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   转轨经济学 的翻译结果: 查询用时:0.494秒
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转轨经济学
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  transitional economics
     Therefore, studying the institution, organization and their changes mechanism is a window or a key to comprehend human social development It is also the reason why Institutional Economics and Transitional Economics become ever increasing popular in recent years.
     因此,研究制度与组织及其变迁机理就成为理解人类社会发展的一个窗口或一把钥匙,这也正是近年来制度经济学和转轨经济学日渐兴盛的重要原因。
短句来源
     Reform philosophy is the thcorical basis of transitional economics.
     改革哲学是转轨经济学的理论基础。
短句来源
     In the first place, the paper analyzes the definition, the attribute and function of organizations applying the theory of Institution Economics and Transitional Economics, and then, it point out that the basic economic function of the industry association is reducing the deal cost and raising efficiency of the deal in the economy of division of labor and specialization.
     本文运用制度和转轨经济学的相关理论,首先对行业协会的概念、组织属性与功能进行了分析,并特别指出行业协会的基本经济功能是在分工和专业化经济中降低社会的交易费用、提高交易的效率;
短句来源
     As an important content of Institutional and Transitional Economics, the theory of institutional and organizational changed both the challenge and the intrinsic requirement of bringing forth new ideas, and yet, institution changes and structure transformation, along with remodeling the organization structure of society, changing social organization which arising there from claim objectively to formulate and implement effective policy.
     制度、组织及其变迁理论作为制度与转轨经济学的重要内容,面临着挑战并具有创新的内在要求,而制度变迁和体制转轨以及由此引发的社会组织架构重塑、社会组织变迁则构成了我国目前社会经济的基本特征,客观上也要求制定和实施有效的政策。
短句来源
     The comparative research of Chinese and Russian reform is always being the focus concerned by the new transitional economics.
     中俄改革的比较研究 ,一直是新兴的转轨经济学关注的热点。
短句来源
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  transition economics
     Firstly, the author generalizes the different points into four types: (1) transition economics involves theories on transition from planned economy to market economy;
     笔者首先整理了其他学者对“转轨经济学”(transition economics)的不同看法,把学者们对转轨经济学的观点归纳和总结成四种主要类型:(1)认为转轨经济学就是研究由计划经济向市场经济过渡的经济学理论;
短句来源
     Stiglitz and Transition Economics
     斯蒂格利茨与转轨经济学
短句来源
     (2) transition economics involves theories on transition from capitalism to socialism;
     (2)认为转轨经济学是研究社会主义向资本主义过渡的经济学理论;
短句来源
     Chapter 2 discusses the general concepts of transition economics and Stiglitz’s unique theory on transition economics.
     第二章论述转轨经济学的一般概念和斯蒂格利茨独特的转轨经济学理论。
短句来源
     The disadvantages of transition economics methodology result in many wrong thinking on the evaluation of transition performance.
     转轨经济学方法论上的局限造成了在转轨效益评价中的很多错误认识。
短句来源
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  “转轨经济学”译为未确定词的双语例句
     Here Stiglitz’s thoughts on trasition economics can be generalized into three points:(1) Stiglitz bring forward“the new points on government interventions”based on the up-to-date developments of information economics(which includes not only developing markets ,but also strong government).
     在本章里,笔者将斯蒂格利茨的转轨经济学思想概括成三个方面:(1)斯蒂格利茨借助于信息经济学的最新进展建立了“新政府干预观”(既要有发达的市场,也要有强大的政府);
短句来源
     At first,Kornai only paid attention to some behaviors in socialist economies,but now the soft budget constraint has been applied to transition economies.
     最初科尔奈用它来描述社会主义经济以短缺为标志的一些行为,但现在软预算约束概念已广泛应用于转轨经济学领域。
短句来源
     The publication of "Beijing Consensus" means that there will be a new paradigm.
     “北京共识”问世预示转轨经济学在分析范式上要产生新的突破,认同体制转轨是阶段性的;
短句来源
     Based on neo-institutional theory and economics of transition,the paper analyzes how institution changes impact disparity of regional services.
     以制度经济学和转轨经济学为理论基础,分析制度变化对中国地区服务业差异的影响。
短句来源
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  transition economics
At the same time, under the severe budgetary constraints of transition economics, there is almost no room for sector-specific development policies.
      
Even fewer studies deal with transition economics3 and especially exchange rate economics.
      
It will be closely linked to the Annual International Conference on Transition Economics.
      
In this paper, we shall combine the two approaches to study transition economics.
      
In transition economics the assumption of exogenously given institution is precarious.
      
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Reform philosophy is the thcorical basis of transitional economics. China's reform philosophy consists of the following four parts: (1) Comprehensive objectives orientation. Reform should adhere to the establishment of a socialist market economic system, give full play to the role of market mechanism and strengthen macro control. These last two are both fundamental demand for the socialist market economy. It should also keep the public sector remaining dominant and allow the diverse sectors of the economy developing...

