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葡萄育种
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  grape breeding
     The studies of affecting factors in amplification and patterns of RAPD were carried out by the parents(B72~216×B45~187) of seedless grape breeding and their some hybrids as template DNA.
     以无核葡萄育种组合B72~216×B45~187及其部分后代为模板DNA,研究了影响RAPD扩增和带型的因素。
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     To solve the question of incomplete development of embryo in early-ripening grape breeding, orthogonal experimental design of L25( 55 )was adopted to study the embryo rescue technology in early- ripening grape with the crossing embryos of 5 crossing combinations as materials.
     针对早熟葡萄育种中胚发育不全的问题,以京秀×87-1等5个杂交组合的杂交胚为材料,采用L25 (55)的正交试验设计,进行了早熟葡萄胚抢救技术研究。
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     The Study on the Technique of Ovule Culture of Grapes and Triploid Seedless Grape Breeding
     葡萄的胚珠培养与三倍体葡萄育种技术的研究
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     The problem of difference of germination rate and seedling percentage concerning with grape breeding and planting method were discussed.
     并探讨了不同葡萄品种的萌芽率、成苗率与葡萄育种以及播种方法的关系问题。
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     This article reviewed the latest progress in polyploid grape breeding.
     本文综述了多倍体葡萄育种研究的最新进展。
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  “葡萄育种”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Culturing seedless Grapes of big grain , high quality is an important target of grapes’Crossbreeding.
     培育大粒优质的无核葡萄是葡萄育种的重要目标。
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     But now, Biotechnology having large foreground in breeding means and the consummate organizational culture technology afforded powerful support for building virus free gene stock and transgene breed in grapevine.
     运用生物技术育种成为当前最有前景的育种手段,同时,业已成熟的组织培养技术为葡萄无病毒株系建立、转基因葡萄育种研究提供了有力的技术支持。
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     Advances in Research of Breeding Seedless Triploid Grapes
     三倍体无核葡萄育种研究进展
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     The main breeding methods of triploid grape such as crossing between diploid and tetraploid cultivars, endosperm culture, using 2n gametes and bud mutation etc.
     探讨了三倍体葡萄育种的主要途径如利用二倍体和四倍体杂交、胚乳培养、利用2n配子和芽变选择等。
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     The main breeding methods of polyploid grape such as natural mutation, induction by colchicine treatment,hybridization, selecting of natural seedling,endosperm culture and uses of 2n gametes etc.
     探讨了多倍体葡萄育种的主要途径如自然芽变、化学诱变、人工有性杂交、实生选育、2n配子利用和胚乳培养等。
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  相似匹配句对
     PRIMARY REPORT ON GRAPE-TRIPLOID BREEDING
     葡萄三倍体育种初报
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     The study on the principle of breeding the cold-resistant breeds and parents-chosen of grape
     葡萄抗寒育种规律的研究
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     Grape Fairy
     葡萄仙子
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     P ig Breeding
     猪的育种
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     Plant Breeding by Genetic transformation
     转基因育种
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  grape breeding
An investigation to estimate genetic parameters in CSIRO's table grape breeding program.
      
The implications of these estimates for table grape breeding are discussed.
      
Little is known about the genetic determinism of muscat flavor in grape, although this trait is of major importance for table grape breeding.
      


In april, 1964, a meeting was summoned by the Peking Botanic Gardens, Research, In-stitute of Botany, Chinese academy of sciences, to discuss the various problems concerning the research project on improvement of grape varieties. Among other topics, the procedure and technique of grape breeding received a great deal of attention from those who attended that meeting. This paper attempts to present the results of discussion on this topic.

今年4月,中国科学院植物研究所北京植物园在北京召开了“葡萄品种选育的研究”专题第一次会议,讨论并制定了“葡萄杂交育种程序(草案)”。根据这个草案,从杂交到决选出预备新品种,在一般情况下,需时15至17年。会上对何时开始繁殖优良单株,对复选出来的优良单株和进行比较试验时观察测定的项目等问题,展开了热烈的争论,这些问题,关系到育种年代的长短,杂种苗各种经济性状的稳定程度,以及观察测定所需工作量的多少,是值得重视和继续探讨的问题。本文根据讨论结果,加以整理,供各地葡萄育种工作者的参考,并请提出修改补充的意见。

Interspecific crosses of grapes were made since 1951 with the aim to obtain new cold resistant cul-tivars adapted to Gongzhu-ling, Jiling province. Annual average temperature of this region is 5.4℃ and the minimum temperature is -30℃ . The cold resistant parents used were: Vitis amurensis Rupr., 'Gong-niang No. 1' ( F1 hybrid of 'Muscat Hamburg' × V. amurensis), 'Gongniang No. l2'(F1 Hybrid of V. amurensis × 'Muscat Hamburg' ), and 'Beta' ( V.riporio Michx. × V.labrusca L.). Cultivars used as Parents included...

