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普通法传统
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  common law tradition
    Reckonability:A Myth Realized by Tradition——A comment on The Common Law Tradition
    可估量性:经由传统而实现的“神话”——评卡尔·卢埃林的《普通法传统
短句来源
    Common Law Tradition, as the Origin of Due Process
    作为正当程序渊源的普通法传统
短句来源
    Also it is suggested that empiricism is the philosophical basis of the common law tradition.
    文章还指出经验主义是普通法传统的哲学基础。
短句来源
    The first section discusses the decisive effect of common law tradition to the originality of English constitutionalism.
    第一节论述了普通法传统对英国宪政的原生性的决定作用。
短句来源
    The author holds that the independent status of judges in the common law tradition guarantees individual’s rights from being infringed by the administration, and that philosophical tradition of empiricism gives the constitutionalism characteristics of being nonsystematic and accumulative.
    作者认为,普通法传统所具有的法官的独立地位保障了个人权利免受行政机关的非法侵犯,普通法传统中的遵循先例原则和经验主义哲学传统使宪政呈现出宽容性和累积性的特点。
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  common law tradition
    Reckonability:A Myth Realized by Tradition——A comment on The Common Law Tradition
    可估量性:经由传统而实现的“神话”——评卡尔·卢埃林的《普通法传统
短句来源
    Common Law Tradition, as the Origin of Due Process
    作为正当程序渊源的普通法传统
短句来源
    Also it is suggested that empiricism is the philosophical basis of the common law tradition.
    文章还指出经验主义是普通法传统的哲学基础。
短句来源
    The first section discusses the decisive effect of common law tradition to the originality of English constitutionalism.
    第一节论述了普通法传统对英国宪政的原生性的决定作用。
短句来源
    The author holds that the independent status of judges in the common law tradition guarantees individual’s rights from being infringed by the administration, and that philosophical tradition of empiricism gives the constitutionalism characteristics of being nonsystematic and accumulative.
    作者认为,普通法传统所具有的法官的独立地位保障了个人权利免受行政机关的非法侵犯,普通法传统中的遵循先例原则和经验主义哲学传统使宪政呈现出宽容性和累积性的特点。
短句来源
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  “普通法传统”译为未确定词的双语例句
    Common Law's Influence on English Constitutionalism
    普通法传统对英国宪政的影响
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    Tradition of the Common Law and the Formation of the Constitution Review
    普通法传统与违宪审查制度的形成
短句来源
    The second chapter tells us that the American constitution has recepted the theory of "Lex,Rex"and due process of law and a theory of a higher law.
    第二章讨论了英国普通法传统在美国宪法中的体现。 文章指出,美国宪法直接继承了英国普通法的法律至上学说、正当法律程序原则以及高级法观念。
短句来源
    Then some institutions in common law are discussed, which are the writs, jury, stare decisis, supremacy of law.
    接着文章又介绍了普通法传统的几项制度,包括令状制度、陪审制度、遵循先例制度和法律至上原则。
短句来源
    Firstly, the author refers to the factors in writs restricting the Crown’s power and judiciary’s rights as well as the procedural requirements of claiming rights from individuals;
    作者先从普通法传统的宪政因素开始论述,介绍了令状制度所内含的对国王权力和司法权力的限制因素以及对个人主张权利所作的要求;
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  common law tradition
Martínez-Torrón, Anglo-American Law and Canon Law: Canonical Roots on the Common Law Tradition
      
Sir Edward Coke, Ciceronianus: Classical rhetoric and the common law tradition
      
The purpose of this article is to examine how various forms of reasoning both can and should be used to decide cases in the common law tradition.
      
Georg Beseler and Otto Gierke tried to show a German common law tradition instead.
      
In this paper, we make an economic analysis of various sanctions for disobedience to the discovery request in the common law tradition and in the civil law tradition mainly by examining their effects on settlement rates and social welfare.
      
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  common law tradition
Martínez-Torrón, Anglo-American Law and Canon Law: Canonical Roots on the Common Law Tradition
      
Sir Edward Coke, Ciceronianus: Classical rhetoric and the common law tradition
      
The purpose of this article is to examine how various forms of reasoning both can and should be used to decide cases in the common law tradition.
      
