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  public goods
Marco Ferroni, Ashoka Mody (eds.): International Public Goods.
      
Incentive mechanism design for public goods provision: Price cap regulation and optimal regulation
      
This paper studies the mechanism design that induces firms to provide public goods under two regulatory means: price cap regulation and optimal regulation, respectively.
      
By solving this problem, we get the two optimal regulatory mechanisms to induce the provision of public goods.
      
Further, by comparative statics, the conclusion is drawn that the welfare loss associated with price cap regulation, with respective to optimal regulation, increases more with increase of the expense of public goods.
      
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  public good
Recent cases of the Supreme-Court involving wetlands and coastal property reveal the tensions that exist between sovereign power for the public good and the protection of individual property as a bulwark against arbitrary government.
      
ISLAMIC INSTITUTIONS AND PROPERTY RIGHTS: THE CASE OF THE 'PUBLIC GOOD' WAQF
      
The very existence of the UN structures as a tool for international agreement making can be considered as a global public good of an intermediate nature.
      
The emergence of coordination in public good games
      
A note on determinants of local government provision of an impure public good: The case of education
      
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The article analyzed the limitation of the definition of the public goods given by Samuelson,then focused on the analysis of the possible conditions for efficiency and adjustment mechanism of the public goods.According to Chinas condition,the author summarized the efficiency mechanism of the public goods supply.

本文首先对萨缪尔森的公共品定义的局限性作出分析 ,在此基础上 ,着重从理论上分析各种可能的公共品调节机制及其效率条件 ,最后结合中国的实际对公共品供给的效率机制作简要小结。

characteristic of the supply of public goods in China is the government regulation, monopoly of public sectors,and the limited function of market,private sectors and the third sectors.Because of the substitution of monopoly for competition and relying on solely the government regulation in producing the public goods ,a lot of troubles,such as the expansion of public sectors,the overburden of public finance,the low efficiency of public resources allocation, the short supply of public goods,rent seeking ,corruption...

characteristic of the supply of public goods in China is the government regulation, monopoly of public sectors,and the limited function of market,private sectors and the third sectors.Because of the substitution of monopoly for competition and relying on solely the government regulation in producing the public goods ,a lot of troubles,such as the expansion of public sectors,the overburden of public finance,the low efficiency of public resources allocation, the short supply of public goods,rent seeking ,corruption and so on,are induced,Bearing these issues in mind,the author of the paper sooks briefly back the changes of the supply of public goods in history,indicates the drawbacks of the current supply mechanism of public goods and its causes,and finally,points out the ways in establishing a new supply system of public goods in China.

中国公共品供给制度的显著特征是政府调节及其公共部门的过度垄断 ,市场机制及私人部门和第三部门在公共品供给中的参与程度较低。因公共品供给过程中垄断代替了竞争 ,单一的政府调节和公共生产 ,导致公共部门规模膨胀、财政负担过重 ,公共资源配置效率低下、公共品供给不足以及寻租行为猖獗、腐败现象蔓延等诸多积重难解的问题。本文在简要回顾中国公共品供给制度变迁的历史过程的基础上 ,着重分析中国现行公共品供给制度的缺陷及其成因 ,理出中国公共品供给制度创新的基本思路。

According to the mainstream Western economics,economic efficiency originates in individuals'utility maximization based on individuals'value judgement.The marketing philosophy of private goods and the philosophy of public payment decision -making follow the logic of evolving from"production orientation"to"consumption orientation",which is required by economic efficiency.In market economy ,because of its non-competitiveness and non-exclusiveness,Public goods must be provided by society and public sectors,and...

According to the mainstream Western economics,economic efficiency originates in individuals'utility maximization based on individuals'value judgement.The marketing philosophy of private goods and the philosophy of public payment decision -making follow the logic of evolving from"production orientation"to"consumption orientation",which is required by economic efficiency.In market economy ,because of its non-competitiveness and non-exclusiveness,Public goods must be provided by society and public sectors,and the efficiency of public payment decision-making depends on the efficiency of public choice to a great extent .The establish ment of public finance in China aso faces the problem of public choice.Therefore,we should change the philosophy of public payment decision-making in order to enhance economic efficiency.

西方主流经济学中,经济效率源于个人价值判断基础上的个人效用最大化。私人品营销理念和公共支出决策理念遵循着由“生产导向”向“消费导向”的演进逻辑,都是经济效率的要求。市场经济中,公共品由于其非竞争性、非排它性,必须通过社会集中决策并由公共部门提供,公共支出决策效率很大程度上取决于公共选择效率。我国建立公共财政,同样面临公共选择问题,应转换公共支出决策观念以提高经济效率。

 
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