no means valid inasmuch as some plu-ripotent . hemopoietic progenitors derived from pluripotent hemopoietic stem cells may have the same ability to form colonies in vivo.

应用单个脾结节和性染色体作为天然的细胞遗传学标志,证明存在于纯系LACA或C_(57)胎鼠肝脏和成年小鼠骨髓中的脾结节生成细胞(简称CFU-S)大多具有重建照射小鼠髓系与淋巴系细胞的功能。因而,是一类淋巴-髓系干细胞。然而,存在于正常成年小鼠外周血中的CFU-S,虽然它们也可以在照射小鼠脾脏上生成由各系血细胞组成的脾结节,但其中至少有一部分已经失去了重建照射小鼠造血功能的能力,反映了CFU-S在功能上的不均一性。脾结节测试技术是目前测定造血干细胞的一项重要技术,但是,能够生成脾结节的细胞,不一定都具有造血干细胞的基本特性,一些由造血干细胞分化的多向性造血祖细胞也可能在照射的小鼠脾脏上生成脾结节。

Demographic studies consistently show that age is the best predictor of blindness and vision impairment(Hatfield,1973;Trovern-Trend, 1968).Aging contributes to visual impairment through normal deterioration of eye tissues and increased incidence of eye pathology.It is speculated that because of continued advances in medical and surgical technology and treatment regimens,sight loss will less often be total and the relative proportion of partial loss will be greater. Sight impairments traditionally have been divided...

Demographic studies consistently show that age is the best predictor of blindness and vision impairment(Hatfield,1973;Trovern-Trend, 1968).Aging contributes to visual impairment through normal deterioration of eye tissues and increased incidence of eye pathology.It is speculated that because of continued advances in medical and surgical technology and treatment regimens,sight loss will less often be total and the relative proportion of partial loss will be greater. Sight impairments traditionally have been divided into four classes:1)central acuity reduction, 2)central field loss,3)peripheral field loss,4) combinations of these three.It has been a common clinical observation that not all people are affected the same by acuity and/or field losses(Genensky, 1976)and that performance and functional abilities can vary considerably.Studies by Trevarthen,1973 and Liebowitz and Post,1982 indicate that there are two fundamental modes of visual processing:focal and ambient.These modes of processing are mediated by the eye and brain.Further,the affect of a sight impairment on performance may vary between individuals depending upon the interference in processing,rather than solely on the quantitative measurement of acuity or visual field.For example, aging appears to cause a reduction in visual contrast sensitivity to lower spatial frequencies(Sekuler, 1983)thereby causing individuals of different ages to have similar acuities but performance that is affected very differently. A vision impairment can profoundly interfere with performance thereby affecting independence,learning abilities,employment opportunities,and social relationships,to name several. Medical and surgical intervention is the primary approach utilized throughout the world to prevent blindness.Success in prevention of blindness often yields a sight impairment.Historically,sight-saving programs and compensatory care services oriented toward compensating for the loss of independence were developed for the sight impaired person. Unfortunately,these approaches are still the only approaches offered in many areas of the world.An equally aggressive approach needs to be taken with visually rehabilitating the patient who still has useable vision.Through a specialized low vision examination and the prescription of optical and non-optical devices,the sight impaired individual can maximize use of residual vision. The low vision examination is provided through a rehabilitative approach and may be part of a multidisciplinary service designed to improve vision function.The low vision examiner utilizes special exam techniques for the purpose of evaluating qualitative performance of the visual process as well as quantitative measurements.Eye charts designed for evaluating eccentric viewing,contrast sensitivity testing,dynamic acuity testing,detailed field analysis, special refracting techniques utilizing prisms,and use of magnification for near and distance ranges,are some of the innovative approaches utilized to improve visual function for the visually impaired patient.Training programs using optical devices individually designed to meet the needs of the patient are important in establishing effective use of focal and ambient modes of visual processing. Low vision services are a means to develop effective visual functioning;the purpose is to increase the independence and improve self concept in the visually impaired person.

人口统计学研究一致认为年龄是盲和视觉损害的最好预告者,因为眼正常组织的退化和眼病理学发病率的增加,年龄造成对视觉的损害。由于医学工艺学、外科技术和治疗方面的不断进步,完全丧失视力将会减少,而部分视力丧失的患者比例将增加。习惯上将视觉损害分为4类:1)中心视力下降,2)中心视野丧失,3)周边视野丧失,4)以上三种情况的混合。临床常常看到,并非所有病人的视力和/或视野丧失都是同样的,视觉的完成和视功能的能力可以大不相同。1973年 Trevarthen 和1982年 Liebowitz 和Post 等认为视觉的过程有两种基本形式:焦点的和周围的。这些过程的形成有眼和脑的参与。而且,在完成视觉过程中影响到视力,按其过程中所受干扰的不同每个人有所不同。而不单是靠视力和视野的定量测定。例如,年龄增加会引起对低空间频率的视对比敏感功能下降。因此不同年龄的人可以有同样的视力,但视觉的完成所受的影响却是非常不同的。视觉损害可深刻干扰视觉的完成,因而影响独立生活、学习能力、就业机会和社会关系等等方面。药物和外科干预是全世界防盲的首要措施,防盲的成功常导致视力缺损。历史上,为视觉损害人制定的抢救视力的计划和补偿性照顾服务是着重于...