Interspecific crosses of grapes were made since 1951 with the aim to obtain new cold resistant cul-tivars adapted to Gongzhu-ling, Jiling province. Annual average temperature of this region is 5.4℃ and the minimum temperature is -30℃ . The cold resistant parents used were: Vitis amurensis Rupr., 'Gong-niang No. 1' ( F1 hybrid of 'Muscat Hamburg' × V. amurensis), 'Gongniang No. l2'(F1 Hybrid of V. amurensis × 'Muscat Hamburg' ), and 'Beta' ( V.riporio Michx. × V.labrusca L.). Cultivars used as Parents included 'Muscat Hamburg', 'Queen of Vineyard' . 'Royal Rose'. 'Blue French' 'Saperavi', etc.

作者总结了二十多年来的葡萄杂交育种工作,研究了葡萄种间杂交在抗寒力、花器官类型及果实经济性状上的遗传,提出了对亲本选择的意见,供寒地葡萄育种工作参考。

Through a breeding program initiated in 1973 , four new table grape cultivars were released .Zao Ma Nao (Agate Early) from Muscat Hamburg×Jing Zao Jing is a high quality , attractive appearance cultivar , and produces bunches each weighing 388 g with purplish red, enlongated ellipsoidal berries each weighing 4. 2 g on average. The fruit flesh is firm and delicately flavored . The fruit skin is thin and tender. During 1981- 85 it produced 13.2 kg /plant . The berries contain 16. 3 % sugar and 5.2 g/l titratable...

Through a breeding program initiated in 1973 , four new table grape cultivars were released .Zao Ma Nao (Agate Early) from Muscat Hamburg×Jing Zao Jing is a high quality , attractive appearance cultivar , and produces bunches each weighing 388 g with purplish red, enlongated ellipsoidal berries each weighing 4. 2 g on average. The fruit flesh is firm and delicately flavored . The fruit skin is thin and tender. During 1981- 85 it produced 13.2 kg /plant . The berries contain 16. 3 % sugar and 5.2 g/l titratable acidity . The fruit ripens a week later than pearl of Csaba.Zi Zhen Zhu (Purple Pearl ) was derived from the cross Muscat Hamburg ? Pearl of Csaba. Its general appearance resembles that of Muscat Hamburg , but the period of maturity is earlier than 20 days . It yields 16. 3kg/plant and sugar content is 14.3%.Cui Yu (Emerald) is a cross of Muscat Hamburg × Jing Zao Jing. The vines are vigorous and very productive . The bunch weighs 633 g on average . The berry , with greenish yellow, firm pulp, is medium in size, weighing 3.8 g on average , co-ntains 14.4%sugar, with a slight muscat aftertaste, and ripens in mid August. Cui Yu is highly resistant to fungus diseases.It yields 22.4 kg /plant .Yan Hong (Beauty red) from Muscat Hamburg?Jing Zao Jing , forms bunches weighing 415 g each and purplish red berries weighing on average 5. 2 g each , with attractive appearance . The berries are enlongated ellipsoidal , neutral in flavor. The fruit flesh is firm and the skin is thin but tough. It yields 20.6 kg/plant and sugar content is 15.1% . The fruit ripens in mid September, just after that of Muscat Hamburg .The four new cultivars have been used in Beijing grape growing area and spread to some northern provinces .

1973年开始了生食葡萄育种,目标为培育早熟或无核优良新品种.选用了玫瑰香为母本,莎芭珍珠和京早晶为父本,进行有性杂交.通过对杂种单株的调查观察,1981年选出五个优株,进行了品种比较试验.其中三个早熟优系和一个中晚熟优系的主要性状显著优于同期成熟的对照品种.解决了北京市场缺乏早熟葡萄的问题,并延长了鲜食葡萄的供应期.三个早熟优系分别命名为早玛瑙、紫珍珠和翠玉;中晚熟优系定名为艳红.对这四个新品种进行了描述.这些新品种已在生产上试种成功并开始推广.

 
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