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  climatic type
Climatic type I, hyperthermal throughout the year, occurs in the tropics south of latitude 20° N.
      
Climatic type II, hyperthermal in the hottest month and comfortable in the coldest month, extends over latitudes from 20° to 30° N except in the highlands.
      
Climatic type III, hyperthermal in the hottest month and hypothermal in the coldest month, encompasses temperate zones of East Asia and subtropical arid areas of northwestern India.
      
Climatic type V, comfortable in the hottest month and hypothermal in coldest month, occurs near the southeast coast of the Soviet Union and in the highlands of the Himalayas.
      
Few climatic type of karstification may produce patterns different from those above.
      
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The historical climatic data sequence is reconstructed on the basis of tree ring data of Qinghai Lake Basin and neighbouring areas. In this paper four main periods (cold.warm,dry and wet) of the lake basin in the past 600 years are given and the climatic trend is predicted . It appears that the lake water-level falling is mainly caused by the warm-dry climatic tendency in recent 100 years. In addition,the relationships between the annual variation of the lake water level, the weather systems affecting antecedent...

The historical climatic data sequence is reconstructed on the basis of tree ring data of Qinghai Lake Basin and neighbouring areas. In this paper four main periods (cold.warm,dry and wet) of the lake basin in the past 600 years are given and the climatic trend is predicted . It appears that the lake water-level falling is mainly caused by the warm-dry climatic tendency in recent 100 years. In addition,the relationships between the annual variation of the lake water level, the weather systems affecting antecedent precipitation,various climatic patterns and land surface meteorological elements are analyzed by means of statistical method.

根据青海湖流域及其邻近地区树木年轮资料重建的历史时期气候资料序列,给出了流域近六百年来的主要冷、暖、干、湿期,并对器测时期的气候变化趋势作了分析。指出,近百年来气候暖干化是造成湖水位下降的主要原因;对于湖水位年际变化与前期降水影响系统、不同气候类型以及地面气象要素的关系作了统计分析。

Based on Shatuosi hydrologic stations data from 1959 through 1992,the influence of antecedent climatic type,SST of the North Pacific Ocean,Arctic sea ice and El Nino event on the interannual variation of the Qinghai Lakes water level is analyzed The valuable results can be used to forecast the three states for next years water level variation by using Bayers successive discrimination method

利用青海湖沙陀寺水文站1959—1992年的水位资料,分析了前期气候类型、北太平洋海温、厄尔尼诺事件以及北极海冰对湖水位年际变化的影响,得到了一些有预报价值的因子,并采用贝叶斯逐步判别法对次年水位变化的3种状态进行了预测

The A'nyêmaqên Mountains is located in the upper reaches of the Yellow River, where glaciers are well developing and also well developed in the Quaternary. Among the Quaternary Glaciations the Antepenultimate Glaciation in the mid-Pleistocene was the earliest and the maximum one. At that time, the ancient glacier termini reached (3 600 m) a. s. l., the snow line was 801 m lower than that at present, and the glacierized area reached 381 km~(2), 16'2 times of that at present in the Qiequ River basin on the east...

The A'nyêmaqên Mountains is located in the upper reaches of the Yellow River, where glaciers are well developing and also well developed in the Quaternary. Among the Quaternary Glaciations the Antepenultimate Glaciation in the mid-Pleistocene was the earliest and the maximum one. At that time, the ancient glacier termini reached (3 600 m) a. s. l., the snow line was 801 m lower than that at present, and the glacierized area reached 381 km~(2), 16'2 times of that at present in the Qiequ River basin on the east slopes of the mountains. In the Antepenultimate and the Penultimate Galciations, the Dala Glacier in the Zhihedai River basin on the west slopes of the mountains had extended to (4 100) m a. s. l., with the snow line 539 m lower than that at present and the glacierized area of 76'8 km~(2), 5'5 times of that at present. At that time, most of the mountains were covered by snow and ice with large-scale ice caps, indicating that climatic environment belonged to maritime type. The Penultimate Glaciation, the Last Glaciation, the Neoglaciation and the Little Ice Age after the Antepenultimate Glaciation were all influenced by the continuous uplift of the Tibetan Plateau, when precipitation was deceasing and glacier termini and snow line were increasing. For example, the glacier termini retreated from (3 600 m) a. s. l. in the Antepenultimate Glaciation to (4 500 m) a. s. l. at present on the east slopes, and retreated from (4 100 m) a. s. l. in the Antepenultimate Glaciation to 4 600 m a. s. l. at present on the west slopes. After the Antepenultimate Glaciation, the glacierized area decreased in large scale and climate gradually changed from maritime type to continental type. Climate in the mountains was going to be dry and warm after the later Last Glaciation and came into the great warm period in the Holocene.

阿尼玛卿山是黄河上游现代冰川和第四纪古冰川最发育的地区.其中出现时间最早、发育规模最大的是倒数第三次冰期,东坡的古冰川末端下伸到海拔3600m,古雪线较现代雪线降低801m,冰川面积扩大了381km2,是现代冰川面积的16 2倍;西坡的古冰川末端下伸到海拔4100m,古雪线较现代雪线降低了635m,冰川面积增加了80 8km2,是现代冰川面积的5 8倍.之后,气候类型由海洋性逐渐过渡到大陆性,经历了湿冷—干冷—干暖的演变过程,冰川面积渐次缩小,特别是在晚末次冰期之后,进入全新世大暖期,气候急剧趋于干暖化.

 
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