人口统计学研究一致认为年龄是盲和视觉损害的最好预告者,因为眼正常组织的退化和眼病理学发病率的增加,年龄造成对视觉的损害。由于医学工艺学、外科技术和治疗方面的不断进步,完全丧失视力将会减少,而部分视力丧失的患者比例将增加。习惯上将视觉损害分为4类:1)中心视力下降,2)中心视野丧失,3)周边视野丧失,4)以上三种情况的混合。临床常常看到,并非所有病人的视力和/或视野丧失都是同样的,视觉的完成和视功能的能力可以大不相同。1973年 Trevarthen 和1982年 Liebowitz 和Post 等认为视觉的过程有两种基本形式:焦点的和周围的。这些过程的形成有眼和脑的参与。而且,在完成视觉过程中影响到视力,按其过程中所受干扰的不同每个人有所不同。而不单是靠视力和视野的定量测定。例如,年龄增加会引起对低空间频率的视对比敏感功能下降。因此不同年龄的人可以有同样的视力,但视觉的完成所受的影响却是非常不同的。视觉损害可深刻干扰视觉的完成,因而影响独立生活、学习能力、就业机会和社会关系等等方面。药物和外科干预是全世界防盲的首要措施,防盲的成功常导致视力缺损。历史上,为视觉损害人制定的抢救视力的计划和补偿性照顾服务是着重于补偿病人丧失独立性的那部分。不幸的是,这些措施仍是世界许多地区提供的唯一措施。此外,同样要采取积极措施使仍有可用视力的患者重建视力。通过特殊的低视力检查,让病人使用光学和非光学辅助器,视觉受损者可以最大限度地使用他们的残存视力。低视力检查是通过视觉再建措施来进行和可为改善视功能而设计的多样训练的一部分。低视力检查者使用特殊的检查技术,目的在于对视觉的完成过程进行定性估计和定量测定。用于估计旁中心固视的眼图、对比敏感度试验、动态视力试验、详细的视野分析、使用三棱镜的特殊的屈光技术,以及在远、近距离中用的放大方法是用来改善视觉受损者视功能的一些新方法。为了有效使用聚焦式和周围式的视觉过程,按病人需要而个别设计的光掌辅助器使用的训练是很重要的。低视力服务是提供有效视功能的一种方法,目的是增强视力损害患者的独立性,改善自我概念。

For the rehabilitation of cardiovascular patient,physical exercise is very meaningful and ef- fective and becomes an essential part in the treatment and recovery period of cardiovascular pa- tient. In order to be safe on the one hand and effective on the other,it is necessary to make an evaluation of cardiac function of the patient before exercise and formulate a personal plan of exer- cise.The programme made by the authors starts with a rather low MET and the amplitude of in- crement for each grade is also...

For the rehabilitation of cardiovascular patient,physical exercise is very meaningful and ef- fective and becomes an essential part in the treatment and recovery period of cardiovascular pa- tient. In order to be safe on the one hand and effective on the other,it is necessary to make an evaluation of cardiac function of the patient before exercise and formulate a personal plan of exer- cise.The programme made by the authors starts with a rather low MET and the amplitude of in- crement for each grade is also relatively mild. Nine cardiovascular patients were selected from the out patient clinic as candidate.Targat heart rate (THR) and exercise capacity (EC) were determined according to the number of METs obtained from maximal heart rate (HRmax) and functional capacity (FC) during exer- cise testing.A program for exercise was then prescribed based on THR and EC. An average increase of 1.50±0.32 METs in exercise intensity was obtained after seven of weeks of exercise.The result is very significant as compared with that before exercise.

体疗对心血管病的康复是一种有意义和有效的方法,是治疗和恢复过程中不可缺少的组成部分。为了保证患者的安全和取得疗效,对每一患者都应作出心功能评定,并制定一个锻炼方案。作者等所设计的方案是从较低的 MET 开始,每级增加幅度也较小。本文共观察了9例门诊心血管病患者,按运动中所测的最大心率及功能能力的MET 值,确定靶心率及运功能力。并按靶心率及运动能力制定处方进行锻炼。锻炼7周左右,运动强度平均提高1.5±0.32METs,前后两次有显著性差异。

 
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