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生长追赶
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  catch-up growth
     Catch-up Growth of Low Birth Weight Infants in China: A 16-year Longitudinal Study
     低出生体重儿出生后16年内的生长追赶状况研究
短句来源
     The comparison of catch-up growth between two LBW groups showed premature was higher than SGA.
     早产组比足月小样组有更高的生长追赶率,女孩比男孩有更高的生长追赶速度。
短句来源
     Conclusions The high-protein diet of early nutritional intervention during 4th week of life is helpful for catch-up growth by promoting the intestinal development in rats born with IUGR.
     结论 生后头 4周予高蛋白饮食早期营养干预IUGR幼鼠 ,可通过促进小肠发育达到满意的体格生长追赶
短句来源
     Objective To look for an appropriate dietary pattern of early nutritional intervention, which does not only meet the need of catch-up growth but also avoids or reduces the incidence of insulin resistance (IR) in adulthood of rats born with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR).
     目的 探寻既能保证宫内生长迟缓 (IUGR )大鼠生长追赶又可避免或减轻其在成年期产生胰岛素抵抗 (IR)的早期营养干预措施。
短句来源
     Conclusions IUGR infants had a apparent catch-up growth during the first 2 years.
     在2岁之内为生长追赶的良好时间段。 结论证实了I UGR有生长追赶现象。
短句来源
  catch up growth
     Relationship among IGF-I、IGFBP-3 and Human Fetal Development and Catch up Growth
     血清IGF-I、IGFBP-3与宫内发育和生长追赶关系的临床研究
短句来源
     Objective Nutrition insulin like growth factors (IGFs) axis is important to body catch up growth and gastrointestinal development, while gastrointestinal development is closely related to the nutritional absorb and catch up growth in infants with intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR).
     目的 生后早期的生长主要受营养的调控 ,营养物质 胰岛素 胰岛素样生长因子 (IGF)轴在胎儿宫内发育迟缓 (IUGR)生长追赶及胃肠发育中起着重要的作用 ,而胃肠发育又与营养物质的吸收、生长追赶关系密切。
短句来源
     This research aims to study the effects of early postnatal diet with different levels of protein and caloric on serum IGF 1, IGFBP3, intestinal development and catch up growth in rats with IUGR.
     该研究探讨生后早期不同蛋白质和热卡水平的营养干预如何调控IGF系统及影响IUGR大鼠的小肠发育和体格生长追赶 ,并追踪至成年期。
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  “生长追赶”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Result and Conclusion: The data of growth intelligence and hearing in LBW infant is supeyior to those in very low birth weight infant.
     结果:(包括体格发育、智力和听力发育的有关指标的数据。) 结论:极低出生体重儿的生长追赶明显落后于低出生体重儿。
短句来源
     The number of infants who had catch up during the first 2 years of age was 163(85.4%), and absence of catch-up in 27(14.6%).
     本组 163 例(85.8%)IUGR儿童在 2岁前有生长追赶现象,女童生长追赶早于男童。
短句来源
     Conclusion Taurine supplementation can improve the growth-catch-up and the ultrastructure of islet β cells of neonateal rats with LBW.
     结论生后早期补充牛磺酸不仅可促使LBW仔鼠的完成部分生长追赶,且能改善其β细胞超微结构。
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  catch-up growth
A simulation study was used to evaluate some consequences for a population of threespine sticklebacks of failing to show compensatory ('catch-up') growth following periods of food deprivation.
      
The data suggest that long-term treatment with Saizen in children with GHD results in a positive catch-up growth response and proportionate changes in bone age vs height age during treatment.
      
The data suggest that long-term treatment with Saizen in children with GHD results in a positive catch-up growth response and proportionate changes in bone age vs height age during treatment.
      
Growth, in terms of both height and skeletal age, were continuous without catch-up growth.
      
In young patients receiving an initial oral CyA dose of 17 mg/kg per day, steroids were stopped at the 6th month in order to achieve catch-up growth: only one such patient lost his graft.
      
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  catch up growth
Children with nephropathic cystinosis also showed catch up growth after transplantation under cyclosporin.
      
After pneumatic dilatation of the oesophageal sphincter catch up growth occurred.
      
Primary hyperoxaluria 1: catch up growth and normalization of oxaluria 6 years after hepatorenal transplantation in a prepuberta
      
In 15 infants, therapy started at 5.8±3.2 months of age and induced catch up growth over 1-2 years by which time the mean height SDS increased from -1.02±0.91 to -0.19±1.07.
      
In 15 infants, therapy started at 5.8±3.2 months of age and induced catch up growth over 1-2 years by which time the mean height SDS increased from -1.02±0.91 to -0.19±1.07.
      