Reform philosophy is the thcorical basis of transitional economics. China's reform philosophy consists of the following four parts: (1) Comprehensive objectives orientation. Reform should adhere to the establishment of a socialist market economic system, give full play to the role of market mechanism and strengthen macro control. These last two are both fundamental demand for the socialist market economy. It should also keep the public sector remaining dominant and allow the diverse sectors of the economy developing side by side, and abide by "One country, two systems" policy. (2) Values of utilitarianism. China is still in the primary stage of socialism, in the great practice of building socialism with Chinese characteristics, combine the central task of economic development with the two basic points (adherence to the Four Cardinal Principles, the reform and opening up), any economic restructuring measures shoud meet the criterion of the "three favourablest (favourable to developing the productive forces in the socialist society, to consolidating China's comprehensive national strength and to raising people's living standards), and should be utilized to serve socialism. (3) Authoritative management means.(4) An evolutionary reform process.

改革哲学是转轨经济学的理论基础。中国改革哲学的基本内容可以归纳为:综合主义的目标取向;功利主义的价值标准;权威主义的控制手段;渐进主义的操作技巧。四者的统一构成中国改革模式的主要特征。

The comparative research of Chinese and Russian reform is always being the focus concerned by the new transitional economics.Since the finance crisis of Russia broke out in 1998,the supporters of radical reform have been silent for a time.While from the last half year of 1999,Russian economy started to climb from the bottom; the growth rate of Russian economy ranked first in the world,the GDP's growth rate reached 8.3%.At the same time,Chinese economic reform stepped into the rough phase.In this key period,the...

The comparative research of Chinese and Russian reform is always being the focus concerned by the new transitional economics.Since the finance crisis of Russia broke out in 1998,the supporters of radical reform have been silent for a time.While from the last half year of 1999,Russian economy started to climb from the bottom; the growth rate of Russian economy ranked first in the world,the GDP's growth rate reached 8.3%.At the same time,Chinese economic reform stepped into the rough phase.In this key period,the contradiction accumulated by the gradual reform is increasingly serious,as well as China will bear the outer pressure of the entry into WTO because of the laggard marketilizing reform.On this situation,the economists step further into discuss the reform means and rdoas of China and Russia.This paper will analyze and criticize the famous ideas currently remarked by the theory field\|The Theory of Constitutionalism Transition.

中俄改革的比较研究 ,一直是新兴的转轨经济学关注的热点。1 998年俄罗斯爆发金融和经济危机 ,激进改革的支持者一度趋于沉寂。然而 ,从 1 999年下半年开始 ,俄罗斯经济出现转机 ,2 0 0 0年经济增长居世界第一 ,GDP增幅达 8 3 %。与此同时 ,中国经济改革进入攻坚的中期阶段。在这一关键阶段 ,渐进改革积累的矛盾日趋严峻 ,同时还面临加入WTO市场化改革滞后的外在压力。毫无疑问 ,中国经济仍要进行重大调整和改革。在这一背景下 ,国内外经济学界又在进一步探讨中俄改革的道路和方式问题。本文是对目前讨论的一个著名观点“宪政转轨”论进行分析和批驳。

The institutional transition from central planning to market is a process where the general, or theoretical, interacts with the particular, or practical. Practice provides essential clues for in depth understanding when theory is not available. Comparing, discussing and generalizing the literature on China's economic transition and its outcomes, we confirm the theoretical significance in terms of its research objects, operation characteristics, dynamics and path, and evolution and dismiss some prevailing assumptions....

The institutional transition from central planning to market is a process where the general, or theoretical, interacts with the particular, or practical. Practice provides essential clues for in depth understanding when theory is not available. Comparing, discussing and generalizing the literature on China's economic transition and its outcomes, we confirm the theoretical significance in terms of its research objects, operation characteristics, dynamics and path, and evolution and dismiss some prevailing assumptions. Our findings outline a transitional economy that is distinct from either a traditional planned economy or a well developed market economy. It provides a foundation for comparative institutional research. A new methodology of transitional economics based on China's experience is clearly called for.

从计划向市场的体制转轨探索是一个原理一般性与实践特殊性相结合的过程 ,在没有现成理论指导的情况下 ,实践成果对于认识深化的重要性是不言而喻的。本文以中国经济转轨实践为考察对象 ,在对既有研究成果和改革绩效进行比较、探讨、归纳后认为 ,中国案例在转轨经济的研究对象、运行特征、动因与路径、演进进程等基础性课题方面具有重大理论价值。由于中国实践在这些方面的意义主要是对流行认识的证伪 ,可以说是其独特价值所在 ,本文尝试着进行了命题式的归纳。这些命题基本形成了转轨经济区别于传统计划经济体制、成熟市场经济体制的特殊性 ,是进行比较体制研究的基础。本文的探讨表明 ,以中国经济转轨实践为对象创新转轨经济学研究方法的必要性正在凸显出来

 
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