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传统学术     
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  traditional academic
     Huizhou: one of the model Areas of Traditional Academic Culture during the Period from 12th to 18th Century——A Research on Traditional Academic Cultural Geography of Huizhou Area
     徽州:12-18世纪中国传统学术文化典范之区——徽州传统学术文化地理研究刍议
短句来源
     To strengthen the researches on the networkalization of the academic periodicals, especially the co development of traditional academic periodicals and their network versions, the technologies of the transmission of network periodicals, the citation of network periodicals and the copyright issues of network periodicals and their security etc, will accelerate the development of Chinese academic periodicals.
     加强学术期刊网络化的研究 ,特别是研究和解决好传统学术期刊与网络期刊的合力发展问题、网络期刊的传输格式等技术问题、网络期刊的引证参考问题、网络期刊的安全与版权问题等等 ,将会大大加快我国学术期刊的发展。
短句来源
     Diffusion of Traditional Academic Culture in Huizhou and Its Characteristics
     徽州传统学术文化的传播及其特点
短句来源
     Along with the development of the society and the progress of sciences, the computers have got the unprecedented application in the each traditional academic field, various developments of related software have brought a kind of upsurge.
     随着社会的发展和科学的进步,计算机在各个传统学术领域得到了空前的应用,各种相关软件的开发掀起了一种热潮。
短句来源
     An Interpretation on History and History Philosophy with in the Field of Vision from the Chinese Traditional Academic
     中国传统学术视阈中的历史与历史哲学
短句来源
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  traditional learning
     Huangs scholar style introduces the transformation of traditional learning and influences the East Zhejiang School.
     黄宗羲的学术风格,引导了有清一代传统学术的转型,对乾嘉学者以至清中后期的浙东学派产生很大影响。
短句来源
     According to it, Wen Yi duo combined modern modes of thoughts, modern academic ideas and research methods with traditional Chinese learning, evolved his own academic thought through the perfect integration of the oriental culture with the western culture, science with poetry, traditional learning with modern social sciences.
     闻一多把现代思维方式、现代学术观念和科学研究方法与中国传统学术研究方法相融合 ,形成了将东方和西方、科学性和诗性、传统学问和近现代自然科学、社会科学完美结合的学术思想。
短句来源
     This paper analyzes the relationship between the discussion official business with site selection and Woodsy Market,and the relationship between dormitory and morality life in college yard in order to study the influence of the traditional learning on the design of Chinese classical university architecture.
     该文分析了汉太学“议政”和太学选址、“槐市”的关系,以及书院斋舍与书院“道德生活”的关系,从中探究中国传统学术对中国古典大学建筑设计的影响。
短句来源
     Traditional learning based on natural economy, small production and patriarchal relationship was ethical and political and so was education.
     建立在自然经济、小生产和宗法关系基础上的传统学术是伦理政治型的学术,教育是伦理政治型的教育。
短句来源
     On the other hand, Chinese traditional medicine trade is a human scholarly pattern which is a result of Chinese traditional learning.
     从学术形态上看,中国传统药业是人文学术形态,这是传统学术形态遮蔽其上的结果。
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  traditional academy
     The research method of Chinese traditional academy faced great challenge at the end of the 19th century and at the beginning of the 20th century.
     19~20世纪之交,中国传统学术研究方法面临着极大挑战;
短句来源
     The Changes of Latter-day Research Methods of Traditional Academy——Yanfus Contribution to the Changes of Traditional Research Methods
     传统学术研究方法的近代转型——兼及严复对传统学术研究方法近代转型的贡献
短句来源
     Qing Dynasty was the last feudal dynasty in China′s history, in which the traditional academy had reached a high level.
     清代是中国历史上最后一个封建王朝,传统学术发展至此已达到较高水平。
短句来源
     Hence, historiography of vivilization does not bring up well with its transition from the traditional academy to the modern one, and consequently falls between the modern and traditional concepts.
     因此,文明史学没有能够完成由传统学术向现代学术转化的任务,“新史学”只能徘徊于传统史学与现代史学之间。
短句来源
     In this book,a general look of the development and changes of Chinese academic study in the past 300 years is given,which will bring a new outlook for the modern academic study,by the study of Chinese traditional academy and culture.
     他从文化史的视域 考索了300年学术的主要内容的流变,以通史的眼光、带着深沉的人文关怀,结合社会史,剖析中国传统 学术、文化强大的生命力,从中提炼出中国学术发展的内在逻辑线索,为近代学术发展开辟了新途径。
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  traditional systematic learning
     Under the view of Chinese traditional systematic learning history,this paper revealed the interaction and development of disciplinarity and China's traditional systematic learning,discussed the process and character of China's systematic learning's transition.
     以中国近代学术史为背景,通过揭示学科规训本土化与中国传统学术的互动与发展,可以窥见近代中国学术转型的进程及其特征。
短句来源
     The transformation of Chinese Classic Learning is a component of Chinese traditional systematic learning and its political function was terminated during the New Culture Movement,but its cultural function was continued in the discipline of the history of Chinese Classic Learning relied on historical science.
     中国经学的转型,是中国传统学术近代转型的一个组成部分。 新文化运动造成经学政治功能的休眠,它的文化学术功能在中国经学史学科中得到延续。
短句来源

 

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      traditional academic
    Traditional academic discourse on animal death denies non-human animals an understanding of death based on an inability to have a "concept" of death.
          
    Psychology, in the context of a traditional academic opposition to center-right governments and against dictatorship, played a part in the restoration of democracy, social change, and the defense of human rights.
          
