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  public goods
Marco Ferroni, Ashoka Mody (eds.): International Public Goods.
      
Incentive mechanism design for public goods provision: Price cap regulation and optimal regulation
      
This paper studies the mechanism design that induces firms to provide public goods under two regulatory means: price cap regulation and optimal regulation, respectively.
      
By solving this problem, we get the two optimal regulatory mechanisms to induce the provision of public goods.
      
Further, by comparative statics, the conclusion is drawn that the welfare loss associated with price cap regulation, with respective to optimal regulation, increases more with increase of the expense of public goods.
      
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  common commodity
Backpacks were also a common commodity of the resumers who found that they were able to create flexibility with their exercise and the baby's routine.
      
Thus, we began by trying to estimate the size of hash lists for some common commodity OS installations.
      
The objective is to create centralized storage as a common commodity that can be searched and accessed from any application.
      
We consider the delivery of a common commodity to a set of customers from a set of non-capacitated depots.
      


The common commodity's political induction can lead to serious questions of agency by agreement, which will cause the leader's 'short-term' and immoral behaviors; thus the public welfare is greatly damaged. In our country, owing to the defects of political system, such problems are still more outstanding. The 'image-project' appeares in recent years is the typical representative. Therefore, it is one of the important contents of our country's political reform hereafter to improve and perfect the present supervising...

The common commodity's political induction can lead to serious questions of agency by agreement, which will cause the leader's 'short-term' and immoral behaviors; thus the public welfare is greatly damaged. In our country, owing to the defects of political system, such problems are still more outstanding. The 'image-project' appeares in recent years is the typical representative. Therefore, it is one of the important contents of our country's political reform hereafter to improve and perfect the present supervising and employing mechanism.

公共品的政治性诱致会产生严重的委托代理问题 ,其结果便是因政治性升迁的诱致而引发领导人的“短期”、“败德”行为 ,从而极大地损害了公共福利。在我国 ,因政治制度的不完善 ,使这一问题更加突出 ,近几年出现的“形象工程”便是典型的代表。因此 ,改进和完善当前的监督和用人机制 ,是今后我国政治改革的一个主要内容

The paper analysizes the lacking situation of the public goods provided by public service units.So it is important to choose appropriate providing-model.The paper also advances the principle whether the public-welfare is strong or slight when choosing.It is right when introducing non-profit structure.

事业单位的诞生是和社会公益事业紧密联系的,由于我国与市场相适应公共财政体制尚不完善,政府越位与政府缺位并存,造成事业单位公共品和准公共品提供不足。为此,要分清政府和市场的界限,选择恰当的社会事业提供模式;在按照公益性强弱决定组织方式的基础上,在事业单位管理中借鉴非营利组织的管理经验,并审慎地引入非营利组织,坚持推进国有事业单位的改革。

The new public management movement had great effects on improving the efficiency of public goods supplied by introducing market mechanism and portraying enterprising government.This arouses us to reflect on the nature of government,the relationship between government and market and the method of public goods supply.

西方国家的新公共管理运动通过引入市场机制、塑造企业化的政府,对提高公共品供给效率产生了巨大影响。这启示我们对政府的性质、政府与市场的关系以及公共品的供给方式进行反思。

 
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