Georg Beseler and Otto Gierke tried to show a German common law tradition instead.
      
In this paper, we make an economic analysis of various sanctions for disobedience to the discovery request in the common law tradition and in the civil law tradition mainly by examining their effects on settlement rates and social welfare.
      
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Through transplanting and assimilating alien laws, Hongkong Special Administration Region has transformed them into the local laws. From the angle of comparative law, we may realize that such a practice sorts out the principle for Hongkong laws in cultural stratum. Its significance lies in the fact that the practice surpasses the law realm and helps to construct and perfect Chinas legal system through learning about, comparing and selecting means.

香港成功地移植和吸收了外来法,并在此基础上融会中西,使之本地化,形成为独特的具有普通法传统的香港法。以比较法的视角考察香港法的演变,从文化层面上梳理香港法原理,其意义在于:超越法域,以更宽的视野,通过认识、比较、选择和借鉴,构建并完善中国法治体系。

The jury system was first introduced in the first-established colony, New South Wales of Australia, and it possesses Anglo-American common law tradition. Section 80 of the Commonwealth Constitution provides that trial on indictment of any offence against any law of the Commonwealth shall be by jury,however,the states retain its legislative powers over the process of jury trial. An offence will be tried before a jury if it shall be substantially"indictable".A jury shall be both representative of the community...

The jury system was first introduced in the first-established colony, New South Wales of Australia, and it possesses Anglo-American common law tradition. Section 80 of the Commonwealth Constitution provides that trial on indictment of any offence against any law of the Commonwealth shall be by jury,however,the states retain its legislative powers over the process of jury trial. An offence will be tried before a jury if it shall be substantially"indictable".A jury shall be both representative of the community and impartial,which are ensured by random selection from the electoral roll and by challenges and penal sanctions by the law of contempt of court.The principle of unanimous verdict for the jury is now maintained , yet majority verdicts are authorised by state statutes. As for the tasks of judge and jury,they are demarcated along traditional lines, still the judge may instruct the jury to reder a verdict of not guilty if the evidence is "unsafe or unsatisfactory". Besides, appeals against convictions in jury trials may be on matters of fact or law or mixed law and fact, provided they have resulted in a "miscarriage of justice"or the evidence be "unreliable or wanting in credibility".

澳大利亚的刑事陪审制度正式确立于殖民地时期的新南威尔士,1900年的联邦宪法规定了陪审制度,但陪审法仍然属于各州或地区的立法权范围。澳大利亚的陪审制度继承了英国普通法的传统,属于英美式的陪审团制。陪审适用于可诉罪,不适用于简易罪;陪审团必须具备社区代表性与公正性,前者通过选民名单的随机挑选来实现,后者由回避申请和藐视法庭罪的刑事制裁等程序来加以保障;除了联邦犯罪以外,各州法律允许陪审团做出多数裁决,但有程度不同的、较大的限制;法官对陪审团具有司法指导的职能,如果证据存在高度缺陷,可以指导其做出无罪裁决;对陪审团的有罪裁决可依事实和法律问题进行上诉,理由主要是裁决导致了审判不公以及证据缺乏可靠性可信性等。澳大利亚的刑事陪审制度对我国人民陪审制度的改革和完善具有参考价值。

Right balance decides that the US courts can not judicial review with the common identity as judicial authority, but an special identity as representation authority who present the top public opinion. The acquirement of the special identity should first decided by the essence of judicial review -power to interpret the constitution. And there are three aspects determine that this power can only be endued with courts, which are the dual-attribution of the US courts, the common law tradition of the law and the...

Right balance decides that the US courts can not judicial review with the common identity as judicial authority, but an special identity as representation authority who present the top public opinion. The acquirement of the special identity should first decided by the essence of judicial review -power to interpret the constitution. And there are three aspects determine that this power can only be endued with courts, which are the dual-attribution of the US courts, the common law tradition of the law and the for-mulators' distrust on legislatures.

权力制衡原则决定了美国法院不能以司法机关的普通身份来进行司法审查,而应以体现最高民意的宪法的代表机关这一特殊身份来进行。此特殊身份取得首先由司法审查的本质--宪法解释权来决定。美国法院的双重属性、法的普通法传统和制宪者对立法机关的不信任三方面决定了此权力只能赋予法院。

 
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