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影响成本
相关语句
  influence costs
     Synergies of Corporate M&A, Influence Costs and Asset Specificity
     公司并购协同效应、影响成本与资产专用性
短句来源
     The anthors find synergies, influence costs and asset specificity will exert a decisive influence on the adjustment of corporate boundar- ies and post-merger performance, and the extent of this effect also de- pends on governance structure, financing tools, organizational structure and so on.
     结果发现,资产专用性、影响成本与公司并购协同效应都将对公司边界的调整和公司并购绩效产生决定性的影响,而且这个影响的大小又取决于治理结构、融资工具以及组织结构等诸多因素。
短句来源
  effect cost
     The Environmental Effect Cost Identification and Dynamic Assessment Theory on Hydropower Cascade Development of Basin
     流域水电梯级开发环境影响成本辨识及其动态评估理论
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  “影响成本”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Starting with the theory of cost management and the fundamental of ERP, the study involves questions as follows:·if and how ERP affects the theory and methods of cost management.
     以成本管理理论为起点,结合分析ERP系统基本原理与成本管理功能,本文对以下问题进行深入研究:(1)ERP是否影响成本管理理论与方法;
短句来源
     The main factors that affected the cost profit percentage were the price, product cost and the total investment. When the price was up 1%, the cost profit margin would risen by 0.117;
     产品销售价格、生产成本和投资总额是影响成本利润率变化的主要因素 ,当销售价格上升 1%时 ,成本利润率将上升 0 .117,当生产成本上升 1%时 ,成本利润率将下降 0 .0 66,当投资总额上升 1%时 ,成本利润率将下降 0 .0 66;
短句来源
     The thesis Deeply analysis the main factors about cost influence in design stage, provides the specific control measures, also, put forwards the quantitative model about project design economical, and provides mathematical analysis.
     本文详细分析了设计阶段影响成本费用的主要因素,提出了具体控制措施、工程设计经济评价模型,并进行了算例分析;
短句来源
     This essay is started from factors to effect project cost to investigate ways to reduce cost.
     本文从影响成本的因素入手 ,探讨降低工程成本的途径。
短句来源
     Based on the prediction of both the external economic factor of market and the internal management factor of enterprise which influence the construction cost directly, the control criteria for the project construction cost can be precisely determined; by which not only the blindness of cost payout can be avoided, and the scientific prediction can also be enhanced with the realization of the target control of the management cost concerned.
     项目施工成本预测的内外因素的主要内容是,通过对影响成本变化的外部市场经济因素和企业内部管理因素的预测,可以较准确地确定工程施工成本的控制标准,克服成本支出盲目性,提高科学预见性,实现管理费的目标控制。
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  相似匹配句对
     C.
     C的影响;
短句来源
     Internal parasite infections influence feeding cost of swine
     内寄生虫影响猪的饲养成本
短句来源
     An Analyses on Influencing Levy Cost
     影响征税成本的因素分析
短句来源
     influence of non-linear;
     非线性的影响
短句来源
     Cost System Englineering
     成本系统工程
短句来源
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  influence costs
We show that firms with more levels of hierarchy may experience lower influence costs than less hierarchical firms, even though the former provide more opportunities for exerting influence.
      
If individual departments have different productivities, however, and the production technology exhibits decreasing returns to scale, a symmetric hierarchy that does not minimize influence costs may be optimal.
      
The proposed econometric model specification incorporates two novel features: weather-related variables that influence costs and a split-time trend, which captures the effects of changes in PG>amp;amp;E's operating environment.
      
A cohesive motivated team can also produce efficiency gains, which will influence costs.
      
Both are vulnerable to influence costs and both may result in lengthy delays and inefficient outcomes.
      
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  effect cost
A customer may lease a portion of the full circuit to effect cost savings.
      
Alternate materials, methods, and resources that did not negatively effect cost.
      
This in effect cost Louis XVI his life, since he was arrested in Varennes when a bystander recognized him after his own coins.
      


After analysing more than twenty thousand calculating schemes, the authors of the article come to know that the barge cost makes up about thirty to fifty percent of the total shipping cost. So the barge cost is the most important factor influencing the total. It is also pointed out here that the accuracy of estimation of the bargc cost is of great importance to the determination of the optimum push-train, and that 1o find out ways of reducing the barge cost ispracti cally valuable to increasing the ecoomics...

After analysing more than twenty thousand calculating schemes, the authors of the article come to know that the barge cost makes up about thirty to fifty percent of the total shipping cost. So the barge cost is the most important factor influencing the total. It is also pointed out here that the accuracy of estimation of the bargc cost is of great importance to the determination of the optimum push-train, and that 1o find out ways of reducing the barge cost ispracti cally valuable to increasing the ecoomics of the push-train.

本文通过对两万多个计算方案的分析,得知运输成本中分节驳造价约占30~50%,因此,分节驳的造价是影响成本的居首位的因素。文中还指出分节驳造价估算的准确性,对于最优船队的选定具有重要意义;探求降低分节驳造价的途径,对于提高分节顶推船队的经济性,具有很大的实际价值。

This paper presents an improved algorithm for optimal real power flow, which is based on the fact that the operation cost of power system is determined mainly by generation output. The objective function is the generation cost of whole power system. The constraints are bus power balance real power limits of generators and line real power limits. The gradient vector formula of augmentation objective function including generation cost and penalty function under the equality constraints is derived. After simplifying...

This paper presents an improved algorithm for optimal real power flow, which is based on the fact that the operation cost of power system is determined mainly by generation output. The objective function is the generation cost of whole power system. The constraints are bus power balance real power limits of generators and line real power limits. The gradient vector formula of augmentation objective function including generation cost and penalty function under the equality constraints is derived. After simplifying the gradient vector formula thc quasi-gradient vector formula is inferred according to the feature of power systems. The optimal real power flow is computed on the basis of the quasi-gradient vector by means of gradient method, conjugate gradient method and DPF method. Test resulus of three test systems (11 bus, 44 bus and 118 bus IEEE system) are presented, which show the new algorithm can not only satisfy the security constraints but also minimize generation cost. It can be employed in on-line optimal control and also in off-line computation for power system operation.

本文根据电力系统运行成本主要决定于发电机有功出力这个性质,提出了一个以全网发电成本为目标函数,节点功率平衡方程、发电机有功出力限值和支路有功限值为约束的新的优化潮流数学模型。推导出发电总成本加上惩罚项的增广目标函数等式约束下的梯度向量公式。并根据电力系统的特点对该公式进行了简化,得到准梯度向量公式。并用算例用基于准梯度向量的准梯度法、准共轭梯度法和变尺度法求解有功优化潮流。结果表明,该数学模型确实体现了影响成本的主要因素,能够得到既满足安全条件又使成本接近最小的优化潮流。对梯度向量公式的简化是合理的。三种解决都适合本数学模型。用此法求解有功优化潮流可用于在线最优控制,也适用于离线计算。

It is dealt with how to determine relative cost coefficient and the costincreasing rules when designers are designing the product series and thecomponents or spare parts with similar or semi-similar construction.Itis also discussed how designers can Calculate at the beginning of thedesign the cost of the product series and components or spare parts withsimilar or semi-similar construction and how the designers can find boththe main factors affecting the cost and the changing rules.

本文论述了设计人员在设计系列产品及结构相似或半相似的零、部件时确定相对成本系数的方法及成本增长的规律,对设计人员如何在设计开始时能预测系列产品和结构相似或半相似零部件的成本并认识影响成本的主要因素及变化规律进行了分析。

 
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