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  public goods
Marco Ferroni, Ashoka Mody (eds.): International Public Goods.
      
Incentive mechanism design for public goods provision: Price cap regulation and optimal regulation
      
This paper studies the mechanism design that induces firms to provide public goods under two regulatory means: price cap regulation and optimal regulation, respectively.
      
By solving this problem, we get the two optimal regulatory mechanisms to induce the provision of public goods.
      
Further, by comparative statics, the conclusion is drawn that the welfare loss associated with price cap regulation, with respective to optimal regulation, increases more with increase of the expense of public goods.
      
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In the market economy, the state planning is the government's pre\|set goals for public goods supply and its plan to achieve the goals. The state planning should display different functions for the supplier (the government itself) of the public goods, and for the demanders (micro\|economic agencies). To obtain the best results from the state planning as a means of macro\|control for economy, the two functions should be in full play simultaneously.

在市场经济中 ,国家计划是政府对较长时期内公共品供给状况的预期目标和实现目标的方案。对于公共品的供给方政府和公共品的需求方微观经济组织 ,国家计划应当发挥不同的功能。只有同时发挥这两方面功能 ,国家计划作为一种宏观调控手段才能收到理想的效果。

The public goods theory provides the basic measure standard for the evaluation of national capital management performance.According to the public goods theory,the basicconclusion on national capital management performance is very clear from the static viewpoint,that is:only when national capital management activity is in the field of public goods or mixpublic goods,the evaluation on it can be positive.The paper devides the national capital into two partes:the national capital in public field and in competitive...

The public goods theory provides the basic measure standard for the evaluation of national capital management performance.According to the public goods theory,the basicconclusion on national capital management performance is very clear from the static viewpoint,that is:only when national capital management activity is in the field of public goods or mixpublic goods,the evaluation on it can be positive.The paper devides the national capital into two partes:the national capital in public field and in competitive field to further explore the effect of public goods theory on their respective evaluation.

公共产品理论为国有资产管理的绩效评价提供了最基本的衡量标准。依据公共产品理论 ,从静态的观点来看 ,有关国有资产管理绩效的基本结论是非常明确的 ,那就是只有当国有资产管理活动处于公共品或准公共品领域时 ,对它的评价才有可能是积极的。本文还把国有资产分为公共领域中的国有资产和竞争领域中的国有资产两大部分来更进一步地探讨公共产品理论对于它们各自绩效评价的影响。

The author analyzes the harmonious relationship between government and market:the theory of public goods,the private goods and the public goods based on the theory of marginal utility.However,because of lack of the signal of price,the "government failure"will appear if the government prefers to produce excessive public goods under bigger scale,even insufficient public goods.In the end,the situation of Chinese governmental scale and the reasons is analyzed that the expanding of government scale in low efficiency...

The author analyzes the harmonious relationship between government and market:the theory of public goods,the private goods and the public goods based on the theory of marginal utility.However,because of lack of the signal of price,the "government failure"will appear if the government prefers to produce excessive public goods under bigger scale,even insufficient public goods.In the end,the situation of Chinese governmental scale and the reasons is analyzed that the expanding of government scale in low efficiency will lead to the situation of "eating finance" taking over "constructing finance".

首先分析了市场经济下政府与市场内在的统一关系 :伴随着公共产品论的提出 ,“私人品”与“公共品”统一于边际效用理论。由于缺乏市场价格引导的政府偏好以更大的规模提供过度的公共品 ,甚至在过大的规模下提供不足的公共品 ,从而出现“政府失灵”。最后分析了我国政府规模的现状及其原因 ,指出我国“吃饭财政”的迅速增长严重挤占了“建设财政”,这正是政府规模低效率膨胀的结果

 
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