    Their dual mandate requires commitment to traditional academic norms and scholarship through the disciplines on the one hand, and commitment to the transmission of distinctly vocational skills and attitudes on the other.
          
    A profound change is now taking place in British universities which challenges the traditional academic values of autonomy and self-regulation: regular and systematic appraisal of both individual academics and departments.
          
    Not only are traditional academic roles changing, but - in certain instances - working conditions have become unfavourable and unsupportive of staff's efforts to pursue the mission of higher education.
          
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      traditional learning
    There has been concern that, as the process continues, some of the more traditional learning of pharmacology and clinical pharmacology may be lost with nothing to replace it.
          
    In contrast, traditional learning is regarded as an externally driven process that results in the emergence of environmentally specified attractors.
          
    Conditioned taste aversion and traditional learning
          
    The results of CTA experiments and of traditional learning (TL) experiments are compared in order to evaluate whether CTA and TL indeed follow different rules.
          
    Traditional learning of these concepts is supported by lectures, tutorials, and practicals: ICT offers opportunities for improvement.
          
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      其他


    Using the method of comparative cultural history and comparing the cultural origins of China and the West—mainly the different schools of thought of the pre-Chin period and the classic Greek academic learning, the author of this paper attempts to reveal certain major disparities between the two great cultures of the East and the West. From this assumption he proceeds to delve into the main historial reasons, on the basis of Chinese traditional learning and culture, why it was not possible to nurture a new type...

    Using the method of comparative cultural history and comparing the cultural origins of China and the West—mainly the different schools of thought of the pre-Chin period and the classic Greek academic learning, the author of this paper attempts to reveal certain major disparities between the two great cultures of the East and the West. From this assumption he proceeds to delve into the main historial reasons, on the basis of Chinese traditional learning and culture, why it was not possible to nurture a new type of scientific and technological system in China comparable to that of Europe in recent times.

    本文试图以文化史比较的方法,对中西学术的源流——主要是对作为中国文化起源的先秦学术,与作为欧洲文化起源的古典希腊学术,作一比较,从而探讨东方与西方这两大文化学术和文化类型的一系列重大差异;找出在中国传统学术和文化的基础上,之所以必然不能孕育出近代欧洲那种新形态的科学技术体系的历史原因。

    The methodology and standpoints on diseases in traditional Chinese medicine have been expounded, by using the modern language, and some theoretical problems, such as yinyang, five elements, and the concept regarding the human body as a whole, and have also been interpreted when applied in the researches of pathogenesis. It has been emphatically pointed out that: (1) There are different viewpoints between TCM and western medicine in the recognition of the etiology and pathogenesis of diseases. (2) The author...

    The methodology and standpoints on diseases in traditional Chinese medicine have been expounded, by using the modern language, and some theoretical problems, such as yinyang, five elements, and the concept regarding the human body as a whole, and have also been interpreted when applied in the researches of pathogenesis. It has been emphatically pointed out that: (1) There are different viewpoints between TCM and western medicine in the recognition of the etiology and pathogenesis of diseases. (2) The author has a new point of view which differs from the motto, "the internal cause is the basis of object's changes and the external cause is the factor of object's changes", and suggests that the changeable factors should play a decisive role in the occurrence and development of diseases. (3) The recent work of teaching, clinical practice and researches of TCM should not be divorced from the traditional academic thought and should not be divorced from TCM principles in cognition and methodology neither.

    本文运用现代语言分析中医学的疾病观和方法论,较浅白地演绎了阴阳五行、整体观念等理论问题在病机学术研究方面的运用。着重指出:①中、西医在认识病因和解释病理机制的不同;②作者对“内因是变化的根据,外因是变化的条件”持不同看法,指出变动性因素对疾病的发生和发展起决定性作用;③指出现阶段的中医教医研工作不可能脱离传统学术的继承,更不要从本质上背弃中医学在认识上与方法上的原则。

    Is the enlightenment at the turn of the Ming and Qing Dynasties only the ideological manifestation of a frail budding of capitatism? Was the textual research school only a spacies of scholarofficials who were concerned exclusively with Confucian textual criticism and knew onthing about the world at large? Did the modern transformation of Confucian learning not start until the end of Qng and at the be ginning of the Republic? Had Confucianism become static long before the New Culture Movement? Therefore, can...

    Is the enlightenment at the turn of the Ming and Qing Dynasties only the ideological manifestation of a frail budding of capitatism? Was the textual research school only a spacies of scholarofficials who were concerned exclusively with Confucian textual criticism and knew onthing about the world at large? Did the modern transformation of Confucian learning not start until the end of Qng and at the be ginning of the Republic? Had Confucianism become static long before the New Culture Movement? Therefore, can China realize its modern transformation of traditional learning and achieve its moernization only by thououghly discarding Confucianism? The present study represents a tentative effort at answering these uestions. It is held that because of its powerful rationalistic spirit, Confucian learning had been in a process of quasimodernization from the turn of the Ming and Qing Dynasties to late Qing; that to a great extent, many internal conditions for the modern transformation of traditional Confucian learning had long been ripe; to a degree greater than has bitherto been as sumed, the introduction of Western learning only served to trigger off such a transformation, although Western learning itself was also an important part of it.

    本文认为,自明清之际至清末,具有强烈理性精神的懦家文化以启蒙话语和考据学派为基本表现形式,在学理层面一直处在某种准现代化的过程中;清末民初传统学术的现代转型在很大程度上是水到渠成,许多必须的内部条件已准备好了,西学的引进在比从前所认为更大的程度上只是引发转型的要素,尽管同时也是转型的重要内涵;传统文化以丰富的学理资源是完全能够从容应对西方的挑战的。

     
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