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Objective To know the related factors affecting the growth catche up in the children with malnutrition growth retardation(MGR).Methods To measure the stimulating levels of serum GH and to observe the relationship among increment of height,weight,and inherited factor in 28 cases of refeeding children (aged3~8yr)with MGR for 4 months to 4 years.Results The height velocity of growth catche up (△HSDS)correlated with the increment weight for height (△HWSDS) (P<0 01)positively,with the basic weight for height...

Objective To know the related factors affecting the growth catche up in the children with malnutrition growth retardation(MGR).Methods To measure the stimulating levels of serum GH and to observe the relationship among increment of height,weight,and inherited factor in 28 cases of refeeding children (aged3~8yr)with MGR for 4 months to 4 years.Results The height velocity of growth catche up (△HSDS)correlated with the increment weight for height (△HWSDS) (P<0 01)positively,with the basic weight for height (HWSDS)negatively(P<0 01),but not with the SDS of target height.The catche up in height velocity could be over the growth ability depending on chronological age.Two thirds of patients had hypersomatotroinemia and part of them had still kept it after returning to normal growth,which showed a continuous reset situation of somatotropin axis by the metabolic compensates responding to undernourishment.Conclusion Higher energy and protein should be offered early in order to utilize the favorable reset status of somatotropin axis to get satisfied catch up for the children with MGR.

目的 了解营养不良性生长迟缓儿生长追赶的影响因素。方法 观察28 例营养不良性生长迟缓儿,在调整营养供应后至少4 个月的身高体重增长与基础体格指标、骨龄和遗传因素的关系。结果 身高Z评分增长与身高别体重Z评分增长正相关( P< 0-01) ,与基础身高别体重Z评分负相关( P< 0-01) ,与基础骨龄正相关( P< 0-05);与年龄及遗传身高Z评分不相关。体重Z评分增长与基础身高别体重Z评分负相关( P< 0-01) ,与骨龄正相关( P<0-01)。身高增长速度可超过其年龄应有生长能力。部分患儿恢复期仍有高生长激素血症( 营养不良所致促生长素轴代谢代偿重整状态的持续)。结论 对营养不良性生长迟缓应尽早供给足够热量和蛋白,以充分利用促生长素轴的代谢代偿转为促生长效应,获得最大追赶。

OBJCTIVE To explore the start time of catch-up growth in low birth weight(LBW) infants in Shanghai, China;and highest catchup growth rate as well as how long the catch-up growth can last in LBW children and adolescents. METHODS 203 LBW infants and 71 full-term infants living in Shanghai, bom in 1983, were observed from birth to 16 years. Subjects were assessed 17 times between birth and age six yrs and once at age 16 yrs. Major outcomes were weight, height, head circumference (HC) and body mass index(BMI). Standardized...

OBJCTIVE To explore the start time of catch-up growth in low birth weight(LBW) infants in Shanghai, China;and highest catchup growth rate as well as how long the catch-up growth can last in LBW children and adolescents. METHODS 203 LBW infants and 71 full-term infants living in Shanghai, bom in 1983, were observed from birth to 16 years. Subjects were assessed 17 times between birth and age six yrs and once at age 16 yrs. Major outcomes were weight, height, head circumference (HC) and body mass index(BMI). Standardized Z scores for wt, ht, HC and BMI were calculated using NBW as reference group for PMT (premature) and SGA (small for gestational age), and plotted over all visits. The catch-up growth is defined as the Z-score greater or equal to -2. RESULTS Catch-up growth reached highest proportion at 6 - 24 month for weight, 9 - 18m for height, 12 - 18m for head circumference, and 9 - 12m for BMI. The comparison of catch-up growth between two LBW groups showed premature was higher than SGA. Female had bigger catch-up growth velocity than male subjects, however, no significant differences were found. The catch-up growth of HC at PMT was significantly higher than that at SGA group over all visits. CONCLUSIONS LBW have very significant catch-up growth, which persist into their adolescence. Premature group show better HC catch-up growth velocity than SGA group.

目的 研究低出生体重儿在其儿童期和青春期的体格生长追赶起始点,最大生长追赶率及生长追赶持续的时间。方法 前瞻性队列研究。上海市1983年出生的低出生体重儿及正常对照儿作为研究对象。出生1月通过问卷获得父母亲及小儿的基线资料;从出生到16岁进行17次随访,随访项目为体重、身高、头围及体质指数。生长追赶定义为Z分≥-2。体重、身高和头围的标准Z分以正常儿为标准计算。结果 体重达到最大生长追赶的月龄在6~24月,最大追赶率为58.1%~82.4%;身高在9~18月,最大追赶率为54.9%~68.6%;BMI在9~12月,最大追赶率为74.0%~88.2%;头围在12~18月,最大率为70.7%~74.5%。早产组比足月小样组有更高的生长追赶率,女孩比男孩有更高的生长追赶速度。但没有统计学上的差异(P>0.05)。头围变化的最大特点是,5~6月后,足月小样组的Z分追赶始终低于早产组。在青春期组,所有的体格生长指标包括体重、身高和头围,正常儿的平均Z分仍然低于0,但大致维持在-1内。结论 证实了早产组和足月小样组具有非常显著的生长...

目的 研究低出生体重儿在其儿童期和青春期的体格生长追赶起始点,最大生长追赶率及生长追赶持续的时间。方法 前瞻性队列研究。上海市1983年出生的低出生体重儿及正常对照儿作为研究对象。出生1月通过问卷获得父母亲及小儿的基线资料;从出生到16岁进行17次随访,随访项目为体重、身高、头围及体质指数。生长追赶定义为Z分≥-2。体重、身高和头围的标准Z分以正常儿为标准计算。结果 体重达到最大生长追赶的月龄在6~24月,最大追赶率为58.1%~82.4%;身高在9~18月,最大追赶率为54.9%~68.6%;BMI在9~12月,最大追赶率为74.0%~88.2%;头围在12~18月,最大率为70.7%~74.5%。早产组比足月小样组有更高的生长追赶率,女孩比男孩有更高的生长追赶速度。但没有统计学上的差异(P>0.05)。头围变化的最大特点是,5~6月后,足月小样组的Z分追赶始终低于早产组。在青春期组,所有的体格生长指标包括体重、身高和头围,正常儿的平均Z分仍然低于0,但大致维持在-1内。结论 证实了早产组和足月小样组具有非常显著的生长追赶,早产组头围的追赶明显大于足月小样组。

Objective To study the effect of early nutritional intervention on the serum insulin-like growth factors(IGF1),insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3(IGFBP3), intestinal development and catch-up growth in rats born with intrauterine growth retardation(IUGR).Methods Twenty-four IUGR female rats and 8 normal female rats were divided randomly into 4 groups: 1.IUGR control,2.IUGR low-protein diet group,3.IUGR high-protein diet group,4.normal control group.At 4th week of life,the serum IGF1,IGFBP3, body weight,length,...

Objective To study the effect of early nutritional intervention on the serum insulin-like growth factors(IGF1),insulin-like growth factor binding protein 3(IGFBP3), intestinal development and catch-up growth in rats born with intrauterine growth retardation(IUGR).Methods Twenty-four IUGR female rats and 8 normal female rats were divided randomly into 4 groups: 1.IUGR control,2.IUGR low-protein diet group,3.IUGR high-protein diet group,4.normal control group.At 4th week of life,the serum IGF1,IGFBP3, body weight,length, and intestinal weight, length, intestinal constitution were measured in all groups.Results At the 4th week, the serum IGF1, IGFBP3, intestinal villi height and villi absorbing area in IUGR high-protein diet group were significantly higher than those in normal control group and IUGR control group( P<0.05 or P<0.01). The intestinal weight, length and body weight,length were not significantly different compared with normal control group(P>0.05).Conclusions The high-protein diet of early nutritional intervention during 4th week of life is helpful for catch-up growth by promoting the intestinal development in rats born with IUGR. The serum IGF1 is a sensitive index to the catch-up growth.

目的 探讨早期营养干预对宫内生长迟缓 (IUGR)幼鼠血清胰岛素样生长因子 (IGF)和小肠发育及生长追赶的影响。方法 将 2 4只IUGR新生雌鼠和 8只正常新生雌鼠随机分为 4组 :IUGR模型组 ,IUGR低蛋白组 ,IUGR高蛋白组 ,正常对照组。于生后 4周时检测各组大鼠血清IGF1、胰岛素样生长因子结合蛋白 3(IGFBP3)浓度、体重、身长和小肠重量、长度及肠黏膜组织结构变化。结果  4周时IUGR高蛋白组血IGF1、IGFBP3和小肠黏膜绒毛高度、吸收表面积均显著高于对照组和IUGR模型组 (P <0 .0 5或P <0 .0 1) ;小肠重量、长度和体重、身长与对照组比较无显著性差异 (P均 >0 .0 5 )。结论 生后头 4周予高蛋白饮食早期营养干预IUGR幼鼠 ,可通过促进小肠发育达到满意的体格生长追赶。血清IGF1是反映生长追赶的灵敏指标

 
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